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SOUTH  DEVO 


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EDWARD  J.  F,  TOZER 


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JOHN  A.  SEAVERNS 


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THE  SOUTH  DE\OxN   HUNT 


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GEORGE  TEMPLER'S 
FAREWELL  TO   HIS   OLD   HORN 

Though  toil  hath  somewhat  worn  thy  frame. 
And  time  hath  marred  thy  beauty, 

Come  forth,  lone  relic  of  my  fame, 
Thou  well  hast  done  thy  duty. 

Time  was  when  other  tongues  would  praise 
Thy  wavering  notes  of  pleasure  ; 

Now,  miser-like,  alone  I  gaze 
On  thee,  a  useless  treasure. 

Some  hearts  may  prize  thy  music  still. 
But,  ah  !  how  changed  the  story. 

Since  first  Devonia  felt  the  thrill 
That  roused  her  sporting  glory . 

Grace  still  in  every  vale  abounds. 
But  one  dear  charm  is  wanting. 

No  more  I  hear  my  gallant  hounds 
In  chorus  blithely  chaunting. 

And  there  my  steed  has  found  a  rest, 

Beneath  the  mountain  heather 
That  oft,  like  comrades  sworn,  we've  prest 

In  pleasure's  train  together. 

And  some,  who  at  thy  call  would  wake. 
Hath  friendship  long  been  weeping  ; 

A  shriller  note  than  thine  must  break 
Their  deep  and  dreamless  sleeping. 

I,  too,  the  fading  wreath  resign, 
For  friends  and  fame  are  fleeting. 

Around  his  bolder  brow  to  twine, 
Where  younger  blood  is  beating. 

Henceforth,  be  mute,  my  treasured  Horn, 
Since  time  hath  marred  thy  beauty. 

And  I,  like  thee,  by  toil  am  worn— 
We  both  have  done  our  duty. 


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THE  SOUTH  DEVON 
HUNT 


A  HISTORY  OF  THE  HUNT  FROM  ITS  FOUN- 
DATION. COVERING  A  PERIOD  OF  OVER 
A  HUNDRED  YEARS,  WITH  INCIDENTAL 
REFERENCE  TO   NEIGHBOURING  PACKS 


BY 

EDWARD  J.  F.  TOZER 


ILLUSTRATED    FROM    PHOTOGRAPHS,    INCLUDING 

A    COMPLETE    SERIES    OF    THE    MASTERS 

AND    WITH    MAP 


PUBLISHED  BY  THE  AUTHOR 
AGENT:   MORTON   WOOLLEY,   TEIGNMOUTH 

1916 


PREFACE 

A  HUNT  that  can  claim  to  have  been  "  estab- 
hshed  for  over  a  century  "  and  can  boast  of  a 
succession  of  masters  unbroken  during  that  period, 
save  for  one  short  season  ninety  years  ago,  is  certainly 
entitled  to  its  history.  The  mere  desire,  however,  to 
see  justice  done  to  a  venerable  institution  was  not 
alone  responsible  for  the  production  of  this  work. 
So  long  as  hunting  exists  the  past  history  of  a  hunt 
will  always  be  of  some  interest,  and,  at  times,  of  some 
value,  to  hunting  men,  especially  to  members  of  the 
particular  hunt  concerned.  This  interest  increases 
as  the  vista  of  bygone  years  lengthens,  and  men 
begin  to  live  more  in  the  past  than  in  the  future. 
Memory,  however,  is  fickle  and  leads  to  surprising 
mistakes  ;  and  tradition  has  no  chance  of  life  in  these 
days  ;  so  that,  in  the  case  of  the  South  Devon  Hunt, 
where  changes  of  scene  and  players  have  been  many 
and  confusing,  there  appeared  a  likelihood  of  the 
true  facts  and  sequence  of  events  becoming  obscured, 
if  not  lost  altogether.  But  to  have  either  interest  or 
value,  a  history  must  be  true.  My  chief  aim,  there- 
fore, has  been  accuracy  ;  I  have  endeavoured,  as  far 
as  possible,  not  to  make  a  statement  of  fact  without 
first  verifying  it.  In  some  cases  the  authority  for  the 
statement  is  quoted  ;    where  it  is  not,  either  the  fact 


viii  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

is  within  my  own  personal  knowledge,  or  the  state- 
ment is  made  on  the  authority  of  my  hunting  journal, 
the  hunt  minutes,  hound  lists,  newspapers  of  the 
period,  the  works  given  in  the  list  of  those  consulted, 
or  other  authentic  records  or  sources  of  information. 
The  trouble  and  research  involved  have  been  amply 
compensated  for  by  the  ready  help  received  wherever 
it  has  been  applied  for. 

My  thanks  should  first  be  tendered  to  the  Misses 
Carew  of  Haccombe  for  their  encouragement  and  the 
loan  of  Sir  Walter  Carew's  most  interesting  hunting 
journal  and  for  permission  to  reproduce  the  pictures 
at  Haccombe.  To  the  family  of  Templer,  including 
Captain  J.  G.  E.  Templer  of  Lindridge,  his  brother 
Mr.  A.  H.  Templer,  his  sister  Miss  Templer,  and 
the  late  R.  W.  Templer  of  Teignmouth,  I  am  indebted 
for  help  with  the  opening  chapter  of  the  book  on 
George  Templer  of  Stover  ;  in  particular,  to  Captain 
Templer  for  the  loan  of  the  original  "  treasured 
horn,"  of  which  my  friend,  Mr.  Hubert  Parry,  has 
produced  the  fine  autochrome  forming  the  frontis- 
piece of  this  book,  and  to  the  late  R.  W.  Templer  for 
allowing  me  to  reproduce  his  hitherto  unpublished 
portrait  of  George  Templer.  I  have  to  thank  Miss 
Mohun-Harris  for  a  similar  permission  in  respect  of 
the  early  painting  of  her  father,  the  late  Mr.  Christo- 
pher Arthur  Harris,  also  for  the  loan  of  original 
letters  of  Mr.  Russell  and  Mr.  Trelawny  ;  and  Lady 
Baker  very  kindly  helped  me  in  tracing  the  approxi- 
mate date  when  Sandford  Orleigh,  her  beautiful  home 
for  many  years  past,  was  built  by  George  Templer. 


PREFACE  ix 

In  connection  with  the  opening  chapter  I  am  also 
indebted  to  Mr.  Flemming,  of  the  well-known  firm  of 
saddlers,  Whippy  and  Steggall,  in  North  Audley 
Street,  for  assistance  in  establishing  the  fact  that  the 
use  of  the  curved  hunting-horn  lingered  in  South 
Devon  after  the  straight  horn  had  come  into  general 
use  elsewhere. 

I  feel  grateful  in  an  especial  way  for  assistance 
received  from  complete  strangers.  Among  these, 
Lord  Robert  Manners,  who  has  no  interest  in  the 
hunt,  took  the  trouble  to  verify  the  facts  concerning 
the  draft  that  Templer  sent  to  Belvoir,  and  to  supply 
in  addition  some  very  interesting  particulars  concern- 
ing it ;  Sir  John  C.  H.  Scale  tried,  as  his  father  had 
done,  to  find  for  me  the  record,  known  to  exist,  of 
Sir  Henry  Scale's  hunting  career,  and  though  un- 
successful in  this,  he  was  able  to  supply  a  photograph 
of  that  popular  master  of  old  ;  Miss  Turner,  the  Hon. 
Sec.  of  the  Hambledon,  is  to  be  thanked  for  giving, 
through  the  kind  offices  of  Mr.  C.  B.  Fry,  leave  and 
opportunity  to  copy  the  only  known  likeness  of  John 
King  of  Fowlescombe,  which  is  in  the  archives  of 
the  Hambledon  Hunt ;  and  Lady  Mary  Leslie  put 
at  my  disposal  all  the  information  she  had  concern- 
ing her  father's  mastership,  including  his  diary,  and 
cheerfully  submitted  to  the  ordeal  of  two  visits  from 
a  photographer.  Indeed,  but  for  her  kind  aid,  it 
would  have  been  difficult,  at  this  distance  of  time,  to 
glean  any  reliable  particulars  concerning  Captain 
Haworth's  day. 

I  have  also  gratefully  to  acknowledge  the  willing 


X  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

assistance  received  from  those  more  or  less  intimately 
connected  with  the  South  Devon.  Mr.  R.  H.  Watson, 
who  seems  to  keep  his  memory,  hke  his  physical 
power,  as  fresh  as  ever,  took  me  back  further  than 
anyone  else.  The  diary  of  Major  R.  C.  Tucker, 
again,  rendered  excellent  service,  as  it  did  when 
"  put  in  evidence  "  in  the  course  of  the  arbitration 
by  the  M.F.H.  Association  on  the  question  of  the 
hunt  boundaries.  Mr.  Albert  Gould  is  another  who 
can  carry  the  story  back  into  the  years.  I  owe  very 
much  to  Mr.  A.  S.  Rendell  for  furnishing,  amid  the 
pressure  of  business,  much  information  and  material 
that  could  not  be  obtained  elsewhere,  including  the 
dossier  of  the  arbitration  referred  to.  Mr.  W.  R. 
Rendell,  from  his  intimate  and  practical  knowledge, 
was  particularly  helpful,  especially  in  connection 
with  the  chapters  dealing  wuth  Dr.  Gaye  and  Mr. 
Singer,  and  contributed  a  delightful  descriptive 
account  of  three  record  runs  during  the  mastership 
of  the  first  named.  The  long  connexion  of  Mr.  G.  H. 
Hext  with  the  fortunes  of  the  hunt  made  his  ready 
assistance  of  the  greatest  value,  and  he  was  also  good 
enough  to  place  the  minute  books  at  my  disposal. 
Mr.  Hext's  recollection  goes  back  to  Westlake's  time, 
and  his  appreciation  of  that  good  sportsman  is  backed 
up  by  that  of  Mr.  R.  Vicary,  Mr.  H.  S.  Wright, 
Messrs.  W.  C.  and  J.  Clack,  and  Mr.  C.  E.  R.  Walker  ; 
while  to  Mr.  R.  H.  Westlake  of  Wood  Hall,  Exbourne, 
I  am  indebted  for  notes  of  his  great-uncle's  family 
history  and  for  the  photograph  of  the  silver  cup 
presented  to  him. 


PREFACE  xi 

Without  the  help  of  Mrs.  Rawes  and  Mrs.  Rudge 
the  chapter  treating  of  the  mastership  of  their  father, 
Mr.  Lane,  would  have  been  more  slender  even  than 
it  is.  Both  Mr.  A.  Kingston  and  Mr.  J.  J.  Cross  have, 
at  one  time  or  another,  kept  albums  of  newspaper 
cuttings  and  reports  which  have  been  most  useful. 
Mr.  Ley  of  Trehill,  who  has  discarded  his  pink  coat, 
has  fortunately  kept  his  old  Haldon  buttons,  which 
are  reproduced.  Some  of  the  former  masters,  too, 
have  been  most  kind  and  patient,  namely  :  Mr. 
Studd,  Major  St.  Maur,  Mr.  Vicary,  Mr.  Brunskill 
and  Major  Cooke  Hurle.  Others  who  have  helped  in 
one  way  or  another  in  giving  or  procuring  informa- 
tion are  :  Mr.  Parnell  Tucker,  Mr.  R.  Phillpotts,  Miss 
Simpson,  Mr.  B.  D.  Webster,  Mr.  J.  Gould  Drew, 
Mr.  R.  M.  Bourne,  Mr.  J.  D.  P.  Goodwin,  the  Rev. 
A.  Woolcombe,  Frank  Collings  and  Philip  Back. 

At  one  time  I  feared  that  it  would  be  impossible  to 
carry  out  my  intention  of  giving  a  likeness  of  every 
master.  Thanks,  however,  to  Mr.  A.  C.  Loveys  for 
searching  out  one  of  Westlake  ;  to  Mr.  F.  Marshal 
for  unearthing  one  of  Ross  when  I  had  almost  aban- 
doned hope  ;  to  the  Torbay  Royal  Yacht  Club  for 
allowing  me  to  copy  the  one  of  Lord  Haldon  in  its 
possession  ;  to  the  proprietors  of  the  County  Gentle- 
man for  free  permission  to  reproduce  the  portrait  of 
Mr.  Studd  from  Land  and  Water,  of  which  they  own 
the  copyright,  and  to  those  already  mentioned  as 
having  contributed  portraits,  the  blanks  were  at  last 
all  made  good.  Colonel  Taylor,  also,  supplied  a  photo- 
graph of  Templer's  colleague  the  Rev.  Harry  Taylor. 


xii  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Nor  must  I  forget  the  sporting  snapshots  taken,  in 
Mr.  Brunskill's  time,  by  Miss  Ainger,  from  which  I 
was  allowed  to  make  my  own  selection. 

The  question  of  the  map  was  a  difficult  one.  Here, 
again,  I  had  to  rely  upon  the  kind  help  of  others. 
Mr.  Hayter-Hames  and  Mr.  Gilbert  Spiller,  former 
masters  of  the  Mid-Devon,  who  can  speak  with 
exceptional  knowledge  and  authority ;  Mr.  A.  W. 
Luxton,  master  of  the  Eggesford,  and  Mr.  J.  A. 
Tattershall,  hon.  sec.  of  that  pack  ;  Sir  Ian  Heath- 
cote-Amory  and  Mr.  Lewis  Mackenzie  of  the 
Tiverton ;  Mr.  W.  Coryton  and  Mrs.  Brunskill 
have  all  taken  particular  pains  to  supply  the  most 
accurate  information  at  their  disposal. 

To  all  the  above  I  tender  my  grateful  thanks. 
Without  their  ready  co-operation  and  help,  freely 
given  according  to  the  material  at  their  command, 
my  undertaking  would  have  been  impossible. 

I  have  also  to  make  my  acknowledgments  to 
the  proprietors  of  the  Field,  Baily's  Magazine  and 
Baihfs  Hunting  Directory,  besides  the  authors  of  the 
various  works  mentioned  in  the  list  of  works  con- 
sulted, all  of  which  have  been  drawn  upon  somewhat 
freely. 

I  am  aware  that  I  am  not  entitled  to  claim  for  this 
book  any  literary  merit,  but  its  object  will  have  been 
quite  attained  if  it  should  succeed  in  fostering  a 
spirit  of  loyalty  and  gratitude  to  the  South  Devon 
Hunt,  to  whicli  many  of  us  are  indebted  for  some  of 
the  liappiest  moments  in  our  lives. 

The  Old  Cottage,  Teignmoutu, 
1916. 


LIST  OF  WORKS   CONSULTED 

Beckford,  Peter  :    Thoughts  on  Hunting  (1781). 

Daniel  :    Rural  Sports  (1801-2). 

NiMROD  (C.  J.  Apperley)  :    Hunting  Tours. 

New  Sporting  Magazine  (1830-40). 

Blaine  :    Encyclopaedia  of  Rural  Sports  (1840). 

Hobson's  Foxhunting  Atlas. 

Hall,  H.  B.  :    Exmoor,  or  The  Footsteps  of  St.  Hubert  in 

the  West  (1849). 
Gelert  (Rev.  E.  W.  L.  Davies)  :   Guide  to  the  Foxhounds 

and  Staghounds  of  England  (1849-50). 
Cecil    (Cornelius    Tongue)  :     The    Foxhunter's    Guide 

(1850-1). 
The  Druid  (E.  Scarth  Dixon)  :  Silk  and  Scarlet  (1859). 
„  „  „  Scott  and  Sebright  (1862). 

C.  A.  H.  (Christopher  Arthur  Harris)  :    Letters  on  the 

Past  and  Present  Foxhounds  of  Devonshire  (1861). 
Stanford  :    Map  of  England  and  Wales  coloured  to  show 

the  Fox  Hunts  (1877). 
Davies,  Rev.  E.  W.  L.  :    Dartmoor  Days  (1863). 

„  „  „  The  Out-of-door  Life  of  the  Rev. 

John  Russell  (1883). 
Beaufort,  The  Duke  of  :    Hunting  (Badminton  Library) 

(1885). 
Thornton,  Rev.  W.  H.  :    Reminiscences  and  Reflections  of 

an  old  West-country  Clergyman  (1897). 


xiv  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Bradley,  Cuthbert  :  The  Reminiscences  of  Frank  Gillard 
(1898). 

Dale,  T.  F.  :    The  History  of  the  Belvoir  Hunt  (1899). 

Thormanby  :    Kings  of  the  Hunting-field  (1899). 

S.  Baring-Gould  :    A  Book  of  Dartmoor  (1900). 

Crossing,  W.  :    One  Hundred  Years  on  Dartmoor  (1901). 

Dale,  T.  F.  :  The  Eighth  Duke  of  Beaufort  and  the  Bad- 
minton Hunt  (1901). 

Thomson,  J.  Anstruther  :  Eighty  Years'  Reminiscences 
(1904). 

Loder-Symonds,  F.  C,  and  Crowdy,  E.  Percy  :  A  History 

of  the  Old  Berks  Hunt  (1905). 
De  Trafford,  Sir  H.  :    The  Foxhounds  of  Great  Britain 

and  Ireland  (1906). 
British  Hunts  and  Huntsmen  :    (1908). 


CONTENTS 


Preface        ..... 
List  of  Works  Consulted  . 
List  of  Illustrations 
Chronological  Table  of  Masters 
Introduction        .... 


PAGE 

vii 


xiu 


XXV 


XXVll 


Nimrod  on  Devonshire  hunting — His  limitations  as  a  critic — 
Satisfaction  of  overcoming  difficulties — Dialect  and  nomenclature — 
Character  of  the  country — Moor  and  "In-country" — Limits  of  the 
hunt — Banks  and  walls — Scenting  qualities — Wet  weather  on  Haldon 
— Scent  on  Dartmoor — "  Hectors  of  the  Moor  " — Fascination  of 
Dartmoor — Exmoor  and  Dartmoor  contrasted — Wire — Attitude 
of  new  landowners — Ignorance  of  country  usage — Mire  and  bog — 
An  unpleasant  adventure — The  right  type  of  hound — Difference  of 
opinion — Patience  versus  pace — A  hunt  without  a  pack  of  its  own 
— Type  of  horse — Mr.  Whidbome's  stamp — Harriers  and  foxhounds 
aa  neighbours — The  Dart  Vale  and  Haldon — Dearth  of  hunting 
landowners — Shooting  tenants  and  their  keepers — A  claim  for 
find-money — Question  of  legal  liability — The  farmers  good  friends 
to  hunting — Damage  Fund — Generous  behaviour  of  Mr.  Ward 
Wreford — Presentation  on  his  retirement — Financial  difficulties — 
Subscription — Ethics  of  capping — Mr.  Reginald  Herbert's  opinion 
— The  field — Unbroken  succession  of  masters — Loans  of  country — 
Plan  of  present  work — Difficulties  of  treatment — Chronological 
table  of  masters. 

I.    THE    ORIGINAL    COUNTRY 


I.     George  Templer  of  Stover:  18 —  to  1826  .      pages  19-32 

Early  mention  of  hounds  at  Lindridge — Family  history — Harris 
quoted — A  Stover  draft  for  Belvoir  :  letter  from  Lord  Robert 
Maruiers — Stamp  of  Stover  hounds — Unpublished  letter  from 
"  Jack  Russell  " — Nimrod  quoted — Quicker  style  of  hunting — 
Control  over  animals  :  a  hunting  monkey — General  appreciation — 
A  "  Memorable  Triumvirate  "  :  Templer,  Taylor  and  Russell — His 
system    of    hunting    bag-foxes — The    "  Let-'em-Alones  " — Sources 


xvi  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

from  which  the  pack  was  drawn — Nimrod  on  the  bag-fox — 
Templer'B  contemporaries — Hunting  hareB  and  coursing  rabbita 
with  a  pack  of  foxes — Jack  Russell  on  the  subject — Financial  diffi- 
culties— Verses  on  leaving  Stover — Disposal  of  the  pack — The 
Devon  Foxhunting  Club — His  old  horn. 

II.  John  King  of  Fowlescombe  :  1827-9       .       pages  33-40 

A  misconception — Its  origin — Mr.  Reginald  Templer's  explana- 
tion— Harris's  description  of  master  and  pack — "  Mr.  King's 
Hounds" — Country  him  ted — Fixtures — Sir  Walter  Carew's  Hunting 
Journal — Record  of  sport — Hunting  from  Chximleigh — Additional 
fixtures — Visit  of  Bulteel's  Hounds — Probable  inauguration  of  the 
Ivybridge  week — A  long  draw — Some  hunting  men  of  that  day — 
Mr.  Pode  of  Slade — King  takes  the  Hambledon — A  serious  accident 
— Founder  of  the  Hambledon  Hunt  Club — The  New  Sporting 
Magazine — King  of  Fowlescombe  identical  with  King  of  Corhampton 
— Story  of  a  mallard — The  South  Devon  Harriers — Death  in  the 
saddle  on  Dartmoor. 

III.  Sir  Walter  Palk  Carew,  Bart.  :  1829-43 

pages  41-59 

Popularity — A  contemporary  appreciation — Kennels  at  Haccombe 
and  Marley — Sir  Henry  Seale  at  Haccombe  :  quotations  from  his 
unpublished  letters — Limits  of  country — Hunts  some  of  present 
Dartmoor  coimtry — His  keeper  warns  off  the  Dartmoor — Courtenay 
Bulteel  immoved — "  The  Devon  Hounds  "  :  a  private  pack — 
Hunting  Journal — John  Beal  :  contemporary  tributes — Bag-foxes 
— The  box-trap — Wild  and  healthy  bagmen — A  six-hours'  hunt — 
A  magnificent  run — Country  hunted — The  Ivybridge  meeting — 
Lines  of  country — Clif?  foxes — The  Teign  crossed  :  above  Shaldon 
Bridge  ;  at  Netherton  ;  at  the  Pleasure-House — Tide  too  high  to 
follow — A  great  nm  :  Rora  to  Langamarsh — Hydrophobia — Some 
harrier  packs — A  tragedy — Hunt  dinner — Ctu-ious  case  of  a  vixen — 
Visits  to  Eggesford — Sport  in  North  Devon — Jack  Russell's  Hounds 
at  Haccombe — Resignation — An  all-round  sportsman — A  Carew  and 
a  Champemowne. 

IV.  Captain  Martin  E.  Haworth  :  1843-5      .      pages  60-70 

Family  connections — The  Devon  Harriers  and  their  doings  :  Sir 
Henry  Seale's  opinion — The  Devon  Hounds — Kennels  near  Powder- 
ham — Guest  at  Eggesford — A  run  through  twelve  parishes — 
Anstruther  Thomson's  criticism  :  a  critic  at  fault — Where  a  hard 
and  fast  rule  fails — Inconvenient  position  of  kennels — A  notable 
hunting  diary — Chief  fixtures  of  that  day — The  master's  keenness — 
Good  sport — Bag-foxes  given  up — "  Shaking  a  fox  " — A  notable 
run — Fox  in  otter's  holt — Scent  in  snow — A  point  from  Stover  to 
Heine  Bridge — Other  memorable  runs — A  master's  troubles  :  was 
wire  among  them  ?— Some  of  his  field— Takes  the  H.  H. — Lady 
Mary  Leslie's  story  of  "  The  Barber  " — An  active  terrier — The 
Silvrr  Oreyhound  and  Road  Scrapings — Tom  Clark  whipper-in 
to  the  Devon — Becomes  huntsman  to  the  Craven,  Old  Berkshire  and 
Badminton — The  Duke's  opinion. 


CONTENTS  xvii 

V.  Thomas  Veale  Lane  :   1845-9  .  .  pages  71-77 

Kennels  at  Oaklands,  Chudleigh — His  own  huntsman — Church- 
ward whipper-in — Marquis  of  Waterford  in  South  Devon  :  finds 
his  match  in  Tom  Lane — Horses — Steeplechases  in  those  days  : 
"  Vingt-et-un  " — "  For  the  Honour  of  Devon  " — Personal  Recollec- 
tions— Name  "  Devon  Foxhounds  "  retained — First  mention  of 
"  South  Devon  "  :  Herbert  Bjmg  Hall ;  Fores's  Guide — "  Gelert "  : 
The  country  "  One  of  the  Worst  in  England  " — Sir  Henry  Scale's 
Hounds — Name  "  South  Devon  "  borrowed  by  another  pack — 
Extracts  from  Woolmer^s  Exeter  and  Plymouth  Gazette  :  "  Notes  of 
Sport "  ;  hunt  dinner — Sir  Henry  Hoare — Lane's  talent  for  painting 
— Hound  list. 

VI.  Sir  Henry  Paul  Seale,  Bart.  :  First  Mastership, 

1849-51 pages  78-85 

Reputation  as  M.F.H. — A  bitch  pack — Hunts  his  own  hounds — 
His  wonderful  voice — Inconvenient  situation  of  kennels — His  idea 
of  Devon  as  a  hunting  cotmtry — Manages  Sir  W.  Carew's  Hounds  for 
a  season — Extracts  from  unpublished  letters — Purchase  of  hounds 
from  Mr.  Blundell  Fortescue — Country  hunted :  Part  loaned 
from  Charles  Trelawny ;  Curtisknowle  and  Woodleigh  Woods — 
Claim  still  upheld — Extension  of  country — Favourite  fixtures — Fiill 
list  of  fixtures — Outlying  country  :  kennels  overnight  at  Dorsely, 
Totnes — Mr.  R.  H.  Watson's  recollections — Memories  of  Sir  H. 
Seale — Sir  Henry  withdraws  to  his  old  country — Hound  list. 

VII.  John  Whidborne:  First  Mastership,  1851-6 

pages  86-90 

Purchase  of  hounds  from  Sir  Henry  Seale — Limits  of  Country 
defined  by  Whidborne  in  a  letter  to  Dr.  Gaye  :  from  the  Exe  to  the 
Dart  and  from  Exeter  to  Totnes — Business  occupations — Previ- 
ously master  of  harriers — Kennels  at  Buddleford,  Teignmouth — 
Churchward  and  Babbage — The  pack  called  the  "  South  Devon  " — 
Extent  and  varied  character  of  country — A  long  chase — Visits 
North  Devon  :  quaint  account  of  a  run — Mr.  Whidborne's  retire- 
ment :   a  presentation. 

VIII.  Sir  Henry  Paul  Seale,  Bart.  :    Second  Master- 

ship,  1856-65 pages  91-96 

Again  extends  country  to  include  South  Devon — Actually  master 
of  the  South  Devon— The  Field  quoted— The  late  Mr.  R.  F. 
Rendell's  accoiint  of  a  great  run  :  "  The  Conqueror  "  conquered — 
Dick  Tucker  and  his  cows — Story  of  Mr.  T.  C.  Kellock — A  latter-day 
hunt  in  Sir  Henry's  old  country — Powers  as  huntsman — Withdraws 
to  his  old  country — Sixteen  times  mayor  of  Dartmouth — His  great 
age — Revival  of  hunting  in  his  old  country — Mr.  Cubitt  at  Fallapit 
— Pack  known  as  "  Mr.  Cubitt's  Hounds  " — Mr.  W.  F.  Brunskill 
starts  a  new  pack — His  good  intentions  frustrated — Hound  sale  at 
Totnes — Purchtiees  by  Mr.  Whidborne  for  the  South  Devon. 
d 


xviii  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

IX.  Thomas  Westlake  :  1865-75      .  .  pages  97-111 

"  Old  Westlake's  time  "  :  a  standard  of  merit — Unanimous 
praise — Anstruther  Thomson — Recollections  of  living  persons  : 
Mr.  Albert  Gould,  Mr.  Geo.  Hext,  Mr.  W.  C.  Clack,  Mr.  J.  C. 
Clack,  Mr.  R.  Vicary,  Mr.  H.  S.  Wright — Endurance  and  horseman- 
ship— "  A  little  bit  in  the  riding  " — Rest  after  toil — Rev.  W.  H. 
Thornton  quoted — Favourite  horses — Knowledge  of  run  of  foxes — 
A  disconcerting  answer — A  native  of  North  Devon — Rev.  W.  C. 
Clack  and  the  ruling  passion — Mr.  Walker  King — Kennels  at 
Kingsteignton — A  presentation — Early  difficulties — Criticized  by 
"The  Devonian  of  1828" — Major  R.  C.  Tucker's  explanation — 
The  critic  satisfied — Hounds — Hunt  servants  :  W.  Sara,  W. 
Derges — Runs — Mr.  Cole's  Harriers — Red  deer  in  Buckland  Woods 
— Keepers'  dinner — A  complimentary  dinner — More  runs — A 
change  of  secretary — An  historic  run  :  opinion  of  Charles  Trelawny — 
Account  in  Baily — Resignation — Presented  with  silver  cup — A  lost 
horn. 

X.  Augustus  F.  Ross  :    First  Mastership,   1875-8 

pages  112-123 

A  troubled  reign — Comes  from  the  Wheatland  with  Philip  Back  as 
whip — A  nocturnal  "  dust-up  " — Keeps  on  Kingsteignton  kennels — 
His  establishment — A  contrast — Opening  day  at  Lindridge  : 
a  large  field — A  great  day's  sport — The  Field  on  Tom  Harris  the 
Haccombo  keeper — Record  of  sport — Mr.  W.  J.  Watts  at  Yarner — 
Further  sport :  a  fine  run — Wishes  to  resign — Hunt  meetings — 
Sir  L.  Palk  condemns  Torquay's  lack  of  support — Adjourned 
meeting  :  further  discussion — Dissatisfaction  in  the  country — 
Mr.  William  Coryton  prospective  successor  to  Ross — The  master's 
offer  rejected — Negotiations  with  Mr.  Coryton  fail — Ross  continues 
in  office — Changes  in  hunt  staff — Good  sport  :  a  hunting  run  ;  a 
day  of  bad  luck — Resignation  of  Ross — Partition  of  South  Devon 
country, 

II.  PARTITION 

1.  THE   HALDON    SIDE 

XI.  Sir  Lawrence  Palk,  Bart.,  and  Sir  John  Duntze, 

Bart.  :   1878-82        ....  pages  127-135 

The  coxmtry  partitioned — Boundaries  and  terms  of  partition — 
New  pack  established  at  Haldon — Drafts  from  the  Blackmore 
Vale,  etc.—"  The  Haldon  Hounds  "—Sir  L.  Palk— Anecdote  of  his 
harriers  :  unpublished  letter  of  "  Squire  "  Trelawny — Sir  Lawrence 
at  Melton- Yachting  and  other  sports — Mr.  E.  A.  Palk  as  field- 
master — The  advantages  of  early  discipline — The  Hon.  Mrs. 
Gambier-Parry- Sir  John  Duntze— The  whistle  in  the  field— Anec- 
dote of  Mr.  Henn-Gennys— Mr.  F.  Short  as  hon.  sec.  :  a  popular 
character— Bickham  and  the  Round  O— Huntsmen  :  Will  Nevard, 
Dan  North— A  cheery  huntsman — Early  reminiscences — Sporting 
farmers— An  enthusiastic  baker— Members  of  the  field. 


CONTENTS  xix 

XII.  Mr.  Edward  Fairfax  Studd  :    First  Mastership, 

1882-4  pages  136-150 

Mr.  Studd  and  Mr.  Whidborne  succeed  to  the  Haldon  side — 
Kennels  at  Oxton — Claim  the  country  vacated  by  Ross — Claim 
waived  in  favour  of  Mr.  Hemming — Temporary  reunion  on  his 
failing — Both  sides  of  country  hunted  as  "  South  Devon  " — A 
brief  partnership — A  staghunt  and  its  sequel — A  friendly  settlement 
— A  change  of  plans  :  the  country  again  partitioned — Some  reflec- 
tions on  the  conventions  of  hunting — Was  Mr.  Studd's  action  a 
breach  ? — Obligations  of  an  M.F.H. — Wolf-hunting  by  the  Duke 
of  Beaufort — Orthodoxy  or  bigotry  ? — A  successful  season — A 
popular  secretary — A  contrast  with  present-day  conditions — Sir 
J.  Dimtze  presents  the  pack  to  Mr.  Studd — Changes  in  the  pack  and 
notes  on  individual  hounds — A  fine  run — A  curious  finish — 
Comments — Mr.  Studd's  aversion  from  bagmen — A  silver  fox  ? 
— Good  sport  in  his  second  season — Another  staghunt  :  Mr. 
Tremlett's  Harriers — Sam  Gilmore. 

XIII.  Lord  Haldon  :    1884-6   .  .  .  pages  151-154 

Mr.  Studd  stands  aside — A  change  for  the  worse — Gift  of  the 
pack  by  Mr.  Studd — Conditions  attached  to  the  gift — The  pack 
strengthened  by  drafts  from  Belvoir,  etc. — Kennels  at  Haldon 
House — "  Lord  Haldon's  Hounds  " — Dan  North  deposed — Good 
prospects  of  sport  not  fulfilled — Story  of  a  pinafore— Field-masters  : 
Mr.  J.  H.  Ley  ;  Mr.  O.  Bradshaw — The  Babbacombe  miu-derer — The 
High  Sheriff  fails  to  hang  his  man — Financial  troubles — Lord 
Haldon  resigns — Mr.  Studd  to  the  rescue — Lord  Haldon  and  Mr. 
Studd  :  a  correspondence  and  its  results. 

XIV.  Mr.  Edward  Fairfax  Studd  :    Second  Master- 

ship,  1886-91         ....  pages  155-172 

The  pack  sent  back  to  Haldon — Begins  hunting  with  six  couple — 
A  rapidly  formed  pack  :  presents  and  purchases — Lord  Haldon 
returns  his  pack  to  Oxton — The  master's  energy — Notes  of  sport  : 
an  vmusual  line  ;  a  great  run  ;  a  late  find — Death  of  Lady  Rolle — 
A  trial  day  east  of  the  Exe — Meeting  at  Exeter — Hunting  on  that 
side  definitely  established — A  formidable  undertaking — Hospitality 
in  the  new  country — A  memorable  day — The  East  Devon  Hunt 
founded — Colonel  Garratt  :  a  long  mastership — Dan  North  goes  to 
the  Western — Succeeded  by  Smith — Mr.  Studd  as  huntsman — 
Anecdote  of  George  Loram — Mr.  Studd's  perseverance — His  horses 
— Bad  falls — Members  of  his  field — The  Chudleigh  Harriers — Tom 
Lambell  killed  in  the  field — Billy  Butler — The  "  Jackdaw  Inn  " — 
Robinson — The  "  Blizzard  in  the  West  "  :  personal  experiences — 
Puppy-judging  at  Oxton — Good  runs — Mr.  Tremlett's  Hoimds — 
Afternoon  cub-hunting — A  bad  season  and  its  causes — Lord 
Clifford — Further  notes  of  sport — Mr.  Studd  resigns — His  fondness 
i  or  fishing. 


XX  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 


2.  THE    NEWTON    SIDE 

XV.  Augustus  F.  Ross  :  Second  Mastership,   1879-82 

pages  173-179 

Mr.  E.  Feamley  Tanner  hunts  the  Newton  side  1878-9 — "  Dart 
and  Teign  Foxhounds  " — Inadequate  support — Afterwards  keeps 
a  private  pack — Kennels  at  Hawson  Court — Has  a  bad  fall — Three 
good  runs — Mr.  Augustus  Kingston  hon.  sec. — Mr.  Ross  again 
comes  forward — Appointed  master — No  guarantee — Kennels  at 
Ambrook — Arthvu"  Mason  huntsman — Philip  Back  returns  as 
whipper-in — His  subsequent  career — Some  runs — Hunt  breakfast 
at  Cockington  Court — Some  of  the  field — The  pack  visits  Sir  Henry 
Seale's  old  country  :  a  good  run  and  those  who  saw  it — Personal 
recollections — Mr.  Ross  as  a  falconer — As  a  musician — Resignation 
— Offer  of  hounds — The  Newton  side  claimed  by  the  masters  of  the 
Haldon — Claim  suspended  and  Mr.  Hemming's  offer  accepted — 
Mr.  Hemming's  disappearance — The  country  reverts  to  Mr.  Whid- 
borne  and  Mr.  Studd. 

XVI.  John  Whidborne  :    Second   Mastership,   1882-5 

pages  180-192 

Dissolution  of  partnership  between  Mr.  Whidborne  and  Mr.  Studd 
— Whidborne  elects  to  hunt  the  Newton  side — Kennels  at  Lidwell — 
Jack  Whitmore  engaged  as  huntsman — "  Mr.  Whidborne's  Hounds  " 
— Kennel  and  stable  arrangements — Establishment — Early  hours — 
No  subscription — Mr.  Hext  and  Mr.  Rendell  appointed  honorary 
secretaries  :  their  qualifications — A  bitch  pack — Individual  hounds 
— A  small  pack — Long  distances — A  narrow  shave — Whitmore  as  a 
huntsman — Scarcity  of  foxes — A  case  of  riot — A  good  run  in  his  first 
season — An  improvement  in  the  second  season — A  great  run  : 
change  foxes  with  Mr.  Bragg's — Other  good  runs — Miss  Whidborne 
— Horses — Whips  :  Doyle,  Edwards,  Derges — William  Paul  :  one 
of  the  old  school — Pleasant  memories — How  the  name  "  South 
Devon  Hounds  "  was  resumed — Whidborne  resigns — Lord  Haldon 
waives  his  claim  to  the  country — Negotiations  with  Mr.  C.  Marshall 
— Dr.  Gaye  comes  forward  and  is  accepted. 

XVII.  Dr.  Henry  Searle  Gaye,  1885-93  pages  193-209 

Prosperous  state  of  the  country — A  successful  reign — Major- 
General  Gaye— Brigade-Surgeon  A.  C.  Gaye  :  well  known  as  a 
gentleman  rider — Terms  of  mastership — Mr.  Wliidborne  presents 
his  pack  to  the  committee — Kennels  at  North  End,  Ipplepen — New 
kennels  built  at  Pulsford  Hills,  Denbury — Part  of  the  moor  country 
claimed  by  Bragg— Claim  renewed  by  Mr.  Norton  and  Mr.  Thomas- 
Arbitrated  upon  in  1890— New  regulations  :  The  "  Receipt  " 
button  ;  capping— Hunt  imiform— Mr.  A.  S.  Rendell  retires  from 
the  socretaryehip- Succeeded  by  Mr.  H.  S.  Wright,  who  subse- 
quently resigns— Jack  Whitmore  leaves— Replaced  by  James 
CoIUngs— Prejudice    against    a    harrier    huntsman    overcome— A 


CONTENTS  xxi 

presentation  to  Collings — His  personality  :  in  the  field  ;  in  the 
kennel — Master  and  man  combine  to  raise  the  fortunes  of  the  hunt 
— Dr.  Gaye  as  master — An  unfortunate  accident — Good  sport — 
Mr.  D.  Scratton  and  his  keeper.  Bishop — Mr.  W.  Rendell  :  his 
descriptive  account  of  three  notable  runs — Dr.  Gaye  resiimes 
possession  of  the  Haldon  side  vacated  by  Mr.  Studd — His  resigna- 
tion— His  popularity  recognized  by  a  dinner  and  presentation — 
A  graceful  act. 

XVIII.  Territorial   Differences   and    an    Arbitra- 

tion .....  pages  210-218 

An  arbitration  by  the  M.F.H.  Association  :  the  South  Devon  and 
Mr.  Thomas's  (Mid-Devon) — Complaint  by  Mr.  Ross  of  Mr.  Bragg's 
Harriers — Mr.  Feamley  Tanner — Protests  from  successive  masters 
— An  intolerable  situation — lU-feeUng  between  the  two  hunts — 
An  unacceptable  offer  from  Mr.  Bragg — The  question  referred  to 
the  M.F.H.  Association — Requirements  of  hunting  law  to  the 
acquisition  of  new  country — Grounds  of  claim  against  the  South 
Devon — The  South  Devon  answer — Value  of  licence  from  the 
Duchy  of  Cornwall — Evidence  in  support  of  South  Devon  case — 
Text  of  the  Award  :  the  coimtry  hiuited  by  Mr.  Thomas  solely 
South  Devon  country — Grounds  of  decision — The  Award  accepted 
in  a  sportsmanUke  spirit — Temporary  arrangements  for  loan  of 
coxintry  to  Mr.  Thomas — The  arrangements  consolidated — Text  of 
resolution  forming  agreement — Cordial  relations  established  between 
the  two  himts — Credit  due  to  Dr.  Gaye,  Mr.  Hext,  Mr.  A.  Rendell 
and  Mr.  Lewis  Rendell — Mr.  Lewis  Rendell's  work — Made  an 
honorary  life  member  of  the  hunt — A  presentation. 

III.  REUNION 

XIX.  Mr.  Harold  St.  Maur,  1893-7         .         pages  221-231 

The  new  master's  conditions — Staff  and  kennels — Stover  in  war- 
time— Appointment  of  field-masters — Hunting  the  Haldon  side — 
Change  of  title  :  "  Mr.  St.  Maur's  Hounds  (The  South  Devon)  " — 
Prominent  members  of  the  hunt — Ladies  in  the  field — The  hunting 
parson — The  medical  profession — The  Torquay  and  Paignton 
contingents — Other  followers — New-comers  dtning  Mr.  St.  Maur's 
mastership — Resignation  of  the  master — Resignation  withdrawn — 
New  conditions — Resolution  and  vote  of  thanks — Second  resignation 
— Offer  of  loan  of  pack — Formation  of  a  sub-committee — Fvmd  to 
purchase  hounds  and  horses — Generous  offer  by  Mr.  St.  Maur — 
Loan  of  country  to  the  Mid-Devon  :   definition  of  area. 

XX.  Mr.  Robert  Vicary  and  \  1897-1901 

Mr.  Washington  M.  G.  Singer  I  pages  232-24^S 

Associations  with  the  coimtry — A  timely  offer — Appointed  joint- 
masters — Hunt  finances — Other  troubles — Collings  still  huntsman 
— Frank  Collings — A  new  whipper-in — Tragic  death  of  ColUngs  :  \ 

killed  at  an    earth — Calamity  for   the   hunt — Mr.   E.   P.   Bovey  > 


xxii  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

appointed  to  succeed  him — A  good  run — Record  of  sport — A  day 
of  disaeters — Bovey  joins  the  Imperial  Yeomanrj- — Killed  in  action 
in  the  Boer  War— Choules  promoted  to  huntsman — Sir  John 
Amory'a  staghounds  in  South  Devon — ilr.  Vicary  as  a  sportsman — 
His  kennel  of  fox-terriers  widely  known — World-wide  reputation 
as  a  judge  of  dog  or  hotind — List  of  places  at  which  he  has  judged — 
His  eve  for  hoimd  or  horse — Sets  about  improving  the  pack — His 
experience  of  other  co\mtries — The  pack — Some  favourite  hoiinds — 
Kennels  most  fancied — His  horses — Sons  and  other  members  of  the 
family — Revives  Newton  Abbot  Steeplecheises  :  the  arrangements 
remodelled  and  improved — Resigns  and  leaves  Mr.  Singer  to 
carry  on. 

XXI,  Mr.  Washin-gton  M.  G.  Singer,  1901-7 

pages  244-262 

Becomes  a  naturalized  British  subject  —  Eeirly  days  —  Dis- 
interested motives  in  first  taking  the  country — Volunteers  to 
continue  alone  on  3Ir.  Vicary's  retirement — Hunts  the  country  at 
his  own  expense — Field  expenses  provided  by  the  hunt — Appoints 
Mr.  W.  Rendell  hvmtsman — A  successful  move — ilr.  Rendell's 
qualifications — An  appreciation — Mrs.  Rendell — Mr.  Singer  buys 
the  Leighon  Estate  :  advantages  to  the  country — Owner  of 
Blagdon  Barton — Shooting  tenant  of  Berry — Hunt  staff  :  W.  Cole, 
H.  Thompson — Hunt  horses — Mr.  Ferris  of  Capton — The  pack — 
Purchase  of  the  Four  Burrow  dog  pack — The  Haldon  side  loaned  to 
the  Tremlett — Possession  resumed — Fallow  deer  on  Haldon — A 
record  of  good  sport  :  some  great  runs — A  dramatic  finish — Red 
deer  in  Buckland  Woods  :  visit  of  the  Quantock  Staghounds — The 
South  Devon  Hunt  Week — "  Sir  Henry  Seale's  country  "  :  pour- 
parlers with  the  Dartmoor — Important  letters — ilr.  L.  Vicary 
succeeds  Mr.  Hext  as  hon.  secretary — A  presentation  to  Mr.  Hext 
— The  master's  popuJarity — Some  followers  of  the  pack — The 
master's  enforced  absence  and  unexpected  resignation — Greneral 
regret — A  resolution  of  thanks — Complimentary  dinner  and 
presentation  to  Mr.  Singer. 

XXII.  Mr.  Hubert  F.  Bruxskill,  1907-13        pages  263-277 

Terms  of  agreement  to  himt  the  country — Brings  his  own  pack — 
Mr.  Singer's  hounds  sold  at  Rugby — ilr.  Brunakill  :  a  Devonshire 
™*n — Early  days — Successively  master  of  the  Exmoor  and  the 
Silverton — As  a  huntsman — His  hoimds — Interest  in  the  kennel — 
Sucoees  at  shows — Favourite  blood — A  large  young  entry — Viceroy 
—Develops  Sir  Henry  Seale's  old  country — Permission  to  the 
Haldon  Harriers  to  hunt  foxes  on  Haldon — Loans  of  country  : 
Haldon  to  the  Silverton  ;  Canonteign  to  the  ilid-Devon— Hunt  ball 
inaugurated — Agrees  to  hunt  the  country  for  a  further  five  years — 
Mrs.  Brunskill  :  her  knowledge  of  the  sport  ;  leads  the  field — 
Mr.  L.  G.  Vicary  succeeded  by  Major  Cobham  as  hon.  sec. — An 
admirable  secretary— Roger  Hannaford— Notes  of  sport— Good 
runs— Disaffection  in  the  hunt— Harmony  restored— Change  in  the 
constitution  of  the  hunt— New  rules  adopted— The  master  resigns 
— PresenUtion  to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Brunskill— Sale  of  hounds. 


i 


CONTEXTS  xxiii 

XXIII.  Major  J.  A.  Cooke  Hurle,  1913-15      pages  278-288 

Strangers  in  the  land — A  Westcountry  man — Es-master  of  the 
Lamerton  and  New  Forest  Hounds — Returns  to  Devonshire  with 
his  own  pack — Settles  at  Holne  CYoss,  Ashburton — Huntsman  as 
well  as  master — Acti\-ity,  judgment  and  tact — Mrs.  Hurle — Un- 
pleasant adventure — Success  at  Exeter  Hound  Show — Agreement 
to  waive  guarantee — Renews  loan  of  Haldon  side  to  the  Silverton — 
Sport  during  first  season — Bad  weather — Best  in-country  run  of  the 
season — Loan  of  Kingsbridge  country  to  Mr.  Brunskill — Second 
season — Guarantee — Resignation  of  the  hon.  sec. — Outbreak  of  the 
war — Gloomy  outlook — Determination  to  keep  the  htmt  going — 
Master's  entire  stud  taken  for  the  Army — Rejoins  his  regiment — 
Generous  act  of  Messrs.  W.  and  H.  Whitley — Polo  ponies  for  the 
hunt  stables — Mr.  Simpson  appointed  deputy-master — Reeves  as 
htmtsman — Creditable  performance  of  his  duties — Accident  to  Mr. 
W.  R.  Vicary — Resignation  of  the  master — Resolution  passed  by 
the  hunt. 

XXIV.  Mr.     William     Whitley     and     Mr.     Herbert 

Whitley,  1915-  .  .  .  pages  289-299 

Vsiried  acti^-ities  of  the  new  joint-masters — Rearrangement  of 
hunt  duties — Generous  attitude  of  the  Messrs.  Whitley — Chief 
object  of  maintaining  packs  in  war-time — New  recruits  to  the  field — 
Some  personal  notes — Hire  of  hunters  in  the  country — Other  packs 
within  the  South  Devon  borders — The  Mid-Devon — The  Silverton  : 
assistance  from  Lord  Devon  and  other  landowners  :  Mr.  Rape  on 
active  ser\-ice — Mr.  Brunskill's  :  Mrs.  Brunskill  hunts  the  pack  in 
the  master's  absence  on  service — Lady  masters — Hunting  a  school 
for  war — Conclusion. 


PAGE 

Note  ox  the  ^Iap 301 

Principal  Places  of  Meeting 306 

Appendix    A.     A    Contemporary    Accol^nt    of    a    Rtrs' 

in  1S23 309 

Appendix    B.     Rules  of  the  South  Devon  Hl"S't         .  312 

Appendix    C.     Glossary  of  Devonshire  Terms     .        .  317 

Index 319 


LIST  OF  ILLUSTRATIONS 


ontispiece 

FACB    PAOB 
1 

19 
22 


AUTOCHROME  OF  GeORGE  TeMPLER's   OlD  HoRN         .    Fr 

TO 

Hunt  Buttons     ....... 

George  Templer  ...... 

C.  A.  Harris  of  Hayne        ..... 

From  a  picture  painted  in  Rome 

The  Rev.  J.  Russell  .......  26 

The  Rev.  H.  Taylor 27 

Stover  in  1773     ........  30 

From  an  engraving  in  the  possession  of  Major  Harold  St.  Maur 

John  King  of  Fowlescombe         .....  33 

Sir  Walter  P.  Carew,  Bart.        .....  41 

John  Beal  and  the  Pack     ......  47 

From  an  oil  painting  at  Haccombe 

A  Dog  Hound      ........       52 

From  an  oil  painting  at  Haccombe 
A  Bitch  Hound   ........       52 

From  an  oil  painting  at  Haccombe 

Captain  Martin  E.  Haworth        .....  60 

From  a  water-colour  sketch  by  his  sister 

"  The  Barber  " 60 

From  an  oil  painting  in  the  possession  of  Lady  Mary  Leslie 

"  Captain  Rock  " 65 

From  an  oil  painting  in  the  possession  of  Lady  Mary  Leslie 

Some  of  Captain  Haworth's  Hounds  ....  65 

From  an  oil  painting  in  the  possession  of  Lady  Mary  LesUe 

Thomas  V.  Lane 71 

Sir  Henry  P.  Seale,  Bart.  .....  78 

John  Whidborne  .......  86 

Thomas  Westlake 97 


XXVI 


THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 


TO   FACE   PAGE 


Cup  Presented  to  Mr.  Westlake 

Augustus  F.  Ross 

Sir  Lawrence  Palk,  Bart.  . 

From  an  engraving  in  Baily's  Magazine 

Sir  John  Duntze,  Bart. 
Mr.  E.  Fairfax  Studd 

By  permission  of  the  County  Gentleman 
Lord  Haldon       .... 
Mr.  E.  Fearnley  Tanner    . 
The  South  Devon  (Exeter  Division)  at  the  Round  O 

1889         .... 
John  Whidborne  (1882) 
Mr.  Whidborne's  Hounds  (1883) 
Miss  Whidborne  . 
Dr.  Henry  S.  Gaye 

Collings  with  Harbinger  and  Stripling 
Mr.  George  H.  Hext  (Chairman  of  Hunt  Committee) 
Mrs.  Hext  ..... 
Major  Harold  St.  Maur 
Stover  at  the  Present  Time 
Some  of  Mr.  St.  Maur's  Hounds 
Mr.  Robert  Vicary 
Mr.  W.  M.  G.  Singer  . 
Mr.  William  Rendell 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  H.  F.  Brunskill  and  the  Pack 

Photo  by  Elliot  and  Fry 
Drawing  on  Dartmoor 
Under  Birch  Tor 
Major  J.  A.  Cooke  Hurle 
Mr.  W.  Whitley 
Mr.  H.  Whitley  . 

A  Youthful  Follower  of  the  Pack 
Mr.  a.  G.  Pape  (Master  of  the  Silverton) 


111 
112 
127 

127 
137 

151 
151 

165 
180 
180 
188 
193 
200 
210 
210 
221 
224 
229 
232 
244 
252 
263 

271 

271 

278 
289 
289 
292 
296 


Map  of  the  Country 


In  pocket  at  end 


CHRONOLOGICAL  TABLE 


(The  Partition  of  the  Country  refers  only  to  the  period  when 
a  separate  pack  was  kept  on  the  Haldon  side.  For  temporary 
loans  of  country  see  chapters  devoted  to  the  Masters  marked  *. 
The  arrangement  with  the  Mid-Devon  Hunt  is  on  a  more  per- 
manent basis  :  see  Chapter  XVIII.) 


—1  to  1826 
1827  „  1829 
1829   „   1843 

1843  „  1845 

1845   „  1849 

1849   „  1851 

1851   „  1856 

1856   „  1865 

1865  „  1875 
1875  „   1878 


THE    ORIGINAL    COUNTRY 


Mr.  Templer 
Mr.  King 
Sir  W.  Carew 

Captain  Haworth 
Mr.  Lane 
Sir  H.  Seale 
Mr.  Whidborne 
Sir  H.  Seale 

Mr.  Westlake 
Mr.  Ross 


also 


(Mr.  Templer's) 

(Mr.  King's) 

(Sir    W.    Carew's 

The  Devon) 
(The  Devon) 
(The  Devon)2 
(Sir  H.  Seale's) 
(The  South  Devon) 
(Sir  H.  Seale's  ;  also  The 

South  Devon) 
(The  South  Devon) 
(The  South  Devon) 


PARTITION 

HALDON    SIDE 


1878  to  1882 

1882  „  1884 
1884  „  1886 
1886  „   1891 


Sir  L.  Palk  and 
Sir  J.  DuNTZE 
Mr.  Studd 
Lord  Haldon 
Mr.  Studd 


(The  Haldon) 

(The  South  Devon) 
(Lord  Haldon's) 
(The  South  Devon, 
Exeter  Division) 


1  See  p.  21. 

"  The  name  "  South  Devon,"  though  already  used  during  Mr.  Lane's 
mastership,  was  not  oflScially  adopted  until  later.     See  page  72. 

xxvii 


xxviii         THE  SOLTH  DEVON  HTXT 

NEWTOX    SITE 

1878  to  1879    Mr.  Ta.vstib  (The  Scutb  Devon) 

1879  .,  1882    Mm.  Ross  (The  South  Devon) 

/  (1882-4  >lr.  Whid- 
I      bome'5> 


1882  „  1885    Mm.  Whidbobnz  (igs^s  The  South 

^      Devon) 
1885  -  1891     Dh.  Gate  (The  South  Devon) 


REUNION 

1891  to  1893    Db.  Gati:  (The  South  Devon) 

1893  „  1897    Mm.  St.  Maub*  (The  Sooth  Devon  ;   aUo 

Mr.  St.  Manx's) 

(Mm.  Vicast  and  ) 
1897  „  1901  \  ^  g^^^^  (The  Sooth  Devon) 

1901  .,  1907    Mm.  Sixgeb*  (The  South  Devon) 

1907  „  1913    Mi-  Bbl-sskill*  (T^e  South  Devon) 

1913  „  1915    Majok  Cooke  HrEXE*  {The  South  Devon) 

t  Mm.  W.  Whttlzy   ^ 
1915  "     —  -J  and  -       (The  Sooth  Devon) 

'  Mm.  H.  WmriEY*  ) 


Dr.  G»v 


HUNT   BUTTONS 

Mr.  Westlakes  and  Mr.  Stndds 

T?ie  •'  R«r«ipt  ■•  Button 

Messrs.  Whitley's 


Lord  Haldon's 
Mr.  Singer's 


To  /'ire  page  1 


THE 
SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 


INTRODUCTION 

Nimrod  on  Devonshire  hunting — His  limitations  as  a  critic — ^Satisfaction 
of  overcoming  diiiiculties — Dialect  and  nomenclature — Character  of  the 
cotmtry — Moor  and  "  In-country  " — Limits  of  the  hunt — Banks  and 
•walls — Scenting  qualities — Wet  weather  on  Haldon — Scent  on  Dart- 
moor— "  Hectors  of  the  Moor  " — Fasciaation  of  Dartmoor — Exmoor 
and  Dartmoor  contrasted — Wire — Attitude  of  new  landowners — Ignor- 
ance of  country  usage — Mire  and  bog — An  unpleasant  adventure — The 
right  type  of  hound — Difference  of  opinion — Patience  versus  pace — A 
hunt  without  a  pack  of  its  own — Type  of  horse — Mr.  Whidbome's  stamp 
— Harriei^  and  foxhounds  as  neighbours — The  Dart  Vale  and  Haldon — 
Dearth  of  hunting  landowners — Shooting  tenants  and  their  keepers — A 
claim  for  find-money  —  Question  of  legal  Habihty  —  Decision  of  the 
court — The  farmers  good  friends  to  hunting — Damsige  fund — Generous 
behaviour  of  Mr.  Ward-Wreford — Presentation  on  his  retirement — 
Financial  difficulties — Subscription — Ethics  of  capping — Mr.  Reginald 
Herbert's  opinion — The  field — Unbroken  succession  of  masters — Loans 
of  cotmtry — Plem  of  present  work — Difficulties  of  treatment — Chrono- 
logical table  of  masters. 

"Devonshire  is,  certainly,  the  worst  htmting  country  I  ever  was  in.  .  .  . 
It  is  the  only  county  in  which  I  have  heard  a  pack  of  hoimds  called  a 
'  cry  of  dogs,'  or  a  cow  called  a  buUock."   (Ximrod's  Hunting  Tours.) 

"  "VTIMRGD  "  was  undoubtedly  a  first-rate  judge 
-L 1  of  hunting.  He  made  the  sport  his  busi- 
ness, and,  in  the  course  of  it,  visited  nearly  every 
hunt  in  Great  Britain.  Yet  his  criticism  of  Devon- 
shire hunting  leaves  Devonians  unmoved.  For  not 
only  was  Ximrod — thorough  sportsman  though  he 
was — more  of  a  riding  man  than  a  hoimd  man,  but 
if  we  in  the  far  West  are  denied  the  mad  ecstasy  of 
'*  leading  the  cream  of  the   cream  in  the  Shire  of 


2  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

shires,"  we  find  compensation  in  things  and  circum- 
stances that  do  not  fall  to  the  lot  of  those  who  make 
up  the  crowded  fields  of  the  midlands.  The  oppor- 
tunities of  seeing  hound -work  at  its  best  and  of 
becoming  acquainted  with  individual  hounds,  the 
total  absence  of  all  artificiality,  the  stoutness  of  the 
foxes,  the  good-fellowship  amongst  the  members  of 
the  field,  who  all  know  one  another,  the  personal 
friendship  of  the  most  sporting  of  farmers,  the 
civility  of  the  country  people  and  the  glorious  scenery 
of  the  most  beautiful  of  counties — all  these  give  a 
charm  to  the  sport  that  Nimrod  knew  nothing  of. 

But,  beyond  this,  there  is,  to  my  mind,  a  satisfac- 
tion as  great  in  having  gone  well  to  the  end  of  a  run 
in  a  rough  and  intricate  country,  especially  if  one 
is  not  over-well  mounted,  as  there  is  in  having  kept 
a  good  place  in  a  quick  thing  in  the  Shires.  A 
satisfaction  in  having  done  it,  be  it  noted  ;  not  the 
same  rapture  or  the  same  glorious  thrill  in  the  doing. 
But  to  have  got  quickly  through  a  rideless  woodland, 
riding  by  ear  all  the  way  ;  to  have  hit  off  the  only 
crossing  of  the  boggy  bottom  below,  taken  the  right 
turn  at  the  top  of  the  next  hill  with  hounds  out  of 
sight  and  hearing,  jumped  the  big  boundary  bank, 
bustled  round  the  stony  lane  instead  of  attempting 
to  cross  the  impossible  valley,  taken  the  right  line  of 
gates  or  jumpable  fences  and  been  in  time  to  see 
the  fox  rolled  over;  to  have  done  all  this,  with  no 
pilot  in  front  and  nothing  but  eye,  ear  and  instinct 
as  guides,  puts  a  man  on  as  good  terms  with  him- 
self as  to  have  been  in  front,  let  us  say,  with  the 
Cottesmore,  from  Cold  Overton  to  Thorpe  Trussels. 

As  for  our  nomenclature,  it  must  be  conceded  that 
Nimrod  had  some  cause  for  surprise.  We  do  use 
some  rather  curious   expressions.     He    himself  was 


INTRODUCTION  8 

doubtless  spoken  of  at  the  time  of  his  visit,  as  he 
would  be  were  he  to  appear  in  Devon  to-day,  as  a 
"  gentleman  from  up  country."  And  anyone  seeking 
to  ascertain  more  definitely  his  domicile  of  origin, 
would  probably  be  told  that  he  came  from  "  the 
other  side  of  London,"  a  locality  considered  to  be 
so  remote  as  to  put  an  end  to  further  enquiries. 

The  country  hunted  by  the  South  Devon  Hounds 
is,  naturally,  not  dissimilar  in  character  to  the 
countries  of  other  hunts  in  Devon.  It  has,  however, 
more  variety  than  some  and  includes  within  its 
borders  a  large  slice  of  moorland  which  is  not  common 
to  all.  This  moorland  consists  of  the  eastern  portion 
of  Dartmoor,  1  and  is  considered  to  be  the  best  part 
of  the  country.  The  remainder,  called,  in  contra- 
distinction to  the  Moor,  the  "  in-country,"  comprises 
cultivated  lands  and  woodlands,  and  also  a  stretch 
of  flinty  moorland  which  reaches  from  two  miles 
above  Teignmouth  to  within  four  miles  of  Exeter, 
and  is  quite  separate  and  different  in  character  from 
the  Moor  proper. 

The  limits  of  the  South  Devon  country  are  treated 
of  in  the  Note  on  the  map  at  the  end  of  this  book. 
The  reader's  attention  is  particularly  drawn  to  the 
details  in  this  Note,  as  I  hope  that  I  have  succeeded, 
after  comparison  of  old  sources  of  information  and 
personal  reference  to  neighbouring  masters  and  others 
entitled  to  give  an  authoritative  opinion,  in  settling 
a  question  that  has  hitherto  been  somewhat  neg- 
lected. 

With  the  exception  of  the  level  land  in  the  valleys 
of  the  Exe   and  Teign,   which  nowadays   are   very 

^  Dartmoor  is  officially  divided  into  four  quarters  :  North,  South,  East 
and  West.  The  Eastern  portion  referred  to  does  not  correspond  exactly 
with  the  Eastern  "  quarter." 


4  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

rarely  indeed  touched  by  hounds,  the  country  is, 
like  the  rest  of  Devon,  hilly.  The  enclosures  are 
small  and  separated  from  each  other  by  banks. 
These  banks  are  for  the  most  part  big  and  broad, 
giving  a  good  foothold  to  the  horse  which  does  them 
"  in  twice,"  jumping  first  to  the  top  and  then  jump- 
ing or  sliding  down.  They  have  no  ditch,  and,  as 
they  are  often  from  four  to  six  feet  in  width  and 
five  or  six  or  more  feet  in  height,  one  wonders  whence 
came  the  material  from  which  they  are  formed. 
Some  of  them  are  stone-faced,  and  nearly  all  have 
a  thick  hedge  of  hazel,  beech,  or  other  growiih  on 
the  top,  and  they  are  formidable -looking  obstacles 
to  those  unaccustomed  to  this  type  of  fence.  On 
the  Moor  there  are  no  banks.  All  the  fences  there 
are  walls,  built  up  of  loose  granite  boulders  and 
stones.  Most  of  them  have  a  gap ;  if  there  is  none, 
one  is  easily  made  by  pushing  off  the  smaller  stones 
which  are  always  on  the  top.  This  may  not  sound 
a  very  heroic  proceeding,  but  it  is  rendered  necessary 
by  the  size  of  the  walls  themselves,  the  gradients 
and  the  risk  of  landing  on  a  heap  of  granite  boulders. 
Besides,  we  do  not  all  ride  three  hundred  guinea 
hunters  ! 

Taken  as  a  whole,  the  country  is  a  good  scenting 
one.  The  range  of  heath-covered  hills  known  as 
Haldon,  before  referred  to,  is  an  exception,  the  land 
being  poor  and  the  reverse  of  good  scenting.  In- 
cidentally, it  is  also,  owing  to  the  sharp  flints  and 
the  short  dense  gorse  with  which  it  is  covered, 
very  trying  to  the  feet  of  hounds.  The  popular  idea 
holds  that  Haldon  never  carries  a  scent  except  when 
so  wet  that  the  water  splashes  up  in  a  cloud  over 
the  backs  of  the  hounds  as  they  run.  This,  like 
most   other  theories   in   regard  to   scent,   has   been 


INTRODUCTION  5 

disproved  on  many  occasions,  though  it  is  probably 
true  that  very  wet  weatlier  generally  suits  Haldon 
better  than  the  other  extreme. 

One  may  almost  venture  to  say  that  on  Dartmoor 
there  is  always  a  scent.  The  granite  foundation  is 
covered  to  the  depth  of  many  feet  by  peat  and  topped 
with  virgin  tm'f.  There  are  no  coverts  on  the  Moor, 
so  foxes  lie  in  the  open,  either  in  the  bogs,  or  on  the 
open  heather,  or  among  the  rocks  with  which  the 
face  of  the  Moor  is  in  many  parts  thickly  strewn. 
As  a  result,  a  fox  often  jumps  up  in  view,  and  goes 
away  with  the  pack  "  right  on  his  back."  But  these 
foxes  are  very  stout,  descendants  of  those  "  Hectors 
of  the  Moor  "  that,  in  days  of  yore,  tested  the  stamina 
of  the  hounds  of  Templer  and  of  Bulteel,  and  they 
stand  a  long  time  before  hounds  and  frequently  make 
good  their  point  in  some  distant  tor  or  clitter  of 
rocks,  secure  from  spade  or  terrier.  One  of  these 
sanctuaries  is  the  big  Rubble-heap  at  He}i:or,  which, 
as  a  valuable  nursery,  makes  compensation  for  the 
runs  it  robs  us  of. 

One  of  the  curious  featiues  of  the  Moor  is  the 
peculiar  fascination  it  exercises  over  people,  hunting 
men  included.  I  have  known  men  come  down  to 
South  Devon  to  live,  who  had  been  accustomed  to 
hunting  in  good,  rideable  countries,  and  at  first  they 
feared  and  hated  Dartmoor.  The  hills,  the  rocks. 
the  rabbit  holes  and  the  bogs  upset  them,  figuratively 
and  sometimes  literally  as  well.  But  as  soon  as  they 
have  had  time  to  get  used  to  these  thincrs.  thev  come 
to  love  Dartmoor  and  its  hunting  as  much  as  we 
natives  do.  Of  this  sort  was  a  \asitor  to  Exmoor 
that  I  met  out  with  the  Devon  and  Somerset.  He 
told  me  that  at  home  his  heart  was  in  his  mouth  when 
he   jumped,   but  that   it   went   back   into   its  place 


6  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

between  the  fences.  "  But  here,"  he  said,  "it  is 
in  my  mouth  all  the  time."  Yet  there  is  a  good  deal 
of  difference  between  Exmoor  and  Dartmoor.  This 
difference  is  neatly,  if  paradoxically,  expressed  in 
the  saying  quoted  by  Mr.  Evered  in  his  interest- 
ing Staghunting  with  the  Devon  and  Somerset:  "  On 
Exmoor  you  can  ride  everywhere  except  where  you 
can't ;  on  Dartmoor  you  can't  ride  anywhere  except 
where  you  can."  Those  who  know  both  forests^  will 
appreciate  the  truth  of  the  contrast. 

The  country  is  fairly  free  from  wire,  that  is,  from 
hidden  wire,  although  some  does  exist  in  places. 
This  is  due  doubtless  in  part  to  the  nature  of  the 
fences,  which,  as  stated,  are  banks,  and  in  part  to 
the  consideration  of  the  farmers.  But  in  two  or 
three  parts  of  the  country  large  areas  are  enclosed 
with  barbed  wire  which  interferes  sadly  with  the 
sport.  It  is  not  suggested  that  this  is  due  to  any 
active  hostility  to  hunting.  The  tendency  of  the 
times  is  for  land  to  get  into  the  hands  of  successful 
business  men.  Many  of  these,  it  is  a  pleasure  to 
record,  are  endowed  with  quick  perceptions  which 
enable  them  soon  to  fill  the  role  of  country  gentle- 
men with  credit  to  themselves  and  with  satisfaction 
to  their  neighbours.  There  are  some,  on  the  other 
hand,  who  seem  unable  to  appreciate  that  the  owner- 
ship of  land  has  its  obligations,  or  to  realize  what  is 
expected  of  them  in  their  new  position.  While 
spending  largely  for  benevolent  and  philanthropic 
purposes,  they  know  nothing  of  the  tastes  and  habits 
of  country  people,  or  of  the  great  part  that  hunting 
plays  in  the  life  of  the  country-side.  They  do  not 
see  that,  by  interfering  with  a  sport  that  has  been 

'  The  forests  of  Dartmoor  and  Exmoor,  like  the  Scotch  deer  forests, 
nave  no  trees. 


INTRODUCTION  7 

recognized  and  encouraged  by  generations  of  former 
owners  of  their  newly  acquired  acres,  they  are 
depriving  the  inhabitants,  condemned  by  circum- 
stance to  Hve  at  home  all  the  year  round,  of  the  one 
form  of  recreation  best  suited  to  relieve  the  monotony 
of  a  somewhat  colourless  existence. 

Reference  has  been  made  to  the  bogs  of  Dartmoor. 
There  are  two  varieties  :  the  wet  bog,  locally  called 
a  Mire,  in  the  valleys  ;  and  the  Bog  proper,  con- 
sisting of  dry,  powdery  peat,  on  the  very  summit  of 
the  hills.  The  latter  are  worse  than  the  former  and 
more  difficult  to  distinguish  from  sound  ground. 
There  are  also  gradations  between  the  tw^o.  I  do 
not  recall  ever  hearing  of  any  authentic  case  of  a 
man  or  a  horse  being  bogged  irretrievably.  One 
bad  experience,  among  many,  occurred  with  the 
Mid-Devon  hounds  on  Boxing  Day,  1892.  For  five 
miles  we  had  galloped  over  sound  turf.  Then  the 
character  of  the  ground  changed,  and  the  frozen 
crust  of  the  bog  lured  us  on  for  a  considerable  dis- 
tance before  we  broke  through.  Soon  half  a  dozen 
or  more  horses  were  down  at  once  and  the  plunging 
and  struggling  began.  Presently  the  horses  sub- 
sided, too  blown  for  further  effort,  and  we  were 
able  to  survey  the  scene.  All  around,  horses  in 
various  positions  :  one  on  its  side,  another  sitting 
up  like  a  dog,  a  third  with  all  four  legs  underground  ; 
on  the  edge  of  the  bog,  a  knot  of  horsemen  who  had 
pulled  up  in  time,  clustered  round  the  "  Bishop  of 
Dartmoor,"  the  Rev.  W.  H.  Thornton,  whose  ex- 
hortation to  "  come  back  "  we  should  gladly  have 
followed  if  we  could ;  and,  away  in  the  distance,  the 
pack  running  on,  unattended,  into  the  silence  of  the 
forest. 

Meanwhile  Mr.  Hayter-Hames  and  Mr.  Prickman, 


8  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

wide  on  our  left,  being  only  two  together,  were  in  a 
worse  predicament.  Here  is  "Pidgon's"^  vivid  de- 
scription of  what  befell  the  pair  : 

"...  We  see  them  (the  hounds)  racing  over  the 
Turfties  pointing  for  the  Cut,  a  moorland  crossing 
between  Lydford  and  Post  Bridge.  'Tis  a  rough  bit 
of  country  ;  rough  at  all  times,  but  terrible  now  in 
the  hard  frost.  .  .  .  Shall  we  try  a  record  run  over  the 
Turfties  ?  There's  a  frost  and  they  may  keep  up  ? 
Yes,  say  we  ;  but  yonder  hill  by  Dart  Head  with 
its  more  than  a  dozen  dismounted  riders  should  have 
been  a  warning.  But  it  isn't,  and  we  only  think  of 
it  after,  and  '  after  wit  is  good  for  nothing.'  Our 
blood  is  up  and  we  dash  on  a  bogland  where  the  peat 
stands  in  beds  of  ten  or  twelve  feet  in  depth.  The 
first  ten  yards  finishes  the  gallop,  the  second  the 
trot,  and  the  third  the  walk  ;  then  to  dismount  and 
lead,  and  then  horses  lose  their  heads,  break  the 
crust  of  the  peat,  and  the  leading  mare  is  stuck  fast 
with  all  four  legs,  up  to  her  belly  in  the  holding  earth. 
Now,  'tis  off  with  the  saddle,  off  with  the  coats,  a 
pull  to  and  a  dig  round  each  leg,  and,  with  coat 
underneath,  one  struggle  frees  her  a  little  ;  then  a 
readjustment  of  coats,  then  another  effort  by  the 
gallant  beast,  and  she  stands  trembling  on  the  bog, 
and  again  the  old  grey  moor  has  beaten  us  and 
proved  herself  impassable.  .  .  ."  * 

The  danger  of  a  bog  lies  in  the  risk  of  being  struck 
or  trampled  on  by  a  plunging  horse. 

From  the  nature  of  the  country  and  the  breed  of 
foxes  to  the  stamp  of  hound  required  is  a  natural 
transition.  Here  we  are  at  once  on  debatable 
ground.     There  are  those  who  hold  that  the  best- 

1  Our  local  "  Brooksby  "  :   the  late  Mr.  J.  D.  Prickman. 
*  WeeUrn  Morning  News,  28th  December,   1892. 


IXTRODUCTIOX  9 

bred  hounds  obtainable  will  answer  best  in  this  as 
in  every  other  country.  Others  advocate  a  harrier 
cross.  The  former  point  to  the  number  of  foxes  that 
get  to  ground  as  proof  that  well-bred  hounds  do  not 
go  even  fast  enough.  Those  of  the  other  school  urge 
that  the  modern  foxhound,  large  of  frame  and  of 
immense  bone  carried  right  down  to  the  foot,  may 
do  well  enough  on  the  moor  (if  he  does  not  shake 
his  shoulders  to  pieces  on  the  rocks),  but  that  he  is 
unsuited  to  a  country  where  hounds  are  continually 
being  brought  to  their  noses  by  lanes,  arable  land 
and  other  impediments  ;  that  he  is  bred  from  winners 
at  Peterborough  who  win  on  looks  alone  ;  that, 
even  if  he  does  come  from  good  working  stock, 
such  stock  is  precluded  by  country'  and  circumstance 
from  acqiuring,  and  consequently  from  transmitting, 
the  qualities  of  patience  and  perseverance  in  the 
necessary  degree  ;  and  that  it  is  not  so  much  the 
pace  that  matters  as  the  time  that  is  lost  at  a  check 
by  overrunning  the  scent.  All  these,  and  others, 
are  well-known  stock  arguments  and  are  trotted  out 
by  both  sides,  who  also  point  to  particular  examples 
in  support  of  their  respective  theories. 

The  matter  is  certainly  one  of  first  importance  ; 
and  yet,  paradoxically  enough,  it  is  one  which  in 
practice  may  be  ignored.  For  the  South  Devon 
Hunt  has  no  pack  of  its  own,  and  cannot  therefore 
presume  to  dictate  to  a  master  who  is  good  enough 
to  bring  his  own  pack  what  manner  of  hound  he 
should  breed.  Therefore,  though  full  of  interest  and 
giving  scope  for  a  long  dissertation,  the  subject  is 
one  that  need  not  be  further  pursued  here. 

With  regard  to  the  horse  required  to  cross  the 
comitry,  much  must  depend  on  the  qualifications 
and  ambitions  of  his  rider.     A  lisht-weight  will  be 


10  THE  SOrTH  DEVON  HUXT 

wdl  earned  and  see  much  sport  on  a  well-bred  pony. 
A  pony's  activity  in  gifting  np  and  down  steep  hills 
mose  than  compensates  for  his  shorter  stride.  A 
hcarier  man  will,  of  coarse,  need  a  bigger  animaL 
but  as  long  as  the  latter  has  strength  and  quality, 
the  less  he  is  in  heig^  the  better.  *'  Long,  low  and 
histy "'  was  the  stamp  the  late  Mr.  Whidbome  liked 
— niien  he  could  get  it.  dean  action  and  good  legs 
and  feet  are  rncxe  essential  here  than  in  many  other 
coontries,  cm  acooont  of  the  amount  of  road-work 
oitailed  in  a  days  hunting,  and  in  road-work  I 
include  lanes  of  the  roomiest  description.  Good 
bottom  is  of  more  importance  than  speed ;  and, 
above  all,  whatever  yoa  ride  must  be  handy  and 
must  imderstand  cramped  |daces.  For  the  moor,  a 
horse  cannot  be  too  well-bred,  provided  he  is  up 
to  the  wei^t  required,  temperate  and  well-mannered. 
Theie  is  a  great  difference  in  the  way  horses  get  over 
the  rough  ground  and  rocks  cm  the  moor ;  some 
pitch  and  flounder  terribly,  while  others  go  "  like 
oiL*'  or  as  if  they  were  on  wheels. 

Devonshire  is  a  great  country  for  harriers.  All 
hunting  men  know  the  difficulties  that  sometimes 
arise  between  harries  and  foxhounds  occupying  the 
same  country,  thou^  there  is  no  reason  why  this 
should  be  wbere  the  masters  of  both  packs  are 
sportsmen  and  good  fellows.  The  South  Devon 
has  been  particularly  fortunate  in  this  respect  for 
many  years  past,  and  the  most  cordial  relations 
exist,  and  have  for  years  existed,  between  the  himt 
and  the  two  harrier  packs,  the  Dart  Vale  and  the 
Haldon,  which  share  its  country. 

It  is  unfortunate  that  practically  none  of  the  large 
landowners  in  the  hunt  themselves  follow  hound^s, 
though,  as  a  body,  they  are  well  disposed  towards 


rsTiiODUcnoy  ii 


cuhy  for  the^LTJa.     For.    ---~-.   wefl  djspased 
afaoodng  tpnaiits   may   be,   they   eannct.    fr: 
nature  of  tbc  case,  have  ^he  izi±^T-:T 
landowner.    They  aze  al^:    i  fiiTii  :r_r 
nneertamty  exists  from  &r  i ; :  z  t  :  -  s  to  wfacwa 

the  tnasto^  wfll  have  to  treat   — ."  cding  tiie 

covcits.    Some  sfaooting  texi3--'  __— !r*^?e  cf 

tiie  amenities  of  cuunlry  BTt  "   ~    -  ~ 

their  keep^s.    Thoe  have  : 
cxBcDent  kcep«s  in  the  hnnt,  tr_  :~ : . 
knofw  thev  bosiness  and  study  their  m : 
and  at  the  same  time  do  n'  :  _  - :    . 
F<»-  an  that,  the  master  of  i:- 

capped  who  has  to  deal  irh.  r-  .:  -± 

coald  go  direct  to  the  employer. 

While  on  the  sobject  of  kiKpers,  it  ir  ji^ 

to  record  that,  a  good  many  yeazs  a^ot,  the  i    —      2    : 
the  legal  liability  of  the  mas^pr  at  tha: 
"find-money"  was  actually  raised  nn-^ 

the   Exet^   Connty   Coort.     Ci::^zi-T  

zr^i    not   be   gcHie   into  beyond   sa~liii:   -'z-^t  they 
-  no  desire  o^  attempt  to  evade  :  :«DcaUe 

oui-ig;iCian,   decsided  the  wtasfaHr  to   -^-  _  '^r  a 

tmie  payment  of  eertain  Kriyas^  ~r:.  .cm. 

eonmeneed  legal  {Htxeedii^  to  i\r:       :        :.t  they 
ciairaed  as  doe  to  than  in  piii  miii  : 
sent  to  each   one  be^oie  the  se&^ 
^titingr  that  finds  would  be  paid  i 
fox.     The  keepers  lost  their  case,  t.      _  -^^ 

tiiat,  apart  firun  the  question  of  w 
any  promise  to  pay.  the  doii^  of  his  u-: _.  . 
in  preserving  foxes  under  his  rcsster's    : 


ar 


12  THZ  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

e:»ntract  and  c :  nvert  any  such  prmnise  into  a  binding 
agreement. 

The  fiumers  of  South  Devon  are,  afanost  without 
exeepiMm,  fiist^ate  fdlows.  Ther  are  large-hearted, 
hoqiitaWR  and  obtigmg,  and  also  very  independent. 
and  expect,  and  li^itly  so,  proper  recognition  and 
treatment  from  the  faont.  We  do  not  see  as  many 
of  tiiem  in  the  field  as  we  should  like,  and  of  those 
who  do  fannt  a  good  number  find  the  hairiers.  as 
being  nearer  home  and  entailing  less  sacrifice  of 
time,  JDCfre  conTiraiient  than  the  foxhounds.  Xever- 
thflfga^  they  are  stanncfa  friemis  to  foxhunting,  and  a 
claim  for  compcnsati<Hi  fcfr  damage  to  crops  or  fences 
is  Tay  rare.  Poultry,  oi  coarse,  is  paid  for,  and  for 
this  purpose  a  damage  fund  exists  and  is  administered 
by  two  or  three  Tc^unteers  in  diffoent  districts. 

Where  all  are  so  good,  it  may  seem  invidious  to 
name  one  individual,  yet  perhaps  the  fact  of  his 
being  one  o€  the  oldest  tenant  farmers  in  the  hunt 
justifies  menticHi  of  the  case  of  3Ir.  Daniel  Ward- 
Wreford  as  typical  of  the  excellent  spirit  that  prevails. 
For  thirteen  years  he  farmed  at  Priestaford,  Ash- 
burton  ;  for  seven  at  Prestoncombe,  Morleigh  ;  and 
for  tbe  past  twenty-six  at  Whiteley,  Totnes.  During 
all  those  years  he  has  never  made  a  claim  for  damage, 
even  for  loss  of  poultry,  although  the  coverts  on  his 
farm  have  always  been  a  sure  find.  Indeed,  it  is 
his  proud  boast  that  he  would  rather  lose  a  sheep 
than  a  fox  or  a  hare.  For  he  has  been  a  keen  hare- 
hunter  too,  and  Whiteley  has  been  the  popular 
fixture  of  the  Dart  Vale  Harriers  on  their  opening 
day  during  the  whole  of  his  long  tenancy.  On 
leaving  Priestaford  in  1881,  he  was  presented  by  a 
few  friends  from  Ashburton  with  a  silver  tea-set  as 
a  mark  of  their  respect  and  esteem. 


I3JT»CH)UCnOX  13 

How,  m  Ib  f^ghtirtii  jeax^  be  iias  grrcn  «| 


B,  and  tfae  i 
jltet  Vale] 

mnBAm  td  tibe  SoiA  Dev^ 

H^nrr 

■>  flB.  *iw*i  ■   uu  aHKns   *f^  PI  s  , 

7 

SO  ctaecxnlT^  ^ade  ■!  ik 
m^  lie  five  to  aqay  has  ~  _ 

- 

Tr- 

'  "■■b 

» 

- 

*  yt 

-  - 

- 

--  - 

it-  Kcm<>«^ 

~              -    '^-~''~-     ^  — 

-   — -" 

a.  - 

- 

-  ^  • _                  -.  .  ^^ .  ._ 

__ .    -  _ 

to 

-  c     -                                                 - 

w^^ 

-   -       -        . 

; 

- 

::\ 

•  ^  77-     :: 

--- 

!■: 

—    _             _ 

\ 

- 

,_ : 

-' 

:jtd 

- 

■* 

"■  - 

■          .,    _. 

_ 

•        _  1    : 

: _  .  _    -T 

^„_.„,. 

~ 

A-- 

- 

- 

14  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

the  People's  Budget,  "The  money  must  be  got"; 
but  the  way  of  its  getting  is  not  an  aspect  of  the 
Sport  of  Kings  that  needs  to  be  perpetuated. 
Personall}',  I  agree  with  the  vie\v  of  Mr.  Reginald 
Herbert,  of  the  Monmouthshire,  that  for  a  member 
of  the  field  to  separate  himself  furtively  from  his 
fellows,  and  go  round  ^vith  the  hat,  brings  the  thing 
down  very  nearly  to  the  level  of  a  German  band. 
But  I  suppose  that  as  long  as  there  are  people  who 
are  willing  to  enjoy  their  sport  at  the  expense  of 
others,  these  things  must  be  done.  Only,  let  us  as 
soon  as  possible  forget  that  they  are  done. 

The  climate  of  South  Devon,  being  of  the  type 
dubbed  "  salubrious  "  by  the  house  agents,  some- 
times brings  hunting  people  from  further  north  for 
reasons  of  health.  Such  always  find,  as  indeed  does 
any  stranger  or  visitor  from  a  neighbouring  hunt, 
a  cordial  welcome  from  master  and  field.  But  for 
the  most  part,  the  fields  consist  of  the  ordinary 
inhabitants  of  the  locality. 

It  is  to  the  credit  of  the  South  Devon  Hunt,  that, 
during  an  existence  of  over  a  hundred  years,  there 
has  been  only  one  season  when  it  was  without  a 
master,  and  that  was  the  season  of  1826-7  after  the 
unexpected  collapse  of  the  Stover  establishment 
under  George  Templer.  It  is  true  that  at  times 
certain  parts  of  the  country  have  been  more  or  less 
derelict  for  a  short  period,  but  that  was  only  due 
to  the  immense  extent  of  the  country  and  to  the 
particular  situation  of  the  kennels  at  the  moment. 
Of  late  years,  any  such  outlying  portions  have  wisely 
been  either  hunted  separately  or  loaned  to  other 
packs,  with  the  result,  as  James  Pigg  would  say,  of 
"keeping  the  tambourine  a-rolling"  throughout  the 
wide  dominions  of  the  South  Devon  Hunt. 


INTRODUCTION  15 

These  divisions  and  temporary  loans  of  country 
have  occasioned  some  difficulty  in  deciding  upon  the 
arrangement  of  chapters  which  follow.  The  fact 
that  more  than  one  pack  may  have  been  operating 
at  the  same  time  in  different  parts  of  the  hunt  is  an 
objection  to  the  otherwise  obvious  arrangement  of 
devoting  a  separate  chapter  to  each  master.  Any 
other  arrangement,  however,  was  found  on  considera- 
tion to  be  open  to  still  greater  objections,  so  that, 
while  conscious  of  its  somewhat  inartistic  effect,  I 
have  decided  to  adopt,  as  far  as  possible,  the  one 
master,  one  chapter  scheme. 

One  of  the  main  objections  to  this  scheme  lies  in 
the  fact  of  its  not  fitting  in  with  the  periods  into 
which  the  history  is  divided.  This  is  due  to  the 
country,  after  division,  having  been  reunited  under 
a  master  (Dr.  Gaye)  who  had  presided  for  some 
years  over  one  only  of  the  two  separate  packs  between 
which  the  country  was  for  a  time  apportioned.  Yet 
some  division  into  periods  was  necessary  on  account 
of  the  break  in  the  continuity  of  the  mastership  of 
the  country  as  a  whole  and  of  the  confusing  changes 
in  the  names  of  the  two  packs  under  the  dual  arrange- 
ment. Despite  this  obvious  drawback,  the  division 
into  the  three  periods  selected,  viz.  "The  Original 
Country,"  "Partition"  and  "Reunion,"  appears  to 
be  less  objectionable  than  any  other.  It  should  be 
noted  that,  in  order  to  avoid  complication  and 
confusion,  the  country  has  been  treated  as  parti- 
tioned only  while  the  Haldon  side  was  separately 
hunted  as  an  entire  and  self-contained  country ; 
mere  temporary  loans  of  the  Haldon  or  other  portions 
to  hunts  which  had  also  other  country  beyond  the 
borders  of  the  South  Devon  are  treated  as  loans  and 
not  as  a  division  of  country  and  are  dealt  with  under 


16  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

the  chapters  devoted  to  the  master  in  whose  time 
such  loans  were  made  or  renewed.  The  country 
now  hunted  by  the  Mid-Devon  has  also,  for  reasons 
which  appear  in  Chapter  XVIII,  been  treated  on  a 
distinct  footing. 

These  very  complexities  constitute  in  a  great 
measure  the  raison  d'etre  of  the  history,  the  object 
of  which  has  been  to  present  to  the  reader,  even  at 
some  sacrifice  of  symmetry  and  sequence,  an  accurate 
and  clear  statement  of  varying  changes  of  name  and 
scene.  In  this,  the  Chronological  Table  should  be 
of  material  help. 


I 

THE  ORIGINAL  COUNTRY 


GEORGE  lEMPLEE  OF  STOVER 


To  fofA  jioge  1& 


CIL\PTER   I 
GEORGE   TEMPLER   OF   STO\'ER :    18—  to  1826 


Sto- 


:-l 


and  R 


IS   Oia    Z-ZTD.. 


-Hii  ;-.-•: 


"  I  sing  of  a  party  aasembJed  at  Stover 
To  hunt  in  tbe  momii^  and  feast  whai  'twas  over." 

{A  Party  ^  Stovfr.    By  Geo.  Templer,  1823.) 

TO  the  accomplished  George  Templer  of  Stover 
belongs  the  distinction  of  having  been  the  master 
of  the  first  regular  pack  of  foxhounds  that  hunted  the 
country-  which  in  later  years  came  to  be  known  as 
"  The  South  Devon,"'  It  is  known  that  hounds  existed 
in  the  countiy  before  his  day,  for  his  uncle,  the 
Reverend  John  Templer  of  Lindridge,  kept  a  pack  at 
that  place,  but  a  great -grandnephew  of  the  latter, 
Captain  J.  G.  E.  Templer.  the  present  owner  of  Lind- 
ridge, tells  me  he  has  always  understood  that  the 
Lindridge  hounds  were  harriers,  though,  he  adds,  they 
probably  hunted  '*an\i:hing  that  jumped  up."  The 
Lindridge  kennels  were  near  the  house,  in  what  until 
quite  recently  was  called  the  Kennel  Pit,  lately  con- 
verted into  a  rock  garden  and  christened  '*  The  Dell.'' 

19 


20  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

George  Templer  was  the  eldest  son  of  James 
Templer,  whose  father,  also  James,  built  Stover 
House,  some  two  miles  from  Newton  Abbot.  James 
was  a  lineal  descendant  of  the  Colonel  Templer  who 
was  in  the  service  of  the  Prince  of  Orange  and  took 
part  in  the  memorable  expedition  of  1688  and  also  in 
the  war  of  1691.  This  Colonel  Templer  died,  at 
Exeter,  so  poor  that  liis  son  Thomas  took  to  business 
in  that  city.  Thomas  had  a  large  family,  the  youngest 
of  whom,  James,  made  a  fortune  and  built  Stover 
House. 

George  Templer  was  bom  in  or  about  the  year  1781 
and  was  educated  at  Westminster.  Mr.  Da\'ies  speaks 
of  him  as  a  gentleman  of  brilliant  intellect  and  most 
charming  manner.  ^  Poet  and  wit,  scholar  and  sports- 
man as  he  was,  there  is  ever\^  justification  for  the 
prefix  accorded  to  him  at  the  beginning  of  this 
chapter  and  usually  associated  with  his  name. 

Listen  to  the  words  of  a  chronicler-  who  knew 
him  well.  He  introduces  him  as  "  the  favoured  and 
favourite  sportsman — everywhere  and  anywhere — 
the  accomplished  George  Templer  of  Stover."  He 
says  : 

"  To  enlarge  upon  his  several  excellencies,  his 
amiability,  the  sincerity  of  his  friendship  and  bene- 
volence of  disposition,  adorned  by  a  graceful  erudi- 
tion, and  enhvened  by  a  playful  wit  that  made  him 
the  charm  of  society,  is  but  to  repeat  an  oft-told  tale. 
.  .  .  Those  with  whom  he  was  wont  to  associate  in 
jocund  famiharity  little  judged  that  they  were  in 
contact  with  an  intellect  imbued  with  natural  powers 
of  the  highest  excellence.  .  .  .  Amongst  sportsmen  the 
name  of  Templer  is  as  a  household  word,  and  never 

1  Z/t/e  0/  the  Rev.  J.  RixsseU.     By  the  Rev.  E.  W.  L.  Davies. 
*  Christopher  Arthur  Harris. 


GEORGE  TEMPLER  OF  STO\^R  21 

uttered  without  the  sincere  tribute  of  regret  at  his 
early  departure  from  amongst  them.  .  .  .  The  epoch 
of  George  Templer  of  Stover,  on  many  accounts  and 
for  many  a  long  year  will  be  the  '  Alba  not  a  '  in  the 
sporting  annals  of  Devonshire ;  for  there  was  a 
graceful  individuality  that  belonged  to  the  man, 
combined  with  unusual  attainments,  that  would 
have  made  him  remarkable  at  any  time."^ 

It  is  difficult  at  tliis  distance  of  time  to  ascertain 
with  any  certainty  the  date  when  Templer  first 
hunted  the  country.  It  was  certainly  prior  to  1810, 
in  which  year  it  is  on  record  that  the  Duke  of  Rut- 
land had  a  draft  from  the  Stover  kennels.-  The 
fact  that  this  was  one  of  the  only  tlu-ee  occasions 
of  the  Belvoir  purchasing  drafts  from  other  packs 
is  eloquent  testimony  to  Templer's  judgment  and  to 
the  superior  type  of  hound  that  he  bred.  It  also 
shews  clearly  that  he  must  at  that  time  have  been 
keeping  hounds  for  some  years  for  his  pack  to  have 
reached  so  high  a  standard. 

In  the  Appendix  to  liis  interesting  History  of  the 
Beh'oir  Hunt  Mr.  Dale  mentions,  after  the  entry 
for  1810,  "  Ten  couple  of  hounds  bought  by 
IVIr.  Templer."  This  is  a  misprint  for  '*  bought  o/." 
The  late  Master  of  the  Belvoir,  Lord  Robert  Manners, 
very  kindly  confirms  this  in  a  letter  in  which  he 
tells  me,  quoting  from  the  Journal  of  the  Operations 
of  the  Belvoir  Houjids  for  the  year  1810  by  Shaw, 
the  then  huntsman,  that  Mr.  Templer's  draft  con- 
sisted of  entered  hounds  of  from  two  to  five  seasons. 
Lord  Robert  adds  : 

"  Under  date  August  16th  Shaw  writes  :  '  Mr.  Templer's 
hounds  arrived  on  Wednesday.    They  are  all  very  lame  from 

^  Letiirs  on  the  past  and  prestiit  Faifiound^s  cf  Devotishire.  1361. 
C.  A.  Harris.  *  Kings  of  the  Hunting  Field.    Thonnsmby. 


22  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

having  travelled  s^;  fir  in  a  div.  I  likr  their  appearance. 
They  are  a  go>i  ii2±,  and  q'-uir  the  ^-m  ci  the  Belvoir 
Homids.'  Oct: ber  ICrth.  In  his  czniment  en  3  hird  w>:d- 
land  day  he  wiites  :  I  d:  nii  dish^e  Yen:  Graces  new 
hooiids.  I  obserred  s:nie  ::  ihem  c-ome  nrst  ^v:th  ihe  scent 
and  hnntiTig  in  a  very  r :  >i  style,  vizt:  StriTer.  Lather, 
Mmtgant,  Bhyhffl,  F  ~    .  '  er.  Xestor,  Guider. 

Chaster..  Frantic,  Ra^  -:  .__  :_.  .  ~ere  Mr.  Templer's. 
R.  M.J 

~  I  may  add  that  he  had  out  47  ooiqJe  that  day,  inchidiiig 
19^  ooof^  of  voonff  hoaods  and  9  eoople  of  Mr.  Templers 
draft!" 

After  that,  it  is  a  iittle  disappointing  to  find  that 
eventually  only  3J  cooqple  were  kept,  the  remainder 
being  drafted  as  too  hi^  in  the  leg.  But  then,  'tis 
said,  they  have  always  been  so  "  mighty  particular  *' 
at  Belvoir,  that  a  hound  is  drafted  even  for  scratch- 
ing himself! 

In  connection  with  the  draft  sent  to  Belvoir,  it  is 
interesting  to  read-  that  the  stamp  of  hound  in  the 
Stover  kennel  was  an  index  of  the  taste  and  habits 
of  the  master.  They  were  handsome,  symmetrical 
with  great  roundness  of  loin,  and  with  necks,  heads 
and  countenances  "  that  would  have  satisfied  Os- 
baldeston  himself,"  and  their  condition  added  greatly 
to  their  appearanc-e  and,  doubtless,  also  to  their  per- 
formance. There  was  always  a  strong  Beaufort 
strain  and  3Ir.  Templer  has  expressed  his  admiration 
of  the  Badminton  hoimds  in  many  of  his  poems. 

The  name  of  George  Templer  with  the  device 
Templa  quam  dilecia  appeared  over  one  of  the  stalls 
of  a  certain  quaint  temple  of  fame  kno\s-n  as  St. 
Hubert's  HaD.  This  '"  Hall  "  consisted  of  an  ancient 
stone  quarry  in  the  grounds  at  Ha>Tie  near  Stow- 

»  Lmen  •m^pm^amd  pnaemt  Fmkomit  «^XIi  mmikiu. 


C.    ^     ELr. 


ft. 


GEORGE  TEMPLER  OF  STOVER  23 

ford,  formerly  the  seat  of  the  Harris  (now  Mohun- 
Harris)  family,  shadowed  and  overhung  by  trees, 
and  hollowed  out  and  paved,  with  rustic  stalls  formed 
of  blocks  and  slabs  of  Dartmoor  granite  arranged 
round  the  circular  enclosure.  Each  of  the  twenty- 
three  stalls  was  dedicated  to  a  famous  foxhunter  of 
the  day.^ 

The  following  extract  from  a  hitherto  unpublished 
letter,  written  in  1863  by  the  Reverend  John  Russell 
— "  Jack  Russell  " — to  Mr.  Christopher  Arthur  Harris 
of  Hayne,  shews  the  high  opinion  the  writer  had  of 
Templer  as  a  sportsman. 

"  I  think  the  Duke  of  Beaufort  is  the  best  sportsman  I 
ever  saw.  I  say  '  I  think,'  because  during  poor,  dear  George 
Templer' s  lifetime  I  was  not — could  not  be — so  good  a 
judge  of  the  Noble  Science  &c.  &c.  &c.  as  I  may  be  at  this 
present  writing.  There  would  be,  however,  only  two  or 
three  pounds  between  them,  I  fancy  ;  the  latter  was  the 
best  man  over  a  country,  and,  even  in  Devonshire,  saw 
every  turn  hounds  made.  ..." 

Nimrod,  too,  makes  honom-able  mention  of  the 
first  master  of  the  South  Devon. 

"  The  West  of  England,"  he  writes,  "  produces 
two  very  good  riders — Imprimis — the  well  known 
George  Templer,  one  of  the  cleverest  sportsmen  of 
the  age  ;  and  his  friend,  ^Ir.  Henry  Taylor,  who 
officiated  as  whipper-in  to  him  when  I  visited  his 
country.  He  was  a  surprizing  man,  as  the  saying  is, 
to  get  across  that  awkward  country,  Devonshire." 

There  was  a  tradition,  when  I  was  a  boy,  that  on 
one  occasion  Templer  rode  his  horse  in  cold  blood 
over  the  toll  gate  of  the  Teignmouth  and  Shaldon 
Bridge,    and   that   the   formidable    chevaux  -  de  -frise 

^  Letters  on  the  past  and  present  Foxhounds  of  Devonshire. 


24  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HI'XT 

arrangement  with  which  the  gate  remained  adorned 
until  within  the  last  half-dozen  years  was  erected 
to  deter  imitators  I 

Xot  onlv  was  Templer  the  founder  of  the  South 
Devon  Hunt,  but  he  was  also  the  first  in  South  Devon, 
as  his  oreat  friend  Lord  Portsmouth,  better  known 
as  the  Honourable  Xewton  Fellowes,  was  the  first 
HI  North  Devon,  to  introduce  a  quicker  and  more 
modem  st^*le  of  hunting  than  had  previously  been 
In  vogue  in  the  West.^  At  one  time,  Templer  had 
charge  of  and  hunted  the  Eggesford  Pack  for  his 
friend. 

Templer's  was  evidently  one  of  those  natures  that 
have  a  pecuHar  s^-mpathy  with,  and  resultant  con- 
trol over,  animals.  Nimrod  makes  mention  of  a 
tame  jackal  as  one  of  the  features  of  the  Stover 
estabhshment,  and  another  feature  was  a  monkey 
trained  by  Templer  to  follow  hounds,  properly 
turned  out  en  tenue  rouge,  strapped  on  the  back  of  an 
old  hunter.  >Ir.  Reginald  Templer  of  Teignmouth, 
a  nephew  of  George  Templer,  told  me  that  he  had 
often  heard  his  father  describe  the  performance,  and 
how  the  poor  monkey's  career  ended  through  his 
being  killed  by  a  blow  from  a  swinging  gate.  Stranger 
still  is  the  record  of  Templer  hunting  hare  in  Stover 
Park  -jciih  a  pack  of  foxes. - 

It  is  little  wonder,  then,  to  find  all  authorities 
arri\-ing  at  the  same  appreciation  of  his  manage- 
ment in  the  field  and  his  wonderful  power  over  his 
hounds.  Even»'  inflexion  of  his  voice,  ever\-  note  of 
his  horn,  we  are  told,  was  intelligible  to  them,  and 
a  wave  of  his  hand  was  instantly  and  readily  obeyed. 
It  is  said  that  the  hunting  powers  of  a  pack  were 

1  BaO^t  Magazine,  VoL  20  (Oct.  1573),  p.  145. 

■  I^tten  on  Ike  paat  amd  present  FozhourAi  oj  Dtvor^ihirt. 


GEORGE  TEMPLER  OE  STO\"ER  25 

never  seen  in  greater  perfection  than  with  the  Stover 
hounds  under  the  guidance  of  the  ""  memorable 
triumvirate  " — Templer,  Taylor  and  Russell.  The 
two  latter,  nominally  whippers-in,  would  on  occasion 
encoiuracfe  the  hounds  at  a  check  to  cast  themselves 
in  different  directions  :  a  ''  brilliant  irregularity.*' 
as  it  has  been  called,  that  would  be  fatal  in  any  but 
master  hands. 

But  George  Templer  introduced  something  even 
more  remarkable  than  a  quicker  style  of  huntmg. 
The  system,  which  is  fully  described  by  Ximrod^ 
and  Davies,  -  was  unique  in  the  history  of  foxhunting, 
although  the  principle  underlying  it  had  at  that  time 
already  been  adopted  by  the  Royal  Buckhounds. 

It  consisted  in  turning  out  before  the  hounds, 
when  they  failed  to  find  the  wild  animal,  a  fox 
drawn  from  a  reserve  of  a  score  or  so,  kept  in  two 
large  yards  at  Stover,  where  each  had  his  own  kennel 
to  which  he  was  fastened  by  a  long  chain  revolving 
on  a  swivel  so  as  to  ensure  the  animal  getting  plenty 
of  exercise. 

The  fox  to  be  hunted  was  turned  down  in  view, 
some  twenty  yards  in  front  of  the  pack.  Templer 
standing  among  the  hounds,  watch  in  hand  to  ensure 
fair  law  being  allowed.  So  great  was  his  control 
over  the  hounds  that  not  one  would  stir  until  he 
gave  the  signal.  One  hound,  Guardsman  by  name, 
had  become  so  knowing  that  he  would  keep  his  eye 
on  the  watch  and  dash  away  the  moment  the  case 
closed  with  a  snap. 

The  great  object  then,  and  also  when  himting  a 
wild  fox,  was  to  catch  the  fox  ahve,  which  was  done 
by  picking  him  up  by  his  brush  after  he  had  been 
fairly  run  down.     This  naturally  gave  rise  to  very 

1  Ximrod's  flimliinj  Tour*.  »  Lij-:  :f  :.v  E-:':.  J .  B'.^s?iZ. 


26  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

hard  riding  on  the  part  of  Templer  and  his  two 
friends  Taylor  and  Russell,  and  also  of  certain 
members  of  the  field  who  had  become  proficient  in 
this  unusual  accomplishment.  So  successful  were 
they,  and  such  was  the  discipline  of  the  pack,  that 
it  rarely  happened  that  the  fox  was  not  saved  un- 
harmed and  untouched  by  the  hounds.  One  dark- 
coloured  fox,  christened  the  Bold  Dragoon,  was 
turned  out  thirty-six  times  before  the  season  of 
1824r-5  and  was  then  still  on  the  active  list.  He 
nearly  always  gave  a  good  run,  and  on  his  return 
home  at  night  never  went  into  his  kennel  "s\nthout 
taking  with  him  his  supper  consisting  of  half  a 
rabbit  and  some  kennel-meat  without  flesh,  or, 
failing  the  rabbit,  a  small  portion  of  flesh. 

To  hunt  these  bag-foxes  Templer  kept  a  separate 
pack,  nicknamed  the  "  Let-'em-alones,"  consisting 
of  dwarf  foxhounds^  averaging  nineteen  inches  at  the 
shoulder.  Xot^vithstanding  the  system  in  vogue, 
these  hounds  are  stated- to  have  been  capital  hunters, 
very  quick,  and  a  very  hard  driving  lot.  What  is 
remarkable,  too,  is  that  they  could  kill  foxes  when 
suffered  to  do  so ;  and  once  while  at  North  Molton 
during  the  Chumleigh  week  they  killed  three  brace 
of  foxes — wild  moorland  foxes — in  four  days. 

These  hounds  were  professedly  foxhounds,  inas- 
much as  they  hunted  nothing  but   fox  ;    yet  they 

^  I  am  aweire  that  this  pack  has  sometimes  been  described  as  "  beagles  " 
or  *'  well-bred  little  beagles/'  Mr.  Da\ies,  however  (Lije  of  Russell)  de- 
scribes them  as  nineteen-inch  f cxhoimds,  and  as  he  was  a  friend  of  Templer's, 
and  was  intimate  with  Russell  and  Taylor  and  others  of  their  period,  there 
is  httle  doubt  he  is  right.  See  also  his  mention  at  page  30  of  their  dis- 
persal ;  the  account  in  Appendix  A  of  a  run  in  1823  ;  the  letter  at  page  27 
from  Jack  Russell ;  and  the  reference  on  that  page  to  Nimrod's  Hunting 
Tour$. 

»  Lt/e  o/  th€  Bev.  J.  Rusedl.  Ximrod's  Hunting  Tours.  Both  these 
works  contain  a  full  description  of  the  system. 


THE    REV.   J.   RUSSELL 


To  face  paje  -26 


THE  REV.   H.   TAYLOR 

To  face  page  27 


GEORGE  TEMPLER  OF  STO\^R  27 

were  not  all  pure  foxhounds,  for  it  would  have  been 
impossible,  without  travelling  to  all  the  kennels  in 
England,  to  get  them  all  pure-bred  foxliounds, 
having  regard  to  Templer's  standard  size,  \-iz.  not 
exceedincr  nineteen  inches. ^  This  is  confirmed  in  an 
unpublished  letter  from  Jack  Russell  to  his  friend 
Christopher  Arthur  Harris,  in  which  he  says  he 
believes  Templer  did  not  breed  one  of  his  "  Let-'em- 
alones  "  ;  that  many  came  from  his  uncle's  kennel 
at  Lindridge,  many  from  King  (who  at  that  time 
kept  harriers) ;  that  all  Templer's  friends,  J.  P. 
Gilbert  and  John  Bulteel  among  the  number,  who 
possessed  "  Lilliputians,"'  contributed  to  keep  up 
his  pack ;  and  that  Mr.  Yeatman  (the  Reverend 
Harry  Farr  Yeatman,  who  at  that  time  hunted 
hare,  fox  or  roe-deer  in  what  is  now  Blackmore  Vale 
country),  also  sent  him  many. 

From  some  of  these  hounds,  too,  was  bred  the 
pack  known  in  1850  as  The  Forest  Harriers, 
which  hunted  Skerraton  Do^vn,  Dean  Moors,  Hanger 
Down  and  the  Forest  of  Dartmoor.  These  Harriers 
were  the  property  of  ^Ir.  Servington-Savery,  who 
was  a  Deputy  Ranger  of  the  Forest. - 

Ximrod,  who  went  on  a  %isit  to  Stover  and  hunted 
with  Templer  on  the  27th  September,  1824,  makes 
some  interesting  observations  on  the  hmitinop  of  the 
bag-fox. 

'•  Some  thoroughbred  foxhuntcrs,"  he  writes,  "  may 
say  there  is  too  much  of  the  bag  about  Mr.  Templer's 
hunting.  This  we  must  all  admit  ;  but  in  such  a 
country  as  Devonshire,  exceptions  to  rules  and 
customs  may  be  allowed  ;  and  to  insure  sport  by 
any  means  is  the  grand  object.     If  a  covert  prove 

^  Nimrod,  op.  cii. 

*  Fores's  Guide  to  the  Hounds  cj  England.  1S50.  By  G^Iert  iThe 
Bev.  E.  W.  L.  Davies). 


28  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

blank  in  many  countries,  it  is  nearly  as  good  as  a 
middling  chase  to  trot  away  for  two  or  three  miles, 
over  hedge  and  ditch  and  try  another  ;  but  to  be 
trotting  up  and  down  the  Devonshires  lanes  for  half 
the  day  would  be  anything  but  agreeable.  .  .  .  Mr. 
Templer  rides  hard,  and  had  six  very  clever  horses 
for  his  own  riding,  four  of  which  he  bred  by  Czar 
Peter  and  Colossus,  horses  in  Mr.  Fellowes'  stud." 

Of  Templer's  comrades  of  the  chase,  of  the  Bul- 
teels,  of  Jack  Russell,  of  Paul  Ourry  Treby,  of 
Salusbury  Trelawny,  of  Harris  of  Hayne,  of  gallant 
Tom  Phillips  and  others,  much  of  interest  will  be 
found  in  the  works  of  authorities  enumerated  at 
the  beginning  of  this  book.  Some  of  them  are  also 
mentioned  in  the  account  of  a  run  in  1823  given  in 
the  Appendix.^ 

Mention  has  been  made  of  the  hunting  of  hares  in 
Stover  Park  with  a  pack  of  foxes.  Another  unusual 
procedure,  the  coursing  of  rabbits  with  foxes  and 
terriers,  is  thus  described  in  a  letter,  hitherto  unpub- 
lished, of  Jack  Russell,  written  in  1863  to  his  friend 
C.  A.  Harris.    He  says  : 

"  Templer  had  three  or  four — certainly  three — foxes  to 
which,  with  his  terriers,  he  used  to  shoot  (and  course)  rabbits 
and  hares  too,  I  suppose,  when  he  found  them — but  the 
coursing  was  performed  in  this  way  :  A  keeper  was  sent  to 
ferret  and  take  alive  as  many  rabbits  as  he  could.  These 
were  brought  in  a  bag  to  the  door  of  the  house,  when  the 
party  within  were  summoned  to  see  the  fun.  The  keeper 
carried  the  bag  containing  the  rabbits  some  two  or  three 
hundred  yards  away,  the  foxes  and  terriers  were  brought 
out,  and  a  rabbit  '  enlarged,'  and  off  went  the  lot  after  it. 
As  soon  as  the  rabbit  was  caught  and  taken  from  them, 
they  all  rushed  back  to  the  bag,  waiting  for  another  course. 
But  if  a  fox  was  first  up  it  was  a  difficult  matter  to  catch 

^  Appendix  A. 


GEORGE  TEMPLER  OF  STOVER  29 

him,  as  he  always  started  to  bury  his  prey.  The  foxes  never 
turned  the  rabbit  they  caught,  but  invariably  ran  up  to  and 
seized  him  ;  but  if  a  terrier  was  first  up,  the  contrary  was 
the  case,  the  rabbit  always  turned  before  the  dog  seized 
him." 

At  last  Templer's  generosity  and  unbounded 
hospitality,  combined  with  unfortunate  speculation 
which  included  the  granite  tramway  (many  parts  of 
which  are  still  extant)  constructed  from  Heytor  to 
the  Stover  Canal,  so  crippled  the  handsome  fortune 
with  which  he  started  in  life,  that  he  was  compelled 
to  sell  Stover  and  to  give  up  his  hounds.  Rightly 
or  wrongly,  he  attributed  his  failure  to  the  dishonesty 
of  a  certain  lawyer  whom  he  anathematizes  in  un- 
measured terms  in  a  well-known  poem  of  his,  "  The 
Attorney."  As  one  can  forgive  the  bitterness  which 
prompted  that  caustic  satire,  so  also  can  one  sym- 
pathize with  the  desolation  of  the  man's  spirit  in 
his  ride  to  Exeter  on  taking  final  leave  of  his 
home,  as  revealed  in  his  hitherto  unpublished  poem  : 
On  looking  back  from  Haldon  for  the  last  time  on 
Stover  : 

"  Stover,  farewell  !    Still  fancy's  hand  shall  trace 
Thy  pleasures  past  in  all  their  former  grace  ; 
And  I  will  wear  and  cherish,  though  we  part, 
The  dear  remembrance  ever  at  my  heart. 

"  Not  as  the  hare  whom  hounds  and  horn  pursue 
In  timid  constancy  I  cling  to  you  ; 
But,  like  the  bolder  chase,  resolved,  I  fly. 
That  where  I  may  not  live  I  will  not  die." 

Stover  was  purchased  by  the  then  Duke  of  Somer- 
set, and  in  February,  1826,  Templer  parted  with  his 
hounds.  The  big  pack  went  to  the  Reverend  Harry 
Farr   Yeatman   of  Stock   House,    Dorsetshire ;     the 


30  THE  SOLTH  DEVON  HUNT 

smaller  hounds,  including  the  far-famed  ''  Let-'em- 
alones,"  were  scattered  among  different  buyers, 
including  Sir  Henrv  Carew.  Mr.  Hammett  Drake, 
Mr.  Worth  of  Worth,  and  Mr.  Hole  of  Georgeham. 
Manv  were  afterwards  followed  up  and  got  together 
bv  the  Reverend  J.  Russell  and  Mr.  Arthur  Harris 
of  HajTie  to  help  in  forming  the  pack  with  which 
they  shewed  such  extraordinary^  sport  over  the  Tet- 
cott  and  Pencarrow  countries  in  1828-30.^ 
Templer  then  went  abroad. 

*'  And,  now,  Remorse  I   with  thee  prepared  to  go, 
These  scenes  I  leave  for  wider  fields  of  woe, 
On  foreign  shores  unheeded  tears  to  shed 
For  bygone  bliss  and  brighter  moments  fled."- 

Upon  his  return,  a  year  or  so  later,  he  set  about 
building  that  beautiful  house,  Sandford  Orleigh, 
commanding  the  full  stretch  of  the  tidal  portion  of 
the  River  Teign  on  one  side,  and  facing  the  tors  of 
Dartmoor  on  the  other. 

It  was  apparently  in  Templer's  day  that  the 
Devon  Foxhunting  Club  was  founded,  under  the 
auspices  of  which  different  packs  assembled  at 
Chumleigh  in  North  Devon  several  times  in  a  season 
to  hunt  between  them  for  a  week  or  ten  days  con- 
secutively. These  "  Chumleigh  Meetings  "  brought 
together  all  the  best  Devon  sportsmen  of  the  day 
and  were  festive  and  jo^-ial  gatherings.  It  was  at 
one  of  them,  when  Newton  Fellowes  was  in  the 
chair,  that  Templer  recited  his  Fare-jcell  to  my  old 
Horn,  which  is  given  at  the  beginning  of  this 
volume. 

Such  was  the  affection  in  which  Templer  was 
held,  that  we  are  told  that  when  he  had  finished 

i  Lift  o/  rA^e  Ser.  /.  E-jnifJ}.. 

»  On  lookiruj  bock  Jrvrn  Haidon  Jor  tAe  lout  tirnf.  on  Stover. 


GEORGE  TEMPLER  OF  STOVER  31 

his  "  Farewell,"  there  was  not  a  dry  eye  among  all 
the  company  of  stalwart  sportsmen  there  assembled. 

The  original  old  horn  is  now  in  the  possession  of 
Captain  J.  G.  E.  Templer  of  Lindridge,  to  whom  it 
passed  on  the  death,  only  some  two  years  ago,  of 
George  Templer's  last  surviving  daughter.  As  will 
be  seen  from  the  frontispiece,  it  was  of  the  old  bugle 
pattern  which,  with  the  curved  or  crescent-shaped 
horn,  had  in  most  places  been  supplanted  by  the 
straight  horn  before  the  year  1826.  It  seems  to 
have  taken  about  half  a  century  to  complete  the 
change,  for,  while  the  old  pattern  was  used  by 
Templer  up  to  1826,  the  straight  horn  was  known 
to  Beckford,  whose  allusion^  to  it  appears  to  imply 
that  it  was  not  an  entire  novelty  at  the  time  he 
wrote  (1781).  Indeed,  the  process  of  evolution 
towards  the  present  straight  type  may  have  taken 
even  longer,  unless  Blaine  ^  was  very  far  behind  the 
times.  Speaking  of  the  desirability  of  a  huntsman 
being  good  on  the  horn,  he  says  :  "  We  do  not  mean 
the  straight  horn  of  Mr.  Beckford,  but  the  true  fox- 
hunting bugle  .  .  ."  and  the  passage  is  illustrated 
by  a  woodcut  representing  a  curved  or  crescent- 
shaped  horn  suspended  from  a  cord  or  baldrick.^ 

Mr.  Templer  married  a  daughter  of  Sir  John 
Kennaway,  Bart.,  of  Escot,  Devon.  Mr.  Reginald 
Templer  told  me  that  his  death  was  the  result  of  an 
injury  in  the  hunting-field.  He  was  taken  first  to 
the  hospital  at  Ne\\i:on  Abbot,  or  to  the  building 
that  then  did  duty  as  such,  and  thence  to  Sandford 

1  Thoughts  on  Hunting,  Letter  VI.  And  see  Daniel's  Rural  Sports, 
1801-2. 

*  Encyclopcedia  of  Rural  Sports.     1840. 

^  An  excellent  article  on  Hunting-herns  Ancient  and  Modern  from 
the  well-known  pen  of  Mr.  H.  A.  Bryden  appeared  in  the  Field  of  11th 
October,  1913. 


32  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Orleigh,  where  he  died  shortly  after,  in  December, 
1843,  at  the  age  of  sixty- two. 

He  is  buried  in  the  family  vault  under  the  little 
church  at  Teigngrace,  within  a  gunshot  of  Stover 
Park,  the  scene  of  his  former  glories  and  the  home 
he  had  loved  so  well. 

Riding  past  the  spot  recently  on  my  way  back 
from  hunting,  the  inspiration  came  to  me  to  visit 
the  tomb  of  this  great  sportsman.  The  church  is 
full  of  tablets  to  the  memory  of  departed  Templers, 
but  the  caretaker  knew  at  once  which  I  wanted. 
"  You  mean  the  Squire — Squire  Templer,  Sir,"  and 
he  pointed  out  the  simple  tablet  recording  George 
Templer's  open-handed  charity  to  the  poor,  and 
shewed  me  where  his  body  lies  under  the  church, 
adding  :  "  He  was  a  great  sportsman,  wasn't  he. 
Sir  ?  " 

Is  it  fanciful  to  hope  that  the  spirit  of  the  de- 
parted sportsman-poet  was  not  insensible  to  the 
presence  of  his  visitor,  probably  the  first  for  the  past 
seventy  years  to  approach  his  resting-place  in  the 
scarlet  uniform  of  the  chase  ? 

"  Thou  art  gone, — all  lowly  laid, 
Gentle  may  thy  portion  be, 
And  as  thou  hast  done  and  said, 
Be  it  even  unto  thee. 
Fare  thee  well, — the  shadows  fall, 
Tree  and  turret  bear  the  pall, 
Veiling  the  empurpled  wall 
Of  the  solitary  hall."i 

•  Stover.  From  an  "In  Memoriam  "  verse  at  the  end  of  Letters  on 
the  past  and  present  Foxhounds  of  Devonshire. 


JOHN  KING  OP  FOWLESCOMBE 


2'o  face  page  33 


CHAPTER  II 

JOHN   KING   OF   FOWLESCOMBE:  1827-9 

A  misconception — Its  origin — Mr.  Reginald  Templer's  explanation — Harris's 
description  of  master  and  pack — "  Mr.  King's  Hounds  " — Country- 
hunted — Fixtures — Sir  Walter  Carew's  hunting  journal — Record  of 
sport — Hunting  from  Chumleigh — Additional  fixtures — Visit  of  Bulteel's 
Hounds — Probable  inauguration  of  the  Ivybridge  week — A  long  draw — 
Some  hunting  men  of  that  day — Mr.  Pode  of  Slade — King  takes  the 
Hambledon — A  serious  accident — Founder  of  the  Hambledon  Hunt 
Club — The  New  Sporting  Magazine — King  of  Fowlescombe  identical 
with  King  of  Corhampton — Story  of  a  mallard — The  South  Devon 
Harriers — Death  in  the  saddle  on  Dartmoor, 

"  When  all  have  great  merit  'twould  be  hard  to  begin. 
If  precedence  belonged  not  of  course  to  a  King  ; 
In  royalty's  person  you  seldom  will  find, 
A  good  fellow  and  sportsman  together  combined  ; 
One  exception  there  is,  for  of  sportsmen  the  best, 
And  a  hearty  good  soul,  is  John  King  of  the  West." 

{A  Party  at  Stover.) 

AFTER  the  break  up  of  the  Stover  estabhsh- 
jl\.  ment  in  1826,  the  country  appears  to  have 
been  without  hounds,  so  far  as  a  regular  pack  is 
concerned,  for  a  season.  In  1827,  Mr.  John  King  of 
Fowlescombe  re-established  the  pack.  I  have  not 
been  able  to  ascertain  where  King  kennelled  his 
hounds.  He  came  originally  from  Fowlescombe, 
and  at  one  time  lived  at  Holne,  as  is  shewn  by  the 
following  lines  : 

"  Then  slowly  o'er  the  heath  and  fern 
In  deep  content  the  hunters  turn  ; 
But  King,  at  Holne,  would  bid  them  stay 
To  cheer  them  on  their  homeward  way."^ 

*  Dartmoor  Days. 
^  33 


34  THE   SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

I  have  also  seen  it  stated  that  at  one  time  he 
lived  at  Spitchwick.  But  one  has  only  to  glance 
through  the  list  of  his  fixtures  ^  to  see  that  from 
no  one  of  the  three  places  named  could  he  have 
hunted  the  country  he  did.  My  own  impression, 
derived  from  the  fact  that  Sir  Walter  Carew's  diary, 
presently  referred  to,  covers  the  whole  of  King's 
mastership,  is  that  the  pack  was  then  kennelled  at 
Haccombe.    This,  however,  is  purely  conjecture. 

It  has  repeatedly  been  stated  in  print  that  Sir 
Walter  Carew  was  George  Templer's  immediate 
successor  in  the  mastership.  The  assertion  probably 
had  its  origin  in  a  footnote  to  Templer's  Farewell 
to  My  Old  Horn,  which  states  that  the  following 
verse  was — as  no  doubt  it  was  in  fact — an  allusion 
to  Sir  Walter  Carew  : 

"  I,  too,  the  fading  wreath  resign, 
For  friends  and  fame  are  fleeting. 
Around  his  bolder  brow  to  twine 
Where  younger  blood  is  beating." 

But,  whatever  its  origin,  the  statement  is  not  correct, 
inasmuch  as  King's  two  seasons'  mastership  inter- 
vened between  those  of  Templer  and  Carew.  This 
we  know  for  certain  from  Sir  Walter  Carew's  own 
hunting  journal,  where  he  tells  us  that  "  Mr.  King 
kept  the  hounds  the  first  two  seasons  (1827-8  and 
1828-9)  contained  in  this  list ;  I  took  the  country 
and  commenced  hunting  it  in  1829." 

Quite  accidentally  I  stumbled  on  what  I  think  is 
the  explanation  of  Templer's  allusion  to  Sir  Walter 
as  his  successor.  In  recent  conversation,  the  late 
Reginald  Templer,  a  nephew  of  George  Templer, 
mentioned  casually  that  the   Farewell   was  written 

1  See  p.  36. 


JOHN  KING  OF  FOWLESCOMBE  35 

after  George  Templer^s  return  from  abroad,  when 
Sir  Walter  was  just  about  to  take  on  the  hounds 
from  King.  That  (and  poetical  licence  in  ignoring 
the  intervening  master)  would  reconcile  the  allusion 
with  the  facts.  I  am  also  inclined  to  suspect,  from 
the  fact  that  Sir  Walter  did  not  come  of  age  until 
1828  and  that  his  journal  covers  the  whole  of  King's 
two  seasons,  that  the  last-named  was  to  some  extent 
acting  as  a  warming-pan  for  his  successor.  We  get 
an  idea  of  the  master  and  of  his  pack  from  the  follow- 
ing : 

"  The  late  Mr.  John  King  of  Fowlescombe  was  an 
able  sportsman.  His  hounds  were  rather  lighter 
than  those  which  meet  with  most  consideration  at 
the  present  time  (1861),  yet  neatly  proportioned  and 
not  deficient  in  power,  and  withal  most  true  and 
efficient  hunters.  He  maintained  the  principle  that 
hounds  should  account  for  their  fox  with  as  little 
assistance  as  possible,  and  work  out  their  own 
success.  Naturally  shrewd  and  observing,  as  dwellers 
and  frequenters  of  the  moor  usually  are,  he  was  fully 
cognisant  of  the  nature  and  habits  of  the  wild 
animal  he  pursued,  and  when  he  did  render  assistance 
to  his  favourites  it  was  invariably  to  the  purpose,  and 
followed  by  happy  results." ^ 

The  pack  went  by  the  name  of  "  Mr.  King's 
Hounds,  "2  and  we  can  gather  the  extent  of  country 
hunted  from  the  entries  in  Sir  W'alter  Carew's 
hunting  journal, ^  which,  as  already  stated,  includes 
the  period  of  King's  mastership.  Here  is  a  list  of 
his  fixtures  during  the  season  1827-8  : 

^  Letters  on  the  past  and  present  Foxhounds  of  Devonshire. 

*  See  Hunting  Appointments  in  Trewman's  Exeter  Flying  Post  of  the 
period. 

*  See  next  chapter,  p,  46. 


36 


THE   SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 


*'  Aurora  "  Wood 
(later  "  Rora  ") 

''  Sir  Thomas  Acland's  " 
(Killerton) 

Bagtor 

Bellamarsh 

Berry 

Bovey 

Bovey  Potteries 

Bradley 

Canon  Teign 

Castle  Dyke 

The  Castle,  Haldon  (pre- 
sumably the  Belvidere) 

Chudleigh  Bridge 

Cotley  Wood 

Dartington 

Duckaller 

Haccombe 

Haldon  Race  Stand 


Haytor  Rock 

Holne  Chase 

Ilsom  (Ilsham,  Torquay) 

Ilsington 

Luscombe 

Mamhead 

New  Inn 

Nitton  Heathfield 

(now  Knighton  H.) 
Ogwell 

Park  House,  Bovey 
Pear  Tree 
Sands 
Stoke  Cliffs 
(Stokeinteignhead) 
Stover 
Skerraton 
Tor  Bryan 
AMiiteway 
Yarner  Wood 


Naturally,  the  country  actually  hunted  extended  in 
several  directions  beyond  these  points,  which  shew 
only  the  actual  fixtures.  For  instance,  when  the  pack 
met  at  Cotley  on  the  14th  September  and  had  a 
capital  run  to  Great  Fulford,  we  are  not  told  where 
they  found,  which  might  have  been  further  north 
even  than  Cotley  Wood.  On  the  18th  September, 
after  they  had  met  at  Dartington  and  killed  a  fox, 
another  was  found  at  Luscombe,  now  in  the  Dart- 
moor country.  Again,  on  the  3rd  May,  1828,  when 
the  fixture  was  Haytor  Rock,  they  found  "  near 
Widdicombe." 

Sir  Walter  Carew's  journal  for  this  season  (1827-8) 
shews  that  good  runs  were  by  no  means  infrequent. 
In  some  cases  the  locality  of  the  finish  is  indicated, 
shewing  that  good  points  were  made,  as  on  the  4th 


JOHN  KING  OF  FOWLESCOMBE  37 

February,  1828,  "  Found  at  ^Miiteway,  killed  at 
Powderham,"  or,  again,  Friday,  February  22nd, 
"  At  Chudleigh  Bridge  ;  a  bagman  ;  killed  at  Bag- 
tor  ;  capital  run."  I  shall  have  something  to  say  as 
to  this  particular  breed  of  bagmen  in  the  next 
chapter.  Again  :  "  Wednesday,  12th  March.  At 
Duckailer,"  near  Starcross  ;  "  a  good  run  to  Duns- 
ford,"  though  in  this  case  we  are  not  told  where 
they  found.  Then,  "  Tuesday,  April  1st.  A  bagman 
at  Stover ;  ran  to  Lustleigh ;  earthed."  Finally, 
"  Monday,  12th  ^lay.  At  Yarner  Wood :  found 
on  the  Down  ;  ran  through  Lustleigh  to  the  covers 
behind  Bovey  ;    earthed." 

King  began  cubhunting  on  the  29th  August,  1827, 
and  hunted  right  through  the  season  to  the  end  of 
May,  the  last  day  being  on  the  26th  of  that  month, 
during  which  period  he  put  in  seventy-six  hunting 
days.  Eleven  and  a  half  brace  of  foxes  including 
three  bagmen  were  killed,  and  there  were  eighteen 
blank  days.  During  each  of  the  months  of  October, 
November  and  December,  the  pack  hunted  two  days 
from  Chumleigh  in  North  Devon. 

In  King's  second  season  (1828-9)  we  find  the 
following  additional  fixtures  :  Longwood,  Gudring- 
ton,  Buckland  Beacon,  Hennock,  Oxton,  Kings- 
carsewell  and  Sir  Stafford  Northcote's  (Pynes).  These 
places  of  meeting  do  not  indicate  any  extension  of 
the  country  previously  hunted,  unless  an  exception 
be  made  in  the  case  of  the  last  on  the  list,  at  which, 
however,  hounds  met  on  only  one  day,  as  was  the 
case  with  regard  to  the  Killerton  fixture  in  the 
previous  season.  It  would  seem,  however,  to  shew 
that  both  Killerton  and  Pynes  were  within  the 
country  hunted  by  ^Ir.  King. 

In  those  hospitable  days  an  interchange  of  visits 


38  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

between  neighbouring  hunts  was  popular.  Thus  in 
1828  we  find  Mr.  Bulteel's  (now  the  Dartmoor) 
meeting  on  the  5th  and  7th  November  at  Bella- 
marsh  and  Duckaller  respectively,  on  the  latter 
occasion  scoring  a  run  over  Haldon  to  Chudleigh, 
characterized  in  the  journal  as  a  "  very  slow " 
one.  In  return,  Mr.  King's  hounds  met  at  Ivybridge 
and  Slade  on  the  26th  and  28th  of  the  same  month. 
This  was  probably  the  beginning  of  the  Ivybridge 
Week,  which  has  been  kept  up  to  the  present  day. 

This  season  does  not  appear  to  have  been  a 
remarkable  one  for  sport  in  general.  The  following 
are  the  only  entries  that  seem  worth  transcribing 
from  the  journal.  It  will  be  seen  that  in  all  these 
cases  a  good  point  was  made  and  a  kill  scored. 
Other  good  runs  are  mentioned  but  no  details  given. 

"  Nov.  17th,  1828.  At  Haccombe.  Earthed  ;  dug 
him  out.  22nd.  Turned  out  the  Haccombe  fox 
on  the  Heathfield  ;  caught  him  in  a  stable  at  Teign- 
mouth  ;    beautiful  run." 

"  Saturday,  7th  March.  At  Aurora  Wood.  Capital 
run  to  Holne  Chace  ;    killed." 

"  Sat.  21st  March.  At  Yarner  Wood.  Found  on  the 
Common  ;   beautiful  run  to  Holne  Chace  ;   killed." 

The  last  entry  for  the  season  is  April  27th,  when 
they  met  at  Buckland  Beacon  and  apparently  drew 
the  whole  way  to  Stover  before  finding. 

The  record  of  killed  for  the  season  is  twenty-one 
foxes,  of  which  six  were  bagmen.  Out  of  seventy- 
five  hunting  days  nine  were  blank. 

Mr.  J.  H.  Ley  of  Trehill  has  in  his  possession 
some  doggerel  rhymes,  dated  1828,  which  shew  that 
the  following  were  among  the  regular  followers  of 
Mr.  King's  hounds  on  Haldon.  Sir  W.  Carew  ;  Mr. 
Hole  of  Parke  ;    Mr.   Kitson  of  Shiphay ;    Mr.   W. 


JOHN  KING  OF  FOWLESCOMBE  39 

Ley  of  Woodlands,  Clerk  to  the  House  of  Commons  ; 
Mr.  H.  Ley,  Rector  of  Kenn  ;  Mr.  Short  of  Bick- 
ham ;  Mr.  Stowey  of  Kenbury ;  Mr.  Burlton  of 
Exminster  ;  Mr.  Eales  of  Easton  ;  Mr.  Makepeace  ; 
Mr.  St.  Leger,  grandfather  of  the  present  Lord 
Doneraile,  and  Mr.  Quenton. 

When  Mr.  Pode  of  Slade  gave  up  hunting,  his 
country — virtually  the  Dartmoor  country  of  to-day 
— was  taken  over  by  King  and  Bulteel.  We  are 
told  that  this  was  "somewhere  about  the  year 
1828,"  1  and  that  the  partnership  was  merely  tem- 
porary, Bulteel  succeeding  to  the  country  and  taking 
the  hounds  of  Mr.  Pode.  The  real  date  would 
doubtless  have  been  1829,  after  King  gave  up  the 
South  Devon  country.  In  that  year  he  migrated 
to  Hampshire,  and  was  master  of  the  Hambledon 
Hounds  from  1829  to  1841. ^  He  appears  to  have 
been  a  great  success  in  that  country  and  to  have 
shewn  excellent  sport,  notwithstanding  a  serious 
accident  that  befell  him  in  1832,  when  his  horse  fell 
on  him,  which  interfered  a  good  deal  with  his  riding 
for  some  time  afterwards.  He  was  the  founder  of 
the  Hambledon  Hunt  Club.^  Honourable  mention 
of  him  in  prose  and  verse  appeared  from  time  to 
time  in  the  New  Sporting  Magazine  of  the  period. 

I  learn  from  Miss  Turner,  Hon.  Secretary  of 
the  Hambledon  Hunt,  that,  while  in  Hampshire, 
King  lived  at  Corhampton,  a  village  close  to  Drox- 
ford.  This  explains  the  fact  of  his  being  sometimes 
spoken  of  as  "  of  Corhampton."  But  to  us  in  the 
West  he  remained  to  the  end  John  King  of  Fowles- 
combe.    When  he  gave  up  the  Hambledon  on  account 

^  Letters  on  the  past  and  present  Foxhounds  of  Devonshire,  p.  46. 
*  Baily's  Hunting  Directory. 
^  Fores's  Guide,  p.  36. 


40  THE   SOUTH   DEVON   HUNT 

of  ill  health,  he  placed  in  the  hands  of  his  successor, 
Mr.  Long,  fifty-five  couple  of  as  fine  bitches  as  ever 
entered  a  covert.^ 

The  following  incident  gives  a  note  of  King's 
character.  A  friend  of  Jack  Russell's,  in  the  pre- 
sence of  Lord  Henry  Bentinck,  told  how  King,  when 
master  of  the  Hambledon,  once  saw  a  hunted  fox 
dash  into  a  flock  of  ducks  and  seize  and  carry  off  a 
mallard  which  was  subsequently  picked  up  by  King 
when  the  fox  was  run  into.  Lord  Henry  ventured 
to  doubt  the  truth  of  the  story,  and  had  for 
answer  :  "  I  had  the  pleasure  of  knowing  Mr.  King 
intimately,  and  he  was  a  man  quite  as  unlikely  to 
tell  an  untruth  as  your  lordship."  ^ 

He  was  not  the  only  hunting  member  of  his 
family,  for  his  nephew  Thomas  King  at  one  time 
kept  a  pack  known  as  the  South  Devon  Harriers, 
hunting  the  parishes  of  North  Huish,  Diptford  and 
Marley.3 

John  King  died  in  the  saddle  while  out  with  Mr. 
Trelawny's  hounds  on  Dartmoor  in  1841.* 

^  Fores's  Guide  for  1850. 
-  Life  of  the  Rev.  J.  Russell. 

*  Fores'a   Guide  for  1850. 

*  Life  of  the  Rev.  J.  Russell. 


SIR   WALTER    PALK    CAREW,    BART. 


To  face  page  41 


CHAPTER  III 

SIR  WALTER  PALK  CAREW,   BART.:    1829-43 

Popularity — A  contemporary  appreciation — Kennels  at  Haccombe  and 
Marley — Sir  Henry  Seale  at  Haccombe  :  quotations  from  his  unpub- 
lished letters — Limits  of  country — Hunts  some  of  present  Dartmoor 
country — His  keeper  warns  off  the  Dartmoor — Courtenay  Bulteel 
unmoved — "  The  Devon  Hotmds  "  :  a  private  pack — Hunting  journal 
— John  Beal :  contemporary  tributes — Bag-foxes — The  box-trap — Wild 
and  healthy  bagmen — A  six  hours'  hunt — A  magnificent  run — Country 
hunted — The  Ivybridge  Meeting — Lines  of  country — Cliff  foxes — The 
Teign  crossed  :  above  Shaldon  Bridge  ;  at  Netherton ;  at  the  Pleasure 
House — Tide  too  high  to  follow — A  great  run  :  Rora  to  Langamarsh — 
Hydrophobia — Some  harrier  packs — A  tragedy — Hunt  dinner — Curious 
case  of  a  vixen — Visits  to  Eggesford — Sport  in  North  Devon — Jack 
Russell's  Hounds  at  Haccombe — Resignation — An  all-round  sportsman 
— A  Carew  and  a  Champernowne, 

"  Carew's  rich  scream  so  loud  and  shrill 
Startles  the  blackcock  on  the  hill  ; 
It  vibrates  on  the  fox's  ear, 
And  every  hound  has  caught  the  cheer  ; 
It  gathers  up  the  scattered  pack. 
And  claps  them  on  his  very  back." 

(Dartmoor  Days.     By  E.  W.  L.  Davies.) 

BORN  in  1807,  and  succeeding  his  father  in  the 
Baronetcy  in  1830,  Sir  Walter  Carew,  as  already 
mentioned,  1  succeeded  Mr.  King  as  master  in  1829. 
To  his  wise  and  steady  administration  during  four- 
teen years,  we,  of  a  later  generation,  are  largely 
indebted  for  the  sporting  instinct  of  the  farmers  of 
South  Devon,  which  he  did  so  much  to  foster  and 
develop  and  which  endures  to  this  day.  In  this 
he  was,  no  doubt,  helped  by  the  advantages  of  his 

1  See  p.  34. 
41 


42  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

position  and  large  landed  interests  ;  but  these,  of 
themselves,  will  not  go  far,  especially  in  Devonshire, 
without  a  personality  that  commends  itself  to  the 
country-side.  This  Sir  Walter  Carew  possessed,  and 
in  addition  he  was  a  sportsman  of  the  highest  order. 
Mr.  Harris^  attributes  the  rescue  of  the  sport  from 
extinction  at  a  critical  period  to  the  exertions  and 
support,  under  every  difficulty,  of  Mr.  Trelawny, 
Sir  Walter  Carew  and  Sir  Henry  Scale.  He  also 
places  Sir  Walter  as  second  only  in  successfully 
crossing  a  country  to  the  gallant  Tom  Phillips  in 
these  words  : 

"  Perhaps  the  next  best  to  him — yes,  certainly, 
the  next  best  in  singleness  of  purpose  and  deter- 
mination in  taking  a  line,  was  Walter  Carew,  the 
present  baronet." 

And  to  him  was  allotted  one  of  the  stalls  in  St. 
Hubert's  Hall  before  mentioned-  with  the  motto 
Animo  non  astutid.  Flask,  by  Smuggler,  and 
Arlington  were  two  of  his  best  hunters. 

Sir  Walter  had  two  seats,  namely,  Haccombe,  on 
the  south  side  of  the  lower  reaches  of  the  River 
Teign,  some  three  miles  from  Ne^^i;on  Abbot  ;  and 
Marley,  near  Brent.  He  had  kennels  at  both  places, 
but  the  pack  was  usually  quartered  at  Haccombe, 
the  kennels  at  Marley  being  used  on  the  occasion  of 
temporary  visits  to  that  side  of  the  country. 

Sir  Walter  Carew  greatly  distinguished  himself  in 
the  hunting  fields  of  Warwickshire  and  Leicester- 
shire, where  he  hunted  after  giving  up  his  own  pack 
in  South  Devon.  Even  before  this,  he  used  to  pay 
visits  to  the  Shires,  and  during  one  whole  season, 

*  LetUre  on  the  past  and  present  Foxhounds  oj  Devonshire. 

*  See  p.  22. 


SIR  WALTER  PALK  CAREW,  BART.       43 

1842-3,  that  he  spent  at  Baggrave  Hall,  Leicester- 
shire, his  friend,  Sir  Henry  Seale,  went  to  stay  at 
Haccombe  and  took  command  of  the  pack  in  his 
absence.  The  letters  of  Sir  Henry  Seale,  or  ^Ir. 
Seale  as  he  then  was  (for  his  father  was  still  living), 
to  the  absent  master  are  interesting  and  's\'ill  be 
quoted  from  time  to  time  in  these  pages.  In  them  we 
read  how  the  field  on  the  Haldon  side  "  must  begin 
to  think  yoiu:  hounds  can  kill  their  foxes  ;  Luxmore 
was  grumbling  because  the  fixture  for  Monday  is 
Bradleigh  ;  they  want  us  on  the  other  side  of  Haldon 
every  day.  .  .  .  Old  Short  is  the  best  ;  I  find  he  has 
a  little  consideration  for  the  hounds  "  ;  how  "  we 
have  killed  a  fox  for  every  day  as  yet,  as  you  will 
see  by  the  kennel  door  "  (that  was  up  to  Clu-istmas) ; 
how,  of  a  "  most  brilliant  biu'st  "  from  Powderham 
to  Haldon  House  with  a  kill  in  the  open,  "  Bulteel 
says  he  had  not  seen  anything  like  it  for  years. 
Lord  Devon  was  delighted  "  ;  how,  speaking  of 
another  run,  "  you  would  have  enjoyed  this  run  ;  it 
lasted  about  thirty-five  minutes  at  a  racing  pace. 
It  must  be  a  very  good  fox  to  do  more  before  your 
hounds  over  the  open  in  the  condition  they  are  in  at 
present  "  ;  how,  "  I  caught  one  \4xen  by  the  brush 
among  the  rocks  and  held  her  up,  but  while  I  was 
trying  to  put  my  whip  into  her  mouth  she  gave  a 
spring  and  got  away."  His  many  remarks  on 
individual  hounds  shew  him  to  have  been  a  careful 
observer  and  an  enthusiast,  as  :  "I  wish  Manager 
in  shape  and  make  was  like  Brilliant,  so  that  you 
could  like  him  ;    he  did  work  to-day  in  style." 

x\gain,  in  sending  Sir  Walter  particulars  of  the 
proposed  draft  :  "  The  hounds  are  all  so  good  that 
we  have  had  great  difficulty  in  deciding  which  are 
the  ones  that  may  go  if  you  approve.  .  .  .  We  put 


44  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

in  Gra^-ity,  because  Beal  says  you  cannot  bear  the 
sight  of  her,  but  before  you  part  with  her  you  had 
better  see  her  work.  She  is  one  of  the  best  in  the 
kennel  and  more  steady  than  you  could  possibly 
expect."  From  these  observations  it  is  clear  that 
Sir  Walter  had  a  good  eye  for  a  hound  and  nice 
ideas  of  make  and  shape. 

The  letters  contain  some  amusingr  references  to 
domestic  troubles.  ''  "\"\liat  shall  I  say  to  the  house- 
maid here  ?  "  Sir  Henr\'  asks  in  one  letter,  "  I  tliink 
she  wants  a  little  of  Mrs.  Martin's  controul.  She  does 
just  what  she  likes,  not  much,  and  frequently  absents 
herself  without  saj-ing  a  word  to  Mrs.  Scale.  Goes 
to  balls,  etc.,  and  knocks  up  the  nurses  at  5  o'clock 
in  the  morning  to  let  her  in  at  the  window  ;  pretty 
rapid  ;  .  .  .  Shall  I  give  this  young  lady  to  under- 
stand that  she  is  under  my  controul?''  Later,  "I 
find  the  housemaid  does  not  improve.  She  walked 
off  Friday  and  did  not  retiu-n  until  Saturday  after- 
noon. ...  I  think  we  had  better  look  out  for  another 
for  you."  The  incident  closes  with  the  remark  "  I 
have  dealt  out  the  law  to  the  gay  housemaid.*' 

^^^len  Sir  Walter  first  took  over  the  country,  its 
limits  were  not  clearly  defined.  Necessity  for  a 
strict  demarcation  of  boundaries  had  not  then 
arisen.  It  chd  arise  later,  and  Sir  Walter's  daughters, 
the  Misses  Carew,  have  in  their  possession  corre- 
spondence between  their  father  and  Mr.  John  Crocker 
Bulteel  on  the  subject.  Unfortunately  the  letters 
cannot  at  present  be  found,  so  we  do  not  know 
what  arrangement  was  arrived  at.  We  shall  see, 
however,  that  Sir  Walter  continued  to  the  end  to 
hunt  the  Marley  country,  including  Skerraton,  Har- 
bourneford,  etc.,  and  we  know  that  at  some  sub- 
sequent   period    a    '''  rectification    of   the    frontier  " 


Sm  WALTER  PALK  CAREW,  BART.      45 

took  place,  by  virtue  of  which  those  parts  are  now 
in  the  lawful  possession  of  the  Dartmoor  Hunt. 

In  this  connection  the  follo'^-ing  passage  from  a 
letter  of  Sir  Henry  Scale  dated  the  9th  January, 
1843,  TSTitten  to  the  master  at  Baggrave  Hall  is 
interesting  : 

"  Your  Marley  keeper.  Hanning,^  came  over  here  (Hac- 
combe)  last  Wednesday  and  desired  me  to  mention,  when 
I  wrote,  that  Bulteel's  hounds  had  been  drawing  Brent  Hill. 
He  told  me  that  you  had  given  him  orders  to  forbid  their 
doing  so,  but  they  would  draw  the  covert,  and  Mr.  Bulteel 
(I  suppose  he  meant  Courtenay)  said  :  '  Never  mind,  it's 
all  right.' 

"  They  found,  it  seems,  first  in  your  wood  by  Brent  and 
the  fox  ran  by  the  windows  at  Marley  as  before,  and  soon 
wished  them  good  morning.  They  then  came  back  and 
would  draw  your  new  plantation.  Hanning  says  if  they 
are  allowed  to  disturb  it  he  cannot  expect  to  have  a  litter 
there.  He  wishes  to  know  if  you  have  given  them  leave  to 
draw  there  ?  " 

It  is  during  the  early  days  of  Sir  Walter  Carew's 
mastership  that  we  first  find  a  record  of  the  pack 
having  another  name  than  that  of  its  owner.  In 
the  table  of  hunts  contained  in  the  New  Spoiiing 
Magazine  for  1831  the  pack  is  called  "  The  Devon," 
though  this  title  drops  out  again  in  1834.  There  is 
no  doubt  that,  whatever  their  formal  style  may 
have  been,  the  hounds  were  popularly  known  as 
*'  Sir  Walter  Carew's."  The  Misses  Carew  confirm 
me  in  this,  and  I  myself,  in  days  gone  by,  have 
heard  folk  speak  of  "  Sir  Walter's  "  homids,  but 
never  of  "  The  Devon."  At  any  rate,  the  pack  was 
the  private  property  of  the  master  and  was  limited 
at  his  sole  expense. 

^  The  man's  n£ime  wais  Aiming  ;  it  must  be  inferred  from  the  above 
spelling  that  he  pronomiced  it  with  an  aspirate. 


46  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Sir  Walter's  hunting  journal  is  a  remarkable  little 
volume.  No  larger  than  an  ordinary  hound  list 
(and,  indeed,  smaller  than  some  hound  lists),  it 
measures  only  three  and  a  quarter  inches  by  four 
and  a  quarter,  and  is  a  quarter  of  an  inch  in  thick- 
ness. Each  of  its  pages  contains  from  twenty-six 
to  twenty-eight  closely  written  lines  in  a  very  small 
and  clear  handwriting.  It  was  originally  started  as 
an  account  of  the  game  killed  at  Haccombe  and 
begins  with  the  1st  September,  1823,  two  years 
before  its  author  left  Eton.  The  earlier  entries 
include,  under  the  heading  "  Hunting,"  the  follow- 
ing interesting  items  :  "  24th  Sep.,  1825,  3  hares 
and  a  fox  "  ;  "  Feb.  14th,  1826,  1  hare,  1  fox  "  ; 
and  "  Mch.  29th,  1826,  1  fox."  And  in  the  sum- 
mary for  the  shooting  season  ending  February,  1829, 
"  by  the  harriers  —  hares." 

These  entries  at  first  sight  might  lead  one  to 
conclude  that  the  harriers  trespassed  on  the  domain 
of  the  foxhounds.  But  the  Stover  establishment 
had  been  broken  up  by  February,  1826,  which  leaves 
only  one  fox  accounted  for  by  the  harriers  for  the 
three  preceding  years  covered  by  the  journal.  This 
does  not  point  to  the  hunting  of  foxes  being  a  general 
practice  with  the  harriers  before  the  foxhounds  were 
disestablished.  The  harriers  in  question  were  no 
doubt  those  of  Sir  Walter's  father,  Sir  Henry  Carew, 
who  kept  a  pack  at  Haccombe,^  which  was  recruited 
by  a  purchase  of  some  of  George  Templer's  hounds.  ^ 
It  was,  no  doubt,  with  his  father's  harriers  that  Sir 
Walter  acquired  the  rudiments  of  his  knowledge  of 
hunting  that  stood  him  in  such  good  stead  later  on. 

*  See  the  reference  to  Sir  Henry  Carew'3  Harriers  in  the  account  of 
*'  A  Devon  Hunt  of  1823  "  in  Appendix  A. 

*  See  p.  22. 


M 
o 

H  E 

M  ^ 

Q  ?c 

<  ^ 

pq  2 

^  S 
O 


SIR  WALTER  PALK  CAREW,  BART.       47 

The  journal  develops  into  a  hunting  journal  proper 
(with  an  occasional  intervening  summary  of  game 
killed  to  the  gun)  in  the  year  1827.  The  first  two 
seasons  deal  with  John  King's  mastership  and  have 
already  been  referred  to. 

The  entries  in  the  journal  are  very  concise,  often 
laconic.  They  were  evidently  entered  in  a  batch 
periodically  from  notes  made  after  each  day's  sport, 
probably  weekly,  since  in  one  case  we  find  the  entry  : 

"  I  have  mislaid  the  account  for  the  week  be- 
ginning Dec.  5th."  The  journal  bears  evidence  of 
scrupulous  exactness. 

John  Beal  was  huntsman.  He  remained  with  Sir 
Walter  all  the  time  he  kept  the  pack  and  accom- 
panied the  hounds  when  they  went  into  the  Tiverton 
country  after  Sir  Walter  retired.  Sir  Henry  Scale's 
letters  shew  that  Beal  was  a  good  huntsman  and 
rarely  away  from  his  hounds  when  running.  He 
was  also  a  trustworthy  servant.  "  I  have  appointed 
Beal,"  Sir  Henry  wrote  in  December,  1842,  "  pre- 
sident and  toastmaster  to  preside  over  some  roast 
beef  and  two  bowls  of  punch  to  drink  all  our  good 
healths  Xmas  Day,  and  Kitson  is  to  say  grace, 
with  old  Rendal  (I  mean  the  one  who  is  partial  to 
tobacco)  to  say  '  Amen.'  "  "  Beal "  he  says  in 
another  letter  "  has  '  hopes  in  view  '  "  (a  favourite 
expression  of  the  old  huntsman's)  "  of  a  good  day's 
sport  to-morrow." 

Of  Beal  as  a  huntsman.  Colonel  Anstruther  Thom- 
son, writing  of  the  Tiverton  hounds  in  the  year  1845, 
says  : 

"  John  Beal  was  the  huntsman ;  he  had  no 
whipper-in.  The  hounds  were  taken  to  the  meet  in 
couples,  for  one  day  they  met  (sic),  a  dead  horse 
and  stopped  and  ate  him  up.    John  Beal  was  a  real 


48  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

workman  in  a  rough  way.  Once,  after  hunting  a 
fox  a  long  time,  they  ran  into  a  gorse  covert.  Old 
John  got  off  his  horse  and  said  :  '  Mr.  Hole,  do  'ee 
hold  my  horse  until  I  pawk  un  up  again.'  He  strode 
into  the  covert,  blew  his  horn,  and  soon  had  the 
fox  afoot  again. "^ 

The  Reverend  E.  W.  L.  Da^-ies  also  makes  men- 
tion of  Beal  in  connection  with  the  Tiverton.  He 
savs  :- 

"  He  is  a  good  man  in  a  woodland  country,  and, 
though  somewhat  of  a  veteran  " — this  was  in  the 
year  1850 — "  is  a  rattling,  energetic  huntsman,  keep- 
ing his  hounds  together  without  the  aid  of  a  whipper- 
in." 

Beal  was  somewhat  of  a  character,  as  shewn  by 
his  remark  to  Mr.  R.  H.  Watson^  after  one  of  the 
annual  spring  I\y bridge  Hunt  weeks  :  "  Dartmoor 
hunting  is  butiful— if  you  could  but  see  it  ;  them 
bogs  be  always  in  the  way.*'  But,  then,  he  was 
accustomed  to  the  eastern  quarter,  which  we  of  the 
South  Devon  always  claim  to  be  the  best  of  Dart- 
moor ! 

After  his  retirement,  Beal  went  to  live  at  Shaldon, 
not  far  from  Haccombe,  and  died  there  in  a  house, 
facing  the  bridge,  which  still  bears  the  name  he 
gave  it  of  "  Hunter's  Lodge." 

Of  Sir  Walter's  keenness  to  begin,  we  may  judge 
by  the  date  of  his  first  cubhunting  fixture,  27th 
July.  From  that  date  he  hunted  steadily  on  until 
the  28th  May,  1830,  putting  in  eighty-seven  days, 
making  a  solid  ten  months'  season  !  His  greatest 
number   of  hunting   days   in   one   season,    however, 

^  E'ghty  years'  Reminiscences.    J.  Anstruther  Thomson. 
»  Fores's  Guide  for  1850. 
»  See  p.  83. 


SIR  WALTER  PALK  CAREW,  BART.       49 

was  in  1831-2,  when  he  hunted  on  ninety-three  days 
between  the  8th  August  and  the  3rd  May. 

A  word  of  explanation  is  needed  as  to  the  practice 
that  prevailed  in  those  days  of  hunting  bag-foxes. 
Let  not  the  latter-day  purist  turn  up  his  eyes  in 
horror  at  the  word  until  he  hears  the  explanation. 
There  was  as  much  difference  between  the  openly 
turned-down  fox  of  those  days  and  the  secretly 
shaken-out  bagman  of  later  times  as  there  is  now 
between  the  wild  Hector  of  Dartmoor  and  the  hand- 
reared,  wired-in  tame  fox  that  alone  is  available  in 
some  would-be  smart  hunts.  For  Carew's  turned- 
down  foxes  were  far  more  worthy  of  being  hunted 
and  were  capable  of  she-^ing  infinitely  better  sport 
than  the  hand-reared  domestic  variety  referred  to. 
Foxes  were  thin  on  the  ground  in  the  early  decades 
of  the  nineteenth  century,  and  the  fact  that  they 
had  to  travel  far  afield  for  food  and  company  kept 
them  in  good  condition  and  taught  them  an  exten- 
sive range  of  country.  The  system  adopted  by 
George  Templer,  of  regularly  keeping  a  number  in 
confinement  and  sa\'ing  them  alive,  was  not  followed. 
Instead,  the  practice  was  to  dig  a  fox  that  the  pack 
had  marked  to  ground,  and  then,  two  or  three  days 
afterwards,  to  turn  him  do^n  to  be  hunted.  During 
those  intervening  days  he  was  kept  in  a  large  building 
affording  room  for  exercise,  and  well  fed,  but  not 
surfeited.  As  a  result,  he  started  in  good  condition 
and  fit  to  run  for  his  life,  which,  with  the  knowledge 
of  country  in  his  favour,  he  often  managed  to  save. 
From  this  fact,  and  from  the  time,  pace  and  distance 
of  the  runs  afforded,  it  is  clear  that  he  must  have 
been  allowed  sufficient  law.  Sometimes,  as  happens 
with  a  fox  found  in  the  usual  way,  he  would  get 
killed  early  and  fail  to  shew  a  run.    But  it  is  notice- 


50  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

able  that  some  of  the  best  runs  recorded  in  the 
journal  were  in  pursuit  of  the  turned-down  animal. 
When  digging  was  not  possible,  a  box  trap  was 
sometimes  used,  which  caught  the  fox  uninjured,  as 
shewn  by  the  following  entry  that  occurs  in  the 
journal  :  "  Set  the  box  trap  and  got  him."  Times 
have  changed,  and  the  system  would  not  be  tolerated 
at  the  present  day.  But  in  passing  opinion  upon  it, 
one  has  to  consider  the  circumstance  of  the  times 
and  the  manner  of  its  working.  Without  such  a 
thorough  sportsman  as  Sir  Walter  Carew  at  the  head 
of  affairs,  it  would  probably  not  have  been  a  success 
at  any  time. 

He  himself,  it  will  be  noted,  drew  a  nice  distinc- 
tion between  the  unhandled  animal  and  the  other, 
for  in  his  summary  of  each  season's  sport  he  gives 
the  number  killed  as  "so  many  foxes  and  so  many 
bagmen." 

Here  are  some  examples  taken  from  Sir  Walter 
Carew's  journal  of  fast  bursts  and  of  long  runs  which 
shew  that  these  bagmen  were  in  reality  wild  and 
healthy  foxes,  well  equipped  for  the  struggle  they 
had  to  undergo  and  not  to  be  classed  with  the  totally 
different  animal  that  has  rightly  brought  the  name 
of  bagman  into  such  disrepute  among  sportsmen. 

On  the  17th  September,  1829,  a  fox,  dug  out  at 
Stover  on  the  12th,  was  turned  out  at  Lindridge 
and  stood  before  the  pack  for  forty  fast  minutes 
before  being  killed. 

On  the  23rd  December,  1830,  a  fox,  also  dug  out 
at  Stover  a  few  days  previously,  was  turned  out  at 
Lindridge,  and,  after  running  through  Ugbrooke 
Park,  took  the  pack  straight  to  Canonteign  where 
he  was  killed. 

Time  was  evidently  given  to  a  fox  to  recover  when 


SIR  WALTER  PALK  CAREW,  BART.       51 

dug  out  after  a  run  of  any  length  or  severity.  One 
dug  out  on  the  28th  January,  1831,  after  a  "  very 
pretty  run  "  to  the  Ilsham  cUffs,  was  allowed  to  rest 
until  the  4th  February,  when  he  was  turned  out  at 
Bovey  Heathfield  and  killed  at  Haccombe  after  a 
very  good  run,  evidently  on  his  way  home  to  the 
diffs. 

Another  good  bagman  that  knew  the  stronghold 
in  the  Stoke  cliffs  was  the  one  put  down  at  Bradley 
on  the  9th  February,  1831.  The  pack  hunted  him 
with  a  very  bad  scent  for  six  hours  through  seven 
parishes,  finally  losing  him  in  the  cliffs.  All  credit 
to  the  patience  of  hounds  and  huntsman  ! 

A  fox  found  near  Chudleigh  on  February  11th, 
1833,  earthed  in  Chudleigh  Rock  and  afterwards 
caught  in  a  box  trap,  was  evidently  a  visitor  in  that 
locality.  For,  when  set  at  large  at  Stover  a  few 
days  later,  he  gave  "  a  beautiful  run "  through 
Bradley,  the  Decoy,  Kingskerswell,  Compton  and 
Cockington  to  Paignton  sands,  where  he  was  taken 
alive. 

On  December  19th,  1835,  a  fox  from  Browns- 
combe  was  turned  out  at  Teignbridge.  The  pack 
ran  hard  till  dark  and  the  master  could  not  say 
whether  or  no  they  killed. 

Another,  turned  out  at  Ogwell,  was  killed  at 
Botter  Rock  after  a  capital  run. 

A  fox  turned  down  at  Humber  Moor  on  the  23rd 
December,  1837,  went  straight  back  to  the  drain  at 
White  way  from  which  he  had  been  taken  on  the  21st. 

A  rare  good  bagman  was  that  which,  on  the  31st 
March,  1838,  got  to  ground  at  Buckland  Beacon 
after  starting  from  Jew's  Bridge.  The  master  speaks 
of  this  as  "  a  magnificent  run." 

Of  the  same  good  stuff  was  the  Decoy  fox  put  down 


52  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

at  the  Sands.  He  took  the  pack  through  Lindridge 
across  the  River  Teign  at  Netherton  Point  and 
saved  his  brush  in  the  rocks  above  Abbotskerswell. 
This  was  on  the  last  day  of  the  year  1839. 

On  the  22nd  November,  184^1,  a  Stover  fox  turned 
down  at  Sandy  Gate  was  killed  in  Teignmouth  after 
a  very  good  run.  No  doubt  he  was  making  for  the 
cliffs.' 

On  the  31st  December,  184:2,  a  turned-out  fox  ran 
over  Little  Haldon  to  the  Parson  and  Clerk  cliff  and 
was  killed.  And  on  the  5th  of  January,  1843, 
another,  after  taking  a  big  ring  through  Harcombe, 
Ugbrooke,  by  Ideford  to  Colly  Lane,  was  killed  at  the 
Warren,  Starcross.  xA.nd  yet  another  was  killed  in 
Teignmouth  on  the  6th  February  in  the  same  year 
after  a  run  from  Sandy  Gate. 

The  above  instances  and  others  to  be  found  in  the 
journal  sufficiently  prove  the  stoutness  and  condition 
of  the  turned-out  fox  ;  and  the  number  that  escaped 
(I  have  recorded  chiefly  those  killed)  is  evidence 
that  they  were  given  fair  play  and  a  good  start. 

The  country  hunted  by  Sir  Walter  was  much  the 
same  as  that  covered  by  his  predecessor,  John  King. 
It  embraced  a  wide  range  and  included  fixtures  as 
far  apart  as  Dartmouth,  Killerton,  Pynes,  ^^^litestone 
Wood,  Great  Fulford  and  Skerraton.  Some  others, 
further  west,  such  as  Ivybridge,  are  mentioned  only 
in  connection  with  the  Ivybridge  meeting  and  were 
doubtless  "  by  invitation,"  but  Erme  Bridge  appears 
to  have  been  one  of  his  own  fixtures. 

It  is  interesting  to  note  certain  lines  of  country, 
frequent  in  those  days,  but  which  are  rarely  taken  by 
hounds  to-day.  The  cliffs  on  the  seashore  on  either 
side  of  the  mouth  of  the  Teign  were  much  resorted  to 
by  foxes.    Probably,  though  in  a  less  degree,  this  is 


A  DOG  HOUND 


A  BITCH  HOUND 
From  oil  paintings  at  Haccombe 


To  face  page  h-1 


SIR  WALTER  PALK  CAREW,  BART.       53 

true  of  later  times,  but  hunting  has  receded  further 
from  the  coast  and  these  cHff  foxes  are  not  often  found. 
I  once  saw  a  run  finish  at  the  Parson  and  Clerk  cliff, 
and  on  occasion  have  known  foxes  make  for  the  cliffs 
between  the  Ness  and  Torquay.  On  one  of  those 
occasions,  in  Mr.  Whidborne's  second  mastership,  a 
hound  fell  over  the  cliffs  and  was  killed.  It  is 
remarkable,  considering  that  he  hunted  the  cliffs 
frequently,  that  Sir  Walter  Carew  mentions  only  two 
similar  accidents  in  his  fourteen  years'  record.  Both 
occurred  in  December,  1831  ;  the  first  at  the  rocks  at 
Sowden  cliff,  when  the  master  lost  his  favourite  bitch, 
Gipsey,  and  the  second  at  Watcombe,  when  a  hound 
called  Alderman  was  killed  after  earthing  his  fox. 
Sir  Henry  Scale,  however,  mentions  two  or  three 
instances  in  his  letters  of  hounds  falling  over  the 
cliff,  though  in  every  case  the  hounds  were  not 
seriously  hurt.  Once  a  man  had  to  be  let  down  by  a 
rope  to  recover  one,  which  "  the  field  seemed  to 
consider  great  fun." 

Instances  are  also  to  be  found  in  the  journal  of  the 
pack  frequently  crossing  the  River  Teign  between 
Ugbrooke  and  Stover,  and  sometimes  much  lower 
down  in  the  tidal  reaches  of  the  river.  And  yet  I  can 
recall  only  two  instances  within  the  last  thirty-five 
years  of  the  river  being  crossed  between  Teignbridge 
and  Bovey,  and  none  at  all  of  any  crossing  below 
Teignbridge.  And  of  those  two  instances,  one,  in 
Dr.  Gaye's  time,  I  think,  was,  as  I  learnt  years  after- 
wards from  one  of  the  keepers  concerned,  after  a  dead 
fox.  The  other  occurred  while  Dan  North  was 
huntsman  to  the  Haldon  Hounds,  and  the  pack 
earthed  a  fox  in  Rora. 

Why  this  change  should  have  come  about  it  is  hard 
to  say.    The  river  was  always  there.    The  canal  was 


54  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

there  in  Carew's  time.  The  branch  railway  hne  from 
Newton  Abbot  to  Moretonhampstead  is  the  only  new 
barrier.  But  it  has  been  there  since  the  'sixties  ;  and 
foxes  in  other  countries  cross  the  line  continually. 
The  explanation  may  be  that  no  necessity  exists  for 
foxes  to  cross  this  particular  line,  as  they  have  a  wide 
tract  of  country  on  either  side  of  it  unimpeded  by  any 
other  railway.  A  similar  reason  may  account  for 
foxes  no  longer  crossing,  as  they  were  wont  to  do,  the 
wide  navigable  portion  of  the  Teign  lower  down, 
where  the  main  line  of  the  Great  Western  Railway 
runs  parallel  and  close  to  the  river  between  Teign- 
mouth  and  Newton  Abbot.  Old  Mr.  Arthur  Owen, 
who  was  intimately  associated  with  the  Teignmouth 
and  Shaldon  Bridge  Company,  and  who  died  in  1901, 
told  me  that  he  once  saw  Sir  Walter's  hounds  cross 
the  river,  at  low  tide,  a  very  short  distance  above  the 
bridge.  Twice  only  is  anything  of  the  sort  specifically 
mentioned  in  the  journal.  Once  on  the  31st  Decem- 
ber, 1839,  when  they  ran  a  bagman,  as  already 
mentioned,^  "  through  Lyndridge  across  the  river 
at  Netherton  Point  and  earthed  in  the  rocks  above 
Abbotskerswell  "  ;  and  once  with  a  fox  from  Well 
cover  "  over  Humber  Moor  to  the  river  at  the 
Pleasure  House. ^  Fox  crossed,  but  the  tide  was  too 
high  for  us  to  follow.''  From  the  matter-of-fact  way 
in  which  the  crossing  is  referred  to  in  these  two  cases, 
and  from  the  brevity  of  many  of  the  entries,  we  may 
fairly  conclude  the  occurrence  was  not  unusual.  And 
from  the  concluding  words  of  the  last-quoted  entry, 
it  is  clear  the  field  did  not  hesitate  to  ford  the  river 

1  See  p.  52. 

*  The  Pleasure  House  was  an  octagonal  building  belonging  to  Mr.  Comyns 
of  Wood,  on  the  North  Bank  of  the  River  Teign  at  a  spot  nearly  opposite 
Netherton  Point.  The  ruins  of  this  have  disappeared  dxiring  quite  recent 
years. 


SIR  WALTER  PALK  CAREW,  BART.       55 

when  the  tide  permitted.  Doubtless  the  channel  had 
not  then  been  dredged  to  its  present  depth.  Even  so, 
one  cannot  help  thinking  how  thankful  one  would 
have  been  to  find  the  tide  too  high  for  the  adventure. 

On  the  other  hand,  the  line  taken  was  on  many 
occasions  just  such  as  we  should  expect  a  fox  to 
choose  to-day.  This  applies  in  particular  to  the 
Haldon  country. 

So  far  as  one  can  judge,  out  of  many  good  runs  one 
of  the  best  and  longest  was  that  from  Rora  Wood  on 
the  12th  January,  1843,  the  line  being  by  Bickington 
to  Bagtor  and  the  granite  works  at  Heytor,  over  the 
moor  to  Buckland,  through  the  woods  there,  across 
the  Dart  and  to  ground  at  Whitewood  and  Langa- 
marsh.  Sir  Henry  Scale,  who  was  then  in  command, 
speaks  of  this  as  an  extraordinary  run. 

Naturally  we  find,  interwoven  with  much  excellent 
and  sometimes  brilliant  sport,  days  and  periods  of 
failure  and  disappointment ;  records  of  fog,  bad 
scent,  no  sport,  impossible  weather  and  blank  days, 
as  on  the  day  when  all  the  country  from  Skerraton  to 
Stover  was  drawn  without  finding  !  The  difficulties 
of  earth-stopping  are  also  apparent  throughout  the 
journal,  but  we  find  only  one  instance  mentioned  of 
a  three-legged  fox  being  killed. 

In  the  summer  of  1838,  Sir  Walter  Carew  suffered 
the  greatest  misfortune  that  can  befall  a  master  of 
hounds,  for  hydrophobia  broke  out  in  the  kennels, 
with  the  result  that  he  was  not  able  to  hunt  the  dog- 
hounds  before  November.  From  this  statement  it 
looks  as  if  the  whole  pack  was  not  attacked. 

In  the  season  1831-2,  the  master  started  hunting 
dogs  and  bitches  separately  and  sometimes  hunted 
as  many  as  three  and  four  days  a  week. 

In  those  days,  packs  of  harriers  were  numerous  in 


56      THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Devonshire,  and  Sir  Walter  occasionally  came  across 
them  when  enoraored  in  the  "  bolder  chase."  Near 
Haccombe,  he  ran  into  Sellick's  harriers  in  1832.  In 
November,  1834,  mention  is  made  of  "  ^Ir.  Bovey's 
hounds,"  which  earthed  a  fox  that  was  subsequently 
tm-ned  out  before  Sir  Walter's  apparently  in  the 
neighbourhood  of  Bovey  Tracey.  In  the  course  of  the 
run,  Ml'.  Bovey,  who  had  come  on  purpose  to  see  his 
fox  tm'ned  out,  was  thrown  from  his  horse  and  killed 
on  the  spot.  This  'Mr.  Bovey  was  a  brother  of  the 
"  Bob  Bovey,"  of  Pear  Tree,  who,  with  Jack  Russell, 
got  into  such  hot  water  at  Tiverton  School  for  keeping 
a  cry  of  hounds  on  the  quiet. 

Dm'ing  the  same  season,  Sir  Walter's  hounds  ran 
into  ^Ir.  Rodd's  harriers  in  the  country  round  Cotley 
Wood. 

In  April,  1837,  they  ran  a  fox  from  Skerraton  Wood 
to  Kingswood,  where  they  joined  forces  with  Bulteel's 
hounds,  and  the  two  packs  afterwards  proceeded  to 
draw  Raythorn  Brake  together,  finding  a  fox  and 
earthing  him  at  Wood  Ball.  In  December  of  the  same 
year,  Carew's,  after  throwing  off  at  Chudleigh  Bridge, 
met,  and  apparently  joined  forces  with,  Bennet's 
hounds  which  were  running  a  fox. 

In  1835  mention  is  made  in  the  jom'nal  of  the  hunt 
dinner  at  Chudleigh,  which  looks  as  if  that  function 
was  then  an  annual  affair. 

Under  date  25th  February,  1843,  a  curious  case  is 
given  of  a  vixen.  This  fox  was  taken  out  of  a  drain 
at  Haccombe  about  9  a.m.,  but,  being  a  vixen,  she 
was  earmarked  and  put  back.  She  was  found  and 
killed  some  six  miles  off,  at  Torbryan,  the  same 
morning  by  the  pack  which  met  at  eleven  o'clock  at 
Bradley. 

Sir  Walter  Carew  was  on  terms  of  close  friendship 


SIR  WALTER  PALK  CAREW,  BART.       5T 

with  all  the  sportsmen  of  front  rank  in  his  day. 
Especially  intimate  was  he  with  the  Hon.  Newton 
Fellowes  (afterwards  the  fourth  Earl  of  Portsmouth), 
and  frequent  were  the  visits  he  paid  with  his  pack  to 
Eggesford  to  take  part  in  the  Chumleigh  meetings.  ^ 
Great  sport  sometimes  fell  to  his  lot  in  North  Devon. 
For  instance,  meeting  at  Rackenford  on  February  18th, 
1832,  the  last  day  of  that  particular  meeting,  which 
had  begun  on  the  28th  January,  Sir  Walter  describes 
how  at  the  end  of  a  good  run  the  fox  was  viewed  not 
a  hundred  yards  before  the  hounds. 

"  And,"  he  says,  *'  they  most  decidedly  killed,  but, 
it  being  nearly  dark,  and  every  person  being  done 
but  Hole,  Beal  and  myself,  we  could  not  live  with 
hounds  or  find  any  part  of  the  fox.  Every  horse  in 
the  field  beat  to  a  standstill.  A  large  field  at  meeting." 
He  then  remarks  :  "  This  was  the  best  week's  sport 
I  ever  witnessed,  three  of  the  runs  being  perfect." 

One  cannot  help  thinking  this  must  have  been  the 
occasion   referred    to    by    Charles    Trelawny^   when 

"  With  Russell  and  Carew's  hounds,  in  twelve 
consecutive  hunting  days,  the  shortest  runs  were 
twelve  miles  from  point  to  point  as  the  crow  flies." 

On  another  occasion  in  North  Devon,  in  January, 
1835,  Sir  Walter  speaks  of  finding  "  the  old  Collaton 
fox  which  had  beaten  Russell  three  times.  Had  a 
good  run  and  lost." 

It  was  from  Eggesford,  too,  that  occurred  on  the 
6th  December,  1839,  what  Sir  Walter  describes  as  one 
of  the  finest  runs  he  ever  saw.  Here  is  his  note  of 
the  day  : 

"  At  Lapford  Forches.  Found  directly ;  killed. 
Found  again  in  the  Lapford  covers.  Went  awaj^  to 
Lee,  nearly  to  Thelbridge  Cross,  by  the  Black  Dog 

^  See  ante,  p,  30.  *  Life  of  the  Rev.  J.  Russell,  p.  240. 


58      THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

to  Kennerley  Wood,  1  hr.  and  10  min.  -v^-ithout 
a  check.  Here  he  was  coursed  and  we  hunted  him 
back  to  Lapford  where  nothing  saved  his  life  but 
2  or  3  fresh  foxes.  This  was  one  of  the  finest  runs 
I  ever  saw,  up  to  Kennerley  being  perfect." 

Expeditions  were  also  made  from  time  to  time  into 
the  Tiverton  countr\',  where  the  pack  was  kennelled 
at  Collipriest  by  the  master's  cousin,  Mr.  Tom  Carew  ; 
and  into  Mr.  Bulteel's  (the  Dartmoor),  chiefly  in  the 
month  of  November.  In  connection  with  the  latter, 
it  is  interesting  to  note  that  the  Rybridge  Week  was 
firmly  established  before  1837,  for  in  November  of 
that  year  it  is  spoken  of  as  "  The  IvybTidge  Meeting." 

Jack  Russell  brought  his  hounds  to  Haccombe  in 
October,  1831,  and  had  two  days,  at  Powderham  and 
Haccombe  respectively. 

At  the  end  of  the  season  1842-3,  Sir  Walter  gave 
up  the  country  and  lent  his  pack,  with  the  exception 
of  eight  couple  of  bitches,  to  his  cousin,  who  was  then 
hunting  the  Tiverton  country-.  The  eight  couple  he 
presented  to  the  Quorn,  from  which  fact,  and  from 
the  fact  of  their  distinguishing  themselves  in  that 
countr}',  we  may  conclude  that  his  hounds  were  bred 
with  care  and  from  the  best  blood. 

In  addition  to  his  qualifications  as  a  master  of 
hounds  Sir  Walter  was  a  good  shot,  a  yachtsman  and 
a  devotee  of  the  road.  Besides  getting  a  great  deal  of 
dri^^ng  practice  at  the  "  real  thing,"  he  kept  his  own 
coach  and  continued  to  drive  a  team  until  late  in  life. 
In  a  notice  of  his  death,  which  occurred  at  Marley  on 
the  27th  January,  1874,  a  -vmter  in  Land  and  Water 
says  that  he  developed  into  one  of  the  best  whips  in 
the  West,  and  that,  in  the  days  when  the  "  Telegraph  " 
and  the  "  Quicksilver  "  were  synonymous  for  speed 
and    safety.    Sir    Walter    was    well    known    on    the 


SIR  WALTER  PALK  CAREW,  B.ART.      59 

Western  roads  ;  and  many  a  steady  lesson  had  he  at 
the  hands  of  the  brothers  Ward,  who  used  to  drive  in 
the  county  of  Devon.  Henr^^  Ward  spoke  of  him  as 
one  of  the  best  pupils  he  ever  had. 

Sir  Walter  was  buried  in  the  family  vault  at  the 
little  church  close  to  Haccombe  House. 

The  door  of  this  church  still  bears  the  remains  of 
four  ancient  horseshoes  nailed  there  as  a  token  of 
thanksgiving  by  a  Carew,  who,  long  years  ago, 
wagered  with  a  Champernowne  of  Dartington  as  to 
which  of  them  should  swim  his  horse  furthest  out  to 
sea.  The  Carew  won  the  wager  and  had  considerable 
difficultv  in  saviner  his  own  life  and  that  of  his  friend. 


CHAPTER    IV 

CAPTAIN    MARTIN  E.   HAWORTH :   1843-45 

Family  connections — The  Devon  Harriers  and  their  doings  :  Sir  Henry  Seale'a 
opinion — The  Devon  Hounds — Kennels  near  Powderham — Guest  at 
Eggesford — A  run  through  twelve  parishes — Anstruther  Thomson's 
criticism  :  a  critic  at  fault — ^^^lere  a  hard-and-fast  rule  fails — Incon- 
venient position  of  kennels — A  notable  hiinting  diary — Cliief  fixtures  of 
that  day — The  master's  keenness — Good  sport — Bag-foxes  given  up — 
"  Shaking  a  fox  " — A  notable  run — Fox  in  otter's  holt — Scent  in  snow — 
A  point  from  Stover  to  Holne  Bridge — Other  memorable  runs — A  master's 
troubles  :  was  wire  among  them  ? — Some  of  his  field — Takes  the  H.H. 
— Lady  Mary  Leslie's  story  of  "  The  Barber  " — An  active  terrier — The 
Silver  Greyhound  and  Road  Scrapings — Tom  Clark  whipper-in  to  the 
Devon — Becomes  huntsman  to  the  Craven,  Old  Berksliire  and  Badminton 
— ^The  Duke's  opinion. 

"  Slight  token,  be  it  leaf  or  flower, 
Will  mark  for  Ufe  one  blissful  hour  ; 

So  trophies  of  the  chase  recall 

The  men,  the  hounds,  the  steeds  and  all." 

{Dartmoor  Days.) 

HUNTING  men  in   South  Devon  were  fortunate 
in    securing    an    immediate    successor   to   Sir 
Walter  Carew  in  the  person  of  Captain  Haworth. 

After  resigning  his  commission  in  the  60th  Rifles, 
Captain  Haworth  went  to  live  at  Southtown  House, 
Kenton,  and  was  factor  to  the  Powderham  estate,  his 
wife.  Lady  Mary  Haworth,  being  a  cousin  to  the  then 
Earl  of  Devon.  In  1886  Lady  Mary  Haworth  became 
Countess  of  Rothes  in  her  own  right,  and  Captain 
Haworth  then  assumed  by  royal  licence  the  surname 
of  Leslie,  the  family  name  being  now  Haworth  Leslie. 
His   eldest   son   married   a   daughter   of  Mr.   Henry 

6o 


CAPTAIN  MARTIN  E.  HA  WORTH 
From  a  water-colour  sketch  by  his  Sister 


"THE  BARBER" 
From  an  oil  painting  in  the  possession  of  Lady  Mary  Leslie 


To  face  page  00 


CAPTAIN  MARTIN  E.  HAWORTH         61 

Studdy  of  Waddeton  Court,  near  Brixham,  from 
whose  coverts  the  South  Devon  Hounds  have  had 
many  a  good  run. 

From  1840  to  1843,  Haworth  had  been  hunting 
from  Powderham  a  pack  of  harriers  known  as  the 
Devon  Harriers.  It  was  of  these  harriers  that  Sir 
Henry  Scale,  in  January,  1843,  wrote  from  Haccombe^ 
to  Sir  Walter  Carew  in  the  following  terms  : 

"  I  have  now  to  tell  you  of  the  Devon  Harriers  and 
their  acts,  which  have  caused  a  grand  sensation  among 
your  field.  There  are  various  reports.  The  truth  is, 
I  believe,  that  Mr.  Haworth  drew  Eastdon  covert  near 
Mr.  Eales's  house,  and  found  a  mangey,  weak  fox, 
which  the  hounds  killed  at  Oxton." 

It  was  the  old  story  of  the  foxhounds  having  a 
larger  country  than  they  could  properly  contend  with, 
and  Lord  Devon  had  written  only  a  fortnight  or  so 
previously,  asking  whether  it  was  the  intention  to 
draw  his  coverts.  He  also  wrote  to  the  acting 
M.F.H.  immediately  after  the  "  mishap  "  to  express 
his  regret  at  the  occurrence. 

The  incident  caused  a  considerable  stir  at  the  time, 
but  was  not  repeated,  and  the  troubled  waters  were 
soon  quieted  by  the  tact  and  good  temper  displayed 
by  Sir  Walter  Carew  and  his  deputy. 

When  the  country  became  vacant  in  1843,  Haworth 
took  it  over  and  substituted  for  the  harriers  a  pack  of 
foxhounds.  These  hounds  were  called  "  The  Devon 
Hounds,"  a  name  which,  as  we  have  seen,^  was  the 
formal  title  of  the  pack  hunting  this  country  as  far 
back  as  1831. 

His  whipper-in  was  Tom  Clark,  and  his  kennel  lad 
Charley  Pike.    The  kennels,  Mr.  J.  Gould  Drew  tells 

^  Sir  Henry  was  at  that  time  in  charge  of  Sir  Walter's  hounds.    See  p.  43. 
*  See  p.  45. 


62  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

me,  were  in  what  is  known  as  Kenn  Lane,  the  road 
leading  from  the  main  road  near  Powderham  Arch 
to  the  village  of  Kenn. 

Colonel  Anstruther  Thomson  mentions  ^  Ha  worth 
being  at  Eggesford  as  the  guest  of  the  Hon.  Newton 
Fellowes  for  the  Chumleigh  Hunt  week  in  1845,  and 
as  one  of  six  or  seven  who  were  in  at  the  death  of  a 
fox  that,  on  the  same  occasion,  Jack  Russell's  hounds 
hunted  through  twelve  parishes,  the  run  lasting  from 
twelve  o'clock  until  five.  But  in  a  previous  page,^ 
while  admitting  Haworth's  keenness,  the  same  author 
speaks  rather  slightingly  of  his  abilities  as  a  hunts- 
man. He  says  Ha  worth  was  "  not  much  of  a  hunts- 
man. He  would  sit  on  the  top  of  a  hill  and  view 
holloa  though  his  hounds  were  a  mile  away."  With 
the  deepest  respect  for  so  great  an  authority,  it  seems 
to  me  the  reason  given  does  not  warrant  the  con- 
demnation. None  will  dispute  the  correctness  of  the 
general  rule,  insisted  upon  in  Anstruther  Thomson's 
Hints  to  Huntsmen,  that  a  huntsman  should  go  to 
fetch  his  hounds  rather  than  holloa  or  blow  for  them 
to  come  to  him.  But  this  general  rule,  like  other 
general  rules,  has  its  exceptions,  as,  for  example, 
where  a  huntsman  cannot  get  to  his  hounds,  or  when 
to  go  there  and  back  would  involve  undue  delay.  In 
Devonshire,  such  circumstances  frequently  arise.  It 
may  often  happen  there  that,  if  hounds  are  half  a 
mile  away,  a  huntsman  may  have  to  go  a  mile  to  get 
to  them.  In  such  a  case,  the  saving  of  time,  and, 
perhaps,  of  a  half -blown  horse,  not  only  justifies,  but 
demands,  a  departure  from  the  rule.  This  shews 
the  fallacy  of  attempting  to  apply  an  inflexible  rule 
to  conditions  which  are  never  constant.  Colonel 
Thomson's   writings   shew   that   he   attached   undue 

*  Eighty  Years'  Reminiscences,  p.  108.  ^  Ibid.,  p.  105. 


CAPTAIN  MARTIN  E.   HA  WORTH  63 

importance  to  the  rule  in  question  ;  or  perhaps  I 
should  say  that,  having  hunted  mostly  in  rideable 
countries,  he  did  not  appreciate  the  modifications 
that  an  unrideable  one  may  necessitate.  Moreover, 
Colonel  Thomson  could  not,  at  the  time  he  made 
the  note  in  his  diary,  have  seen  much  of  Captain 
Haworth,  as  he  did  not  come  to  Devonshire  until 
towards  the  end  of  the  latter' s  last  season.  He  did 
not  then  even  know  him  well  enough  to  spell  his  name 
correctly  ! 

That  there  could  not  have  been  much  to  find  fault 
with  in  Haworth' s  methods  as  a  huntsman  is  proved 
by  the  record  of  excellent  sport  shewn  by  him  and  by 
the  number  of  foxes  accounted  for  in  a  notoriously 
difficult  country  in  which  to  kill  a  fox.  And  this,  with 
the  disadvantages,  in  his  first  season,  of  a  pack  newly 
got  together,  and  an  abnormally  dry  and  hot  cub- 
hunting  season. 

A  note  of  each  day's  sport  was  entered  in  the 
master's  diary,  which  is  illustrated  with  some  clever 
pen-and-ink  sketches.  Its  length — it  comprises  some 
twelve  thousand  words — precludes  its  reproduction 
here,  but  a  careful  perusal  of  its  pages  reveals  the 
difficulties  the  master  had  to  contend  with  and  his 
success  in  overcoming  them. 

The  following  were  the  chief  fixtures  in  Haworth's 
time  : 

Bellamarsh.  Dunchideock. 

Black  Forest.  Dunsford  Bridge. 

Bovey.  Eastdon,  Stareross. 

Bradley.  Forde  House. 

Bridford.  Haccombe. 

Chudleigh  Bridge.  Haldon. 

Cotleigh  Wood.  Haldon  Race  Stand. 

Culver  House.  Kenn. 


64  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Kennford.  Powderham  Saw  Mills. 

Killerton  Lodge.  Round  O. 

Kingskerswell.  Sandy  Gate. 

Lindridge.  Shiphay. 

Luscombe.  Stover  Gate. 

Mamhead.  Thorns. 

Ogwell.  "\"Miiteway. 

Oxton.  "Windy  Cross. 

Parke  House,  Bovey.  Winslade  House. 
Peamore. 

It  will  be  seen  that  long  distances  had  to  be 
covered  to  reach  some  of  these  fixtures.  The  distances 
home  were  in  many  cases  still  longer.  But  the 
Captain  was  as  keen  as  mustard.  This  is  shewn  by 
the  first  entry  in  his  diary,  which  records  his  cover- 
ing, in  company  with  his  hounds,  the  fourteen  miles 
from  the  kennels  to  Bridford  by  5.30  a.m.  ;  and  it  is 
easy  to  see  from  the  rest  of  the  entries  that  there  was 
no  abatement  in  his  energies  throughout  his  term  of 
office. 

Although  an  occasional  blank  day  is  recorded,  the 
country  was  e^^dently  well  stocked  with  foxes  on  the 
whole,  a  circumstance  which  no  doubt  led  to  the 
abandonment  of  the  practice  of  hunting  bag-foxes. 
For,  though  a  few  such  instances  occurred  in  his  first 
season,  when  the  master  mentions  that  he  "  shook 
a  fox,"  the  old  system  was  not  kept  up  once  the  need 
for  it  had  ceased. 

Several  excellent  runs  occurred  in  Haworth's  first 
season,  and  also  many  very  hard  days  creditable 
ahke  to  hounds  and  huntsman.  The  master  even 
had  the  satisfaction  of  shewing  in  his  first  season 
what  may  be  classed  as  a  record  run,  namely,  on  the 
1st  February,  1844,  the  fixture  being  Lindridge. 
After  forty  minutes  to  ground  in  the  morning,  a  fox 


CAPTAIN   ROCK^ 


SOME   OF   CAPTAIN    HA"WORTH'S    HOUNDS 

From  oil  ijaintings  in  the  lossession  of  I^dy  Mary  L^sli-r 


To  face  page  d5 


CAPTAIN  ]\L\RTIX  E.   HAWORTH         65 

was  found  in  Humber  Moor,  and,  after  taking  a  turn 
over  Haldon  and  round  to  Lindridge,  he  took  the 
pack,  by  ^vay  of  the  Decoy,  Kingskerswell,  Abbots- 
kerswell  and  ^Miiddon,  to  within  two  miles  of  Totnes, 
where  they  killed.  The  time  is  given  as  two  hours 
and  ten  minutes.  Those  honourably  mentioned  in  a 
newspaper  report  of  this  gallant  chase,  as  riding  the 
run  throughout,  besides  the  master  and  his  whip,^ 
Tom  Clark,  were  Messrs.  Short,  Luxmoore,  Kitson, 
Barnes,  Friend,  Jones,  Walkey,  Taylor,  Wreford  and 
Marriott. 

Another  very  severe  run  in  a  rough  country,  with  a 
big  point,  is  chronicled  as  having  taken  place  on  the 
13th  March,  184-4,  '^ith  a  distance  estimated  at 
fifteen  miles  between  the  extreme  points.  After 
meeting  at  Sandy  Gate,  the  pack  hit  the  line  of  a 
moved  fox  in  Torr  Hill  Brakes  near  Lindridge,  and 
were  fortunate  enough  to  get  on  good  terms  with 
him.  The  line  taken  was  through  Well  Bottom,  the 
Sands,  Ugbrooke  Park,  Chudleigh,  AMiiteway  and 
Ashton,  crossing  the  Teign  there  :  then  a  big  loop  by 
Canonteign,  re-crossing  the  river  at  Bridford,  and 
away  for  Cotleigh  Wood,  within  a  few  fields  of  which 
the  hounds  ran  into  their  fox.  Time,  two  hours  and 
five  minutes. 

The  entry  in  the  master's  diary  for  the  14th 
December,  1843,  records  that  "  in  consequence  of 
the  sudden  and  lamented  death  of  George  Templer  " 
the  hounds  did  not  keep  their  appointment  at  ^Mlite- 
way  on  that  day,  a  graceful  tribute  to  so  good  and 
accomplished  a  sportsman. 

Very   graphic   is   the    description   of  a   run   from 

^  Some  eminent  authorities,  including  the  late  Duke  of  Beaufort,  have 
taken  exception  to  this  colloquial  use  of  the  word  "  whip."  See.  however, 
article  on  "'  Hunting  Terminology  "  in  the  Field  of  9th  November,  1912, 
p.  962. 


66  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Stover  a  week  later.  The  pack  had  killed  a  fox  after 
hunting  him  for  an  hour  and  a  half,  and  the  field,  by 
some  mistake,  had  all  gone  home,  thinking  the 
master  had  left  off  drawing.  But  he  had  not  ;  and  he 
found  another  fox.  "  Away  I  went,"  he  says,  "  with 
an  old  fox,  at  half-past  two,  in  a  thick  fog,  on  the 
shortest  day  in  the  year.  Nobody  but  Tom  and  I,  and 
our  heads  turned  towards  Dartmoor.  I  must  confess 
that,  as  it  grew  darker  and  the  pace  increased,  I  began 
to  fear  I  should  lose  the  homids  on  the  moor.  We  had 
a  splendid  fifty  minutes,  and,  as  good  fortune  would 
have  it,  he  turned  his  head  (being  afraid  of  the  fog) 
back  to  Stover  and  we  stopped  the  hounds,  it  being 
dark.  We  arrived  at  the  kermel  at  half -past  nine 
o^cl." 

For  the  benefit  of  those  interested  in  the  problem 
of  scent,  Haworth  makes  the  observation,  under  date 
21st  February,  1844,  that  there  was  a  rare  scent  while 
the  snow  was  falling  fast,  and  adds  that  he  has  known 
a  burning  scent  when  snow  is  disappearing  but  never 
when  it  is  coming  down.  Doubtless,  as  his  experience 
ripened,  he  came  to  learn  that  a  good  scent  in  falling 
snow  is  no  phenomenon.  Another  note  in  his  diary 
on  the  subject  of  scent  tells  how,  on  the  10th  March 
following,  the  pack  killed  an  old  dog  fox  on  a  day 
that  the  master  characterized  as  the  ^^'ildest  and  most 
boisterous  he  ever  saw  in  this  country. 

Haworth  began  his  second  season  (1844-5)  very 
strong  in  hounds — thirty-eight  couple  of  working 
hounds — and  he  hunted  three  days  a  week.  But  the 
cubhunting  season  was  again  verv  hot  and  drv,  not 
a  single  drop  of  rain  falling  until  just  before  the 
opening  day  which  was  on  the  10th  October.  After 
that,  scent  continued  very  bad  indeed  until  December, 
with  a  few  exceptional  days,  such  as  the  28th  Novem- 


CAPTAIN  MARTIN  E.  HA  WORTH         67 

ber,  when  they  had  a  good  run  from  Bradley  to 
Heytor.  Then  the  frost  set  in  and  interfered  a  good 
deal  with  sport.  This  season  was  characterized  by 
bad  weather  ;  violent  storms,  torrents  of  rain  and 
boisterous  days  occurring  with  great  frequency. 

On  Boxing  Day  a  notable  run  took  place  from  the 
Large  Plantation  at  Stover  (query  :  the  Wilderness). 
They  ran  by  Ash  Hill  to  Hal  Sanger  tin  mine  and 
Bagtor  Wood,  thence  nearly  to  Widdicombe  and  on 
to  Buckland  Beacon,  through  Buckland  Wood  and 
Holne  Chase,  over  the  Dart  and  nearly  to  Holne 
village,  where  the  fox  turned,  and  he  was  eventually 
run  into  in  the  open  near  Holne  Bridge. 

After  this  there  was  a  succession  of  good  runs 
ending  with  blood.  The  season,  however,  taken  as 
a  whole,  was  a  bad  scenting  one,  and  frost  and  snow 
set  in  again  at  the  end  of  January,  when  the  diary 
ends  abruptly. 

From  the  diary  we  learn  that  the  coverts  drawn 
from  Killerton  included  Cutton  Allows  and  Stoke 
Woods.  It  is  interesting,  too,  to  read  that  a  fox 
found  near  the  house  at  Oxton,  at  that  time  the 
residence  of  Mr.  H.  Swete,  a  staunch  friend  to  hunt- 
ing, "  immediately  went  into  the  otter  earths." 

The  diary  also  gives  an  insight  into  some  of  the 
difficulties  that  interfered  with  sport  in  those  days, 
and  we  find  they  are  much  the  same  as  prevail  to-day. 
Sometimes  it  is  a  little  difficulty  about  So-and-so's 
coverts  ;  sometimes  the  members  of  the  field  are 
to  blame ;  sometimes  careless  or  neglected  earth- 
stopping.  Once  a  hound  was  caught  in  a  vermin 
trap  and  bled  to  death.  Bad  weather  and  bad  scent 
were  common  then,  as  now,  and  mange  was  not 
unknown.  Wire  is  not  mentioned,  but  it  seems  to  be 
referred  to  (of  course  not  the  barbed  variety)  where 


68  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

we  are  told  that  for  want  of  a  gate  no  horse  could 
follow  the  hounds  across  Mamhead  Park.  There  is  a 
very  old  wire  fence  there  now,  which  may  well  have 
been  then  newly  put  up  to  protect  the  belt  of  planta- 
tion on  the  Oxton  side  of  the  park  when  first  planted. 
The  lichen-covered  posts  and  rusty  wire  harmonize 
so  well  with  the  surrounding  bracken  and  trees,  as  to 
be  practically  invisible  in  certain  lights.  I  once 
galloped  unconsciously  slap  into  it ;  so,  on  sepa- 
rate occasions,  did  Mr.  Godfrey  Lee  and  another 
friend  of  mine. 

Among  the  members  of  the  field  of  those  days 
appear  the  names  of  Lord  Cranstoun,  Mr.  Wall  of 
Bradley,  Mr.  W.  E.  S.  Clack  and  Mr.  Kitson  ;  and  the 
master's  reference  to  the  first  flight  includes  Mr. 
Short,  Mr.  H.  Swete,  Mr.  T.  Lane  and  Mr.  Luxmoore. 

On  leaving  Devonshire  in  1845,  Haworth  took  over 
the  mastership  of  the  Hampshire  Hounds,  better 
known  as  the  H.H.^  He  built  new  kennels  at  Ropley, 
but  was  obliged,  much  to  the  regret  of  the  country, 
to  retire  in  1847,  owing  to  the  subscriptions  falling  off 
in  consequence  of  the  famine.  When  he  left  Devon, 
he  took  a  part  of  his  pack  with  him  into  Hampshire, 
and,  as  some  of  these  hounds  doubtless  figure  in  the 
picture  of  part  of  his  Hampshire  pack,  I  have  thought 
it  worth  while  to  reproduce  it.  At  any  rate  it  gives  an 
idea  of  the  type  of  hound  of  that  day. 

This  picture,  as  also  the  pictures  of  two  of  his 
horses.  Captain  Rock  and  The  Barber,  are  in  the 
possession  of  Captain  Haworth's  daughter.  Lady 
Mary  Leslie,  who  tells  a  quaint  story  of  The  Barber. 
It  seems  that  on  their  long  journeys  home  after 
hunting,  master  and  man  would  sometimes  stop  for 

1  Baily's  Hunting  Directory  gives  his  dates  as  master  of  the  H.H.  as 
J  844  to  1847.    It  should  be  1845  to  1847. 


CAPTAIN  MARTIN  E.  HAWORTH         69 

hurried  refreshment  at  the  door  of  some  inn.  On 
those  occasions,  whoever  was  riding  The  Barber  was 
obhged  to  dismount,  for  the  horse  would  never  stand 
still  and  allow  his  rider  to  drink  in  comfort.  One 
day,  Captain  Ha  worth  said  to  Clark  :  "  The  Barber 
will  never  allow  one  to  have  a  drink.  See  whether  he 
will  have  one  himself."  A  pewter  pot  of  suitable  size 
was  accordingly  offered  to  the  horse,  which  drank  the 
ale  with  avidity.  After  that,  it  was  found  that,  once 
he  had  had  his  quart,  he  was  quite  amenable  to  his 
rider  following  suit. 

The  picture  of  Captain  Rock  was  painted  just  out- 
side the  eastern  corner  of  Powderham  Park,  and 
shews  in  the  background  a  glimpse  of  the  estuary 
of  the  Exe,  with  Powderham  Church  on  the  left.  The 
hounds  appear  to  be  some  of  the  Devon  Harriers. 
The  quaint  little  terrier  in  the  foreground  was  a  great 
favourite  of  his  master's,  and,  when  the  latter  was 
mounted,  the  terrier  would  make  a  stepping-stone  of 
his  foot  to  spring  on  to  the  saddle. 

The  portrait  of  Captain  Ha  worth  is  from  a  little 
water-colour  sketch  made  by  his  sister  and  is  said  to 
be  an  excellent  likeness. 

Lady  Mary  Leslie  also  has  her  father's  horn.  It  is 
of  copper,  rather  shorter  and  with  less  bell  than  most 
of  the  horns  of  that  period,  though  not  as  short  or 
as  straight  as  the  generality  of  modern  horns.  Its 
tone  struck  me  as  particularly  sweet,  even  in  a 
London  flat ! 

After  giving  up  the  H.H.,  Haworth  became  a 
Queen's  Messenger.  He  has  many  an  interesting 
anecdote  and  many  a  thrilling  adventure  to  relate  in 
his  book  The  Silver  Greyhound ,  so  called  after  the 
badge  of  office  peculiar  to  the  Service.  He  also  wrote 
another  book  :   Road  Scrapings,  which,  besides  shew- 


70  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

ing  his  knowledge  of  all  the  details  of  the  fascinating 
sport  of  coaching,  gives  a  delightful  glimpse  of  life 
on  the  road. 

Haworth's  whipper-in,  Tom  Clark,  afterwards 
became  huntsman  to  the  Craven,  under  Mr.  Ville- 
bois,  and,  later,  for  five  years  to  the  Old  Berkshire, 
under  Mr.  Morrell.  Then,  when  the  famous  Tubney 
pack  was  broken  up  and  the  eighth  Duke  of  Beaufort 
bought  eight  couple  for  four  hundred  guineas,  Clark 
went  with  them  to  Badminton  and  remained  as 
huntsman  to  the  Duke  for  ten  years,  often  hunting 
hounds  six  days  a  week.  He  had  the  character  of 
being  too  keen  upon  blood.  I  confess  I  never  knew 
a  huntsman  who  was  otherwise  ;  it  is  the  business  of 
the  M.F.H.  to  restrain  this  bloodthirstiness  within 
due  limits.  Of  Clark  the  Duke  of  Beaufort  said  ; 
*'  Clark  was  a  first-rate  man  in  the  kennel  and  good  in 
the  field.  But  he  was,  perhaps,  a  trifle  too  anxious 
to  get  away  for  a  gallop.  Nor  was  he  very  thorough 
in  drawing  his  coverts,  and  not  seldom  drew  over  his 
fox.  He  was  proverbially  a  bad  finder  of  foxes.  Once 
in  the  open,  he  was,  however,  in  his  element ;  he 
loved  to  shew  his  field  a  gallop,  and  could  be  with  his 
hounds  when  they  ran."^  Further  mention  of  Clark 
is  made  in  the  Hunting  Volume  of  the  Badminton 
Library. 

Clark  retired  in  1868  and  took  an  inn  at  Chipping 
Sodbury. 

'  The  Eighth  Duke  of  Beaufort  and  the  Badminton  Hunt,  by  T.  F.  Dale. 


THOMAS    V.  LANE 


To  face  page  71 


CHAPTER    V 

THOMAS  VEALE  LANE:    1845-49 

Kennels  at  Oaklands,  Chudleigh — His  own  hvintsman — Chiirchward  whipper- 
in — Marqms  of  Waterford  in  South  Devon  :  finds  his  match  in  Tom  Lane 
— Horses — Steeplechases  in  those  days  :  "  Vingt-et-un  " — "  For  the 
Honour  of  Devon  " — Personal  recollections — Name  "  Devon  Fox- 
hounds "  retained — First  mention  of  "  South  Devon  "  :  Herbert  BjTig 
Hall;  Fores' s  Guide  — "  Gelert "  :  the  country  "one  of  the  worst 
in  England  " — Sir  Henry  Scale's  Hounds — Name  "  South  Devon  " 
borrowed  by  another  pack — Extracts  from  Woolmer's  Exeter  and  Ply- 
mouth Gazette  :  "Notes  of  Sport";  hunt  dinner  —  Sir  Henry  Hoare — 
Lane's  talent  for  painting — Hound  Ust. 

"  Light-hearted  Tom  !    whose  kindly  tongue 
With  happy  joke  is  ever  hung  ; 
Than  he  no  hunter  tops  a  fence 
With  stronger  nerve  or  less  pretence  ; 
And  none  who  join  him  e'er  complain 
Of  dullness  in  a  Devon  lane." 

(Dartmoor  Days.) 

CAPTAIN  HA  WORTH  was  succeeded  in  the 
mastership  by  Mr.  Lane,  who  built  kennels  at 
the  farm,  now  called  Oaklands,  which  he  had  taken 
near  Chudleigh.  He  acted  as  his  own  huntsman  and 
had  for  whip  Churchward,  who,  later,  in  Mr.  Whid- 
borne's  first  mastership  became  huntsman  to  the 
pack. 

Mr.  Lane  had  the  reputation  of  being  an  excellent 
huntsman,  very  quick  and  quiet.  He  was  also  a 
light-weight  and  a  hard  rider.  When  the  famine 
stopped  hunting  in  Ireland  for  a  time,  the  celebrated 
Lord  Waterford  brought  some  of  his  crack  hunters 
down  to  South  Devon,  with  the  idea  that  he  would 
shew  the  natives  how  to  ride  over  their  own  country. 

71 


72  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

He  was  an  undeniably  good  man,  but  found  more 
than  his  match  in  Tom  Lane,  whom  he  could  never 
beat.  The  latter  had  some  good  horses,  and,  among 
them,  two  in  particular  which  he  bought  in  the  rough 
and  made  himself.  They  turned  out  excellent  per- 
formers, and  his  friend.  Captain  Haworth,  offered 
what,  in  those  days,  was  considered  a  fancy  price  for 
the  two.  But  Lane  would  not  part,  and  on  one  of 
them,  called  Vingt-et-un,  he  won  several  steeple- 
chases in  days  when  steeplechasing  was  far  different 
from  the  artificial  sport  it  is  to-day.  At  that  time 
not  a  fence  was  trimmed,  not  a  bank  made  up,  the 
course  being  a  natural  one.  Tom  Lane's  old  friend 
Sir  Walter  Carew  also  lent  him  one  or  two  of  his  best 
hunters  with  an  injunction  to  ride  his  best  "  for  the 
honour  of  Devon." 

Besides  being  a  hard  rider,  Mr.  Lane  was  a  fine 
horseman.  He  was  getting  on  in  years  when  I  saw 
him  in  the  hunting  field  in  the  early  'eighties,  some 
thirty  or  more  years  after  he  had  given  up  the  hounds. 
But  his  figure  was  as  neat  and  as  spare  as  that  of  a 
young  man ;  he  sat  his  horse  with  an  easy  firmness 
that  betokened  the  finished  horseman ;  and  he  had 
beautiful  hands. 

That  the  pack  officially  retained  the  name  "  The 
Devon  Foxhounds  "  throughout  Lane's  mastership 
is  clear  from  the  hound  list  for  his  last  season, 
1848-9,  which  will  be  found  at  the  end  of  this 
chapter,  and  this  is  confirmed,  if  confirmation  is 
necessary,  by  the  statement  of  his  daughters,  Mrs. 
Rudge  and  Mrs.  Rawes,  who  assure  me  that  he  never 
changed  that  title.  Nevertheless,  it  would  seem  to 
be  during  Mr.  Lane's  tenure  of  office  that  the  pack 
first  came  to  be  known  or  spoken  of,  popularly  at 
any  rate,  as  the  "  South  Devon."    This  is  shewn  by 


THOMAS  VEALE  LANE  73 

the  following  passage  from  a  book  published  in  the 
year  1849.^  After  treating  of  the  Eggesford  hounds, 
the  author  says  : 

"  The  South  Devon  hounds  come  next  in  succes- 
sion, that  is  as  regards  their  country,  inasmuch  as  we 
by  no  means  presume  to  give  our  opinions  .  .  . 
which  are  or  are  not  the  best  and  which  the  worst.  .  .  . 
But  as  regards  the  South  Devon  hounds,  they  are  a 
mixed  pack,  consisting  of  twenty-five  couple,  averag- 
ing from  twenty-one  to  twenty-two  inches  in  height, 
kept  by  subscription,  and  hunted,  from  all  accounts, 
admirably  by  Thomas  V.  Lane,  Esqre. ;  the  kennels 
are  at  Chudleigh  which  is  about  the  centre  of  the 
country,  which  extends  sixteen  miles  or  thereabouts 
on  all  sides  ;  they  hunt  twice  a  week,  on  Mondays  and 
Thursdays." 

A  few  pages  later,  the  same  writer,  speaking  of 
Mr.  Trelawny's  country,  says  : 

"  The  South  Devon  Railway  divides  the  country 
lengthways,  from  Plymouth  to  Totnes  by  Ivy  Bridge  ; 
Totnes  is  in  Sir  Henry  Scale's  country,  and  is  in  easy 
reach  of  the  Devon  Hounds.  ..." 

The  fact  of  the  writer  applying  to  the  pack  its 
former  as  well  as  its  present  name — Devon  as  well 
as  South  Devon — is  a  pretty  clear  indication  that 
the  transition  from  one  to  the  other  was  then  taking 
effect. 

Forests  Guide  to  the  Foxhounds  and  Staghounds  of 
England  (Gelert),  dated  1850  but  which  bears  internal 
evidence  of  having  been  compiled  in  anticipation  of 
the  season  1849-50,  also  speaks  of  the  pack  as  the 
South  Devon  : 

"  Sir  Henry  (Scale)  will  now  hunt  a  large  portion  of 
the  late  South  Devon  country,  resigned  by  Mr.  Lane." 

^  Exmoor  :  or,  the  Footsteps  oj  St.  Hubert  in  the  West  (Herbert  Byng  Hall). 


74  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

There  can  be  no  question,  then,  that  the  title 
"  South  Devon  "  dates  from  the  time  of  Tom  Lane. 
Its  origin  may  have  been  due  to  a  desire  to  dis- 
tinguish the  pack  from  the  "  North  Devon  "  which 
then  existed. 

In  "  Gelert's  "  Guide^  to  the  Foxhounds  and  Stag- 
hounds  of  England,  for  1849  (compiled  and  published 
in  1848)  the  favourite  fixtures  of  the  Devon  Hounds 
are  given  as  :  The  Round  O.  ;  Oxton  ;  Ogwell ; 
Sandy  Gate  ;  Haccombe  ;  Furzeley.  The  only  com- 
ment is  the  following  :  "  Mr.  Lane  is  unfortunate  in 
his  country,  it  being,  without  doubt,  one  of  the  worst 
in  England  "  ! 

While  on  the  subject  of  the  name  of  the  pack,  it 
may  not  be  amiss  to  mention  here  that  when,  as  will 
be  seen  in  the  next  chapter,  Sir  Henry  Scale  hunted 
the  country,  the  pack  went  by  his  name,  "  Sir  Henry 
Scale's  Hounds."  In  consequence  of  this,  the  name 
"  South  Devon  "  appears  to  have  been  then  assumed 
for  one  or  two  seasons  by  a  pack,  formerly  known  as 
"  Mr.  Morgan's  Hounds,  "^  hunting  a  district  which 
now  forms  part  of  the  Lamerton  country.  ^ 

It  is  unfortunate  that  no  record  of  the  sport  shewn 
by  Lane  appears  to  have  been  preserved.  So  far  as 
is  known,  he  kept  no  hunting  journal,  and  the  refer- 
ences to  the  pack  in  the  local  press  are  of  the  most 
meagre  description.  The  following  are  the  only  notes 
I  have  been  able  to  trace,  and  it  is  evident  that  in 
those  days  people  were  not  given  to  *'  writing  up  " 
their  particular  pack,  for  the  editor  of  Woolmer's 
Exeter  and  Plymouth  Gazette,  from  which  these  are 

^  This  guide  was  in  the  hands  of  the  public  in  1848.  It  is  identical  with 
Fores'a  Guide,  but  does  not  appear  to  have  been  published  by  Messrs. 
Fores  until  the  following  season. 

^  Fores' 8  Guide  for  1850,  p.  19. 

3  The  Foxhunter'a  Guide  for  1850-1  (Cecil),  pp.  57  and  189. 


THOMAS  VEALE  LANE  75 

taken,  made  an  appeal  to  sportsmen  about  that  time 
to  send  him  some  accounts  of  runs. 

Woolmer's  Exeter  and  Plymouth  Gazette,  Feb.  6,  1847. 

"  Thursday  28. — ^The  Devon  Hounds  at  the  New  Inn. — 
We  have  just  heard,  on  going  to  press,^  that  these  hounds 
had  a  good  run,  and  killed  their  fox,  at  Ingsden — weather 
gradually  improving. 

"The  Devon  Hounds  met  on  Thursday  last  week,  at  the 
New  Inn.  Found  a  fox  near  Bovey  Heathfield,  ran  him 
through  the  Stover  Covers  towards  Bradley,  where  he  was 
headed  ;  back  again  through  Stover,  and  away  to  Ingsden 
Warren,  where  the  gallant  hounds  ran  into  him  :  a  very 
good  hunting  run — weather  improving.  .  .  . 

"  Beal-nam-bo." 

*  Unfortunately  the  above  Report  did  not  reach  us  till  Saturday 
morning,  and  that  was  after  we  had  gone  to  press ;  but  the  "  Week's 
Epitome  "  of  Sport  is  too  well  told  to  be  lost. — Edit. 

Woolmer's  Exeter  and  Plymouth  Gazette,  March  13,  1847. 

FOXHUNTING    IN    THE    WEST. 

"  Thursday.  — The  Devon  Hounds  met  at  Goodstone  Gate ; 
found  instantly  in  Goodstone  Plantation,  going  away  at  a 
good  pace  to  Sigford,  running  through  Bagtor  Wood  on  to 
Bagtor  Plantation,  over  the  Moor,  leaving  Rippingtor  to  the 
left,  on  to  Haytor  Down  to  Haytor  Rock,  thence  over  that 
fine  part  of  the  Widdicombe  Moors  to  Bun  Hill  and  Honey 
Bank,  when  it  was  thought  he  went  to  ground.  The  dinner 
on  this  day,  at  the  Golden  Lion,  Ashburton,  was  attended 
by  a  very  large  party  of  sportsmen,  Sir  Bourchier  Wrey,  Bart., 
in  the  chair,  when  the  toasts  of  '  Success  to  Foxhunting,' 
'  Long  life  to  the  Chairman  '  and  '  Preservers  of  Foxes  in 
this  county,'  were  responded  to  with  many  a  hearty  cheer." 

Mr.  Lane  gave  up  the  pack  at  the  end  of  the  season 
1848-9.  His  eye  for  a  horse  appears  to  have  descended 
to  his  grandson,  Sir  Henry  Hoare,  Bart.,  who  is  often 
to  be  seen  judging  in  the  show  ring. 


76  THE    SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Mr.  Lane  was  a  clever  painter  in  oils.  Among  other 
pictures  of  his  are  two  copies  of  the  original  painting 
at  Haccombe  of  Sir  Walter  Carew's  Hounds  with  his 
huntsman  Beal.  One  of  these  is  in  the  possession  of 
his  daughter,  Mrs.  Rudge  at  Stede  Court,  Harriets- 
ham.  Mr.  "\Miidborne  had  the  other,  which  on  Miss 
^^^lidbome's  death  passed  to  the  Watts  family. 

Here  is  a  copy  of  the  Ust  of  Lane's  Hounds  before 
referred  to.  I  have  corrected  a  few  printer's  errors 
in  spelling  which  occur  in  the  original. 

LIST 

OF   THE    DEVON    FOX    HOUNDS, 
September  Ist,  1848. 


AGS. 

SAMH. 

5I2r. 

DAil. 

"   Years 

Nectar 
Halcvon 

Sir  A.  Chichester's 
Cra-wley  Veiliant 

Sir  W.  Carew's  Niobe 
Their  Hostess 

GYeera 

Triumph 

Abelard 

Flamer 

Henbane 

Pastime 

Crawlev  Tvrant 
Mr.  Ri:^il"5  Ardent 
Sir  W.  Care'R-'s  Brusher 
Mr.  Bulteels  Neptune 
Crawlev  Valentine 

Their  Stream  let 
Hi  .5  Legacv 
Mr.  Brand's  Fair  Maid 
Sir  W.  Carew's  Hebe 
Their  Prudence 

5  Years 

Ganymede 
Gondola 

Crawley  Gallant 

Their  Volatile 

Dowager 
Dairy  XfaiH 

1 
/ 

Crawley  Dandy 

Their  Hostess 

Susan 

Vangtiard 

Vestns 

Countess 

Frantic 

Surrev  Heretic 

Rijsse'll's  Blue  Cap 

Crawley  Diomed 

From  CoL  Wynd ham's  Kennel 

Surrey  Monitor 

Their  Splendour 
His  Vengeance 
Their  Venus 

Their  Frolic 

4  Years 

Waxy 

Commodore 

Dauntless 

DoDy  Mop 

Barrister 

Nobleman 

Nestor 

\ 

Mr.  Trelawny's  Nigel 
Duke  of  Beaufort '3  Charon 

From  the  Crawley  KenneU 

Mr.  Fellowes's  Triumph 

Mr.  Fellowes's  Roman 

Hi.s  Waspish 

Mr.  Trelawny's  Dorcas 

Sir  W.  Carew's  Brilliant 
Sir  W.  Carew's  Nimble 

Dreadnought 

Crawley  Dandy 

Blr.  Russell's  Vengeance 

THO>L\S  ^T-ILE  L.\XE 

LIST   OF   FOX    HOUNDS— <:t:n!-fc. 


3  Years 


Gad  Ac:- 

Dexter 

Domimci 

Deng' AS 
Wantcn 


Mr.  Trela^tnvr  VT 
itr.  Trelawny's  Z  ; 

Sir  W.  Care-w's  Wandaer 


I 
Yestris 


WhaZ-bm- 

J 

Music 

Mr.  FeiloTres  s  FoiloTrer 

Sir  W.  Ckrev's  A^irr 

Damsel 

Sir  W.  Care-s-'s  Wandefer 

HsBoe^nd 

Rattler 

;  Lord  Yarboroniyh  s  Pro£g^ 

Oatdey  Ccxnedv 

Bestkes 

HambiedcHi  Gallcper 

ThEtr 'Khspsodj 

2Yeais 

VnVan 

> 

YieteHv 

Sir.  Treiawnv's  Den  5^ 

Diseotd 

FlIglBIl 

\   Oakley  POgrim 

Mr.BmaeirsFaBM7 

lYew 

BotBpat 
HamBlwI 

Sir  W.  Carews  Xorrai 

&wMa 

Hairasaer 

/    Sir  W.  Care-T  3  Hannibal 

Halcym 

HimdMaid 

) 

HsmxRij 

J 

Pilot 

Sir  W.  Care-w  s  Trojan 

^^stone 

Faznoos 
Faronte 

1   "Seetcx 

FrsEtse 

Vengeance 

'■  Kestor 

Te~tn~ 

CHAPTER    VI 

SIR   HENRY   PAUL  SEALE,  BART.:    FIRST 
MASTERSHIP,   1849-51 

Reputation  as  M.F.H. — A  bitch  pack — Hunts  his  own  hounds — His  wonderful 
voice — Inconvenient  situation  of  kennels — His  idea  of  Devon  as  a  hunting 
country — Manages  Sir  W.  Carew's  hoiinds  for  a  season — Extracts  from 
unpublished  letters — Purchase  of  hounds  from  Mr.  Blundell  Fortescue — 
Country  hunted  :  part  loaned  from  Charles  Trelawny  ;  Curtisknowle  and 
Woodleigh  Woods — Claim  still  upheld — Extension  of  country — Favourite 
fixtures — Full  list  of  fixtures — Outlj-ing  country  :  kennels  overnight  at 
Dorsely,  Totnes — Mr.  R.  H.  Watson's  recollections — Memories  of  Sir 
H.  Seale — Sir  Henry  withdraws  to  his  old  country — Hound  list. 

"  Stout  were  his  hounds  and  fleet  his  steed, 
He  valued  them  for  bone  and  breed  ; 
And  rarely  failed  the  day  to  crown 
By  hunting  till  the  sun  went  down." 

{Dartmoor  Days.) 

SIR  HENRY  PAUL  SEALE  was  one  of  the 
most  celebrated  sportsmen  South  Devon  has 
produced.  His  father  kept  a  pack  of  harriers,  but 
Sir  Henry's  enthusiasm  for  liunting  led  him  to 
establish  a  pack  of  foxhounds,  with  which  he  hunted 
for  many  a  year,  shewing  remarkable  sport." 

So  rims  the  notice  that  appeared  in  the  Western 
Morning  News  at  the  time  of  Sir  Henry  Scale's  death 
in  1897.  Perhaps  the  expression  "  best  sportsman  " 
would  have  been  more  fitting  than  "  most  celebrated 
sportsman  "  ;  for  Sir  Henry  was  not  given  to  ostenta- 
tion or  self-advertisement.  His  enthusiasm  and 
success  as  a  master  of  hounds  are,  however,  well 
known,  even  to  a  generation  that  is  apt  to  neglect 

78 


SIR  HEXRY  PAUL  SEALE.  BART, 


To  fiice  page  78 


Sm  HEXRY  PAUL  SEALE,   BART.        79 

interest  in  past  sportsmen  of  an  even  comparatively 
recent  period. 

The  pack,  which  was  the  properb.-  of  the  master 
and  maintained  by  him,  consisted  of  bitches  only, 
averaging  about  twenty-one  inches,  and  went  by  the 
name  of  Sir  Henr^'  Seale's  Hounds.  A  hst,  dated 
1849,  comprising  twenty-four  couple  and  a  half, 
besides  puppies,  is  given  at  the  end  of  this  chapter. 

Sir  Hemy'  hunted  the  hounds  himseh'.  "  In 
addition  to  his  many  good  qualities  as  a  huntsman. 
Sir  Hemy-  has  a  fine,  manly  voice  and  uses  it  with 
thrilling  effect  when  he  has  just  found  his  fox  :  the 
echoes  in  the  deep  covers  of  Woodleigh  know  it  well. 
Foxes  are  wild,  but  lamentably  scarce ;  and  the 
country  is  veiy-  difficult  for  horses,  being  intersected 
by  deep  lanes  and  perpendicular  '  bottoms.'  The 
kennels  are  at  Dartmouth  where  Sir  Henry  hves.  and 
are  inconveniently  situated  for  the  countr\-,  beins  at 
one  end  of  it."i 

Sir  Henry's  wonderful  voice  is  a  tradition  in  South 
Devon.  It  used  to  be  said  that  it  was  worth  riding 
twent\"  miles  only  to  hear  him  draw  a  woodland. 

He  was  sensible,  too,  of  the  poetry  of  the  sport.  In 
an  article  on  Devonshire  hunting  reminiscences  in 
the  Wesiern  Morning  Xeics  of  a  few  vears  ago,  the 
writer,  after  speaking  of  Sir  Henry  as  a  perfect 
master  and  gentleman  and  referring  to  his  beautiful 
voice,  quotes  the  following  passage  from  one  of  his 
letters  : 

"It  is  said  Devon  is  not  a  hunting  country- ;  but 
I  have  always  held  it  is  one  of  the  best  for  its  variety 
and  charming  scenei^-.  But  a  man  must  be  well 
mounted  and  able  to  ride." 

^  Fori.i'i  Guidi  for  ISo*?.  p.  li. 


80  THE    SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

We  have  seen^  that  Sir  Henry  Seale  had  the  entire 
management  of  Sir  Walter  Carew's  hounds  at 
Haccombe  during  the  season  1842-3,  at  which  time 
he  was  also  !Mayor  of  Dartmouth.  Sir  Henry's 
father,  Sir  John,  seems  at  first  not  to  have  looked 
upon  the  arrangement  with  unqualified  approval,  for 
Sir  Henry  says  in  one  of  the  letters  referred  to  in  an 
earlier  chapter  :^  "  My  father  enquires  about  the 
hunting,  and  seems  not  to  mind  it,  as  I  have  attended 
most  closely  to  the  duties  of  Mayor."  In  another 
letter  of  later  date  he  says  :  "  My  father  and  mother 
came  here  (Haccombe)  on  Wednesday  to  stay  a  day 
or  two,  and  I  hope  the  former  has  retm^ned  home 
with  a  httle  better  regard  for  foxliunting  than  he 
came  with.  I  mounted  him  on  my  little  mare,  in 
good  wind  and  condition  for  the  roads,  and  took  him 
on  above  the  hounds  so  that  he  could  see  them  find 
(as  they  did  in  good  style).  .  .  ." 

After  stating  that  at  a  certain  point  in  the  middle 
of  the  run,  "  AMio  should  appear,  but  my  father,  in 
the  very  heat  of  it  ?  He  had  seen  the  fox  cross  the 
road  .  .  ."  he  concludes  with  the  remark  :  "  I  do 
think  my  father  would  get  on  as  well  as  most  of  the 
field  now  ;  he  was  delighted  with  the  run  and  the 
hounds.  .  .  .  Templer  dined  here  afterwards.  I 
\sish  you  had  been  here  to  hear  the  old  chap  talk 
over  wonderful  runs  in  former  days." 

From  the  quotation  at  the  beginning  of  this 
chapter,  it  appears  that  Sir  John  Seale  himself  kept 
a  pack  of  harriers. 

It  was  when  Sir  Walter  Carew  gave  up  his  hounds 
in  1843  that  Sir  Henry  Seale  first  started  keeping 
a  pack  of  his  o\^-n.  He  purchased  a  remarkably  neat 
lot  of  small  hounds  from  Mr.  Blundell  Fortescue  of 

1  See  p.  43. 


SIR  HENRY  PAUL  SEALE,   BART.         81 

Fallapit  and  hunted  after  him,  the  country  south- 
west of  Stanborough  Hill,^  and  also  that  between 
Stanborough  and  the  River  Dart.  A  part  of  this 
country  belonged  to  the  Dartmoor,  and  Mi'.  R.  H. 
Watson  of  Totnes  tells  me  that  leave  to  hunt  it  was 
given  to  Mr.  Fortescue  by  Charles  Trela-s^Tiy.  The 
part  in  question  seems  to  have  been  the  Cm-tisknowle 
coverts  and  Woodleigh  Woods,  a  request  to  hunt 
which  was  made  to  Mr.  Trelawny  by  Sir  Henry  Scale 
in  a  letter  dated  the  12th  August,  1846,  which  is 
preserved  among  the  records  of  the  Dartmoor  Hunt, 
and  on  which  that  hunt  still  bases  its  claim  to  the 
above-named  coverts. 

On  the  retirement  of  Mr.  Lane  at  the  end  of  the 
season  184S-9,  Sir  Henry  Scale  extended  the  field  of 
his  operations  in  a  northerly  direction  and  became 
master  of  the  Devon  Hounds,  or  South  Devon  as  they 
were  beginning  to  be  called,  in  addition  to  what  he 
had  been  hunting  before.  Accordingly,  we  read  that 
*'  Sir  Henry  will  now  hunt  a  large  portion  of 
the  late  South  Devon  countrv  resigned  bv  Mr. 
Lane  "  ;-  and  the  same  authoritv  gives  amonor 
a  list  of  Sir  H.  Scale's  favourite  fixtures  :  Berry, 
Stover  Lodge,  Dartington  Cot,  Ogwell,  Sandy  Gate, 
Furzelev  and  Haccombe — all  remilar  South  Devon 
fixtures.  3 

For  the  following  season,  1850-1,  '*  Cecil  '"  gives 
the  undermentioned  fixtures,  which  purport  to  be 
taken  from  the  hunting  appointments  for  the 
previous  year,  as  Sir  Henry  Scale's,  by  which  name 
the  pack  continued  to  be  called.^ 

*  Forte's  Guide,  p.  18. 

*  Fores's  Guide  tor  1850  (compiled  for  the  season  184&-o0,  see  p.  73). 
^  See  pp.  36  and  63. 

*  See  Hoiind  List  at  end  of  chapter,  also  The  Fozhuntefe  Guide  for 
1850-1,  by  "  CecU.'' 

G 


82  THE  SOUTH  DEVOX  HUNT 

Berr\\  Glaze  Gate,  3  miles  from  Totnes. 

Black  Down,  near  Loddiswell,  4  miles  from  Mod- 

bm-y. 
Bow  Bridge,  3  miles  from  Totnes. 
Bradley,  near  Xe'v^iion  Bushell. 
Capton,  4  miles  from  Dartmouth. 
Coleridge,  Slapton,  4  miles  from  Kingsbridge. 
Cott  Village,  1  mile  from  Totnes. 
Fallowpit,  4  miles  from  Kingsbridge. 
Forcher's  or  Forger's  Cross,  2  miles  from  Xe^^-ton 

Bushell. 
Furzeley,  Ih  miles  from  Ashbui'ton. 
Gara  or  Gerah  Bridge,  5  miles  from  Modbury. 
Glaize  Bridge,  5  miles  from  Totnes. 
Harberton  Ford,  3  miles  from  Totnes. 
Hembur\'  Clump,  2  J  miles  from  Ashburton. 
Holne  Cot,  3  miles  from  Ashbm-ton. 
Moreleigh  Toll  Bar,  6  miles  from  Totnes. 
X'ew  Bridge,  Ih  miles  from  Ashbiuton. 
New  Inn,  Ilsington,  5  miles  from  Ashburton. 
X'orton  Daney,  Ih  miles  from  Dartmouth. 
Ogwell,  2  miles  from  X'ewton  Bushell. 
Rulster  or  Roster  Bridge,  3h  miles  from  Totnes. 
Slapton  Green,  6J  miles  from  Ashbm'ton. 
Spitchwick,  4  miles  from  Ashburton. 
Stanborough,  7^  miles  from  Dartmouth. 
Staverton  Bridge,  3  miles  from  Totnes. 
Tor-bryan,  4  miles  from  Xewton  Bushell. 
Wiiddon,  2J  miles  from  X'^ewton  Bushell. 

Sir  Henry  Seale  hunted  this  extended  country 
during  the  two  seasons  1849-50  and  1850-1.  As  will 
hereafter  be  seen,  he  came  a  second  time  to  the  rescue 
of  the  South  Devon  a  few  years  later.  In  the  interval, 
he  continued  to  hunt  the  countrv  he  first  started  in. 


SIR  HEXRY  PAUL  SEALE,  BART.         83 

Some  of  the  places  mentioned,  e.g.  Holne,  Hembury 
and  Xew  Bridge,  were  too  far  to  be  reached  from 
the  Dartmouth  kennels,  and,  when  meeting  at  such, 
the  pack  went  overnight  to  Dorsely,  near  Totnes, 
where  they  were  kennelled  for  that  and  the  night 
after  hunting  in  a  barn  beloncrincr  to  Mr.  R.  H. 
"Watson.  I  have  already  mentioned  this  gentleman's 
name  in  a  casual  way.  He  has  been  a  keen  hunting 
man  all  his  long  life,  ha^-ing  hunted  with  the  Old 
Berks,  the  Bicester,  the  V.W.H.,  the  X.  Warwick- 
shire, the  P\i:chley,  the  Badminton  and  other  good 
packs,  besides  a  great  deal  in  Devon.  And  as  his 
first  day  with  hounds  was  as  long  ago  as  1837,  with 
J.  C.  Bulteel,  he  has  had  time  to  fit  in  more  sport 
than  falls  to  the  share  of  most  men.  Though  born  in 
1826.  and  therefore  in  the  90th  vear  of  his  acre,  he  is 
still  as  active  in  body  and  as  clear  in  mind  as  a  man 
of  sixty,  but  he  no  longer  hunts. 

Mr.  Watson  says  :  *'  It  was  always  a  great  treat  to 
hear  Sir  Henr\"'s  fine  voice  in  drawing  the  coverts, 
and  his  horn  was  a  noted  one.  No  day  was  too  long 
for  him.  I  have  left  off  with  him  by  moonhght  at 
Spitchwick — fox  to  the  rocks.  Up  to  the  date  of  his 
selling  Mount  Boone  and  other  lands,  he  hunted  two 
days  a  week.  He  told  me  that,  had  he  known  he 
should  have  had  so  much  money  left  after  the  sale,  he 
would  never  have  given  up  his  hounds." 

The  last  observation,  however,  has  reference  to  the 
period  of  Sir  Henry's  second  mastership. 

AMien  Mr.  Wiidborne  took  the  South  Devon,  in 
1851,  Sir  Henry  withdrew  to  the  country  below 
Totnes,  which  he  continued  to  hunt. 


84 


THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 


LIST 

OF  SIR  HENRY  P.  SEALE'S  FOX-HOUNDS, 

April,  1849. 


AGE. 

NAME. 

SIRE. 

DAM. 

8  Years 

Wishful 

Oakley  Workman 

Oakley  Diligent 

Anxious 

Mr.  Bui  tee) 's  \Miirligig 

Sir  W.  Carew's  Actress 

Wanton 

Mr.  Parry's  Workman 

His  Flattery 

7  Years 

Tipsy 

Sir  J.  Cope's  Tospot 

His  Arrogant 

Crony 

Mr.  L.  Steer's  Auditor 

His  Chantress 

Restless 

Surrey  Jester 

Siu-rey  Rivulet 

Glory 

Mr.  Bulteel's  Ravisher 

Sir  W.  Carew's  Governess 

NeUy 

Sir  A.  Chichester's 

Sir  W.  Carew's  Niobe 

Amazon 

Sir  W.  Ceirew's  Barrister 

His  Actress 

5  Years 

Trinket 

Oakley  W^arrior 

Their  Columbine 

Fugitive 

Mr.  Fortescue's  Brusher 

Mr.  Brand's  Fairmaid 

Humorous 

Mr.  Fortescue's  Barrister 

His  Hoebe 

Rapsody 

Sir  R.  Sutton's  Joker 

Lord  Southampton's  Rapid 

Wanton 

Sir  W.  Carew's 

His  WTialebone 

Frolic                 "\ 
Rosebud            / 

Warwickshire  Tarquin 

Wanderer 

Heythrop 

4  Years 

Riot 

Mr.  Fellowes' 

Tiverton 

3  Years 

Blemish 

Sir  W.  Carew's  Abel 

His  Bounty 

Baroness 

Mr.  Fellowes'  Triumph 

Sir  W.  Carew's  Brilliant 

Concord 

Mr.  A.  Smith's  Royalist 

His  Chaplet 

Delicate 

Oakley  Ferryman 

Oakley  Delicate 

Dinah 

Oakley  Ferrjonan 

Oakley  Dinah 

Hemlock 

Mr.  Russell's  Vaulter 

Vine  Victory 

Proserpine 

Duke  Rutland's  PItmder 

Heythrop  Pastime 

Mercury            ) 
Minstrel            j 

Mr.  Russell's  Vaulter 

Mr.  Toat's  Victory 

Caroline 

Mr.  Trelawney's 

2  Years 

Spangle 
Frantic               | 

Oakley  Shiner 

Their  Frantic 

Fairmaid           \ 

Mr.  Drake's  Fugleman 

Mr.  Lowndes'  Folly 

Fathful              j 

Nimble              \ 
Nancy               j 

1  Nerval 

Sir  W.  Carew's  Nancy 

Tragedy             \ 
Telltale             / 

'  Sir  W.  Cswew's  Wanderer 

Quom  Tragedy 

SIR  HENRY  PAUL  SEALE,  BART.        85 


AGE. 

NAME. 

SIRE. 

DAM. 

2  Years 

Gaylass 

Duke  of  Buccleugh's 

Welcome 

Mr.  Trelawney's  Douglas 

Oakley  Welcome 

Trackless 

Mr.  A.  Smith's  Trackless 

His  Fashion 

Achmet             \ 

Actress               I 

Mr.  Bulteel's  Norval 

Sir  W.  Carew's  Angry 

Ariel 

Truelove 

Duke  of  Rutland's  Tamerlain 

Mr.  Lowndes'  Termagant 

1  Year 

Rosalind 

Mr.  RusseU's  Vaulter 

Duke  of  Rutland's 

Rosalind 

Rattlesnake 

Riot 

Mr.  Fellowes'  Trifle 

Dreadnought 

Lord  Waterford's  Drayman 

Crawley  and  Horsham 

Charmer 

Streamlet 

Her  Majesty's  Stag  Hounds 

Pastime 

Oakley  Warrior 

Mr.  Lowndes'  Patience 

Bomity 

Warwickshire  Benedict 

Warwickshire  Purity 

UNENTERED. 


Julia 

Gamble 

Dowager 

Favorite 

Rocket 

Harmony 

Harmless 


Mr.  Fellowes'  Joker 

Mr.  Drake's  Gainsborough 

Lord  Redesdale's  Agent 

Oakley  Factor 

Mr.  Drake's  Fugleman 

Warwickshire  Hannibal 


Rapsody 

Warwickshire  Rally 

do.  Dauntless 

do.  Priestess 

do.  Rachel 


do. 


Bluebell 


(CRANFORD    TYP.) 


CHAPTER    VII 

JOHN  WHIDBORNE:   FIRST  MASTERSHIP   1851-56 

Piirchase  of  hounds  from  Sir  Henry  Seale  —  Limits  of  country  defined  by 
Whidbome  in  a  letter  to  Dr.  Gaye  :  from  the  Exe  to  the  Dart  and  from 
Exeter  to  Totnes — Business  occupations — Previously  master  of  harriers — 
Kennels  at  Buddleford,  Teignmouth — Churchward  and  Babbage — The 
pack  called  the  "  South  Devon  " — Extent  and  varied  character  of  country 
— A  long  chase — Visits  North  Devon  :  quaint  accoimt  of  a  rvm — Mr. 
Whidbome's  retirement  :   a  presentation. 

"  They  talked  of  dangers  past  and  days  to  come  ; 
And,  as  around  the  mantling  claret  passed. 
Drank  to  new  joys  more  rapturous  than  the  last." 

(A  Day  at  Ashbury.    By  Geo.  Templer.) 

IT  was  in  the  year  1851  that  Mr.  Whidborne  took 
over  the  mastership  of  the  South  Devon  Hounds, ^ 
the  greater  part  of  his  pack  consisting  of  hounds 
purchased  from  his  predecessor,  Sir  Henry  Seale. 

The  country  then  forming  the  South  Devon 
country  was  thus  defined  by  Mr.  Whidborne  -^ 
"  Throughout  my  first  term  of  mastership  I  always 
considered  that  the  South  Devon  country  embraced 
the  whole  tract  between  the  rivers  Exe  and  Dart, 
from  Exeter  to  Totnes,  and  running  north-westward 
in  the  direction  of  and  out  over  Dartmoor  to,  at 
least,  the  main  road  leading  from  Two  Bridges  to 
Moretonhampstead,  Dunsford  and  Exeter ;  and  I 
believe  that  it  in  fact  extended  far  beyond  that  road, 
as  there  was  no  other  established  pack  of  foxhounds 
hunting  any  part  of  that  country  ;    and  until  Mr. 

J  Letter  from  Mr.  Whidbome  to  Dr.  Gaye,  dated  7th  April,  1-S90. 

86 


JOHN  WHIDBORNE 


To  face  page  86 


JOHN  ^^'HrDBORXE  87 

Bragg  began  to  keep  foxhounds  a  few  years  ago  and 
laid  claim  to  part  of  the  coiintr\*,  I  never  heard  any- 
thing inconsistent  with  the  whole  of  the  district  I 
have  named  being  South  Devon  countiy-." 

At  the  time  when  ^Mlidbo^ne  began  to  hunt  the 
country*  he  was  a  solicitor  in  practice  at  Teignmouth 
in  partnership  with  my  grandfather  and  father.  He 
was  also  a  partner  in  the  banking  firm  of  Watts, 
"\Miidbome  and  Moir..  and  he  had  married  a  sister  of 
the  senior  partner,  Mr.  William  John  Watts,  of 
Xewton  Abbot.  The  head  ofi&ce  of  the  bank  was  at 
Teignmouth,  and  there  were  branches  at  Xewton 
Abbot,  DawUsh  and  Ashburton,  from  all  of  which  it 
wiU  be  realized  that  Mr.  ^^^lidbome  was  a  pretty' 
busy  man. 

Previous  to  taking  over  the  South  Devon  Fox- 
hounds, ^Miidbome  had  kept  harriers  at  Teignmouth, 
his  kennels  being  at  Buddleford  Farm,  about  a  mile 
and  a  half  outside  the  town  below  the  road  over 
Haldon  to  Exeter.  These  kennels  he  afterwards 
used  for  the  South  Devon  Hounds. 

Churchward,  who  had  been  with  Mr.  Lane,  was  his 
huntsman,  and  Babbage  liis  whip.  This  Babbage, 
I  beheve,  was  the  same  Babbage  who  in  later  vears 
was  with  the  Rev.  Jack  RusseU. 

The  pack  was  now  caUed  The  South  Devon,  and 
the  hunting  appointments  were  advertised  under 
that  title,  sometimes  with,  and  sometimes  without, 
the  addition  (in  brackets)  of  "'  Mr.  "SMiidborne's." 

As  will  be  seen  from  the  boundaries  above  stated, 
the  countrv  was  of  great  extent.  It  also  varied 
greatly  in  character,  comprising  large  woodlands, 
cultivated  land — chiefly  arable  in  those  days — and 
open  moorland. 

The    following    is    an    outhne    gathered    from    an 


88  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

account  of  a  good  day's  sport  on  the  4th  February, 
1854,  that  appeared  at  the  time  in  Trewman's  Exeter 
Flying  Post. 

The  pack  met  at  Powderham  Arch  and  drew 
Powderham,  Warborough  and  Kenton  Common 
blank.  In  Mamhead  a  fox  was  found  and  killed  with 
a  gin  on  his  foot.  It  was  then  two  o'clock  and  raining 
hard.  The  field  began  to  grumble  :  it  is  a  way  fields 
have  when  things  go  like  that,  but  it  does  not  help 
much  in  mending  matters.  The  master  was  not  out, 
but  Churchward  persevered  steadily,  and  in  the  Hang 
of  Haldon,  at  the  back  of  Oxton,  he  hit  the  line  of  a 
moved  fox  which  took  the  pack  in  the  direction  of  the 
Round  O.  Then  a  holloa  from  that  good  friend  to 
hunting,  Mr.  Short  of  Bickham,  put  the  hounds  on 
terms  with  their  fox,  which  skirted  Bickham  and 
entered  the  Round  O.  Here  a  brace  was  afoot,  and 
the  pack  divided.  Nine  couple  went  away  with  one 
fox  over  the  racecourse,  crossed  the  Plymouth  road 
some  way  below  the  Race  Stand,  and  on  to  the 
Belvidere  and  Haldon  House,  where  they  dwelt  for 
some  time  in  the  coverts.  During  this  time  the 
huntsman,  with  the  rest  of  the  pack,  raced  the  other 
fox  through  Bickham  and  Trehill  to  Kenn  and 
Powderham,  to  a  drain,  whence  he  was  bolted  and 
killed.  Meanwhile  the  first  lot  recovered  the  line  of 
their  fox,  and,  followed  by  eight  of  the  field,  ran  him 
to  Shillingford  and  Peamore,  back  through  Shilling- 
ford  over  Squire  Whippel's  farm  and  once  more  to 
Peamore,  where  the  earths  were  stopped.  Then,  with 
Fretful,  Rattler,  Waggish  and  Rosslyn  leading,  they 
went  at  a  great  pace  by  Little  Silver  coverts  to 
Pearce's  Hill  and  nearly  to  Exminster,  by  Mr. 
Burrington's  farmyard  to  Crablake  Farm,  and  turn- 
ing righthanded  to  No  Man's  Land,  and  over  Soper's 


JOHN  WHIDBORNE  89 

and  Rowe's  farms,  ran  into  their  fox  in  the  open  at 
the  back  of  Kennford  village.  Only  one,  the  writer 
of  the  account,  saw  the  find  and  finish. 

Like  other  masters,  Whidborne  used  occasionally 
to  take  his  hounds  into  North  Devon  by  invitation. 
That  they  could  acquit  themselves  as  well  in  a 
strange  country  as  at  home,  is  shewn  by  the  account 
which  I  reproduce  from  a  faded  manuscript  which  I 
had  from  Miss  Whidborne,  the  master's  only  child. 
The  composition  is  sufficiently  quaint  to  justify  my 
giving  the  report  verbatim. 

"  An  account  of  a  memorable  run  with  Squire  Whidborne's 
Foxhounds  in  the  year  1854,  by  one  who  was  in  a  forward 
position. 

"  The  day  was  fine,  the  temperature  at  40°,  the  spirits  were 
high  and  Diana  propitious.  Unkennelled  from  a  small  patch 
of  gorse  in  the  parish  of  Withypoole.  There  was  no  room 
for  the  varmint  to  dwell.  He  was  off  instanter.  Though  one 
of  the  greyhound  foxes  and  of  the  indigenous  sort,  he  did  not 
presume  on  his  strength,  but  started  for  his  life.  The  field 
was  on  the  qui  vive,  and  emulated  each  other  in  the  pursuit. 
On  !  on  !  on  !  was  the  cry  at  a  rattling  pace  over  Exford 
Common,  Peckedstone  Honeymead  on  to  Simonsbath.  Here 
the  varmint  crossed  the  Barle  at  a  right  angle  to  Cornham. 
This  was  his  furthest  point  from  home.  From  Cornham  to 
Darleigh,  Sandyway  over  Hawkridge  Common  to  Hawk- 
ridge  Parsonage  Farm.  Here  an  amusing  episode  took  place 
denoting  the  impulse  of  the  animal  and  human  nature.  A  colt, 
just  one  and  a  half  year  old,  of  the  old  pack  breed,  joined 
the  hounds,  jumped  the  fence  with  the  leaders  into  Nortli 
Barton  Wood,  dashed  through  the  Barle  river,  and  up  over 
Par  Wood  to  Winsford  Common.  Here  his  master  by  a 
circuitous  route  caught  sight  of  his  colt  who  was  going  at  full 
speed  and  the  greatest  excitement  in  the  middle  of  the  pack. 
A  stentorian  cry  issued  from  the  master's  mouth,  '  Do'ee 
plase,  do'ee  plase,  stop  the  yearling.'  On  the  heedless 
animal  went,  regardless  of  his  master's  cries,  through  heather 


90  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

and  brake,  water  and  fences  till  he  came  to  a  wall  of  packed 
stones.  Here  is  a  hunting  gate  through  which  the  field 
passed  and  shut ;  cutting  off  young  Nimrod's  career.  There 
he  slept  in  a  sorrowful  mood  that  night.  We  have  been  off 
the  scent ;  let  us  cast  back.  The  run  continued  over  Wins- 
ford  Hill,  Room  Hill  on  to  the  Gorse  where  Reynard  was 
found.  We  all  looked  forward  with  anxious  expectation  for 
the  woo-whoop  ;  men  and  horses  were  blown  and  longed  for 
a  respite,  when  a  tally  was  heard  towards  the  moor.  We 
eyed  each  other  with  astonishment.  We  had  no  time  to 
recruit  the  respiratory  organs,  but  screwed  up  our  nerves, 
urged  on  our  steeds,  and  went  at  it  again.  A  good  deal  of  the 
second  round  was  over  the  same  ground,  but  within  the  first 
circle.  The  pace  was  slower.  All  began  to  lag,  hounds, 
horses,  riders.  The  stamina  had  ebbed.  The  plucky  varmint 
pursued  the  even  tenor  of  his  course  with  draggled  brush 
back  over  Hawkridge  Common  to  Worth  Farm.  Here  he 
was  viewed  in  an  exhausted  condition  and  in  company  with 
two  of  the  leading  hounds  by  farmer  Heyes  who  went  at  him 
with  bisgey  in  hand,  when  Reynard  crawled  up  one  of  the 
high  beech  hedges  and  disappeared  like  a  witch  of  old.  It 
only  wanted  the  kill  to  make  it  one  of  the  best  runs  on 
record.  The  first  round  was  about  18  miles. 
The  second  14       ,, 

32        „ 

After  that,  one  can  understand  that  the  respiratory 
organs  should  want  recruiting  ! 

At  the  end  of  the  season  1855-6,  Mr.  Whidborne 
retired,  his  hounds  going  again  to  Sir  Henry  Scale. 
On  his  retirement,  he  was  presented  with  a  silver 
hunting-horn  by  two  of  his  admirers,  Mr.  T.  Bowen 
May  and  Mr.  R.  Harris.  As  we  shall  see,  however,  in 
a  later  chapter  of  the  history  of  the  hunt,  he  was 
destined  again  to  wear  the  master's  cap  of  office  after 
the  lapse  of  twenty-six  years. 


CHAPTER    VIII 

SIR   HENRY   PAUL  SEALE,   BART.:    SECOND 
MASTERSHIP,   1856-6.5 

Again  extends  country  to  include  South  Devon — Actually  master  of  the 
South  Devon — The  Field  quoted — The  late  Mr.  R.  F.  Rendell's  accovmt 
of  a  great  run  :  "  The  Conqueror  "  conquered — Dick  Tucker  and  liis  covrs 
— Story  of  Mr.  T.  C.  Kellock — A  latter-day  hiint  in  Sir  Henry's  old  country 
— Powers  as  hvmtsman — Withdraws  to  his  old  coimtry — Sixteen  times 
Mayor  of  Dartmouth — His  great  age — Revival  of  hunting  in  his  old 
country — Mr.  Cubitt  at  Fallapit — Pack  known  as  "  Mr.  CXibitt's  Hotmds  " 
— Mr.  W.  F.  Brimskill  starts  a  new  pack — His  good  intentions  frustrated — 
Hound  sale  at  Totnes — Purchases  by  jNIr.  Whidbome  for  the  South  Devon. 

"  '  Buller  of  Dean,  give  me  the  head  ; 
You  take  the  brush,'  Trelawny  said  ; 
'  Go  bear  it  to  your  infant  boy, 
And  deck  his  cradle  with  the  toy.'  " 

{Dartmoor  Days.) 

ON  Mr.  \ATiidborne's  resignation  at  the  end  of 
the  season  1855-6,  Sir  Henry  Scale  bought  his 
hounds  and  again  extended  his  own  country  to 
include  what  then  constituted  the  South  Devon 
country,  or  at  any  rate  a  considerable  portion  of  it. 
As  far  as  can  be  judged  (he  w^as  very  irregular  in 
sending  his  appointments  to  the  Field),  he  did  not 
very  often  hunt  the  country  above  Totnes.  Still, 
though  the  pack  retained  his  name,  he  was  actually 
and  of  right  the  master  of  the  South  Devon  country, 
no  other  master  appearing  until  1865,  when  Mr. 
Westlake  came  into  office.  In  the  Field  of  January 
9th,  1864,  Sir  Henry  Scale's  hounds  are  advertised 
to  meet  at  Berry,  and  in  the  same  issue  of  that  paper 

91 


92  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

appears  an  account  of  a  run  with  "  The  South  Devon 
(Sir  Henry  Scale's)." 

It  is  most  unfortunate  that,  though  a  record  of  Sir 
Henry's  hunting  career  is  known  to  exist,  it  cannot 
at  the  present  time  be  found. 

The  late  Mr.  Robert  Francis  Rendell  of  Kingston 
kindly  supplied  me  with  the  following  account  of  a 
memorable  run  that  took  place  in  the  month  of  April 
in  or  about  the  year  1862.  Mr.  Rendell  was  then 
living  at  Willing,  where  he  went  in  1859,  and  his 
recollection  is  that  the  run  in  question  took  place 
two  or  three  years  after  he  went  there. 

Having  drawn  all  the  Dartington  coverts  blank 
after  meeting  at  Shinners  Bridge,  a  brace  of  foxes 
were  disturbed  in  Winnard's  Copse  in  the  late  after- 
noon. The  pack  got  away  on  the  line  of  the  dog  fox 
and  raced  him  to  Willing  Copse  and  across  Willing 
Farm,  where  Mr.  Rendell  viewed  him  scarcely  two 
hundred  yards  in  front  of  the  pack.  He  says  that 
never,  before  or  since,  has  he  seen  such  a  grand  fox. 
The  hounds  ran  on  to  Marley  unattended,  the  pace 
having  beaten  off  the  whole  field.  Here  Anning,  Sir 
Walter  Carew's  keeper,  set  off  in  pursuit  on  his  pony 
and,  thanks  to  his  knowledge  of  the  country  and  of 
the  run  of  foxes,  managed  to  cut  in  with  the  tail 
hounds  on  the  moor.  The  fox  went  over  Brent  Hill 
to  Over  Brent  Wood,  on  to  Shipley  Bridge  and  right 
out  over  Zeal  Plain  to  the  top  and  was  killed  at 
Erme  Pound.  Anning  found  the  hounds  lying  down 
around  the  fox  unbroken.  He  carried  him  back  to 
Marley  in  front  of  his  saddle  and  sent  the  brush  to 
Mr.  Tom  Carew.  This  same  fox  had  been  run  several 
times  by  Trelawny's  hounds,  and,  by  always  beating 
them,  had  earned  the  sobriquet  of  ''  the  Conqueror." 

Another  story,  the  truth  of  which  is  also  vouched 


SIR  HENRY  PAUL  SEALE,  BART.         93 

for,  tells  how,  when  the  master  was  casting  his 
hounds  at  a  check,  the  late  Mr.  T.  C.  Kellock  of 
Totnes  (whose  sons  are  to  be  seen  among  the  field 
to-day)  called  out  :  "  He  has  gone  this  way."  "  How 
do  you  know  ?  "  exclaimed  the  astonished  master. 
*'  /  can  smell  him,  Sir  Henry  !  "  came  the  answer, 
and,  sure  enough,  he  was  right.  At  the  next  check, 
the  master  turned  in  his  saddle  with  the  remark  : 
"  Where  is  Kellock  ?    Send  for  Kellock  !  " 

It  has  been  stated,  in  the  chapter  dealing  with  his 
first  mastership,  that  no  day  was  too  long  for  Sir 
Henry.  The  same  cannot  apparently  be  said  of  Dick 
Tucker,  who  at  one  time  whipped-in  to  him.  People 
were  then  less  fastidious  than  they  are  nowadays, 
and  Tucker  used  to  employ  the  intervals  between  his 
duties  in  field  and  kennel  with  other  work,  which 
included  the  milking  of  cows.  The  story  goes  that 
one  day,  in  the  Berry  country,  after  drawing  blank 
until  nearly  four  o'clock,  the  hounds  at  last  hit  a  cold 
line  from  Tunner's  Bottom  and,  when  pointing  in  the 
direction  of  Wildwoods,  they  began  to  freshen  up  a 
bit.  They  were  promptly  stopped  by  old  Tucker. 
One  of  the  long-suffering  field,  seeing  his  last  fond 
hopes  shattered  in  this  way,  rode  up  and  exclaimed  : 
*'  Why,  Tucker,  if  you  had  left  the  hounds  alone,  we 
should  have  found  that  fox  at  Wildwoods."  "  Oh  ! 
Yes,"  was  the  old  man's  answer,  "  hut  what  time 
should  I  have  milked  my  cows  ?  " 

During  this.  Sir  Henry's  second  mastership,  the 
Field  gives  the  strength  of  the  pack  at  twenty-eight 
couple,  and  his  whips  as  the  aforesaid  Dick  Tucker 
and  George  Wakeham. 

It  may  not  be  amiss  to  allude  in  this  place  to  the 
occasion,  a  quarter  of  a  century  after  Sir  Henry  had 
given  up  his  hounds,  when  the  South  Devon,  under 


94  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

the  mastership  of  Dr.  Gaye,  met  at  Norton  Park,  Sir 
Henry's  seat  at  Dartmouth,  on  or  about  the  5th 
December,  1889,  a  report  of  which  appeared  in  the 
local  press  at  the  time.  The  master  was  the  guest  of 
Sir  Henry  overnight,  and  he  also  put  up  the  pack  and 
the  hunt  servants  and  entertained  the  field  at  break- 
fast the  next  morning. 

Lord's  Wood  was  drawn  blank,  and  so  were  the 
coverts  by  Old  Mill.  The  pack  then  went  to 
Downton  Wood,  a  noted  find  in  the  old  days,  accord- 
ing to  old  Dick  Crocker,  at  one  time  huntsman  to 
Mr.  Charles  Trelawny.  He  had  formerly  whipped 
in  to  Sir  Henry  Scale  and  was  out  on  this  occa- 
sion. 

Here,  in  Downton  Wood,  a  brace  were  found,  and 
the  pack  ran  one  to  Kingston  Broadridge,  to  Capton 
and  on  to  Hemborough,  where  he  looked  like  making 
for  North  Hills  Plantation,  the  property  of  Mr. 
Netherton,  of  harrier  fame,  who  was  one  of  the  field  ; 
but  the  fox  turned  short  and  ran  through  the  Norton 
coverts,  down  to  Old  Mill  and  on  to  Lord's  Wood, 
where  hounds  were  stopped,  as  they  were  so  far  from 
kennel  and  the  day  was  waning. 

The  newspaper  reporter,  in  his  account  of  the 
day's  proceedings,  says  :  "  Sir  Henry  accompanied 
us  on  horseback  nearly  the  whole  time."  He  was 
then  eighty-three  years  of  age,  and  one  can  imagine 
the  memories  which  such  a  day  must  have  conjured 
up  in  the  mind  of  the  veteran.    He  continues  : 

"  It  has  often  been  said,  by  those  who  had  the 
privilege  of  hunting  with  Sir  Henry,  that  his  musical 
cheer  to  hounds  when  drawing  a  covert,  was  worth 
riding  any  number  of  miles  to  hear  and  was  never 
forgotten  ;  and  that  very  few  men  could  ever,  when 
they  had  found  their  fox,  get  their  hounds  out  of  the 


SIR  HENRY  PAUL  SEALE,  BART.        95 

big  hanging  coverts  that  he  drew  as  quickly  as  he 
could.  At  his  well-known  cheer,  every  hound  would 
fly  to  him  like  magic,  and  this  explains  the  large 
number  of  foxes  that  he  yearly  accounted  for." 

When  Mr.  Westlake  succeeded  to  the  South  Devon 
in  1865,  Sir  Henry  Scale  once  more  withdrew  to  his 
old  country  between  Dartmouth  and  Kingsbridge. 

That  Sir  Henry  was  sixteen  times  Mayor  of  Dart- 
mouth Hardness  testifies  to  his  popularity  and  to  the 
respect  in  which  he  was  held.  He  died  in  1897  at  the 
age  of  ninety -one. 

[A  revival  of  hunting  in  "  Sir  Henry  Scale's 
country  "  took  place  in  the  year  1870,  when  Mr. 
William  Cubitt,  residing  at  Fallapit,  established  a 
pack  of  foxhounds  there  composed  of  drafts  from  the 
Bicester  and  Lord  Poltimore's,  which  he  hunted  at 
his  own  expense.  He  is  described  as  a  capital  sports- 
man and  a  bold  rider.  The  field  on  the  opening  day 
comprised  such  men  as  Mr.  John  Bulteel,  Sir  Walter 
Carew,  Captains  Uniacke,  Twysden,  Hazard,  Stanley 
Lowe,  General  Birdwood,  Messrs.  Holds  worth.  Wool- 
combe,  St.  Aubyn,  J.  H.  Square,  H.  R.  Fortescue, 
Hare,  and  Pitts,  so  that  Mr.  Cubitt  would  appear  to 
have  been  well  received  and  supported.  His  pack, 
known  as  "  Mr.  Cubitt's  Hounds,"  also  took  part  in 
the  Ivybridge  Hunt  Week  at  the  end  of  the  season. 
Nevertheless,  for  some  reason  which  does  not  appear, 
the  pack  lasted  only  two  seasons. 

In  the  spring  of  1872  Mr.  W.  F.  Brunskill  under- 
took to  hunt  the  country  vacated  by  Mr.  Cubitt. 
The  consent  of  the  landowners  was  obtained,  a  pack 
was  formed  of  drafts  from  the  Blackmore  Vale,  Lord 
Coventry's,  the  Heythrop,  the  Worcestershire  and 
other  kennels,  and  Pattle,  from  the  Earl  of  Shannon, 


96  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

was  engaged  as  huntsman.  Cubhunting  was  actually 
started  ;  but,  before  the  regular  season  opened,  the 
master  found  himself  compelled  to  abandon  the  idea, 
and  the  hounds  and  horses  were  sold  at  Totnes  on  the 
24th  October,  1872.  The  former,  comprising  twenty- 
six  couple  and  a  half,  realized  two  hundred  and 
thirty-six  guineas,  and  the  latter,  nine  hunters  and 
three  carriage  horses,  eight  hundred  and  sixty-four 
guineas.  Mr.  Whidborne  bought  for  the  South 
Devon  two  lots  of  hounds  of  three  couple  and  a  half 
each,  one  for  thirty-eight  guineas  and  the  other  for 
forty-four  guineas.  Of  the  horses,  the  highest  price 
fetched  was  a  hundred  and  twenty-two  guineas.] 


THOMAS   WESTLAKE 


To  face  page  07 


CHAPTER  IX 

THOMAS   WESTLAKE:    1865-75 

"  Old  Westlake's  time  "  :  a  standard  of  merit  —  Unanimous  praise  — 
Anstruther  Thomson — Recollections  of  living  persons  :  Mr.  Albert  Gould  ; 
Mr.  Geo.  Hext ;  Mr.  W.  C.  Clack  ;  Mr.  J.  C.  Clack  ;  Mr.  R.  Vicary  ;  Mr. 
H.  S.  Wright — Endurance  and  horsemanship — "  A  little  bit  in  the 
riding  " — Rest  after  toil — Rev.  W.  H.  Thornton  quoted — Favourite 
horses — Knowledge  of  run  of  foxes — A  disconcerting  answer — A  native  of 
North  Devon — Rev.  W.  C.  Clack  and  the  ruling  passion — ISIr.  Walker 
King — Kennels  at  Kingsteignton — A  presentation — Early  difficulties — 
Criticized  by  The  Devonian  of  1828 — Major  R.  C.  Tucker's  explanation — 
The  critic  satisfied — Hounds — Hunt  servants — W.  Sara  ;  W.  Derges — 
Rmis — Mr.  Cole's  Harriers — Red  deer  in  Buckland  Woods — Keepers' 
dinner — A  complimentary  dinner — More  runs — A  change  of  secretary — 
An  historic  run  :  opinion  of  Charles  Trelawny  ;  account  in  Baily — Resigna- 
tion— Presented  with  silver  cup — A  lost  horn. 

"  Full  well  the  wily  fox  he  knows. 
His  habits  and  the  point  he  goes  ; 
Nor  is  there  on  the  Western  ground 
A  better  judge  of  horse  and  hound." 

[Dartmoor  Days.) 

THOUGH  forty  years  have  passed  since  Mr. 
Westlake's  mastership  ended,  it  is  not  rare 
even  to-day  to  hear  his  sayings  and  doings  invoked 
as  an  authority  on  hunting  matters.  Not  so  many 
years  ago,  "  Old  Westlake's  time  "  was  the  accepted 
standard  by  which  everything  connected  with  the 
hunt  was  judged.  One  used  to  wonder  whether  it 
was  merely  a  case  of  laudator  temporis  acti  ;  whether 
the  sport  he  shewed  was  really  so  good  as  we  were 
told  it  was,  and  whether  he  w^as  indeed  the  great 
huntsman  he  was  reputed  to  be.  Although  first- 
hand information  at  this  distance  of  time  is  some- 
H  97 


98  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

what  scanty,  I  do  not  think  there  has  been  any 
exaggeration  in  regard  to  him.  For  all  through  the 
years — and  I  began  to  hunt  only  two  or  three  years 
after  he  retired — I  cannot  remember  ever  hearing  an 
unfavourable  criticism  of  him.  Colonel  Anstruther 
Thomson  had  a  good  word  for  him  in  his  speech 
at  the  Dartmoor  Hunt  Dinner  at  Ivybridge  in  1872. ^ 
Men  of  sound  judgment  who  still  remember  him  are 
unanimous  in  his  praise. 

Mr.  Albert  Gould,  now  of  Pinhoe,  who  has  seen 
sport  with  many  packs  and  who  hunted  much  with 
Westlake,  tells  me  that  he  always  thought  him  the 
best  huntsman  he  ever  had  the  pleasure  of  hunting 
with.  Mr.  Gould  draws  a  touching  picture  of  the  old 
man — by  the  way,  no  one  seems  to  have  known  Mr. 
Westlake  as  a  young  man — arriving  at  the  covert- 
side  with  his  hunting-crop  slung  over  one  shoulder 
and  a  soft  shoe  on  one  foot,  and  of  his  throwing  his 
hounds  into  cover  and  then  resting  the  gouty  foot  on 
the  top  bar  of  the  gate  while  he  listened  intently  for 
the  first  challenge.  He  wanted  no  holloa  to  verify  a 
find  for  he  knew  every  tongue  in  the  pack ;  and 
when  you  heard  his  "  Go  hoick  !  "  which  he  pro- 
nounced "  Go  hi  !  "  you  could  depend  that  it  was 
right.  He  was  a  martyr  to  the  gout  at  times,  and 
Mr.  George  Hext  tells  how  he  would  then,  if  anyone 
rode  too  close  to  him,  utter  his  crescendo  "  Mind  my 
leg,  sir.    Mind  my  leg,  sir  !    Mind  my  leg,  sir !  " 

He  was  much  annoyed  on  one  occasion,  the  very 
last  that  he  hunted  the  country,  because  Mr.  Gould 
and  George  Loram  purposely  let  go  from  the  drain  in 
Well  Covert  a  fox  which  had  given  a  good  run  and 
which  Westlake  wanted  to  kill.  But  he  was  pacified 
when,  at  the  end  of  another  twenty  minutes,  the  pack 

^  Col.  Anstruther  Thomson,  op.  cit,,  Vol.  II,  p.  81. 


THOMAS  WESTLAKE  99 

rolled  the  fox  over  in  a  farmyard  among  a  lot  of 
bullocks. 

Mr.  William  Com-tenay  Clack— the  "Billy  Clack" 
of  his  intimates — who  in  his  young  days  whipped-in 
to  VVestlake,  his  brother,  Mr.  J.  C.  Clack,  and  Mr. 
C.  E.  R.  Walker  concur  in  Mr.  Gould's  estimate  of 
Westlake's  qualities  as  a  huntsman,  and  add  that  he 
was  excellent  on  the  horn  too,  and  that  his  cheery 
voice  when^  fox  was  found  was  a  treat  to  hear,  and 
they  speak  of  the  wonderful  sport  Westlake  con- 
sistently shewed. 

Mr.  Robert  Vicary,  who  hunted  much  with  West- 
lake  and  speaks  of  having  seen  him  ride  many  a  hard 
day  in  a  carpet  slipper,  describes  him  as  a  fine  fellow 
and  very  handsome  man,  some  fourteen  to  fifteen 
stone  in  weight,  but  very  clever  at  getting  over  a 
country  on  Sprig  of  Shillelagh  and  Tommy  ;  the 
former,  thoroughbred  and  a  "  fair  wonder,"  picked  up 
for  a  few  sovereigns. 

Mr.  H.  S.  Wright,  whose  father,  the  late  Mr.  John 
Wright  of  Newton  Abbot,  was  one  of  the  guarantors 
and  chief  members  of  Mr.  Westlake's  Committee,  has 
also  a  very  lively  recollection  of  him  and  of  his 
powers  as  a  huntsman.  As  an  instance  of  Westlake's 
endurance  in  the  saddle,  Mr.  Wright  mentions  the 
circumstance  that  he  would  at  certain  periods,  after 
hunting  his  hounds  all  day,  and  taking  only  a  short 
interval  for  dinner,  start  off  on  a  fresh  horse  from 
Kingsteignton  for  Okehampton  to  be  ready  to  collect 
his  rents  in  that  locality  next  day. 

He  was  an  excellent  horseman  too,  and,  though  he 
never  had  out  more  than  one  horse  a  day,  he  was 
never  known  to  fail  to  bring  him  home  at  night, 
however  long  or  severe  the  run  might  have  been. 
Mr.  Wright  also  tells  of  how  a  young  gentleman  once 


100  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

bought  a  horse  on  which  he  had  seen  "Westlake  lead 
the  field  in  his  usual  brilliant  style  on  a  certain 
occasion  when  mounted  on  him  by  Mr.  Harris  of 
Wood,  who  had  the  animal  on  hire  from  a  dealer. 
After  cutting  a  sorry  figure  on  him  the  following 
week,  the  purchaser  complained  to  Westlake  that  he 
could  not  get  the  beast  along.  "  Well,  well,  sir,"  was 
the  answer,  "  there's  a  little  bit  in  the  riding — there's 
a  little  bit  in  the  riding."  The  horse  was  one,  in 
Westlake's  words,  that  went  nicely  enough  on  the 
grass,  but  that  you  had  to  "  pick  along  "  through 
dirt,  and  that,  down-hill,  shook  himself  to  pieces. 
Yet  he  had  gone  as  usual  on  him.  Truly,  there  is  a 
very  big  "  little  bit  "  in  the  riding  ! 

He  was  fond  of  a  rubber  of  whist.  "  I  used  to  go 
out  to  Westlake's  house  at  Kingsteignton,"  ^\Tites 
Mr.  R.  Vicary,  "  to  partner  him  at  whist  against 
Robert  Baker  and  the  Hunt  secretary,  Harry  Michel- 
more — two  good  players  against  two  very  indifferent 
ones — but  we  had  more  than  our  share  of  the  luck. 
Westlake  was  a  bit  slow — at  whist — and,  when  our 
adversaries  hurried  him,  he  would  reply  :  '  But  I 
must  consider,  sir  !  '  " 

A  favourite  expression  with  the  old  man,  when 
speaking  of  hunting,  was  :  "  I  am  natturly  (naturally) 
fond  of  it,  sir." 

Mr.  Vicary  tells  me  he  did  not  breed  many  hounds 
but  relied  a  good  deal  on  drafts  which  he  bought 
mostly  from  Lord  Portsmouth. 

It  was  Westlake's  habit  on  the  evening  of  a  hunt- 
ing day  to  bring  two  or  three  favourite  hounds  into 
his  cosy  parlour  at  Oakford,  Kingsteignton.  There, 
stretched  at  full  length  before  the  fire,  they  would 
rest,    the    while    their    master    enlarged    upon   their 


THO>L\S  ^^'ESTLAKE  101 

merits    or   the   sport   of  the   day   over   a   bottle    of 

sherry. 

"  And  here  and  there  upon  the  ground 
Whimpers  a  happy  dreaming  hound  : 
The  pioneers  of  many  a  run 
Thus  honoured  when  the  chase  is  done."^ 

His  companion  on  these  evenings  was  often  Mr. 
George  Hext,.  then  a  young  man  U\'ing  at  his  father's 
^'icarage  hard  by,  whose  taste  in  sport  and  sherrj'  has 
matured  with  the  lapse  of  years.  One  may  be 
pardoned  for  wondering  whether  he  is  the  "  Mr. 
George  "  of  one  of  the  many  amusing  stories  related 
by  the  Rev.  W.  H.  Thornton  in  his  delightfully 
\^Titten  Reminiscences. - 

In  another  passage,  Mr.  Thornton  says  of  West- 
lake  : 

"  He  was  rather  deaf,  and  would  often  make  me 
listen  for  him,  but  his  keenness  of  sight  was  wonderful. 
I  have  seen  him  ball  a  fox  on  a  dry  and  dusty  turn- 
pike road  as  he  went  down  it  at  a  canter.  The  feat 
seems  an  impossible  one,  but  I  saw  liim  perform  it 
near  to  Goodstone  Gate,  on  the  road  which  leads  to 
Halsanger.  He  coidd  see  at  a  distance  of  fifty  paces 
where  a  single  hound  had  passed  through  a  covert. 
'  Look  at  the  leaves,  sir,  look  at  the  leaves  ;  where 
are  your  e^'es  ?  Now,  you  listen  for  me.  Can  you 
hear  'em  ?  '  " 

Mr.  Westlake  had  some  good  horses,  the  best  known 
to  fame  being  Sprig  o'  Shillelagh,  a  black  blood  horse 
'^'ith  a  white  face,  which  had  been  steeplechased  in 
the  days  of  Barumite  and  Allow  Me.  Nothing  could 
touch  Sprig  on  the  moor.  Charlie  and  Tommy,  the 
latter   bought   from   ^Ir.    Soper   of  Bishopsteignton, 

^  Dartmoor  Days. 

*  Retninigcencea  of  an  Old  West-Country  Clergyman,  p.  347. 


102  THE  SOLTH  DEVON  HUNT 

were  also  very  good.  But  he  was  a  comparatively 
pcor  man,  and  had  to  save  his  cattle  as  much  as 
possible,  in  which  he  was  considerably  helped  by  his 
eye  for  a  country  and  knowledge  of  the  run  of  foxes. 
A  lady  who  knew  liis  talents  in  this  respect,  once 
asked  him  at  the  beginning  of  a  run  where  the  fox 
was  going,  and  got  for  answer  :  "I  don't  know,  my 
dear.  IVe  not  asked  him,  my  dear  !  "  His  great 
knowledge  of  woodcraft  and  of  the  habits  of  foxes 
was  also  of  material  assistance  in  his  extensive  and 
rough  country. 

Mr.  Westlake  was  a  North  Devon  man  of  the  fine 
old  yeoman  class.  Before  coming  to  South  Devon  he 
Hved  at  the  Manor  House,  Exboume,  and  kept  a  pack 
of  hounds  kennelled  near  by  at  his  own  place,  Wood 
Hall,  which  property  has  been  the  home  of  the 
Westlakes  for  nearly  five  hundred  years. 

He  first  settled  with  his  pack  at  Moretonhampstead 
somewhere  about  the  year  1861.  what  time  the  Rev. 
William  Courtenay  Clack  of  the  same  place  kept 
a  pack  of  harriers  with  which  he  hunted  the  country 
around  there.  Mr.  Clack  was  so  strongly  imbued  with 
the  passion  for  the  chase,  that  in  later  years  when  he 
was  going  blind,  he  used  to  make  his  man  ride  before 
him  on  a  white  horse  ;  and  it  was  only  when  he  was 
no  longer  able  to  see  his  pilot  that  he  gave  up  hunting 
altogether.  This,  however,  is  no  longer  a  record. 
Last  season  (1914-15)  I  had  the  pleasure  of  meeting 
in  the  field  on  Hal  don  Mr.  Walker  King  who  is  stone 
blind,  despite  which,  chaperoned  by  his  daughter,  he 
is  a  regular  follower  of  the  Devon  and  Somerset. 
Truly  a  touching  tribute  to  the  strength  of  the  ruling 
passion  ! 

Jn  1863,  in  consequence  of  Sir  Hemy  Seale  being 
unable   to   cover   the    whole    of   the    South   Devon 


THOMAS  WESTLAKE  lOS 


coimtiy,  Westlake  accepted  the  o&r  to  take  ids 
into  that  coontrv  ooce  a  week.  Two  yeais  affcerwaids, 
in  I&60,  he  was  fomiaDv  appointed  master  d  tibe 
South  Devon  in  sacoesskm  to  Sir  Hauy,  and  tfaoe- 
upon  moved  to  Oakfnd,  KingsteigiiftQii,  and  built 
kenneis  in  the  ordiard  adjoiomg.  Yandbig  tlidr 
romplftkm,  the  pack  was  kefmeDed  for  a  time  in  the 
dlav  cellars  at  Teignbridge.  Hie  Oakfcad  k^«ii>glg  joe 
stiQ  in  exist^ice  and  for  the  past  Iwenly  yeazs  hare 
been  oeca^^ed  by  the  Haldon  Haniexs.  On  learBig 
Mc^etcmhampstead  Mr.  Westlake  was  psesented  witii 
a  atva  huntiiig-faoin  bearing  the  foflowii^  inscx^ 
ti<xi : 

PitMmted  to 


Maretam  Friatds 


1865. 

The  success  to  which  Westlakt       -         : 

adueved  all  in  a  momfnt,    R  is     ^       

first  seas<HL  so  far  as  coocexned  kilfe^  f:xr< 
Xewtcm  side  ol  the  country,  was  a  £ufaire.     7 
was  pubheh"  ecHmnerafced  upon  by  "The  I>e 
1828*  1  and  is  adimtted  by  Major  R.  l 
Ashburton,  a  friend  and  suppoft^  of  Westlake 
one  oi.  the  hard-nding  drrtsaon  of  tii: ' 
caiefuDy  kept  hunting-diary.  Major  I 
for  this  in  part  by  thae  bdng  no  re^ 
to  the  pack  daring  t^  first  two  season  - 
that  he  hopes  to  see  better  tinys,  as  a  -r 
to  be  engaged.     Hk  entries  ft*  the   sc 
are  also  prefaced  by  the  remark.  "  Mr.  W 

»  Mr.  C-  A.  Hi^_- 


104  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

new  draft,  of  which  great  things  are  expected."  His 
hopes  were  amply  fulfilled,  and  in  the  following 
see,son  "The  Devonian  of  1828"  himself  paid  this 
public  testimony  to  the  improvement  in  the  hunt : 

"  This  is  only  the  second  year  of  the  pack  "  (which  was 
true  in  a  breeding  sense  although  it  was  the  third  season) 
"  and  there  has  not  been  sufficient  time  for  a  home  entry. 
There  is,  however,  in  the  kennel  sufficient  blood  of  fashion 
and  quality  in  the  stud  bitches  to  ensure  a  good  working 
entry  for  another  year.  Among  others  is  Hostess,  a  Belvoir 
tan  by  the  Duke  of  Beaufort's  Harlequin,  one  of  the  cele- 
brated Spangle  litter,  out  of  Sir  W.  Wynn's  Mistletoe ; 
Harlequin  by  the  Morrell  Hercules  out  of  Spangle  by  Sunder- 
land by  Assheton  Smith's  Saffron,  by  the  Duke  of  Rutland's 
Splendour.  Hostess  is  undeniable  in  her  shape,  and  a 
forcing  hound.  .  .  . 

"  Nemesis,  Majesty,  and  Sempstress  are  fine  shaped 
hounds,  the  former  being  a  model  of  a  Devonshire  foxhound 
of  22  inches.  Liberty  and  Lexicon  are  ever  forward,  and 
amongst  the  young  hounds  Dreadnought  might  take  his 
place  in  any  kennel.  It  is  pleasant  to  see  a  new  establish- 
ment forming  itself  gradually,  and  giving  signs  of  coming 
worth  ;  for  even  if  without  those  ample  means  which  make 
success  possibly  attainable  at  a  short  notice,  yet  judgment, 
science,  and  perseverance  in  the  end  will  accomplish  to  a 
certainty  that  which  cannot  be  attained  without  those 
requisites." 

Will  Sara  was  engaged  as  whip  in  1867,  and  after 
three  seasons  was  followed  by  Charles  Stephens  and 
then  by  R.  Jennings.  In  1872  Jennings  made  room 
for  William  Derges,  who  had  been  in  the  kennels 
since  1868  and  remained  there  until  Westlake  gave 
up,  when  he  went  into  the  service  of  Mr.  R.  Vicary. 
Derges  has  since  whipped-in  to  the  South  Devon  at 
various  times  under  different  masters,  and  for  many 
years  past  has  been  back  in  his  old  kennel  at  Oak- 


THOMAS  WESTLAKE  105 

ford  as  huntsman  to  the  Haldon  Harriers.  He  is 
active  and  keen  still,  and  though,  in  consequence  of 
a  severe  accident  four  or  five  years  ago,  he  had  to 
stand  down  and  let  a  younger  man  take  the  horn  for 
a  season  or  two,  he  has  now  resumed  command  in 
the  field.  1 

Major  Tucker's  diary  shews  that  the  country  was 
full  of  foxes  when  Westlake  first  took  the  South 
Devon,  and  the  frequency  with  which  hounds  changed 
foxes  was  one  of  the  prevailing  causes  for  the  scarcity 
of  kills.  The  foxes  around  Torbryan  and  Dyer's 
Wood  continually  baffled  the  pack  and  appeared  to 
bear  charmed  lives  during  the  first  season  or  two. 
Notwithstanding  this,  many  a  good  run  took  place 
even  in  those  early  days.  Thus  on  the  13th  November, 
1865,  a  "really  good  run  "  of  an  hour  and  thirty-two 
minutes  is  recorded  in  the  diary  just  mentioned,  all 
around  the  Ogwell  country,  resulting  in  losing  the 
fox  in  the  fateful  Dyer's  Wood.  That  was  after  a 
quick  thirty-six  minutes  to  ground  in  the  morning. 
On  the  20th  of  the  same  month,  three  foxes  were 
hunted  unsuccessfully  in  the  Denbury  country,  the 
foot-people  interfering  with  the  sport ;  and  of  three 
others  found  in  and  around  Stover  on  the  27th,  two 
got  to  ground  and  one  was  lost,  the  latter  after  an 
hour  and  a  half's  slow  hunting  run.  Better  luck 
attended  the  pack  on  Haldon,  where,  curiously 
enough,  they  more  frequently  killed  than  on  the 
Newton  side.  On  the  last  day  of  the  same  month  of 
November  a  field  of  sixty,  which  included  Sir  Walter 
Carew  and  his  two  daughters  and  Mr.  Whidborne 
and  his  daughter,  met  the  pack  at  Wood.     A  Lind- 

^  I  regret  to  say  that  since  these  lines  were  written  Derges  has  died  from 
the  effects  of  a  chill  after  hunting  the  Haldon  all  through  the  past  season  of 
1915-16. 


106  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

ridge  fox  ran  through  the  Sands  to  Bellamarsh  and 
back  to  Well  Covert,  thence  to  Lindridge  and  Wood, 
on  nearly  into  Teignmouth,  through  Venn  and  by 
Holcombe  to  Luscombe  Wood.  Then  down  by  the 
Castle  nearly  into  Dawlish  and  away  for  Mamhead. 
But  before  reaching  it,  the  end  came,  and  the  fox 
was  pulled  down  in  the  road  near  Mamhead  school- 
house  after  an  hour  and  three-quarters.  The  brush 
was  given  to  Miss  Whidborne,  who,  out  that  day  for 
the  first  time,  was  one  of  the  half-dozen  up  at  the 
finish.  In  fact,  but  for  the  lack  of  blood.  Major 
Tucker's  diary  shews  that  the  sport  all  through  this 
and  the  following  season  was,  with  the  exception  of 
certain  "  impossible  "  days,  consistently  good,  two 
and  three  foxes  being  found  on  most  days. 

On  Easter  Monday,  the  2nd  April,  1866,  there  was 
a  burning  scent  and  the  pack  raced  a  fox  from 
Borough  Wood  for  forty-five  minutes  and  killed  him 
in  the  fir  plantation  at  the  bottom  of  Hembury 
without  the  semblance  of  a  check.  The  season 
closed  with  a  kill,  after  a  hunting  run  of  nearly  three 
hours  from  the  woods  adjoining  Compston. 

Westlake's  second  season  was  prolific  of  much 
good  sport  :  a  sixty  minutes'  very  fast  run  from 
Torbryan  to  Place,  followed  by  slow  hunting  to 
Owlacombe  and  losing  in  the  fog ;  a  good  hunting 
run  of  fifty-nine  minutes  from  Yarner  to  Buckland  ; 
a  two-hours'  run  from  Borough  Wood  by  Goodstone, 
Storms  Down,  Owlacombe,  Bagtor,  Heytor,  Hound- 
tor  Rocks,  and  Honeybag  Tor,  ending  with  blood  ; 
an  hour  and  five  minutes  to  ground  in  the  rough 
country  around  Hennock  ;  an  hour  and  fifty  minutes 
from  the  Sands,  all  over  the  Haldon  country, 
killing  eventually  by  Ashcombe  Church.  These  are 
but  samples  of  the  sport  recorded.    Many  foxes  were 


THOMAS  WESTLAKE  107 

run  to  ground,  the  earth-stopping  being  very  in- 
efficiently done.  Major  Tucker  notes  this  in  his  diary, 
and  before  the  season  was  half  over,  namely,  on  the 
20th  December,  his  entry  states  that  twenty-three 
foxes  had  been  earthed  and  that  Mr.  Westlake  was 
very  annoyed  in  consequence.  From  another  entry 
in  the  same  diary,  stating  that  the  hounds  got  mixed 
in  Awsewell  with  Mr.  Cole's  harriers  which  were 
trying  to  rouse  a  stag,  we  learn  that  the  presence  of 
an  occasional  red  deer  in  the  Buckland  Woods  is  not 
only  of  recent  date.^ 

It  is  noticeable  that  in  his  second  season  Westlake 
did  not  have  a  single  blank  day.  This  fact  occasioned 
much  congratulation  at  the  keepers'  dinner  held  at 
the  end  of  the  season.  It  is  interesting  to  note  the 
names  of  those  present  at  the  dinner.  Mr.  Evan 
Baillie,  in  the  chair,  and  Messrs.  J.  Wills,  Franklin 
and  Rendell  vice-chairmen.  Captain  Keating,  Messrs. 
C.  C.  Wills  (hon.  sec),  R.  C.  Tucker,  W.  R.  Mortimer, 
H.  G.  Beachey,  J.  Barratt,  Thomas  Pinsent,  John 
Drake,  Wilham  Webber,  S.  Bartlett,  J.  Blackaller, 
W.  Reed  and  Adams.  The  keepers  from  the  following 
properties  attended  :  Stover,  Ogwell,  Bradley,  Hac- 
combe,  Torbrian,  Ugbrooke,  Lindridge,  Wood,  Mam- 
head,  Luscombe,  Powderham,  Oxton,  Bickham, 
Haldon,  Whiteway,  Canonteign,  Yarner,  Barton  Hall, 
Netherton  Manor  and  Gurrington  Manor.  The  pro- 
ceedings were  most  enthusiastic. 

By  the  commencement  of  the  season  1867-8  the 
pack  had  been  considerably  improved,  a  regular  whip 
had  been  engaged,  and  the  hunt  had  become  estab- 

1  This  refers  to  stragglers  from  Exmoor,  but  the  red  deer  once  had  a  home 
en  Dartmoor.  Mr.  Crossing,  in  his  One  Hundred  Years  on  Dartmoor,  has  some 
interesting  notes  on  the  subject.  In  DanieVs  Rural  Sports,  1801-2,  it  is  stated 
that  "  stags  are  Hkewise  foiind  thinly  scattered  on  the  moors  bordering  on 
Cornwall  and  Devon." 


108  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

lished  on  a  firm  footing.  Mr.  Westlake's  popularity 
was  evidenced  by  a  complimentary  dinner  given  in 
his  honour  at  the  beginning  of  the  season  by  the 
members  and  subscribers  of  the  hunt,  over  fifty  of 
whom  were  present.  Nevertheless  the  master  had 
his  troubles,  no  less  than  three  blank  days  being 
registered  in  the  Haldon  country  before  Christmas, 
due  to  restrictions  as  to  drawing.  For  this  he  got 
some  amends  in  January,  on  a  day  from  Haldon 
Belvidere,  when  he  ran  one  fox  to  ground  after  a  fast 
forty  minutes  and  killed  another  after  an  hour's  run. 

Among  much  good  sport  this  season  may  be  men- 
tioned the  following :  November  9th,  Canonteign. 
Found  in  Snelling  Copse  and  had  a  clipping  forty 
minutes  to  Botter  and  killed.  November  26th, 
Yarner.  Found  at  once,  ran  to  Pullabrook  and 
Lustleigh  Cleave  ;  recrossed  the  river,  and  up  over 
the  moor  to  the  Rubble  Heap,  thence  to  Rippon  Tor, 
Bag  Tor  and  Rora.  A  two-hours'  run.  Boaster  and 
Clamorous  from  Lord  Poltimore's  led  most  of  the 
way.  December  4th,  Heytree  Gate.  An  old-fashioned 
moorland  run  from  Heathercombe  Brake  over  Hamil- 
don  by  King  Tor  and  Shapeley  Tor  and  over  the 
Moreton  Road  to  Lakeland  and  Fern  worthy.  Thence 
on  over  the  moor  towards  Watern  Tor,  but,  turning 
at  the  North  Teign,  the  fox  passed  close  under 
Sittaford  Tor,  leaving  Stannon  on  his  right,  over 
Merripit  and  to  ground  at  the  Stamping  Mills  at 
Vitifer  Mine.  Thirty-two  minutes  only  to  this  point. 
The  fox  was  quickly  bolted  and  after  another  twenty 
minutes  was  pulled  down  in  the  farmyard  at  Hatch- 
well.   The  hounds  were  never  cast  throughout  the  run. 

The  South  Devon  took  part  this  year  in  the  Ivy- 
bridge  Hunt  Week,  meeting  at  Marley. 

Before  the  season  began,  Mr.  C.  Wills,  owing  to  ill 


THOMAS  WESTLAKE  109 

health,  retired  from  the  post  of  Honorary  Secretary, 
and  Mr.  H.  Michelmore  was  elected  in  his  stead. 

Westlake's  great  triumph  was  a  run  that  he  brought 
off  in  April,  1871,  perhaps  the  greatest  run  in  the 
annals  of  the  hunt.  That  good  judge,  Mr.  Charles 
Trelawny,  writing  to  a  friend  at  that  time,  said  : 
*'  I  wish  I  could  learn  exactly  how  Westlake's  really 
wonderful  run  ended.  Whether  they  killed  or 
earthed  and  where  they  finished."  The  following  is 
a  condensed  account  of  the  printed  report  ; 

MR.    westlake's    great    RUN 

The  pack  met  at  Heatree  Gate  with  a  dry,  cold  east  wind 
blowing.  Westlake  had  eighteen  couple  of  hounds  out 
and  was  riding  Sprig.  They  found  a  brace  in  Heathercombe 
Brake,  and  the  dog-fox  broke  unseen,  but  a  holloa  from  some- 
one on  the  top  of  the  hill  soon  brought  up  the  master  with  the 
pack,  and  he  had  to  gallop  hard  to  catch  the  leading  couple, 
the  fox  meanwhile  having  secured  a  start  of  eight  minutes. 
The  pack  settled  down  quickly,  and  ran  over  Hamilton  leaving 
King  Tor  and  Grimspound  to  the  right,  to  Challacombe  and 
Sousand  Warren,  turning  right  handed  over  Challacombe 
Common  and  Vittiver  Mine.  The  hounds  then  crossed  the 
Moreton  road  between  New  House  and  Bennett's  Cross, 
running  at  a  tremendous  pace  ;  over  the  Jurston  valley  to 
Lakeland,  thence  by  Fernworthy,  and,  leaving  Grey  Wethers 
to  their  left,  to  Teignhead,  and  on  to  Whitehorse  Hill.  Here 
riding  became  difficult,  but  a  few  of  the  field  struggled  on 
over  the  boggy  ground,  with  the  pack  half  a  mile  ahead,  going 
over  Ockment  Hill  to  Dinger  Tor  and  High  Willhays,  leaving 
Yes  Tor  on  the  right.  Near  Yes  Tor  a  fresh  fox  was  seen  to 
get  up,  but  the  hounds  stuck  to  the  line  of  the  hunted  one 
and  ran  on  over  Blackator,  crossed  the  West  Ockment  river 
and  were  last  seen  racing  over  the  opposite  hill  as  if  either 
Sourton  or  Lydford  might  be  their  point.  But  no  horse 
could  follow  over  the  bogs,  and  the  master  had  now  to  give 
in  and  start  on  his  thirty  mile  ride  home  with  one  couple  and 
a  half  of  hounds. 


110  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

This  run  was  considered  good  enough  to  quaHfy 
for  a  place  in  the  July  number  of  Baily^s  Magazine, 
where  the  line  given  is  substantially  the  same  as 
above  as  far  as  Blackator.  After  that  point,  it  is 
stated  that  the  pack  turned  southward,  raced  along 
the  valley  of  the  West  Ockment,  and  is  believed  to 
have  killed  on  Amicombe  Hill.  In  that  case,  the 
writer  estimated  the  run  at  twenty-four  miles.  The 
distance,  as  hounds  ran,  from  Heathercombe  Brake 
to  Cranmere  Pool,  a  mile  or  so  beyond  the  spot  on 
Whitehorse  Hill  where  the  field  began  to  get  into 
difficulties,  he  computed  at  fourteen  miles,  and  he 
gives  the  time  to  this  point  as  one  hour  and  twenty 
minutes.  There  were,  of  course,  no  fences  to  hinder 
hounds,  which  never  once  checked,  and  the  pace  was 
severe.  Those  who  went  to  the  extreme  limit  were 
Mr.  Westlake,  Mr.  Hole,  Mr.  W.  C.  Clack,  junior,  of 
Moretonhampstead,  Mr.  Barclay  of  Torquay,  Mr. 
Alec  Monro  of  Ingsdon  and  two  or  three  farmers, 
one  of  whom,  of  the  name  of  Norrington,  had  gone 
particularly  well.  The  writer  adds  that  the  hounds 
did  not  return  until  the  following  day,  and  that  the 
fur  in  their  teeth  and  other  strong  indications  went 
far  to  prove  that  they  had  been  successful. 

Mr.  Westlake  continued  to  give  unqualified  satis- 
faction to  the  country  until,  at  the  end  of  the  season 
1874-5,  failing  health  compelled  him  to  retire.  He 
returned  to  Exbourne,  his  old  home  in  North  Devon, 
where  he  died  some  years  later.  But  before  leaving 
South  Devon  he  was  entertained  at  a  dinner  given  at 
Newton  Abbot  in  October,  1875,  by  the  members  of 
the  hunt  in  his  honour  at  which  he  was  presented  on 
their  behalf  by  Sir  John  Duntze  with  a  massive  and 
handsome  silver  cup. 

This  cup  is  embossed  on  one  side  with  a  representa- 


CUP  PRESENTED  TO  MR.  WESTLAKB 

To  face  page  111 


THOMAS  WESTLAKE  111 

tion  of  the  "  death  of  the  fox,"  and  on  the  other  bears 
the  following  inscription  framed  within  the  over- 
arching boughs  of  an  oak  tree  depicted  on  either  side  : 

Presented  to 

Thomas  Westlake  Esquire 

On  his  retiring  from  the  Mastership  of 

The  South  Devon  Fox  Hounds 

By  Members  of  the  Hunt 

In  testimony  of  their  appreciation  of 

The  sport  he  has  shewn  them 

During  Ten  Seasons 

September,  1875 

This  cup,  with  the  presentation  horn  before  referred 
to,  is  now  in  the  possession  of  his  great-nephew,  Mr. 
Richard  Westlake,  the  present  owner  and  occupier 
of  Wood  Hall. 

The  memorv  of  Tom  Westlake  is  still  cherished  in 
his  old  country,  where  the  excellent  sport  he  shewed 
has  never  faded  from  the  recollection  of  those  who 
shared  in  it,  and  it  is  said  that  to  this  day  men  still 
search  in  the  hope  of  finding  the  horn  he  lost  at  the 
bottom  of  Becky  Brook. 


CHAPTER    X 

AUGUSTUS   F.    ROSS:   FIRST   MASTERSHIP,   1875-8 

A  troubled  reign — Comes  from  the  "VMieatland  with  Philip  Back  as  whip — 
A  nocturnal  "  dust-up  " — Keeps  on  Kingsteignton  Kennels — His  estab- 
lisliment — A  contrast — Opening  day  at  Lindridge  :  a  large  field — A  great 
day's  sport — The  Field  on  Tom  Harris  the  Haccombe  keeper — Record  of 
sport  —  Mr.  W.  J.  Watts  at  Yamer  —  Fm-ther  sport:  a  fine  run — 
Wishes  to  resign — Hunt  meetmgs — Sir  L.  Palk  condemns  Torquay's 
lack  of  support — Adjourned  meeting  :  fiirther  discussion — Dissatis- 
faction in  the  country — ilr.  William  Coryton  prospective  successor  to 
Ross — The  master's  offer  rejected — Negotiations  with  Mr.  Coryton  fail — 
Ross  continues  in  office — Changes  in  hunt  staff — Good  sport  :  a  hunting 
run  ;  a  day  of  bad  luck — Resignation  of  Ross — Partition  of  South  Devon 
covmtry. 

"  Such  a  good-natured  soul  he  would  never  complain 
Of  good  sport  in  the  day,  and  at  dinner  champagne." 

(A  Party  at  Stover.) 

MR.  WESTLAKE  was  succeeded  by  Mr.  Augustus 
F.  Ross,  who  was  undoubtedly  a  good  sports- 
man, but  unfortunately  there  were  circumstances 
connected  with  his  reign  that  prevented  it  from 
being  the  success  it  might  have  been.  As  it  was, 
trouble  arose  during  his  second  season. 

Mr.  Ross  came  from  the  Wheatland.  He  took 
over  that  country  from  ]Mr.  Winter-Wood  in  the 
middle  of  the  season  1874-5.  He  bought  the  hunt 
horses  and  took  over  the  huntsman,  James  Alexander, 
and  the  whipper-in,  Philip  Back.  When  he  came 
to  South  Devon  at  the  end  of  that  season.  Back  came 
with  him,  bringing  his  horses  and  about  thirteen 
couple  of  hounds  to  add  to  those  in  the  kennels  at 
Kingsteignton.      There    was   a    "  dust   up "    in   the 

112 


AUGUSTITS    F.   R05; 


To  fact  page  11'2 


AUGUSTUS  F.  ROSS  113 

middle  of  the  night  soon  after,  with  the  result  that, 
in  Back's  own  words  :  "I  packed  up  my  tack  in  the 
morning,  got  my  money  and  started.'' 

Mr.  Ross  kept  on  the  kennels  at  Oakford.  Kings- 
teicmton.  His  establisiiment  in  his  first  season  is 
described  in  a  newspaper  of  the  period  as  comprising 
forty-two  couple  of  hounds  and  eight  hunters  ;  but, 
from  the  Field  table  of  himts,  the  pack  appears  to 
have  been  drafted  down  to  thirty -two  couple  and  a 
half  before  the  season  opened  :  quite  as  many,  one 
would  imagine,  as  the  Oakford  kennels  could  accom- 
modate. 

I  have  heard  Miss  "\Miidborne  speak  of  the  contrast 
between  Westlake's  simple  though  workmanlike  turn- 
out, and  the  tip-top  style  of  Ross  in  his  first  season, 
when  he  carried  the  horn  himself  and  had  three 
whippers-in — Arthur  Mason,  Xat  Smith  and  Harry 
Freeman — master  and  men  in  leather  breeches,  all 
verv  smart  and  well  mounted.  In  his  second  season, 
the  second  and  third  wliips  were  replaced  by  WiUiam 
Dra}i:on  and  Ben  Bowers. 

The  cubhunting  was  very  satisfactory^-,  which  is 
not  surprising,  for  Westlake's  popularity  had  left  the 
country  well  stocked  with  foxes.  Tlie  pack  met  on 
the  opening  day  of  the  regular  season,  November  1st, 
at  Lindridge,  and  a  field  of  a  hundred  and  fifty  was 
present  to  greet  the  new  master  and  criticize  the  new 
regime.  Colonel  Templer  was  not  then  at  Lindridge, 
which  was  in  the  temporary  occupation  of  Governor 
Eyre,  who  proved  an  excellent  proxj-  for  the  Colonel 
in  the  way  of  hospitahty,  for  those  were  the  days 
of  substantial  hunt  breakfasts.  The  only  record  of 
the  day's  sport  is  that  they  had  a  capital  run  of 
an  hour  and  a  half,  and  pulled  down  their  fox  in  a 
field   of  mangold   near    *'  Prestow,"'   which   may   be 


114  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

either  Preston  or,  more  likely,  Mr.  Mortimer's  farm, 
Hestow. 

A  great  day's  sport  fell  to  the  master's  lot  on  the 
11th  of  the  same  month.  After  meeting  at  Penn  Inn, 
a  brace  of  foxes  divided  the  pack  in  Wildwoods,  the 
main  body  with  the  master  running  one  to  Coombe 
Cellars  and  back,  through  Buckland,  over  Milber 
Down  to  the  keeper's  house,  through  the  plantation 
to  the  drain,  which  was  stopped,  and  on  to  the 
Newtake  where  he  got  in.  The  rest  of  the  pack  ran 
the  other  fox  to  Penn  Inn,  and  from  there  to  another 
part  of  the  Newtake,  where  he  was  headed  by  foot- 
people  into  the  mouths  of  the  hounds.  The  "  VVho- 
whoop  !  "  uttered  in  what  the  writer  of  the  account 
in  the  Field  called  "  the  somewhat  delicate  but,  to 
the  ears  of  foxhunters  with  the  South  Devon, 
melodious  voice  of  Mr.  Tom  Harris  who  had  this 
little  chase  all  to  himself,"  brought  up  the  master 
with  the  body  of  the  pack. 

The  said  Tom  Harris  was  keeper  at  Haccombe  for 
goodness  knows  how  many  years,  for  he  was  with 
Sir  Walter  Carew  and  died  only  a  few  years  ago.  Up 
to  the  last,  after  he  retired,  he  used  still  to  come  out 
hunting. 

Going  on  to  Torbrian  they  found  again  in  South- 
lands covert,  and  ran  "  over  the  grass  fields  and 
diabolical  stone  walls,"  past  the  Rectory  to  Dyer's 
Wood,  across  the  Broadhempston  road  to  the  earths 
at  Penless  which  were  shut.  Then  by  Tor  Newton 
House  over  Denbury  Down,  round  Denbury  Village 
and  to  Chandler's  Wood,  East  Ogwell,  Chercombe 
Bridge  and  Whiterocks,  down  to  and  over  the  flooded 
river,  where  Tom  Harris,  "  disdaining  the  results  to 
his  weak  throat,"  distinguished  himself  by  getting 
across  and  so  luring  to  their  undoing  the  few  others 


AUGUSTUS  F.  ROSS  115 

who  were  with  him ;  through  Bradley  Woods  to 
Little  joy,  under  Hobbin,  and,  recrossing  the  river, 
this  time  by  a  bridge,  into  the  Ogwell  coverts  and 
Deer  Park  to  a  limestone  quarry,  where  one  of  the 
hounds  went  over,  the  rest  being  stopped  by  the 
first  whip.  Scent  then  failed,  and  the  fox  was  lost 
after  a  very  fast  hour  and  forty  minutes. 

Other  doings  of  the  pack  were  chronicled  in  the 
Field  from  time  to  time,  but  this  appears  to  have 
been  a  bad  scenting  season  on  the  whole,  though 
there  were,  of  com'se,  some  good  scenting  days.  The 
very  few  enthusiasts  who  turned  up  at  the  Thorns  on 
the  20th  December  despite  the  drenching  rain,  were 
rewarded  with  a  racing  thirty  minutes,  without  a 
check,  from  the  top  of  Haldon  to  Powderham,  where 
the  fox  went  to  ground  after  disturbing  a  shooting- 
party  there.  Another  fast  gallop  of  fifty-five  minutes 
without  a  check  was  the  one  from  Well  Covert  on  the 
24th  January,  by  Ideford  through  Luton  Bottom  to 
Luscombe,  Tower  Plantation  and  Ashcombe  schools, 
entering  Mamhead  near  the  Rectory,  and  ending  at 
an  open  earth  in  Sir  Lydston  Newman's  coverts. 
Three  days  later  the  pack  put  in  some  good  work  in 
the  unpopular  region  of  Manaton  and  Lustleigh 
Cleave  ;  and  the  last  day  of  January  provided  an 
orthodox  finish  with  a  kill  in  the  open  near  Mamhead 
after  a  fast  twenty-five  minutes,  preceded  by  much 
skirmishing,  with  more  than  one  fox,  to  and  fro 
between  Well  Covert,  Ugbrooke  and  Chudleigh  Rocks. 
At  Churston  on  the  3rd  February  a  fox  was  run  to 
the  Cliffs  from  Longwood  and  killed  ;  and  on  the 
7th  at  Haldon  Race-stand  all  the  efforts  of  the 
master  to  warm  up  his  half-frozen  field  were  frus- 
trated through  lack  of  scent  in  the  bleak  easterly 
wind. 


116  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

A  good  and  hard  day  in  Ross's  second  season,  was 
the  14th  December  when  he  met  at  Reddaford  Water. 
Mr.  W.  J.  Watts  at  that  time  lived  at  Yarner,  and, 
though  himself  one  of  the  keenest  of  shooting  men, 
he  was  always  a  good  preserver  of  foxes.  Of  a  leash 
in  Yarner  Wood  the  pack  fortunately  settled  to  the 
right  one,  which  took  a  line  outward  to  Heytor, 
crossed  the  valley  to  Hound  Tor  Rocks  and  round  by 
Swallerton  Gate  and  Hedge  Barton  into  the  Widdi- 
combe  valley,  where  he  was  lost.  While  they  were 
drawing  up  the  steep  side  of  Hamildon,  the  fog  came 
down  just  as  the  pack  hit  a  line  on  the  crest  of  the 
hill,  and  only  five  horsemen  were  near  enough  to 
keep  hounds  in  view.  After  going  to  Headland 
Warren  and  back  nearly  to  Heathercombe  brake, 
and  making  another  short  ring  on  the  top  of  Hamil- 
don, the  fox  went  straight  to  Buckland  Woods  and 
found  sanctuary  in  the  big  earth  at  the  junction  of 
the  East  and  West  Webburn. 

The  pack  met  on  the  18th  December  at  Lindridge, 
where  high  festival  had  just  been  held  in  celebration 
of  the  coming  of  age  of  Colonel  Templer's  eldest  son, 
the  present  owner  of  Lindridge,  Captain  J.  G.  E. 
Templer.  A  fox  was  found  in  Luton  Bottom  which 
took  a  big  ring  by  Ashwell,  the  Newtake  and 
Luscombe,  then  right-handed  towards  Teignmouth, 
by  the  back  of  Bishopsteignton  Village  to  the  New- 
take  and  Luton  Bottom,  and  on  to  Well  Covert, 
Kingswood  and  Wood  and  then  to  Haldon,  where  he 
was  lost  after  a  two-hours'  run. 

Only  a  short  record  exists  of  a  run  from  Heytree 
Gate  on  the  21st  December  which  is  stated  to  be 
"  one  of  the  finest  moorland  runs  ever  known  with 
the  South  Devon."  No  time  is  mentioned,  but  the 
distance  is  given  as  about  twelve  miles.    The  fox  was 


AUGUSTUS  F.  ROSS  117 

found  in  Heathercombe  Brake,  and  the  points  touched 
were  Hookner  Tor,  Challacombe,  New  House,  Fern- 
worthy  and  Broadamarsh,  the  fox  getting  into  the 
rocks  some  three  miles  above  Post  Bridge.  Only  the 
master,  a  pink  coat  and  a  lady  were  there  at  the  finish. 
On  the  17th  January,  1877,  Sir  Lawrence  Palk 
presided  over  a  "  large  and  influential  meeting  "  at 
Newton  Abbot  to  consider  arrangements  to  con- 
tinue the  hunt  after  that  season.  Mr.  Ross  had 
expressed  his  disinclination  to  continue  unless  the 
guaranteed  subscription  of  £500  per  annum  were 
increased  to  £800.  It  was  decided  to  appoint  a 
number  of  gentlemen  to  canvass  their  several  districts. 
Sir  L.  Palk,  alluding  to  some  observations  made  by 
Mr.  C.  N.  Luxmoore,  of  Torquay,  said  that  town 
ought  to  furnish  at  least  a  thousand  a  year  towards 
the  hunt,  a  remark  which  produced  much  laughter. 
The  chairman  intimated  that  if  the  residents  of 
Torquay  would  only  show  a  more  liberal  spirit 
towards  the  foxhounds,  and  provide  the  committee 
with  the  means,  more  fixtures  within  an  easy  distance 
might  be  arranged  than  had  been  the  case  up  to  that 
time.  A  general  feeling  in  favour  of  Mr.  Ross 
retaining  the  mastership  was  expressed,  and  testimony 
was  borne  to  his  uniform  courtesy  in  the  field.  It 
was,  however,  suggested  that  if  Mr.  Ross  would 
provide  a  professional  huntsman  and  only  one  good 
whipper-in,  more  sport  would  be  shown,  and  there 
would  be  comparatively  little  difficulty  in  increasing 
the  annual  subscriptions  to  £600  or  £700  a  year. 
It  was  decided  to  adjourn  the  meeting  to  the  31st 
of  the  month,  and  in  the  meantime  Mr.  Ross  was  to 
be  communicated  with  and  given  an  opportunity  of 
conferring  with  Sir  L.  Palk,  as  chairman  of  the  hunt.^ 

1  The  Field,  20th  January,  1877. 


118  THE    SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

At  the  adjourned  meeting,  after  the  results  of  the 
canvassing  had  been  stated,  the  Honorary  Secretary, 
Mr.  A.  Moffatt,  at  the  request  of  the  chairman,  Sir 
Lawrence  Palk,  read  the  agreement  between  Mr. 
Ross  and  the  guarantors,  drawn  up  in  October,  1875, 
when  the  guarantors  agreed  to  find  Mr.  Ross  £500 
a  year  for  three  years  to  hunt  the  South  Devon 
country.  A  letter  was  also  read,  in  which  Mr. 
Ross  had  asked  Sir  Lawrence  Palk  to  intimate 
to  the  guarantors  that,  as  the  expenses  were  so 
much  beyond  the  guarantee,  he  could  not  continue 
to  hunt  the  country  after  that  season,  unless  the  sum 
was  increased. 

The  chairman  observed  that  either  party  by 
giving  notice  might  terminate  the  agreement.  It 
might  be  said  Mr.  Ross  did  not  absolutely  intend,  by 
his  letter,  to  terminate  the  agreement ;  but,  on  the 
receipt  of  the  letter,  a  meeting  was  called  at  Exeter, 
and  it  was  then  resolved  that  the  committee,  so  far 
as  their  power  enabled  them  so  to  do,  should 
terminate  their  agreement  with  Mr.  Ross.  It  was 
also  considered  advisable  that  a  meeting  of  land- 
owners and  other  parties  interested  in  the  hunt 
should  be  called  at  Newton,  which  meeting  had  been 
duly  held.  The  result  of  the  canvass  was  very  un- 
satisfactory, and  subscriptions  were  falling  off.  The 
chairman  could  not  shut  his  eyes  to  the  fact  that 
there  was  great  dissatisfaction  with  the  sport  Mr. 
Ross  had  shown.  Many  subscribers  had  told  him 
privately  that  unless  Mr.  Ross  would  employ  a 
huntsman  they  would  not  continue  their  subscrip- 
tions. Mr.  Ross  had  peremptorily  and  decidedly 
refused  to  engage  a  huntsman.  A  suggestion  was 
made  at  the  last  meeting  that  the  country  should  be 
divided,  and  he  almost  thought  it  large  enough.    Mr. 


AUGUSTUS  F.  ROSS  119 

Pollard  was  afraid  that  if  the  country  were  divided, 
his  part  of  the  neighbourhood  would  have  no  hunting 
at  all.  The  chairman  did  not  know  that  such  would 
be  the  case.  At  the  last  meeting  he  ventured  to 
make  a  suggestion  that  the  important  neighbouring 
town  of  Torquay  should  contribute  £1000  a  year 
towards  the  foxhounds.  (Laughter.)  The  sug- 
gestion had  received  some  local  notice,  and  he  had 
heard  that  he  had  rather  affronted  Torquay  by 
putting  the  amount  of  subscription  so  low.  (Renewed 
laughter.)^ 

After  further  discussion,  the  names  of  Messrs.  Ellis, 
Michelmore,  Wills,  Codner  and  Tucker  were  added  to 
the  committee,  and  the  meeting  was  again  adjourned. 

In  the  meanwhile,  the  rumour  got  abroad  that 
there  was  a  chance  of  Mr.  William  Coryton  taking 
the  country,  but  at  the  adjourned  meeting  held  on 
the  21st  February  Sir  John  Duntze  explained  that 
that  gentleman  declined  to  enter  into  any  negotia- 
tions whatever  until  the  country  was  vacant.  After 
the  position  of  matters  between  the  hunt  and  Mr. 
Ross  had  been  re-stated  and  discussed,  a  resolution 
was  passed  expressing  the  thanks  of  the  hunt  to  ^Ir. 
Ross,  coupled  with  the  regret  that  his  offer  could  not 
be  accepted.  The  committee  was  then  requested  to 
enter  into  negotiations  with  Mr.  Coryton.  Those 
present  at  the  meeting,  in  addition  to  the  chairman. 
Sir  La^vrence  Palk,  included  :  Sir  John  Duntze,  Dr. 
Gaye,  Messrs.  D.  R.  Scratton,  R.  W.  Pollard,  Baillie, 
senior  and  junior,  Ellis,  G.  Remfry,  J.  Wills,  Steele, 
Rendell,  Symons,  Pinsent,  Vicary  and  Mortimore.^ 

The  negotiations  with  Mr.  Coryton  came  to  nought, 
and  at  the  beginning  of  the  season  1877-8  we  find 

1  The  Field,  3rd  February,  1877. 

=*  Mid-Devon  Advertiser,  :i4th  February,  1877. 


120  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Ross  still  at  the  head  of  affairs  and  still  carrying  the 
horn  himself,  with  thirty-five  couple  of  hounds  in 
kennel.  James  "\^Tiite  replaced  the  second  whip, 
W.  Dra^-ton,  who  went  to  Lord  Shannon,  and  the 
third  whip  was  dispensed  with.  The  number  of 
huntins  davs  was  increased  bv  the  addition  of  every 
alternate  Saturday  up  to  the  middle  of  February, 
from  which  time  the  pack  hunted  three  days  a  week 
until  well  into  April. 

Despite  Sir  Lawrence  Palk's  strictures,  good  sport 
seems  to  have  been  enjoyed,  as  appears  from  the 
following  notes  : 

1877,  November  26th.  Powderham  Arch.  The 
field  spoiled  what  might  have  been  a  good  run  with 
a  Powderham  fox.  The  master  was  more  fortunate 
with  the  one  he  found  at  Hay  don,  which  took  hounds 
through  Oxton  to  Mamhead  and  righthanded  over 
Haldon  to  Harcombe,  putting  in  a  mile  on  the  road 
as  these  Haldon  foxes  will  do  when  bustled.  He  was 
lost  after  being  coursed  by  a  sheep  dog  ;  but  before 
the  master  had  given  him  up,  a  fresh  fox  jumped  up. 
The  pack  raced  him  to  ^^^liteway  and  back,  through 
Thorns  and  Court  Plantation,  and  lost  this  one  too 
through  scent  failing  suddenly  in  a  cold  storm.  The 
first  run  was  over  the  hour,  and  the  second  fifty-five 
minutes  ^^ithout  a  check. 

December  1st.  Thorns.  Found  in  Beggar's  Bush 
and  ran  over  Chudleigh  Hill  through  Court  Planta- 
tion, by  Ideford  to  Well  and  Ugbrooke  and  through 
the  park  to  Chudleigh  Rocks.  Here  a  hound  called 
Dexter  rolled  the  fox  over  twice,  but  he  managed  to 
get  into  the  rocks. 

1878,  Januar\^  7th.  A  hard  day  on  Haldon  with  a 
fox  from  Oxton  in  the  morning  and  one  from  Kings- 
wood  in  the  afternoon,  but  without  handling  either. 


o 


AUGUSTUS  F.  ROSS  121 

January  10th.  Penn  Inii.  A  fir.i  c:  a  h-.:iL±:^i 
horsemen.  Apparently  a  loiLg  draw,  for  tbey  found 
at  Cockington-  Scent  was  very  bad,  but  the 
was  patirait  and  jndkioos  in  his  casts,  the 
being  a  slow  hunting  mn  c^  tfaiee  bonis,  "****^^ 
the  fox  to  ground  in  a  creriee  in  a  rock  on  &e  sea 
c3oast  close  to  Torquay.  A  stranger  from  the  IGd- 
lands,  out  for  the  first  time^  con^liiiiadsd  the 
master  on  the  way  the  pack  hunted  and  stock  to 
th^  fox  through  difi&culties. 

January  12th.  Beggar's  Bush.  Another  vay 
hard  and  xinlucky  day.  After  hunting  up  to  a  fox 
which  had  secured  a  sood  start  from  ck)se  to  the 
place  of  meeting,  and  running  him  hard  to  Castle 
Dyke  and  Luscombe ;  after  rectifying  a  divisicKi  <rf 
the  patk.  and  getting  the  whole  c^  it  back  to  the  Kile 
of  the  hunted  fox.  and  brii^ing  him  back  to  Ash- 
combe  ;  after  having  been  misied  th»e  by  a  £dbe 
hidoa  ;  and  after  recovering  the  line  and  inmm^ 
his  fox  to  a  standstill  in  OxtiMi,  the  master  had  the 
mortincation  of  seeing  his  hounds  dtange  on  to  a 
fresh  fox  at  the  last -mentioned  place,  whirfi  l»ought 
th^n  back  to  near  Ideford,  whae  they  were  stopped. 
It  was  freezing  hard  all  day. 

January  ITth.  Reddaford  Water.  Could  do 
nothing  with  the  Yamer  fox ;  but  from  Bagti^  had 
a  good  hour  and  ten  minutes  to  ground  in  Buddboid 
Woods. 

January  24th.  Two  IkOle  Oak.  A  large  field. 
Killed  in  the  open  after  a  screaming  twenty-five 
minutes  from  Lee  Brake  without  a  check. 

January-  26th.  BeHaiuarsh.  Killed  a  fox  after 
three-quarters  of  an  hour's  himting.  and  had  a  long 
ringing  run  with  another  around  Lindridge,  Wood  and 
Ugbrooke,  ending  with  darkness. 


122  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HTXT 

The  month  of  February  is  generally  productive  of 
good  sport  and  was  so  this  year. 

February*  9th.  Ware  Barton.  Kin  erst  ei  ant  on.  A 
large  field.  Found  in  Kingswood  and  ran  by  Lind- 
ridge  House.  Humber  Moor.  Luton  Moor.  Castle 
Dyke  to  the  Ashcombe  Valley,  killing  in  Court  Wood. 
This  was  followed  by  a  zigzag  run  from  Watton 
Brakes  to  groimd  in  Mamliead  main  earth. 

February-  14th.  Kingskerswell.  The  Down  pro- 
vided a  gocd  fox,  which  led  the  pack  at  a  racing 
pace  to  Abbotskerswell,  Decoy,  Wolborough,  Bradley 
Woods,  Westwoods  and  Ogwell.  Going  on  towards 
Ipplepen,  a  left-handed  turn  took  hounds  to  Dainton 
and  over  the  railway  to  Stoneycombe  Quari^' :  the 
hounds  were  stopped  with  the  exception  of  one  which 
fell  over  the  quany-  and  was  killed.  Some  workmen 
viewed  the  fox  on  a  led^  of  the  cliff,  from  which  he 
was  dislodged,  and  after  another  fifteen  minutes  he 
was  rolled  over  in  the  open.  Quite  one  of  the  old- 
fashioned  in-country*  runs. 

Februaiy-  18th.  Haldon  Race  Stand.  Hit  a  drag 
in  Oxton  and  found  in  Mamhead,  but  lost  him  on 
Kenton  Hill  after  a  circular  nm  of  foii^'  minutes  on 
HaJdon. 

February-  21st.  Pteddaford  Water.  A  short  and 
sharp  run  and  a  kill,  by  Colehays,  Brimley  and  Old 
Hayes  Wood,  and  an  hour  and  a  half  to  ground  with 
another. 

April  1st.  Windy  Cross  instead  of  the  moor,  which 
was  under  snow.  Found  at  once,  and  away  as  if 
for  Bridford  :  then,  turning  at  the  swoUen  river, 
to  Doddiscombsleigh,  Ashton  Brakes,  Kiddons  and 
\Vhiteway  ;  on  over  Haldon  to  ground  at  the  Round 
O.  Another  fox  gave  a  run  by  the  Peace  Stand, 
Rushycombe,     Harcombe,     Haldon,     Kenton     Hill, 


AUGUSTUS  F.  ROSS  123 

Oxton,  Mamhead  and  Ashcombe.  and  apparently 
was  earthed  in  Tower  Plantation. 

April  8th.  Lindridge.  A  ^Hd  day,,  but  a  rare 
scent  and  a  capital  run.  A  Lindridge  fox  broke 
towards  Whitelands  and  then  ran  by  Kingswood 
Quarry,  Torr  Hill  Brake,  Stoney  Copse,  Sands, 
Gappagh,  Ugbrooke  Park  towards  Ideford,  where  a 
slight  check  occurred.  From  there  through  Duns- 
combe  Plantation,  Perrott's  Farm,  on  to  Haldon  and 
back  as  if  for  Ideford  Brakes,  but  before  reachincj 
them  the  pack  pulled  hmi  down  in  the  open  after  a 
very  fast  run  of  about  fifty  minutes. 

From  the  above  short  notes  it  would  appear  that 
this  last  season  of  Ross's  first  mastersliip  was  a  ven.' 
good  one  and  far  from  bearing  out  the  complaints  of 
bad  sport  which  were  heard  the  previous  year. 

At  the  end  of  the  season  18TT-S  Ross  retired,  and 
the  country  was  partitioned  between  Sir  Lawrence 
Palk  and  Sir  John  Duntze  on  the  one  hand,  and, 
eventually,  Mi*.  Fearnley  Tanner  on  the  other. 


II 

PARTITION 

1.  THE    HALDON  SIDE 

2.  THE   NEWTON  SIDE 


1.     THE    HALDON   SIDE 
CHAPTER  XI 

SIR    LAWRENXE    F.\LK.    BAET.,   AXD 
SIR   JOHN   DUyrZE.   BART  :    l5-?-?2 


Hald 

ktter 
oOer 


r-T   C^I^sr: 


ACCORDING  to  the  arrangement  made  for  par- 
-  tition  of  the  country,  a  sej>arate  pack  was  to 
hunt  all  the  country  to  the  north  of  the  River  Teign, 
from  Teignmouth  to  Xewton  Abbot,  and  east,  oi 
north-east,  of  the  railway  from  the  last-mentioned 
town  to  Moretonhampstead.  The  terms  of  the  par- 
tition were  that  if  either  this  newly  formed  country 
or  the  country  on  the  other  side  of  the  divisional  line 
indicated  should  become  vacant  at  any  time,  it  was 
to  be  competent  for  the  continuing  master  to  claim 
the  countr\'  so  vacant. 

Sir  Lawrence  Palk  and  Sir  Jc^m  Duntze  undertook 
jointly  to  hunt  the  newly  established  pack,  which 


128  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

was  composed  of  purchases  from  the  kennels  of  the 
Hon.  Mark  Rolle  and  the  Blackmore  Vale.  It  was 
kennelled  at  Sir  Lawrence  Palk's  seat,  Haldon  House, 
and  called  "  The  Haldon  Hounds."  The  country 
allotted  to  it  is  still  spoken  of  as  the  "  Haldon  side." 
Sir  La^^Tence  Palk  was  at  that  time  Conservative 
member  for  the  East  Devon  Parliamentary  Division 
and  had  considerable  territorial  influence.  He  had 
formerly  kept  harriers  at  Haldon,  with  which  he 
hunted  a  wide  range  of  country.  Though  it  does  not 
concern  the  South  Devon  Hunt,  I  am  tempted  to 
reproduce  the  following  interesting  letter  ^\Titten  by 
"  Squire  "  Trelawny  in  December,  1864  : 

"  Last  Saturday  week  we  met  at  Goodamoor.  .  .  .  Palk 
(Sir  Lawrie)  met  with  his  harriers  (of  com'se  by  invitation 
from  Sir  "Walter  Carew)  at  Kingsbridge  Road  on  the  same 
day,  and  spoiled,  perhaps,  the  best  run  of  twenty  years, 
besides  killing  a  fox  !  I  must  say  both  Baronets,  especially 
Carew,  were  heartily  vexed.  They  could  not  well  help 
meeting  on  the  Saturday,  as  Scale  was  much  nearer  to  Marley 
on  the  Friday.    But  to  my  run. 

'•  We  found  close  to  Lee  Mill  Bridge,  on  the  Plymouth  and 
Ivybridge  turnpike  road,  ran  to  Slade  Viaduct,  through 
Storridge  Wood,  over  the  Yealm,  up  to  and  all  over  Hanger 
Down,  both  Grange  Wastes,  all  over  the  top  of  Stall  Moor, 
crossed  the  river  ahocc  Piles ;  went  two-thirds  up  the  hill  to 
Three  Barrows,  and  then,  all  of  a  sudden  turned  back, 
recrossed  the  river  and  was  finally  earthed  close  to  where  he 
was  found.  At  the  turning-point  my  terrier-lad  and  man  on 
second  horse  from  Stall  Moor  saw  some  twenty  horsemen 
ahead  of  the  hounds  (of  course  Palk  and  his  harriers). 

■'  Now  I  argue  thus  :  any  fox  who  had  dared  to  scorn 
Piles  and  had  only  just  crossed  the  Erme,  a  bumper,  and 
which  he  shewed  his  dislike  to  by  running  up  the  side  of  the 
river  before  he  crossed,  surely  would,  if  not  headed,  have 
gone  at  least  to  Woollholes  and  far  more  probably  to  Skerra- 
ton  or  "White  Wood  and  Langham  Marsh,  if  the  hounds  had 


SIR  L.  PALK,  Bt.,  AXD  SIR  J.  DUXTZE,  Bt.  12# 

not  pulled  him  down  before  he  got  there,  Xo"w,  av  Skerraton 
is  jxjssibly  sixteen  miles  and  White  Wood,  etc.,  ahout  twenty 
from  where  we  found,  I  need  not  teU  yoa  that  we  were 
probably  baulked  of  a  real  clipper  !  .  .  . 

"  P.S. — Walter  Radclifie  is  in  a  d 1  <rf  a  way  aboat  the 

harriers." 

The  letter  reveals  the  good  spirit  and  fine  temper 
of  a  sportsman  in  the  highest  sense  and  one  who 
knew  how  to  bear  disappointment. 

It  was  Sir  Lawrence  Palk's  father.  Sir  Lawrence 
Vaughan  Palk,  who  used  to  hunt  from  Dalby,  near 
Melton  Mowbray,  and  is  mentioned  by  Ximrod  among 
the  "  Crack  riders  of  England."  Sir  Lawrence  him- 
self in  his  early  days  was  an  habitue  of  Melton  far 
seven  years  or  more.  He  was  also  devoted  to  vault- 
ing, and  his  LaneaMre  WUck  and  Gvlnare  waie  wdL 
known  in  the  Squadron.  He  ^tas  ako  fond  erf  shoot- 
mg  and,  in  addition,  he  was  a  very  good  coaciinian 
and  a  member  of  the  Four-in-Hand  Club.* 

Sir  Lawrence's  second  son,  Mr.  E.  A.  Palk,*  acted 
as  field-master  in  his  father's  absence,  which  fraoi 
ill-health  was  more  or  less  continnous  dining  the 
last  two  seasons  of  his  mastership.  Mr.  Palk  was 
lather  strict  with  his  field,  and  some  of  us  have 
reason  to  be  grateful  for  the  discipliDe  acquired  in 
those  early  days,  which  saved  us  from  committing 
many  a  solecism  in  later  years.  The  yoothfol 
delinquent  who  incurred  the  field-master's  just  but 
quickly  abating  displeasore  was  often  ecNOSoled  by  a 
word  of  encouragonent  from  his  sister,  now  the  Han. 
Mrs.  Gambier-Pany,  who  hunted  regularly  with  the 
pack,  and  was  extremely  keen  and  a  good  nder. 

Sir  Lawrence  Palk's  coDeague,  Sir  JcAn  Dontze, 


130     THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

was  very  popular  with  all  classes  here,  as  he  was  in 
the  Badminton  country,  where  he  had  been  in  the 
habit  of  hunting  for  many  years.  His  hard-riding 
days  were  over,  but  he  took  a  keen  interest  in  the 
sport  and  was  out  regularly,  though,  as  already 
stated,  the  active  duties  of  field-master  really  fell  to 
Mr.  E.  A.  Palk.  Sir  John,  who  was  married,  but  had 
no  children,  lived  at  Exeleigh,  a  house  he  had  built 
at  Starcross,  close  to  the  entrance  to  Powderham 
Park.  He  was  thus  at  the  extreme  end  of  his  country 
and  a  long  way  from  the  kennels.  In  the  field,  he 
wore  a  low  felt  "  topper  "  and  a  black,  or  very  dark, 
coat  with  the  Beaufort  button,  and  carried  a  whistle 
instead  of  a  horn.  In  those  days  a  whistle  had  not 
come  to  be  a  part  of  the  regular  equipment  of  a 
hunt  staff,  and  the  hunt  servants  relied  on  their 
voices.  That  reminds  me  of  an  incident  that  occurred 
with  the  Haldon  Hounds  a  year  or  two  after  Sir  John 
Duntze  resigned.  We  were  mystified  by  a  shrill  and 
prolonged  whistle  that  came  from  the  depths  of  the 
Luscombe  Woods  above  Dawlish.  It  was  found  that 
Mr.  Henn-Gennys,  a  deaf-and-dumb  gentleman  then 
hunting  with  the  pack,  had  viewed  the  fox  and  was 
taking  the  only  means  at  his  command  of  communi- 
cating the  fact  to  the  huntsman. 

Mr.  Davies  tells  how  Sir  John  Duntze,  meeting 
Jack  Russell  soon  after  the  latter  had  been  persuaded 
to  give  up  keeping  hounds,  said  to  him  :  "  You  can't 
live  without  hounds,  Russell — I  know  you  can't. 
Now  I'll  make  you  an  offer  ;  I'll  give  you  five  pounds, 
if  you'll  give  me  one,  for  every  year  that  you  don't 
keep  hounds."  And  Mr.  Davies  adds  that  Sir  John 
was  right,  for  the  following  season  saw  Russell  with 
a  fresh  pack.^ 

1  Lije  of  the  Rev.  J.  Etiasell,  p.  252. 


SIR  L.  PALK,  Bt.,  AND  SIR  J.  DUNTZE,  Bt.    131 

Mr.  Frank  Short  was  appointed  honorary  secretary 
to  the  new  pack.  He  was  immensely  popular,  and, 
living  at  his  father's  place,  Bickham,  was  well  placed 
in  the  centre  of  the  country.  Mr.  Short's  father  had 
been  a  keen  sportsman  and  a  famous  whip  in  the 
palmy  days  of  the  Road.  "  Short's  Plantation  "  is 
mentioned  frequently  in  Sir  Walter  Carew's  diary 
and  was  a  noted  find  in  his  day,  as  was  also  the  covert 
known  as  the  Round  O,  which  also  formed  part  of  the 
Bickham  property.  Thanks  to  Miss  Short,  Mr.  Frank 
Short's  sister,  who  until  quite  recently  continued  to 
live  at  Bickham,  the  reputation  of  these  coverts  has 
been  well  maintained. 

The  first  huntsman  to  the  Haldon  Hounds  was 
Will  Nevard,  who,  however,  died  in  Exeter  Hospital 
after  only  one  season  with  the  pack.  He  was  suc- 
ceeded by  Dan  North  from  Mr.  Snow's  in  North 
Devon.  North  had  a  musical  voice  and  a  shrill 
scream,  blew  a  good  note  on  the  horn  and  his  hound 
language  was  good  and  expressive.  In  these  days,  he 
might  have  been  considered  as  rather  on  the  noisy 
side  ;  but  the  silent  system,  whatever  may  be  its 
advantages  elsewhere,  is  not  highly  thought  of  in  the 
woods  and  hills  of  Devon,  and  Dan  North  knew  the 
importance  of  getting  a  good  body  of  hounds  together 
when  his  fox  was  first  afoot.  No  feeble  tootle  on  the 
horn  will  do  this  in  such  coverts  as  Bridford  Wood, 
Cotleigh  Wood,  etc.,  where  hounds  spread  them- 
selves in  drawing.  Altogether  he  was  a  good  hunts- 
man, knew  how  to  hunt  a  fox  and  shewed  a  great 
deal  of  sport.  Foxes  soon  increased  in  number, 
though  of  course  blank  days  were  not  unknown, 
especially  towards  the  end  of  the  season. 

I  may  perhaps  be  pardoned  for  mentioning  the 
first  really  big  run  I  remember.    Where  we  found,  or 


132  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

what  the  exact  Hne  was,  I  know  not.  All  I  do  know 
is  that  I  followed  Dan  North  and  George  Loram 
when  they  turned  away  from  the  rest  of  the  field, 
that  we  crossed  the  ugly  bottom  of  Kiddens  in  the 
course  of  a  long  run  and  ultimately  marked  our  fox 
to  ground  in  a  drain  beneath  a  road  close  to  Ideford 
village  at  dark,  and  that  Mr.  Palk  and  his  sister  were 
about  the  only  other  members  of  the  field  that  caught 
the  pack  again  before  the  finish. 

The  hunt  was  very  strong  in  sporting  farmers  in 
those  days  ;  substantial  men  and  first-rate  sports- 
men, who  were  always  well  mounted  and  knew  all  the 
points  in  the  game.  There  was  George  Loram  from 
near  Exminster,  mentioned  just  above,  a  fine  specimen 
of  the  British  yeoman,  whose  weight  was  counter- 
balanced by  his  good  horsemanship  and  who  had  an 
exceptional  knowledge  of  hunting.  He  had  a  wonder- 
ful voice,  too,  of  which  he  made  rather  more  use  than 
our  field-master  quite  approved  of.  Then  there  were 
White,  of  Ashcombe,  on  his  bald-faced  chestnut ; 
Sam  Archer  of  Doddiscombsleigh,  whom  none  could 
beat  in  that  mountainous  region  ;  Carroll  Adams, 
then  farming  under  Sir  Lydston  Newman,  now 
prevented  by  rheumatism  from  doing  more  than  go 
out  on  wheels  with  the  harriers ;  Elliott  of  Crablake, 
mounted  on  a  well-bred  one  ;  Paul  of  Lysons,  a 
yeoman  farmer  whose  family  have  been  settled  in 
that  locality  for  centuries ;  the  two  Annings ; 
Jeremiah  Strong  of  Pennycombe ;  Mortimer  of 
Matford ;  G.  Short  and  H.  Short  of  Dunsford ; 
T.  Pyle  of  Blackheath,  G.  Short  of  Cotley  and  John 
Dymond  of  Humber. 

Many  others  there  were  whose  names  escape  me  at 
this  distance  of  time,  but  I  must  not  omit  John  Wills, 
tenant  of  Mr.  Comyns  of  Wood,  whose  riding  weight 


Sm  L.  TALK,  Bt..  AND  SER  J.  DUXTZE.  B:.   133 

was,  I  believe,  over  twenty  stone.  He  it  was  who 
made  the  artificial  drain  in  the  Xewtake,  overlooking 
Bishopsteignton,  in  the  days  of  West  lake,  of  whom  he 
was  a  staunch  supporter. 

A  great  sportsman  was  Hollett  the  Kennford 
baker,  and  somewhat  of  a  character  to  boot.  Not 
content  to  hunt  only  with  the  Haldon  Hounds,  he 
would,  on  occasion,  get  up  at  two  o'clock  in  the 
morning  so  as  to  finish  his  day's  baking  in  time  to 
start  at  eight  o'clock  on  a  three-hours'  jog  to  meet 
Mr.  Ross  at  Xew  Inn  or  elsewhere,  riding  the  horse 
that  was  to  carry  him  all  day.  This  man  loved  hounds 
and  their  work.  ''  Sir,"  he  said  to  me,  as  the  pack 
spread  fan-wise  to  recover  the  line,  "  a  beautiful  lady 
is  a  beautiful  thing  :  but  a  pack  of  foihound-s  is  a  deal 
beautifuUer  ! ''  Of  course  the  weather  never  daunted 
him.  Once  he  observed  me  shivering,  and  I  admitted 
that  I  felt  the  cold  intensely.  He  did  not  tell  me,  as 
Jorrocks  told  Benjamin  under  like  circumstances,  to 
'•  think  of  ginger  ''  ;  but  he  laughed  out  softly  : 
"  Ah  !  'tis  you  lean  beggars."  Now,  this,  to  some, 
mav  sound  familiar  to  the  verge  of  rudeness,  but  I 
would  have  them  know  that  our  Devonshire  country 
folk  are  never  rude.  Frank  and  outspoken  they  are, 
yet  with  a  frankness  that  is  never  unkind,  and  an 
outspokenness  that  is  free  from  any  intentional 
disrespect.  This  attenuation  of  figure  must,  I 
suppose,  have  been  particularly  marked,  and  I 
remember  a  farmer  once  telling  me  that  mv  father 
was  "  a  finer-looking  gentleman  nor  you'll  ever  be, 
I  reckon."  That  again  was  only  his  way,  as  I  well 
knew,  of  expressing  appreciation  of  my  father's 
physique  :  he  meant  no  disrespect  to  me.  Alas  I  no 
one  calls  me  lean  to-day  I 

Old  Hollett 's  son  and  grandchildren  have  inherited 


134  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

his  passion  for  hunting.  The  former  on  wheels  (since 
his  health  forbade  him  the  saddle)  and  the  latter 
mounted  rarely  miss  joining  hounds  when  on  Haldon. 
There  were  many  resident  hunting  people  in  the 
country.  Besides  the  masters  and  the  honorary 
secretary,  there  were,  Mr.  Ley  of  Trehill ;  Mr. 
O.  Bradshaw,  then  living  at  Canonteign ;  the  late 
Lady  Exmouth  ;  Mr.  and  Mrs.  C.  Chichester  of  Kenn  ; 
and  Captain  A.  Chichester  of  Alpington,  always  well 
mounted ;  Mr.  Studd  of  Oxton ;  Mrs.  Byrom  of 
Culver  ;  Mr.  Eales  of  Eastdon  ;  Mr.  H.  F.  Carr  and 
Mr.  Rew  of  Exeter ;  Mr.  Heacock  of  Countess  Weir, 
whose  cattle  were  of  an  excellent  type ;  Mr.  and  Miss 
Whidborne  ;  Major  McLeod,  a  fine  horseman  ;  Major 
Keating,  a  very  hard  one  ;  Mr.  E.  C.  Haggerston  and 
Mr.  Godfrey  Lee,  all  of  Teignmouth.  The  last-named, 
now  in  his  ninety-second  year,  still  takes  his  ride  on 
Haldon,  though  he  considers  he  is  past  hunting.  He 
used  to  go  remarkably  well  when  in  middle  life,  and 
his  wonderful  grey  mare,  Bluebell,  lasted  him  many 
years.  There  were  also  Mr.  Evan  Baillie  of  Filleigh, 
his  son,  Mr.  Alec  Baillie,  Mr.  Lord  of  Kerswell  Rock, 
whose  kennel  of  dwarf  beagles  became  so  well  known 
in  later  years  ;  Captain  G.  Ellicombe  and  his  brother, 
Mr.  H.  Ellicombe  of  Chudleigh ;  Mrs.  Trood  of 
Matford,  Dr.  Baker  of  Dawlish,  and  Dr.  and  Miss 
Pycroft  and  Mr.  R.  Hooper  of  Starcross,  Mr.  Hole  of 
Bovey  and  Captain  J.  G.  E.  Templer  when  home  on 
leave.  The  Church  was  represented  by  the  Rev. 
G.  Bird  of  Christow,  who  set  an  excellent  example 
to  the  rest  of  the  field,  for  he  went,  indeed,  "  as 
straight  as  a  bird."  He  was  a  very  short-legged  man 
and  rode  a  very  tall  horse  with  a  bad  stringhalt  in 
both  hind  legs.  If  a  bank  was  not  to  be  jumped  in 
the  ordinary  way,  Mr.  Bird  would  send  his  horse  over 


SIR  L.  PALK,  Bt.,  AND  SIR  J.  DUNTZE,  Bt.     135 

it  alone  and  catch  hold  of  the  animal's  tail  to  hoist 
himself  on  to  the  bank  after  it.  He  always  wore  a 
hunting-cap  in  the  field  and  was  a  thorough  workman. 
Then  there  was  Mr.  George  Finch  of  Exeter,  a  good 
sportsman  and  one  always  ready  to  help  in  "  raising 
the  wind."  The  officers  of  the  R.H.A.  at  Topsham 
Barracks  generally  provided  a  contingent. 

It  is  sad  to  think  how^  few  of  these  are  left  to  talk 
over  the  capital  sport  enjoyed  under  the  dual  master- 
ship. Though  several  are  still  ahve  and  well,  not  one 
is  to  be  found  among  a  modern  field  on  Haldon. 


CHAPTER    XII 

MR.   EDWARD   FAIRFAX   STUDD  :    FIRST   MASTERSHIP, 

1882-84 

Mr.  Studd  and  Mr.  Whidbome  succeed  to  the  Haldon  side — Kennels  at  Oxton 
— Claim  the  country  vacated  by  Ross — Claim  waived  in  favour  of  Mr. 
Hemming — Temporary  re-union  on  his  failing — Both  sides  of  country 
hunted  as  "  South  Devon  " — A  brief  partnership — A  staghunt  and  its 
sequel — A  friendly  settlement — A  change  of  plans  :  the  country  again 
partitioned — Some  reflections  on  the  conventions  of  hunting — Was  Mr. 
Studd's  action  a  breach  ? — Obligations  of  an  M.F.H. — Wolf-hunting  by 
the  Duke  of  Beaufort — Orthodoxy  of  bigotry  ? — A  successful  season — 
A  popular  secretary — A  contrast  with  present-day  conditions — Sir  J. 
Duntze  presents  the  pack  to  Mr.  Studd — Changes  in  the  pack  and  notes 
on  individual  hounds — A  fine  run — A  curious  finish — Comments — Mr. 
Studd's  aversion  from  bagmen — A  silver  fox  ? — Good  sport  in  his  second 
season — Another  staghunt  :   Mr.  Tremlett's  Harriers — Sam  Gilmore. 

"  The  thrilHng  tones  still  vibrate  on  my  ear, 
WTien  every  hill  in  tuneful  chorus  rung 
And  every  dell  your  deepest  wilds  among, 
Filled  with  the  chaunting  of  my  gallant  cry, 
In  tenfold  echoes  paid  their  melody." 

{On  looking  back  from  Haldon  for  the  last  time  on  Stover. 

By  Geo.  Templer.) 

WHEN  Sir  Lawrence  Palk  and  Sir  John  Duntze 
gave  up  the  Haldon  pack  in  the  spring  of 
1882,  a  meeting  was  held  at  Exeter  to  decide  upon 
future  arrangements.  At  that  meeting  Mr.  Whid- 
borne  of  Teignmouth  and  Mr.  Studd  of  Oxton  were 
elected  joint-masters.  Sir  John  Duntze  lent  them 
his  pack  of  seventeen  and  a  half  couple,  with  a 
promise  to  convert  the  loan  into  a  gift  after  one 
season,  and  gave  a  donation  of  £100.  Kennels 
were  fitted  up  in  the  farm  buildings  half  a  mile 
from  Oxton,   under  the  Hang  of  Oxton,   the  pack 

136 


MR.    E.    FAIRFAX    STUDD 

By  permission  of  the  Countij  Gentleman 


To  face  page  13V 


MR.  EDWARD  FAIRFAX  STUDD        137 

was  strengthened  by  purchases  from  Mr.  Ross,  Mr. 
Froude  Bellew  and  from  other  sources,  and  Dan 
North  was  kept  on  as  huntsman. 

Concurrently  with  these  arrangements  came  the 
resignation  of  Mr.  Ross  who,  as  will  be  seen  later,  ^ 
had  been  enjoying  a  second  spell  of  office  as  master 
of  the  South  Devon,  then  hunting  the  Newton  side 
or  southern  portion  of  the  country.  Thereupon  the 
new  joint-masters  of  the  Haldon  claimed  the  portion 
vacated  by  Mr.  Ross,  as  they  were  entitled  to  do 
under  the  terms  of  the  arrangement  entered  into 
when  the  country  was  first  partitioned,  ^  and  at  the 
same  time  they  of  course  resumed  the  name  "  South 
Devon  "  for  the  pack  with  which  they  were  to  hunt 
the  re-united  country.  The  re-union,  however,  was 
only  momentary.  The  claim  to  the  Newton  side 
appears  to  have  been  waived  in  favour  of  a  gentle- 
man, Mr.  Hemming,  who  undertook  to  hunt  that  side 
with  a  separate  pack  ;  it  re-attached  shortly  after 
when  he  failed  to  make  good  his  undertaking,  and 
during  the  cubhunting  the  country  was  hunted  as 
one  by  Mr.  Whidborne  and  Mr.  Studd  jointly.  Then, 
on  the  opening  day,  November  2nd,  an  incident 
happened  that  brought  their  partnership  to  a  sudden 
and  dramatic  end. 

The  pack  met,  according  to  custom,  at  Haldon 
Race  Stand,  but  did  not  find  until  reaching  Oxton. 
There,  in  tlie  Hang  of  Oxton,  a  wild  red  deer  was 
roused,  a  stag  of  about  four  years.  The  presence  of 
this  visitor  from  Exmoor  was  totally  unsuspected, 
for  though  red  deer  did  in  those  days,  as  they  do  now, 
sometimes  penetrate  as  far  south  as  Moreton  Woods 
and  Buckland  Woods,  they  had  never  been  heard  of 
on  Haldon.     The  incident  brought  out  at  once  the 

1  See  Chapter  XV.  «  See  p.  127. 


138  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

difference  in  temperament  of  the  joint-masters.  Mr. 
Whidborne,  old  and  orthodox,  gasped  at  the  idea  of 
running  a  deer  ;  Mr.  Studd,  young  and  bursting  with 
keenness,  gave  the  order  to  "  let  them  go  !  "  In 
that,  he  might  be  thought  to  be  but  making  a  virtue 
of  necessity,  for  getting  to  the  heads  of  hounds  on  that 
steep  hillside  where  the  bracken  grows  to  a  height  of 
over  six  feet,  was  an  impossibility.  But  he  frankly 
declared  afterwards  that  any  fellow  with  young  blood 
in  his  veins  would  have  done  as  he  did.  Dan  North 
needed  no  confirmation  of  the  order.  He  came  from 
North  Devon,  and  with  him  the  chase  of  the  wild  red 
deer  was  a  natural  instinct. 

The  stag  crossed  into  Mamhead  and  set  his  head  to 
the  south,  running  dead  up-wind  as  far  as  Luscombe. 
There  he  turned,  retraced  his  steps  to  Mamhead,  went 
on  through  Rushycombe  and  across  the  racecourse 
to  the  top  of  Kiddens,  down  the  valley  to  Doddis- 
combsleigh,  on  to  Dunchideock  Brake  and  into 
Perridge,  over  the  Exeter  road  below  Longdown  and 
right  on  as  far  as  the  Okehampton  road,  where  the 
hounds  were  whipped  off  from  the  stag  dead-beat  in 
an  orchard  about  a  mile  and  a  half  from  Exeter.  Time, 
five  and  a  half  hours.  I  regret  to  say  that  the 
severity  of  the  run  caused  the  death  of  three  horses. 
Being  unable  to  ride  myself  from  an  accident,  I  was 
out  on  wheels  and  only  saw  the  start.  My  elder 
brother,  who  was  mounted,  got  home  at  ten  o'clock 
that  night. 

Without  a  doubt,  it  was  a  great  run ;  but  it  was  at 
once  condemned  as  a  most  irregular  proceeding. 
Trouble  quickly  followed.  Sir  John  Duntze  wrote 
that  he  had  lent  his  hounds  to  hunt  fox  and  not 
stag,  and  that  until  he  had  an  assurance  that  such 
a  thing  should  not  happen  again  they  were  not  to 


MR.  EDWARD  FAIRFAX  STUDD         139 

leave  the  kennel  ;  and  Mr.  ^Mlidbo^ne's  outraged 
feelings  induced  him  to  announce  that  he  could  not 
continue  in  partnership  with  anyone  capable  of  such 
a  lapse  from  the  path  of  sporting  rectitude. 

Ultimately,  through  the  good  offices  of  Lord  Haldon 
and  Mr.  Studd's  ready  acceptance  of  the  judgment 
passed  upon  him  (unaccompanied,  it  is  to  be  feared, 
by  either  inward  sense  or  outward  sign  of  contrition), 
the  matter  was  smoothed  over,  and  a  settlement  was 
arrived  at  under  which  Mr.  Studd  was  to  continue  to 
hunt  the  Haldon  side  alone,  Mr.  "\Miidborne  under- 
taking to  hunt  the  Newton  side  -svith  a  separate  pack. 
Each  pack  to  hunt  two  days  a  week,  Mr.  Wiidborne 
on  Tuesdays  and  Saturdays,  and  Mr.  Studd  on 
Mondays  and  Thursdays. 

Here  I  should  like  to  pause  for  a  moment,  and  to 
ask  the  question  :  "  Was  Mr.  Studd's  action  in 
miming  a  stag  so  unquestionably  a  breach  of  any 
rule,  usage,  or  custom  governing  the  sport  of  fox- 
hunting, as  it  was  at  the  time  universally  considered 
to  be  ?  "  In  the  first  place,  it  is  not  a  question  of 
hunting  law.  Hunting  law,  properly  so  called,  only 
arises  where  the  rights  or  interests  of  more  than  one 
pack  are  concerned.  Neither,  it  seems  to  me,  does 
usage  or  custom  come  in,  for  such,  to  be  of  any 
authority,  must  be  general  in  application  or  accept- 
ance, and  we  know  that  the  wild  red  deer  exist  only 
in  two  special  localities,  namely,  in  and  around  the 
forest  of  Exmoor  and  in  the  New  Forest.  Without 
a  doubt,  a  man  is  entitled  to  keep  a  pack  to  hunt 
either  fox,  hare  or  fallow  deer  :  equally  without  a 
doubt,  a  master  of  a  recognized  pack  of  foxhounds 
would  break  an  accepted  rule  of  foxhunting  who 
allowed  his  hounds  to  hunt  what  to  them  is  ordinary 
riot,  such  as  hare  or  fallow  deer.     But  does  the  rule 


140  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

extend  to  prevent  him  from  hunting  a  wild  animal 
differing  entirely  from  the  ordinary  riot  to  be  found 
in  the  ordinary  hunting  country  ?  A  wolf  for 
instance  ?  You  would  be  as  likely  to  find  a  wolf  as 
a  wild  red  deer  in  almost  any  hunting  country  in 
England.  Yet  I  seem  to  have  read  of  a  pack  of  fox- 
hounds drawing,  without  protest,  for  a  wolf  escaped 
from  a  menagerie.  Be  that  as  it  may,  it  is  a  fact  that 
in  1863  the  late  Duke  of  Beaufort  took  five  and 
twenty  couple  of  his  magnificent  pack  to  France,  to 
Poitou,  to  hunt  the  wolves  there.  Will  anyone  say  he 
committed  a  breach  of  any  hunting  ordinance  in  so 
doing  ?  The  difference  between  his  case  and  that  of 
Mr.  Studd  is  that  in  the  former  the  master  sought  out 
the  wild  animal,  and  in  the  latter  the  wild  animal 
sought  out  the  master.  The  answer  to  those  who 
would  argue  that  the  red  deer  is  akin  to  the  fallow 
deer,  is  that  the  two  are  very  dissimilar  in  scent  and 
hunting  attributes.  The  one  is  wild  and  very  rare  ; 
the  other,  mostly,  tame  and  common.  Another 
distinction,  though  it  has  lost  its  significance  nowa- 
days, is  that,  ever  since  the  days  of  Canutus  the  Dane, 
hart  (which  is  expressly  stated  to  include  stag  and 
"  all  other  red  deer  of  anther  ")  and  hind  have  been 
beasts  of  venery,  or  beasts  of  the  forest ;  buck  and 
doe,  beasts  of  chase  merely.^  I  yield  to  none  in 
orthodoxy,  whether  in  religion  or  sport ;  yet  orthodoxy 
must  not  be  confounded  with  bigotry.  Without 
/  expressing  any  opinion  as  to  whether  Mr.  Studd's 

/  action  was  justified  or  not,  I  hope  I  have  said  enough 

to  shew  that  there  are  grounds  for  doubting  whether 
he  really  was  guilty  of  a  breach  of  any  rule  of  the 
sport. 

Mr.  Studd  was  very  successful  in  his  first  season, 

^  Manwood'a  Forest  Laws. 


MR.  EDW.lRD  FALRP.IX  STIT)D        141 

and  shewed  most  excellent  sport.  Many  things 
conduced  to  this  result.  The  noaster  threw  himself 
into  his  task  with  all  his  wonted  energy  and  gave  a 
great  deal  of  |>ersonal  attention  to  the  affairs  of  the 
hunt.  He  was  very  popular  and  had  the  advantage 
of  an  equally  pcpular  honorary  secretary  in  the 
person  of  Mr.  F.  Short,  who  continued  in  that  post. 
The  season  was  a  very  good  scenting  one,  and 
incidentally  a  ver\"  wet  one  ;  and  the  country  was 
thoroughly  weU  stocked  with  foxes,  only  two  blank 
days,  and  those  ver\-  wild  ones,  being  recorded. 
Xotwithstanding  this,  the  number  of  kills  amounted 
only  to  ten-and-a-half  brace,  a  fact  which  will  be 
imderstood  by  those  who  know  what  a  hoUow 
country  the  Haldon  is.  It  is  almost  safe  to  say  there 
is  either  an  artificial  drain  or  a  natural  earth  in  every 
covert  of  consequence,  and  Mr.  Studd  was  not  of  a 
temperament  to  care  for  the  tedious  operation  of 
digging,  or  his  total  of  kills  for  this  season  might  have 
been  far  higher. 

In  those  days,  the  country  was  very  open.  There 
was  hardly  a  strand  of  wire  of  any  sort  on  Haldon 
except  the  old  boundary  fence  at  Lidwell,  which  was 
well  gated ;  a  great  contrast  to  the  present  day, 
when  miles  of  barbed  wire  exist  without  fulfilling  any 
useful  function.  Pheasant -rearing,  too,  was  on  a  very 
much  smaller  scale  then,  and  very  few  shootings 
were  let. 

After  such  a  satisfactory  season  it  was  only  natural 
that  the  hunt  should  have  asked  Mr.  Studd  to 
continue  for  a  second  year,  and  no  difficulty  was 
experienced  in  raising  the  stipulated  subscription  of 
£400.  Sir  John  Duntze  then  formally  presented  his 
pack  to  Mr.  Studd. 

The  second  season  was  as  successful  as  the  first. 


142  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

and  comprised  a  great  number  of  excellent  runs. 
Eleven  brace  of  foxes  were  killed,  and  twelve-and-a- 
half  brace  run  to  ground.  Out  of  the  fifty-seven 
hunting  days  in  the  season  proper,  four  only  were 
blank,  and  on  the  others  sixty-three  foxes  were 
hunted. 

These  two  seasons  of  Mr.  Studd's  first  mastership 
shew  what  can  be  done  with  a  small  establishment. 
The  pack  at  the  end  of  the  first  cubhunting  season 
numbered  twenty-eight  couple  and  a  half,  but  the 
withdrawal  by  Mr.  Whidborne  of  the  eight  couple 
belonging  to  him  on  the  severance  of  the  partnership, 
left  Mr.  Studd  with  only  twenty-and-a-half  couple 
with  which  to  start  the  season,  and  this  in  a  country 
where  the  flints  and  dwarf  gorse  are  notoriously 
trying  to  the  feet  of  hounds,  and  at  a  time  of  year 
when  drafts  were  not  easily  obtainable.  True,  the 
distances  to  covert  were  not  as  great  as  those  with 
which  Mr.  Whidborne  had  to  contend  beyond  the 
Teign  ;  but  for  all  that,  the  days  were  mostly  long 
ones,  since  the  master  would  never  stop  drawing  as 
long  as  there  was  any  chance  of  a  run.  What  hounds 
there  were,  however,  were  good,  and  representative 
of  some  of  the  best  kennels,  and  they  had  the  advan- 
tage of  condition  and  of  knowing  each  other,  the 
latter  point  being  one  that  is  sometimes  overlooked 
in  kennels  where  breeding  is  carried  on  to  an  extent 
greater  than  is  warranted  by  the  number  of  hunting 
days.  Allowing  for  casualties  and  the  usual  cases  of 
temporary  absence  or  disablement,  it  was  very 
creditable  to  the  huntsman  that  he  was  generally 
able  to  put  in  the  field  from  fifteen  to  seventeen 
couple.  On  occasion,  towards  the  end  of  the  season, 
his  pack  would  be  much  smaller,  as  on  the  21st  March 
when  twelve  couple  only  raced  into  a  Culver  fox  in 


MR.  EDWARD  FAIRFAX  STUDD        143 

forty-five  minutes,  notwithstanding  the  vast  wood- 
land of  Cotleigh  came  in  the  hne  of  chase. 

In  the  second  season,  the  gaps  in  the  ranks  were 
made  good  by  a  draft  from  Mr.  Froude  Bellew.  Even 
then  the  master  was  very  httle  stronger  in  hounds, 
being  able  to  put  forward  only  one  home-bred  couple 
out  of  nine  couple  put  out  to  walk,  several  of  the 
litters  being  very  late  ones.  This  year  the  pack 
numbered  in  all  twenty-two  couple. 

Among  the  hounds  that  came  from  Sir  John  Duntze 
was  a  remarkably  good  bitch,  then  at  the  completion 
of  her  fifth  season,  called  Sally,  bred  by  Lord 
Coventry,  being  by  his  Singer  out  of  his  Dowager. 
With  her  came  two  of  her  puppies,  Susan  and 
Sorceress,  first-season  bitches,  by  the  Haldon  Sports- 
man. All  three  were  so  much  alike  in  appearance  that 
it  was  difficult  to  tell  one  from  the  others,  and  the 
puppies  turned  out  as  good  and  as  lasting  as  the 
mother.  Sorceress  was  particularly  good  in  her  work 
and  I  can  remember  her  carrying  the  line  down  a  dry 
flinty  Haldon  road  when  no  other  hound  could  own 
it.  She  lasted  into  her  eighth  season  and  was  the 
only  hound  of  that  age  in  the  list  for  1889.  Her 
sister,  Susan,  distinguished  herself  by  having  a  litter 
of  seventeen  by  the  Warwickshire  Archibald,  eight 
of  which  came  into  the  ring  at  puppy- judging  time. 
This  was  in  the  mastership  of  Lord  Haldon  in  1884, 
Susan  being  in  whelp  when  he  took  over  the  pack. 
One  of  these  eight,  Armorer,  took  first  prize  for  dogs, 
and  two  others,  Archeress  and  Ardent,  first  and 
second  for  bitches,  the  second  prize  for  dogs  going  to 
Solomon,  a  son  of  Sorceress  and  Rutland,  the  latter  a 
Haldon  dog  from  the  Warwickshire. 

Of  Susan's  eight  puppies,  five,  namely,  Archibald, 
Archeress,  Armorer,  Ardent  and  Artemis,  were  put 


144  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

forward.  They  all  remained  in  the  pack  for  five 
seasons,  and  the  three  last  went  through  a  sixth 
season.  If  I  remember  rightly,  all  except  Ardent 
were  badger-pies,  and  all  turned  out  excellent 
hunters. 

Another  capital  home-bred  dog  was  the  red-pied 
Samson,  by  the  Haldon  Saracen,  who  had  completed 
his  second  season  when  he  came  to  Oxton.  That  his 
blood  was  thought  well  of  is  shewn  by  the  hound  list 
for  1892  (after  Dr.  Gaye  had  come  into  office)  which 
comprises,  besides  his  direct  offspring  (then  in  their 
seventh  season),  namely.  Saraband,  Plausible  and 
Platoff,  six-and-a-half  couple  of  hounds  got  by  the 
last-named  dog. 

On  the  other  hand,  the  fashionably  bred  Wagtail, 
Watchful  and  Welcome,  by  the  Belvoir  Weathergage 
out  of  Lord  Macclesfield's  Rosemary,  had  all  to  be 
put  away  after  the  first  year,  their  second  season, 
which  affords  an  illustration  of  the  uncertainty  of 
hound-breeding. 

Bandsman,  by  the  Heythrop  Bugler,  a  good 
worker  and  comely,  was  an  example  of  how  a  hound 
sometimes  belies  his  name,  for^  despite  his  musical 
name  and  ancestry,  he  was  quite  mute  and  had  to  go. 

Of  the  sport  itself  in  Mr.  Studd's  first  mastership 
the  follo^\ang  notes  will  give  some  idea  : 

In  his  first  season  :  December  23rd,  a  five  hours' 
hunt,  with  repeated  changes,  on  Haldon  and  around 
Oxton  and  Mamhead,  whipping  off  finally  in  the 
dark  at  five  o'clock.  This  was  typical  of  many  a  day 
which  provided  several  hours'  sport  without  any 
great  point  being  made. 

On  the  8th  January,  one  of  a  brace  in  Haldon 
Belvidere  gave  the  pack  an  hour's  run.  Another  fox 
from  Lakecombe  took  the  hounds  to  Doddiscombs- 


MR.  EDWAED  FAIRF.IX  STUDD        145 

leigh,  down  past  Ehmchideock  to  Ide,  back  by  Lower 
Brenton  to  Haldon  Byes,  through  that  covert  to 
Cotleiffh  and  down  to  Culver,  on  to  Holcombe 
Bumell  Wood  and  3Ir.  Snow's  covert  behind  Lamb 
Lin,  then  crossed  the  Exeter  road  mto  Pemdge,  and 
was  killed  in  the  open  below  Dunchideock  at  the  end 
of  two  hours  and  a  half  without  hounds  being  cast. 

A  curious  ending  was  that  to  a  run  from  Oxton  on 
the  15th  January.'.  After  some  work  in  cover  with  a 
leash  of  foxes,  one  of  them  set  his  mask  for  Powder- 
ham  by  way  of  Helwell  and  Ringsdon,  and  after 
crossing  the  park  to  Powderham  Belvidere,  he  went 
down  to  the  marshes,  crossed  the  Great  Western 
Railway  and  was  drowned  in  the  estuary  of  the  Exe. 
His  carcase  was  picked  up  after  the  tide  went  down, 
and  brought  to  Oxton  that  evening.  The  pack  had 
a  narrow  escape  in  crossing  the  railway  as  a  train 
passed  down  between  the  fox  and  the  hounds.  The 
unusual  finish  gave  rise  to  talk  about  a  drag,  a  bag- 
man from  over  the  Exe,  etc.,  but  the  plain  truth  was 
that,  once  on  the  open  marshes,  the  fox  never  had  a 
chance  to  turn.  As  for  a  drag  or  a  bagman.  I  can 
testify  that  'Sh.  Studd,  whom  I  have  had  the  pleasure 
of  knowing  intimately  for  over  thirty  years,  had  a 
horror  of  such  practices,  which  belong  to  a  different 
category.'  altogether  from  that  of  the  staghunt  inci- 
dent. 

A  frequent  place  of  meeting  was  the  sixth  mifestone 
on  the  Exeter  and  Okehampton  road  for  the  purpose 
of  drawing  Mr.  H.  Drew's  and  >L:.  Snow's  coverts, 
and  the  country  to  the  north  of  them.  From  that 
fixture  on  the  18th  January  the  pack  killed  a  fox  in 
Cotleigh  Wood  after  an  hour  and  a  half* s  ringing  run. 

It  makes  one  en^^ous  in  these  days  to  read  of  a 
brace  of  foxes  being  found  at  the  Thorns  and  of  the 


116  THE  SOLTH  DEVON  HI'XT 

terrier  bc'ltiui:  three  more  on  the  same  day  from  the 
drain  in  Well  C  ^"~"  -^  i'e  hounds  were  running  yet 
another.    This  :.  :he  22nd  January,  1887. 

On  the  next  .    :ay,  25th,  Lindridge  was  the 

base  of  operations.  Finding  in  Whit  elands,  the  hne 
lay  tiuoagh  WocxL  Kings wockL  Well  Covert.  Sands, 
Bdlamarsh  and  Chudleigh  Rock-  back  by  Ugbrooke 
Pazk  to  Ideford,  Humber  Moor  and  Xewtake.  Here 
the  pack  divided,  one  lot  going  to  Kings  wood  and 
Wood,  where  they  were  stopped  from  another  fresh 
fox :  the  otifeer  lot  meanwhile  g'oing  to  Lidwell  and 
neari^  into  Teignmooth,  returning  by  Bishopsteignton 
to  Wood- 

The  number  of  foxes,  and  the  absence  of  a  proper 
whip,  resulted  in  hounds  often  dividing.  Sometimes 
both  lots  killed  their  fox,  and  once  they  both  ran 
to  ground  in  the  same  earth  after  taking  different 
lines. 

Rou^  weather  is  not  always  hurtful  to  scent.  On 
the  12th  February,  a  day  of  cold  and  heavy  rain- 
storms with  a  gale  of  wind,  a  fox.  bolted  from  Lidwell 
drain,  took  the  pack  at  a  terrific  pace  to  Oxton  and 
back  to  3£anihead.  where  the  pack  turned  down  into 
Oxton  again,  killiTig  him  in  the  laurels  by  the  big 
pond  there.  An  old  dog  fox- 
On  the  19th  of  the  same  month,  another  old  fox  was 
killed  at  Dunchideock  after  two  hours  and  ten 
minutes  without  hounds  being  once  cast.  The  pack 
had  met  at  Windy  Cross  and  found  in  Willis's  Gorse, 
the  ran  taking  place  in  the  hilly  country  touching 
Doddiscosnbslei^i,  Cotleigh,  Longdown,  Pemdge, 
Culver,  Hcdcombe  BumeD,  fifth  milestone  Okehamp- 
toa  road,  ^£r.  Snow's  coverts,  Perridge  again  and 
Dunfhideock. 

The  staying  powers  of  the  pack  were  well  tested  a 


MR.  EDWARD  FAIRFAX  STTDD        147 

week  later,  on  the  26th  February,  when  a  two-hours' 
hunt  from  Canonteign  in  the  morning  was  followed 
in  the  late  afternoon  by  a  run  of  an  hour  and  forty 
minutes  in  the  ^Vhiteway,  Haldon,  Doddiscombsleigh 
and  Ashton  country,  ending  with  blood.  This  fox  was 
found  at  four  o'clock. 

Mr.  Studd's  diar\'  contains  the  interesting  note 
that  on  the  last  day  of  this  season  a  white  fox  was 
said  to  have  stolen  away  from  Long  Covert,  Bella- 
marsh,  which,  as  also  the  Sands,  hounds  had  drawn 
blank.  How  far  the  report  is  true  is  doubtful  when 
it  is  considered  how  often  the  Ugbrooke  coverts  were 
visited  by  hounds  in  those  days  without  ever  finding 
such  a  fox.i 

After  a  very  successful  time  during  cubhunting, 
Mr.  Studd's  second  season  opened  with  a  good  but 
twisting  hunting  run  to  ground ;  and  the  second 
week  in  November  furnished  a  good  hour  and  a 
quarter  with  a  fox  found  at  Beggar's  Bush  which 
took  refuge  under  a  bam  at  \Aliiteway.  whence  he 
could  not  be  dislodged. 

Other  good  runs  this  season  included  an  hour  and 
thirtv-five  minutes  from  Sands,  killing  close  to 
Mamhead  House  ;  a  ver\*  smart  gallop  from  War- 
borough  to  Mamhead,  and  thence  with  a  fresh  fox 
round  Oxton  and  Mamhead  and  on  to  Lidwell :  a 
four-and-a-haK  hours*  hunt  from  Woodlands  to 
Eastdon  with  a  bad  scent  in  a  north-east  wind ;  and 
a  ver\-  hard  day  from  Windy  Cross.  A  very  unusual 
line,  at  least  in  modem  days,  was  that  taken  on 
Christmas  eve  by  a  Luscombe  fox  which  ran  to 
the  cliffs  at  Hole  Head  and  apparently  got  in. 
Time,  thirty-five  minutes ;   ver\-  fast.     Returning  to 

^  A  man  I  have  no  reasoa  to  disbe&eve.  told  me  in  tiie  "— ■"«■  ai  1914 
that  he  frequently  saw  a  silver  fox  in  Tav  Mai^  on  Dartmoor. 


148  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Luscombe,  it  took  the  pack  over  an  hour  to  force 
another  fox  to  face  the  open,  from  which  he  soon 
returned,  and  nearly  two  hours  to  kill  him.  This  was 
a  most  creditable  performance,  for  Luscombe  and 
its  twin  wood  Summercombe  are,  for  some  reason, 
perhaps  the  worst  scenting  coverts  in  the  country, 
and  the  ground,  of  course,  became  foiled  in  addition. 

Owing  to  the  field  being  thrown  out,  ^Mr.  Studd 
was  the  only  one  to  see  a  good  run  on  the  7th  January 
with  an  afternoon  fox  from  Black  Forest.  The  line 
was  a  crooked  one,  through  Oxton  by  Kenwood  to 
Mamhead  Rectory,  across  the  Park  to  Oxton  again, 
over  Paul's  Farm  and  once  more  to  Oxton  and 
throucrh  all  the  woods  there,  and  finallv  bv  Havdon 
Common,  Cole  Park  and  Babel's  Bridge  into  Powder- 
ham,  where  the  master  stopped  the  hounds  in  the 
dark. 

On  the  22nd  January  the  pack  had  a  very  fast 
burst  of  forty-five  minutes  ^\ithout  a  check,  killing 
their  fox  in  the  open  by  the  lower  Lodge  at  Ugbrooke 
after  finding  at  Humber  Moor  and  running  to  the 
Thorns  and  round  by  Bellamarsh. 

A  Bridford  Wood  fox  gave  a  good  run  on  the  3rd 
April,  making  away  to  Blackingstone  Rock  and  by 
Dockham  to  Marden  Do^vn,  back  through  Dunsford 
Wood,  over  Pixie  Rocks  and  away  towards  Lustleigh 
over  the  moor,  but  turned  and  ran  back  to  ground  at 
Pixie  Rocks.    Time,  one  hour  and  a  half. 

It  would  be  wearisome  to  extend  the  list.  A 
season  is  to  be  judged  not  by  two  or  three  good  runs, 
but  by  the  average  of  sport  throughout  its  continu- 
ance. The  days  referred  to  above  were,  mostly,  no 
better  and  no  worse  than  a  great  number  of  others, 
for  the  sport  all  through  these  two  seasons  was  up  to 
a  very  high  standard.     Mr.  Studd  used  to  say  that 


MR.  EDWARD  FAIRFAX  STLT)D        149 

scent  was  frequently  at  its  best  in  the  evening ; 
certain  it  is  that  a  great  proportion  of  his  best  runs, 
often  ending  witii  blood,  took  place  in  the  late  after- 
noon —  eloquent  testimony  not  only  to  his  o^^ti 
keenness,  but  also  to  the  stoutness  and  condition  of 
his  hounds.  It  is  not  every  pack  that  will  run  and 
kill  a  late  afternoon  fox  in  such  a  country  as  the 
Haldon. 

It  is  interesting  to  record  that  in  November,  18 S3, 
just  a  year  after  the  incident  of  the  red  deer,  another 
staghunt  took  place  in  the  country,  but  this  time 
"v\'ith  harriers.  3Ir.  Tremlett's  harriers  had  found  a 
wanderer  from  Exnaoor  at  Xewton  St.  C\Tes,  and, 
after  a  good  run,  he  had  been  taken  near  Ashcombe 
and  lodged  in  farmer  White's  barn  at  Ashcombe 
Barton.  After  a  week's  rest  and  good  feeding,  the 
stag  was  taken  in  a  cart  to  Lamb  Inn,  Longdown, 
where,  although  the  fixture  was  not  advertised,  an 
enormous  field  assembled.  Mr.  Tremlett's  pack  was 
strengthened  for  the  occasion  by  several  couple  from 
jNIt.  Townsend's  harriers,  and  among  them  was  one 
shagg\'  black-and-tan  fellow  whose  appearance 
savoured  of  the  Pruicipality. 

The  stag  had  seven  points  and  an  offer,  but  I  do 
not  remember  their  disposition.  He  was  enlarged  in  a 
field  on  the  north  side  of  the  road  and  went  away  at 
first  towards  \Miitestone  as  if  to  return  whence  he 
came.  He  soon  turned,  however,  and  took  a  line 
through  Perridge  and  Cotleigh  to  Haldon  Behidere, 
over  the  plain  of  Haldon.  and  by  Harcombe  to 
Ugbrooke.  Here  he  took  soil  and  swam  about  in  the 
ornamental  water  for  some  time,  while  the  hounds, 
which  had  tailed  terribly,  enjoyed  much  independent 
diversion  among  the  fallow  deer  in  the  park.  Fortu- 
nately the  himtsman,  Sam  Gilmore,  who  was  some- 


150  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

what  of  a  character,  but  had  an  excellent  reputation 
as  huntsman,  came  up  at  this  juncture.  He  had 
been  thrown  out,  almost  from  the  start,  through  not 
knowing  an  inch  of  the  country.  He  soon  set  matters 
right  and  the  stag  going  again,  and  the  chase  pro- 
ceeded to  Kingsteignton,  where  the  stag  was  taken 
(but  not  killed)  in  a  brook  in  the  orchard  behind 
Mr.  Whidborne's  stables.  Mr.  "  Jemmy  "  Deacon, 
in  trying  to  collar  the  deer,  was  thrown  down,  and 
was  lucky  to  escape  with  a  damaged  shoulder.  Mr. 
Studd  and  Dan  North  were  amongst  those  who  rode 
the  run. 

The  members  of  the  field  in  this  mastership  were 
much  the  same  as  in  the  previous  one.  The  circum- 
stances of  Mr.  Studd's  resignation  appear  in  the  next 
chapter. 


15 
O 
Q 

< 
W 

P 

o 


CHAPTER    XIII 

LORD   HALDON:    1884-86 

Mr.  Studd  stands  aside — A  change  for  the  worse — Gift  of  the  pack  by  Mr. 
Studd — Corditions  attached  to  the  gift — The  pack  strengthened  by 
drafts  fror  Belvoir,  etc. — Kennels  at  Haldon  House — "  Lord  Haldon's 
Hounds  " — Dan  North  deposed — Good  prospects  of  sport  not  fulfilled — 
Story  of  a  pinafore — Field-masters  :  Mr.  J.  H.  Ley  ;  Mr.  O.  Bradshaw 
— The  Babbacombe  murderer — The  High  Sheriff  fails  to  hang  Ms  man — 
Financial  troubles — Lord  Haldon  resigns — Mr.  Studd  to  the  rescue — Lord 
Haldon  and  Mr.  Studd  :   a  correspondence  and  its  results. 

"  For  the  htuitsman  to  take  them,  too  proud  or  too  slack, 
Sent  his  horse  with  his  hounds,  and  rode  there  on  his  hack." 

{The  Chumleigh  Club.    By  Geo.  Templer.) 

WHEN  it  became  known,  on  the  death  of  the 
first  Lord  Haldon  in  1883,  that  his  successor 
was  disposed  to  take  on  the  pack  hunting  the  Haldon 
country,  Mr.  Studd  readily  resigned  in  his  favour. 
The  change  was  not  to  the  advantage  of  sport  in  the 
district ;  for,  although  the  new  master  was  fond 
enough  of  hounds  and  hunting,  he,  not  unnaturally, 
had  the  laudable  ambition  to  hunt  the  pack  himself, 
to  which  course,  as  he  took  no  subscription,  no  one 
could  object.  Unfortunately  it  is  not  given  to  every- 
one to  have  the  necessary  qualifications  for  a  hunts- 
man, a  truth  which  all  admit,  while  everyone  makes 
a  mental  reservation  in  his  own  favour.  The  result 
in  this  case  was  disastrous  as  far  as  sport  was  con- 
cerned. 

Mr.  Studd  presented  his  pack  to  Lord  Haldon,  only 
attaching  to  the  gift  a  condition  that  the  latter  would, 

151 


152  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

on  retirement,  in  his  turn  make  over  to  any  gentleman 
selected  as  his  successor  and  not  having  a  pack  of  his 
own,  a  pack  equal  in  quality  and  number.  Lord 
Haldon  added  to  the  pack  drafts  from  Belvoir  and 
elsewhere,  and  the  kennels  were  once  more  at  Haldon 
House,  The  pack  went  by  the  name  of  "  Lord 
Haldon's  Hounds."  Dan  North  was  retained  as 
kennel-huntsman,  but  deposed  in  the  field  to  the 
position  of  first  whip.  This  of  itself  would  have 
handicapped  a  better  huntsman  than  Lord  Haldon, 
for  the  great  majority  of  the  hounds  had  for  several 
seasons  owed  allegiance  to  North  as  their  huntsman, 
and  naturally  would  not  accept  the  new  regime,  and, 
as  he  said  himself,  it  went  to. his  heart  to  drive  them 
away  from  him.  All  the  other  conditions  were 
favourable.  The  master  and  men  were  splendidly 
mounted,  the  landowners  well  disposed,  as  were  also 
the  farmers,  and  foxes  were  plentiful.  Nevertheless, 
sport  on  the  whole  was  bad,  although,  as  the  strange- 
ness of  the  new  conditions  wore  off,  there  was  an 
improvement,  and  sometimes  we  had  a  very  pleasant 
day's  sport. 

In  those  days  our  provincials  were  apt  to  view  with 
suspicion  any  approach  to  "  dandyism,"  and  there 
was  a  certain  smartness  about  the  turn-out  that  was, 
quite  \vrongly  no  doubt,  associated  in  their  minds  with 
the  falling  off  of  the  standard  of  the  sport  provided. 
I  shall  never  forget  the  expression  on  the  face  of  old 
William  Paul,  Mr.  \Miidborne's  stud  groom,  on  the 
first  occasion  that  he  saw  the  master  get  out  of  his 
break  to  mount  his  hunter.  He  had  taken  the  very 
proper  precaution  of  putting  on  an  apron  to  protect 
his  leather  breeches.  "  Good  lord  !  "  exclaimed  the 
old  man,  "  I  never  saw  a  man  come  out  hunting  in  a 
pinafore  before  !  "     There  was  some  excuse  for  him, 


I 


LORD  HALDON  153 

for  leathers  are  not  very  popular  wear  in  this  wet 
country,  and  before  the  days  of  steam-rollers  few  people 
went  to  cover  on  wheels  because  of  the  bad  roads, 
and  so,  even  with  leathers,  had  no  need  of  an  apron. 

Mr.  J.  H.  Ley  of  Trehill,  whose  family  has  been 
associated  with  the  sport  in  the  Haldon  country 
since  the  days  of  John  King,  or  Mr.  O.  Bradshaw 
usually  acted  as  field-master  in  Lord  Haldon's 
absence,  on  which  occasions  North  handled  the  pack. 
It  happened  that  on  the  day  that  John  Lee,  the 
Babbacombe  murderer,  failed  of  getting  hanged  in 
Exeter  gaol  after  three  attempts,  Mr.  Bradshaw,  the 
High  Sheriff  at  the  time,  was  engaged  in  trying  to  kill 
his  fox  instead  of  hanging  his  man,  and  it  was 
commonly  reported  at  the  time  that  his  commendable 
choice  of  occupation  involved  him  in  a  fine  of  five 
hundred  pounds  for  the  failure  to  carry  out  the 
sentence  of  the  Court.  I  believe  this  report  was 
wholly  untrue,  the  supervision  of  an  execution  being 
always  the  privilege  of  the  under-sheriff. 

Lord  Haldon  had  not  only  overrated  his  abilities 
as  a  huntsman ;  he  had  also  overestimated  his 
financial  position,  and  at  the  end  of  a  couple  of  years 
he  found  himself  in  monetary  difficulties  and  com- 
pelled to  give  up  the  hounds.  In  this  he  was  more 
to  be  sympathized  with  than  blamed ;  there  are 
always  those  who  are  ready  to  take  undue  advantage 
of  a  man's  good  nature,  and  in  his  case  it  is  to  be 
feared  that  he  was  the  victim  of  dishonesty  as  well. 

The  trouble  came  at  an  unpropitious  moment,  for 
it  was  not  until  September,  1886,  that  he  definitely 
resigned  the  mastership.  After  one  or  two  fruitless 
meetings  in  Exeter,  Mr.  Studd  generously  offered  to 
take  on  the  country  again,  and  his  offer  was  accepted 
at  a  meeting  held  on  the  24th  September,  1886. 


154  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Lord  Haldon  then  wrote  to  Mr.  Studd  expressing 
his  readiness  to  return  twenty-one-and-a-half  couple 
of  hounds  in  accordance  with  the  condition  referred 
to  earher  in  this  chapter,  and  asked  whether  Mr. 
Studd  would  care  to  take  at  a  valuation  the  further 
seven  couple  that  had  been  added  to  the  pack.  He 
added  :  "As  soon  as  this  is  settled  .  .  .  you  are 
welcome  to  take  the  hounds ;  and,  indeed,  even 
pending  this,  I  see  no  reason  whatever  why  the 
hounds  should  not  go  out,  so  long  as  you  provide 
the  cattle."  Mr.  Studd  did  not  want  more  than 
twenty-one  couple  and  a  half,  but  reminded  Lord 
Haldon  that  he  was  entitled  to  that  number  of  sound 
hounds  fit  for  work,  and,  considering  the  matter  to 
be  thus  settled,  he  removed  all  but  seven  couple  from 
Haldon  to  Oxton. 

Lord  Haldon  took  great  exception  to  what  he 
called  "  this  precipitate  step  "  ;  he  wrote  forbidding 
Mr.  Studd  to  use  the  hounds  for  hunting,  or  to  draw 
his  coverts  with  any  other  hounds,  and  refused  to 
respond  to  Mr.  Studd's  conciliatory  letters.  His 
indignation  does  not  seem  to  have  been  justified  by 
the  facts,  but,  in  passing  judgment  on  his  action, 
every  allowance  must  be  made  for  the  frame  of  mind 
of  a  man  harassed  by  financial  difficulties  and 
suffering  bitter  disappointment. 


CHAPTER    XIV 

MR.   EDWARD   FAIRFAX  STUDD :    SECOND 
MASTERSHIP,    1886-91 

The  pack  sent  back  to  Haldon — Begins  hunting  with  six  couple — A  rapidly 
formed  pack  :  presents  and  purchases — Lord  Haldon  returns  his  pack  to 
Oxton — The  master's  energy — Notes  of  sport :  an  vmusual  line  ;  a  great 
run  ;  a  late  find — Death  of  Lady  Rolle — A  trial  day  east  of  the  Exe — 
Meeting  at  Exeter — Hunting  on  that  side  definitely  established — A 
formidable  undertaking — Hospitality  in  the  new  country — A  memorable 
day — The  East  Devon  Himt  founded — Colonel  Garratt  :  a  long  master- 
ship— Dan  North  goes  to  the  Western — Succeeded  by  Smith — Mr.  Studd 
as  huntsman — Anecdote  of  George  Loram — Mr.  Studd's  perseverance — 
His  horses — Bad  faUs — Members  of  liis  field — The  Chudleigh  Harriers — 
Tom  Lambell  killed  in  the  field — BiUy  Butler — The  "  Jackdaw  Inn  " — 
The  "  Blizzard  in  the  West  "  :  personal  experiences — Puppy- judging  at 
Oxton — Good  runs — Mr.  Tremlett's  Hounds — Afternoon  cubhunting — 
A  bad  season  and  its  causes — Lord  Chfford — Further  notes  of  sport — Mr. 
Studd  resigns — His  fondness  for  fishing. 

'"  Grace  still  in  every  vale  abounds, 
But  one  dear  charm  is  wanting  ; 
No  more  I  hear  my  gallant  hounds. 
In  chorus  blithely  chaunting." 

{Farewell  to  my  old  Horn.    By  Geo.  Templer.) 

IN  the  face  of  Lord  Haldon's  attitude  as  disclosed 
in  the  last  chapter,  Mr.  Studd  had  no  option  but 
to  send  back  to  Haldon  the  pack  he  had  "  pur- 
loined," after  putting  in  only  two  days  cubhunting. 
He  thus  found  himself  in  the  embarrassing  position 
of  being  pledged  to  hunt  the  country  and  having 
only  one-and-a-half  couple  of  hounds  in  kennel  in  the 
first  week  of  October.  Nothing  daunted,  he  set  to 
work  at  once,  and  after  making  a  fresh  start  with 
six  couple  on  the   23rd   October,   was  able  by  the 

155 


156  THE    SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

beginning  of  the  regular  season  to  produce  a  hound 
list  giving  the  names  of  twenty-six  couple  and  a  half. 
These  consisted  of  presents  from  Mr.  Hey  wood  Lons- 
dale and  Lord  Portman,  and  of  purchases  from  Sir 
Bache  Cunard,  Mr.  W.  R.  Corbett,  the  Dartmoor, 
Mr.  Garth,  Lord  Galway,  Mr.  Lindsell  and  the  West 
Somerset.  A  present  of  three  couple  from  the  Duke 
of  Beaufort  brought  the  total  up  to  twenty-nine 
couple  and  a  half.  Then,  on  the  12th  November, 
Lord  Haldon,  who  had  evidently  thought  better  of 
it,  sent  his  pack  to  Oxton,  and  these,  with  a  couple 
and  a  half  presented  to  Mr.  Studd  by  Lord  Zetland, 
formed  the  subject  of  a  supplemental  hound  list  and 
brought  the  total  strength  up  to  fifty-two  couple  and 
a  half.  This  enabled  the  master  to  pick  and  choose, 
and  by  Christmas  the  number  was  reduced  by 
weeding  out  to  thirty-five  couple. 

Mr.  Studd  at  this  time  was  in  active  practice  as 
a  barrister  in  London,  and  was  consequently  a  good 
deal  away  from  home  during  this  and  the  succeeding 
seasons.  Yet  a  man  of  his  active  nature  thought 
nothing  of  running  down  from  town  by  an  evening 
train,  hunting  the  following  day  and  returning  that 
evening  to  London.  This,  when  he  came  later  on  to 
hunt  the  pack  himself,  would  have  been  too  great  a 
strain  for  most  men,  but  he  made  nothing  of  it. 

He  does  not  consider  the  season  1886-7  to  have 
been  a  good  one  ;  and  yet  this  can  only  be  con- 
sidered relative,  for  there  were  many  good  runs. 
That  from  Netton  Cleave,  Canonteign,  on  the  11th 
November  was  over  a  very  unusual  line,  the  fox 
going  away  towards  Lustleigh,  and  crossing  the 
railway  and  the  river  Teign  into  Houndtor  Wood, 
whence  he  ran  through  Yarner  to  Rora  and  got  to 
ground  in  Ilsington  Town  Wood.    On  the  23rd  of  the 


MR.  EDWARD  FAIRFAX  STUDD        157 

same  month  they  had  a  fast  forty-three  minutes 
from  Whiteway  to  Doddiscombsleigh,  kilhng  in  the 
open.  Meeting  a  fortnight  later  at  Pocombe  Bridge 
the  pack  had  a  hard  day  with  a  brace  of  foxes  from 
Mr.  Snow's  coverts  and  ran  till  stopped  by  darkness. 
The  same  coverts  provided  a  fox  on  the  27th  January 
that  gave  a  great  run,  first  through  the  heavy  wood- 
lands of  Perridge  and  Cotley  and  then  away  north- 
ward, skirting  the  town  of  Crediton  and  killing  at 
Yeoford  Station.  St.  Valentine's  Day  was  marked 
by  the  pack  killing  a  Luscombe  fox  in  the  middle  of 
Bishopsteignton  village  after  he  had  failed  to  effect 
an  entry  into  a  dwelling-house  ;  and  a  very  long  and 
tiring  run  was  that  of  March  1st,  in  the  course  of 
which  the  pack  changed  foxes  twice,  the  last  one 
being  lost  among  the  farm  buildings  at  Langdon, 
which  he  had  been  seen  to  enter  dead  beat. 

At  the  extreme  end  of  the  first  season,  which 
finished  with  an  early  hunt  (8  a.m.)  on  the  14th  April, 
there  were  two  or  three  blank  days.  That  these  were 
not  due  to  want  of  perseverance  may  be  inferred  from 
the  fact  that  on  the  4th  April  the  pack  found  at 
5.45  p.m.  and,  after  a  racing  fifteen  minutes  or  so, 
ran  into  an  old  dog  fox. 

Towards  the  end  of  the  season,  owing  to  the  death 
of  Lady  Rolle,  a  very  large  landowner  on  the  east  of 
the  Exe,  who  had  always  objected  to  hounds,  it 
became  possible  to  think  of  hunting  on  that  side  of 
the  river,  and  a  desire  for  opportunity  very  soon 
found  expression  in  that  locality.  By  special  request, 
Mr.  Studd  took  his  pack  to  Farringdon  House  on  the 
2nd  April,  but  the  result  was  disappointing,  as  it  was 
nearly  5.30  p.m.  before  a  fox  was  found,  and  he  got 
to  ground  in  less  than  half  an  hour.  Nevertheless, 
this  stimulus  to  the  desires  of  the  East  Devon  sports- 


158  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

men  settled  the  question,  and  they  determined  that 
the  country  must  be  hunted  in  future.  Accordingly 
the  subject  was  broached  at  a  meeting  held  at  Exeter 
on  the  22nd  April  to  make  arrangements  for  the 
following  season,  and,  at  an  adjournment  thereof 
held  three  weeks  later  after  a  meeting  of  those  inter- 
ested east  of  the  Exe  had  taken  place  in  the  interim 
at  Exmouth,  Mr.  Studd  consented  to  continue  on  a 
subscription  of  £600  and  to  hunt  each  side  of  the 
Exe  one  day  a  week,  putting  in  a  third  day  if  a 
further  sum  of  a  hundred  pounds  was  forthcoming. 

True  to  his  promise,  for  the  next  three  seasons  IVIr. 
Studd  hunted  the  country  east  of  the  Exe  one  day 
a  week  and  sometimes  three  days  a  fortnight.  The 
undertaking  was  a  formidable  one,  for  the  working 
up  of  a  new  country  is  always  a  laborious  matter,  and, 
notwithstanding  the  goodwill  of  the  large  landowners 
and  the  support  of  the  tenant  farmers,  it  was  im- 
possible to  expect  a  sufficient  stock  of  foxes  for  the 
first  season  or  two  in  a  country  which,  report  says, 
had  not  been  hunted  for  fifty  years.  In  parts  near  the 
coast,  too,  the  foxes  clung  to  the  cliffs,  so  that  from 
time  to  time  it  was  necessary  to  devote  a  morning  on 
foot  to  rattling  them  with  a  few  couple  of  hounds, 
and  even  this  did  not  always  have  the  desired  effect 
of  scattering  them  inland.  In  addition,  the  distances 
were  often  great,  especially  for  such  fixtures  as 
Hembury  Fort,  Escot,  Cadhay  Bog,  The  Grange  and 
Sidmouth  Junction  ;  and,  wherever  the  pack  met, 
it  was  always  necessary  both  in  going  and  returning 
to  go  round  by  Countess  Weir  Bridge,  which  forms  the 
southernmost  crossing  of  the  river  Exe.  All  this 
entailed  considerable  wear  and  tear  on  hounds, 
horses  and  men.  Few  men  with  enough  country 
nearer  home  would  have  had  the  energy  and  public 


MR.  EDWARD  FAIRFAX  STUDD        159 

spirit  to  embark  on  such  an  enterprise  ;    fewer  still 
would  have  kept  it  going  for  three  seasons. 

But  if,  from  the  circumstances  of  the  case,  foxes 
were  not  too  plentiful  in  Mr.  Studd's  first  season  east 
of  the  Exe,  hospitality  was  abundant,  and  the 
interest  and  goodwill  of  the  landowners  and  others 
were  testified  by  the  number  of  hunt  breakfasts  given 
at  different  places  of  meeting,  though  all  were  not  on 
the  scale  of  magnificence  of  Mr.  Rolle,  who  enter- 
tained some  two  hundred  and  fifty  people  on  the 
first  occasion  of  hounds  meeting  at  Bicton.  These 
functions  have  now  gone  out  of  fashion,  but  there  is 
no  doubt  that  indirectly  they  tended  to  promote  the 
popularity  of  the  sport,  although  the  keen  hands 
were  wont  to  grumble  at  the  "  waste  of  time  " — 
usually  after  they  had  satisfied  their  own  require- 
ments in  the  way  of  chicken  and  champagne. 

Despite  the  uncertainty  of  finding,  whenever  a  fox 
was  forthcoming  the  hounds  gave  a  good  account  of 
themselves,  and,  taking  the  three  seasons  throughout, 
much  excellent  sport  was  enjoyed  in  the  new  country. 

The  particulars  of  such  sport  hardly  come  within 
the  scope  of  the  present  work,  which  purports  rather 
to  deal  with  the  doings  within  the  limits  of  the  South 
Devon  country  proper.  One  day,  however,  the  17th 
January,  1889,  may  be  mentioned,  when,  after  meet- 
ing at  Four  Cross  Ways,  Hembury  Fort,  they  ran  a 
fox  right  away  to  the  Wellington  Monument  and 
earthed  him  in  the  dark  on  Holcombe  Farm  in  the 
parish  of  Hemyock  after  two  hours  and  forty-six 
minutes.  It  was  nearly  midnight  before  some  of 
those  who  were  at  the  finish  reached  their  homes,  and 
doubtless  the  hunt  staff  were  among  the  latest.  Before 
this  run,  the  hounds  had  had  a  very  fast  forty-five 
minutes  to  ground  with  another  fox. 


160  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

By  the  end  of  the  season  1889-90,  the  sport  had 
taken  such  a  firm  hold  on  the  people  east  of  the  Exe 
that  they  decided  to  have  a  pack  of  their  own.  So  it 
came  to  pass  that  the  "  East  Devon  Hunt  "  was 
formed  under  the  auspices  of  the  Hon.  Mark  Rolle, 
Lord  Poltimore,  Lord  Dunboyne,  General  Drewe, 
Sir  John  Kennaway,  Mr.  W.  R.  Coleridge,  Colonel 
Garratt,  the  Rev.  J.  H.  Coplestone,  Colonel  Talbot 
and  many  others.  At  a  very  representative  and 
enthusiastic  meeting  held  at  the  New  London  Hotel, 
Exeter,  Colonel  J.  A.  T.  Garratt  was  elected  master, 
a  position  for  which  he  was  peculiarly  fitted,  not  only 
by  reason  of  his  having  acted  as  field-master  for 
Mr.  Studd  whenever  the  latter  was  absent,  but  also 
from  the  fact  of  his  possessing  most  of  the  qualifica- 
tions necessary  to  the  office.  The  choice  was  a 
prudent  and  fortunate  one,  and  Colonel  Garratt 
remained  a  very  popular  master  of  the  East  Devon 
for  twenty-two  years,  at  the  end  of  which  period  he 
resigned  in  1912  in  favour  of  his  son,  Major  L.  C. 
Garratt.  Mr.  H.  W.  Gould,  who  had  acted  as 
honorary  secretary  on  that  side  of  the  water  for  Mr. 
Studd,  was  appointed  to  act  in  the  same  capacity 
for  the  new  hunt. 

On  the  formation  of  the  East  Devon  pack,  Mr. 
Studd  directed  his  energies  to  the  more  efficient 
hunting  of  what  was  properly  speaking  his  own 
country,  the  Haldon  side  of  the  South  Devon.  Dan 
North,  who  had  returned  from  Haldon  to  Oxton 
when  Lord  Haldon  gave  up,  had  left  to  go  to  Mr. 
Bolitho's,  The  Western,  in  1888,  and  had  been  suc- 
ceeded by  Smith,  who,  in  addition  to  being  a  good 
kennel-huntsman,  was  a  capital  man  in  the  field  and 
possessed  a  great  knowledge  of  how  to  hunt  a  fox. 
He  left  after  two  seasons,  and  Mr.  Studd  then  deter- 


MR.   EDWARD   FAIRFAX  STUDD         161 

mined  to  hunt  the  pack  himself  for  the  future.  Gery, 
from  Mr.  Lobb's,  was  engaged  as  kennel-huntsman 
and  to  carry  the  horn  when  professional  duties  kept 
his  master  in  London.  Gery,  however,  though  a 
steady  man  and  a  good  servant,  was  a  failure  as 
huntsman. 

It  is  rather  surprising  that  a  man  of  Mr.  Studd's 
quick  perceptions  and  impulsive  nature  should  have 
had  the  patience  and  perseverance  so  essentially 
necessary  to  a  huntsman  in  such  a  country  as  the 
Haldon  side.  Yet  he  had  these  qualities  in  a  marked 
degree,  and,  indeed,  occasionally  carried  the  "  Let- 
'em-alone  "  system  too  far,  as  the  following  instance 
will  shew.  Hounds  had  checked  on  a  large  patch  of 
burnt  heather  on  Haldon.  Some  moments  elapsed, 
and  still  the  master  did  not  take  hold  of  them. 
George  Loram  then  rode  up  to  him  and  said  quietly  : 
"  Beg  pardon,  sir.  The  fox  isn't  here,  sir  ;  we  should 
see  him  if  he  was  here,  sir.''''  Loram  had  "  a  way  with 
him  "  and  could  say  these  things,  and  Mr.  Studd  was 
too  good  a  sportsman  to  take  umbrage  at  a  friendly 
hint  from  so  good  a  judge.  So  he  held  the  pack 
forward  and  recovered  the  line  at  once. 

Mr.  Studd's  tastes  as  a  naturalist  had  developed 
his  power  of  observation,  a  faculty  so  useful  to  a 
huntsman.  He  was,  in  addition,  very  persevering, 
and  no  man  was  ever  more  keen.  He  would  hang  on 
to  the  line  of  a  fox  as  long  as  there  was  a  scrap  of 
scent  left,  and  he  was  very  thorough  in  drawing. 
We  were  never  asked  to  go  home  as  long  as  daylight 
served,  and  it  was  often  dark  before  we  finished,  for 
many  a  fox  was  found  after  four  o'clock  and  some, 
when  days  grew  longer,  an  hour  and  more  later.  Once, 
in  cubhunting,  a  tired  fox  could  not  be  forced  to  leave 
the  little  covert  at  Harcombe  for  more  than  a  few 

M 


162  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

hundred  yards  ;  the  ground  became  foiled,  scent  was 
faihng  as  the  morning  advanced  and  the  hounds  were 
getting  beaten.  Many  huntsmen  would  have  given 
up  and  gone  home  ;  Mr.  Studd  went  home,  but  it  was 
only  to  change  his  tired  pack  for  a  fresh  one,  while 
those  of  the  field  who  were  left  had  some  hasty 
refreshment  at  the  front  door  of  Oxton.  I  really 
forget  whether  he  killed  that  fox  or  not,  but  the 
incident  speaks  for  itself. 

During  a  portion,  at  any  rate,  of  Mr.  Studd's 
mastership  the  hunt  horses  were  supplied  on  job  by 
Strong  of  Bampfylde  Mews,  Exeter,  but  the  master 
always  had  some  useful  ones  of  his  own  to  ride  him- 
self. In  particular  one  very  well-bred  little  bay  mare 
called,  I  think,  Polly  used  to  carry  him  remarkably 
well,  and  a  huntsman  needs  a  good  one  to  get  quickly 
up  such  a  hill,  for  instance,  as  the  steep  side  of  the 
Harcombe  Valley  and  begin  to  gallop  at  the  top. 
But,  in  truth,  the  master  troubled  little  about  his 
horses ;  as  is  the  case  with  many  huntsmen,  his 
hounds  absorbed  his  whole  interest,  and  the  horse 
was  looked  upon  as  a  means  of  getting  to  the  pack. 
He  was  a  light  weight  and  a  good  rider.  We  probably 
get  fewer  falls  over  fences  in  Devonshire  than  in  other 
countries,  for  if  a  horse  can  jump  banks  at  all,  he  will 
generally  manage  to  get  to  the  top  of  them,  and  it  is 
surprising  how  very  seldom  he  falls  in  landing,  even 
where  the  drop  is  deep — and  it  is  very  deep  some- 
times— or  the  bank  is  stone-faced.  But  Mr.  Studd 
had  at  least  two  heavy  falls  on  the  flat ;  one  in 
turning  quickly  out  of  a  field  into  a  road  close  to 
Ugbrooke  Park,  and  the  other  through  deviating 
slightly  from  the  track  through  the  bog  in  Luton 
Bottom  while  galloping  fast.  On  both  occasions  he 
was  knocked  out  of  time  for  a  while,  but  insisted  on 


MR.   EDWARD  FAIRFAX   STUDD        163 

finishing  out  the  day.  Though  by  no  means  robust 
in  appearance,  he  was  wiry  and  very  hard,  and, 
indeed,  is  so  still.  To  this  day,  he  wears  no  waders 
when  fishing,  even  when  he  has  a  long  drive  home, 
and  yet  he  is  a  stranger  to  rheumatism.  Not  content 
with  having  one  son  at  the  front  in  Flanders  who  has 
already  been  wounded  and  returned  to  the  firing 
line,  another  badly  wounded  in  the  Dardanelles,  a 
third  invalided  home  from  France,  a  fourth  in  the 
Flying  Corps  and  a  fifth  with  the  latest  Canadian 
Contingent,  he  succeeded,  through  sheer  determina- 
tion, in  getting  himself  accepted  for  active  service. 
After  serving  some  months  in  France  with  yet  a 
sixth  son  as  his  subaltern,  he  is  now  commanding  a 
section  of  an  ammunition  column  near  Salonika,  and 
roughing  it  with  the  youngest. 

In  addition  to  many  of  those  mentioned  in  a 
previous  chapter  as  prominent  hunting  men  and 
farmers  on  the  Haldon  side,  Mr.  Studd's  field  in  his 
second  mastership  often  included  the  following : 
Captain  Neville  Thomas  of  Mellands ;  Sir  Alfred 
Fairlie-Cuninghame,  Bart.,  then  Mr.  Cuninghame, 
mounted  on  anything  he  could  get  hold  of,  and  very 
keen  ;  Dr.  de  W.  Baker,  Miss  Cann,  Messrs.  A.  and 
J.  McCasland  and  Mr.  Southwood  from  Dawlish  ; 
the  present  owner  of  Luscombe  Castle,  Mr.  P.  M. 
Hoare,  and  his  brother,  Mr.  Lennox  Hoare  ;  Mr. 
Reginald  Hooper  of  Starcross  ;  Miss  Bradshaw  and 
her  brother  ;  Mr.  Daniell,  Kenbury  ;  The  Hon.  Mrs. 
Haverfield,  Exeter ;  Mrs.  Treeby,  Ashton  Manor ; 
and  Mr.  H.  Parson,  Teignmouth.  Mr.  Charles 
Chichester  of  Kenn  was  honorary  secretary  to  the 
hunt.  Tom  Lambell,  the  Chudleigh  butcher,  a 
thorough  sportsman,  was  so  fond  of  hounds  that 
in   the   early   'eighties   he   started   a   pack,    first   of 


164  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

iDeagles  and  then  of  harriers,  called  the  Chudleigh 
Harriers,  which  proved  to  be  the  foundation,  as  at 
present  established,  of  the  Haldon  Harriers.  He  met 
his  death  some  years  later  in  the  field,  on  Dartmoor, 
being  knocked  down  by  his  horse  when  leading  over  a 
stone  wall.  Falling  against  a  granite  boulder,  he  was 
killed  on  the  spot. 

A  familiar  figure  in  the  field  was  old  Billy  Butler, 
bailiff  at  Oxton.  He  had  been  in  the  service  of  Mr. 
Studd  and  his  family  all  his  life  and  was  an  old  man 
and  toothless  when  I  first  saw  him,  the  occasion 
being  the  finding  of  the  red  deer  on  the  opening  day 
in  1882  as  related  in  an  earlier  chapter.  ^  He  it  was 
who  first  gave  us  the  clue  to  what  was  afoot,  as  he 
came  tearing  down  the  road  below  the  Jackdaw  Inn 
lisping  out  in  his  cracked  voice  :  "  Stag  gone  away  ! 
Stag  gone  away  !  "  I  may  here  explain  that  the  said 
Jackdaw  Inn  has  been  the  disappointment  of  many 
wayfarers  who  knew  it  only  by  name,  for  it  consists 
merely  of  a  deserted  tollhouse,  now  in  ruins,  and 
acquired  its  name  (on  the  authority  of  Billy  Butler) 
from  the  fact  that  a  certain  old  woman  who  once  had 
charge  of  the  turnpike  gate  kept  a  tame  jackdaw  and 
did  a  little  refreshment  business  there  on  the  quiet. 

Billy  Butler  was  quite  part  of  the  hunt  establish- 
ment and  had  a  wonderful  instinct  in  placing  himself 
in  a  position  to  view  a  fox.  He  was  an  enthusiast, 
and  insisted  in  subscribing  handsomely  to  the  pack 
while  it  was  kept  by  his  master.  He  remained  on  at 
Oxton  as  a  pensioner  until  his  death  about  the  year 
1912  at  the  age  of  ninety-four.  When  well  over  eighty, 
he  used  still  to  poke  about  on  his  pony,  and,  when 
past  that,  would  turn  out  on  foot  to  have  a  look  at 
hounds  when  they  were  visible  from  Oxton.     Only 

1  See  p.  137. 


MR.  EDWARD  FAIRFAX  STUDD         165 

a  year  before  his  death  he  complained  to  me  of  his 
hat  and  boots  liaving  been  hidden  to  prevent  his 
going  out  in  the  rain  to  watch  the  pack  on  the  hilL 
His  was  a  kindly  and  faithful  nature.  Devoted  to 
his  master,  who  treated  him  as  a  friend,  he  never 
forgot  his  position.  Yet  he  spoke  his  mind  freely,  as 
when  he  saw  Mr.  Studd  for  the  first  time  in  a  pair  of 
brown  polo  boots,  which  had  just  then  come  into 
fashion,  and  asked  him  :  "  Master,  whatever  makes 
you  wear  them  foppish  boots  ?  "  He  appears  on  the 
extreme  left  in  the  picture  facing  this  page. 

Another  useful  retainer  at  Oxton  was  Robinson  the 
stud-groom,  who  was  always  at  hand  when  a  fox  had 
to  be  taken  by  the  scruff  of  the  neck  out  of  an  earth. 
He  is  still  to  the  fore,  and  for  years  past  has  brought 
his  master's  children  successively  into  the  field. 

It  was  in  Mr.  Studd's  mastership  that  the  western- 
most counties  were  visited  by  the  terrific  snowstorm 
commonly  known  as  the  "  Blizzard  in  the  West,'* 
which  wrought  such  fearful  havoc.  Plantations  were 
decimated,  roofs  blown  off,  vessels  torn  from  their 
moorings  and  wrecked,  the  postal  and  telegraph 
system  paralysed ;  travellers  by  road  and  rail  had  to 
stay  where  they  were  or  struggle  to  the  nearest 
shelter,  cattle,  sheep  and  ponies,  and  indeed  some 
human  beings,  died  of  exposure,  and  whole  trains 
were  snowed  up.  From  the  evening  of  that  day, 
Monday,  no  train  reached  Plymouth  from  up  the 
line  until  the  following  Saturday. 

The  storm  occurred  on  Monday  the  9th  March, 
1891,  on  which  date  the  hounds  met  at  Haldon  Race 
Stand.  The  wind  was  bitterly  cold  from  the  north- 
east, but  we  found  a  brace  of  foxes  and  hunted  one 
for  a  while  with  a  fair  scent.  About  noon  snow  began 
to  fall  and  the  wind  increased  in  force.     Still  we 


166  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

persevered,  and  ultimately  put  a  terrier  into  the  drain 
in  Kiddens,  where  he  remained  an  unconscionable 
time.  Probably  he  found  it  warmer  underground  and 
went  to  sleep  while  we  shivered  above.  At  last  we 
left  him  and  went  on  with  the  intention  of  drawing 
Oxencombe.  It  was  now  one  o'clock  and  snowing 
hard,  and  the  plain  of  Haldon  was  already  white. 
Finding  that  the  field  had  all  left,  I  induced  Gery 
(who,  to  do  him  justice,  was  keen  enough)  to  take 
the  hounds  home,  and  then  started  homewards 
myself  by  way  of  the  Race  Stand  as  being  the  most 
direct  route.  By  this  time  a  hurricane  was  raging, 
driving  the  snow  before  it  in  fine  powder  without 
allowing  time  for  the  formation  of  snowflakes,  and 
this  characteristic  of  a  true  blizzard  doubtless 
accounts  for  the  name  by  which  this  storm  is  still 
remembered. 

On  the  high  exposed  ground  of  Haldon  its  full  force 
was  felt,  and  it  was  impossible  to  raise  one's  eyelids. 
The  cold  was  intense.  My  thick  hunting-coat  felt 
like  a  silk  racing-jacket.  I  was  riding  a  thorough- 
bred mare,  half-sister  to  Robert  the  Devil,  that  would 
have  cantered  the  dozen  miles  home  well  within  the 
hour  under  normal  conditions.  But  the  inequalities 
of  the  ground  being  hidden  by  the  snow,  which  in 
addition  was  balling  frightfully,  precluded  anything 
beyond  a  slow  walk,  and  the  journey  in  consequence 
took  four  times  as  long  as  it  should  have  done.  The 
changed  aspect  of  things  and  the  difficulty  of  seeing 
made  me  miss  the  usual  crossing  below  the  race- 
course, but  we  got  through  at  another  spot,  which 
was  lucky.  All  this  while,  I  was  anxious  about  my 
friend,  Mr.  Fred  Davies,  now  Lieut. -Colonel  F.  G.  H. 
Davies  of  the  Guides,  thinking  he  might  be  attempt- 
ing to  return  by  the  way  we  had  come  over  Haldon 


MR.   EDWARD  FAIRFAX  STUDD        167 

together  in  the  morning,  which  he  did  not  know  well 
enough  to  find  in  such  weather.  I  blew  my  horn, 
which  I  carried  as  field-master  in  Mr.  Studd's  absence, 
but,  as  happened  to  Mr.  Jorrocks  on  a  famous 
occasion,  the  raging  tempest  scattered  the  notes 
before  they  were  well  out  of  my  mouth.  It  was  a 
weary  ride  ;  not  a  single  habitation  lay  in  the  line  of 
route  even  after  leaving  the  common  and  striking  the 
road  at  the  Thorns,  and  all  the  way  the  snow  was 
driving  into  my  face  and  left  ear.  At  last,  battered, 
wet  and  half  perished  with  the  cold,  I  reached  home, 
which  is  more  than  many  people  did  on  that  memor- 
able day.  I  found  Mr.  Davies  had  left  before  me  and 
had  been  advised  to  take  the  longer  but  more 
sheltered  road.  So  great  was  the  fall  of  snow,  that  it 
was  still  to  be  seen  a  month  later  lying  where  the 
drifts  had  been.  The  recollection  of  that  day  calls  to 
mind  Strutt's  reflection  on  the  sport  of  fox-hunting  : 
"  Although  the  pastime  be  great,  yet  many  times  the 
toyle  and  paine  is  also  exceeding  great  :  And  then 
it  may  be  called  eyther  a  painful  pastime  or  a  pleasant 
payne." 

The  annual  puppy-judging  at  Oxton  was  always  a 
great  event.  The  invitation  was  issued  by  advertise- 
ment in  the  papers  and  was  addressed  to  all  interested 
in  the  hunt  and  "all  farmers  whether  they  hunt  or 
not."  In  addition  to  the  interest  attaching  to  the 
young  entry  (and  Mr.  Studd  took  a  lot  of  trouble  to 
improve  the  pack),  it  brought  together  the  hunting 
men  and  the  farmers  and  promoted  much  good 
fellowship. 

As  the  name  "South  Devon"  had  been  resumed 
by  the  pack  hunting  the  Newton  side,  Mr.  Studd, 
during  this  his  second  mastership,  called  his  pack  the 
"South  Devon  (Exeter  Division)." 


168  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Reference  has  been  made  to  the  sport  shewn  on  the 
Haldon  side  during  the  first  season  of  the  period 
covered  by  this  chapter,  and  it  will  be  sufficient  to 
refer  to  one  or  two  of  the  best  days  of  the  remaining 
seasons. 

On  the  3rd  November,  1887,  what  was  described  as 
an  "  extraordinary  "  run  took  place  from  Pocombe 
Bridge,  Lower  Fordlands  Covert  providing  the  fox. 
They  ran  by  Ide  Village  and  over  Rose  Bridge  Farm 
to  Pocombe  Bridge,  Westwood  Farm  and  Cotley 
Wood,  turning  then  to  the  right  and  crossing  Cuttridge 
and  Bond  House  Farms,  on  to  Traveller's  Rest  and 
over  EndtoAvn  Farm  and  straight  away  to  White- 
stone  Woods,  where  they  killed. 

Another,  a  fast  fifty-five  minutes  ending  with  a 
kill,  occurred  on  the  next  following  hunting  day, 
7th  November,  a  Kiddens  fox  taking  the  pack  at  a 
great  pace  over  the  country  around  Whiteway, 
Ashton,  Trusham,  Ranscombe  and  Farley,  and  finish- 
ing by  Chudleigh  Station.  This  was  followed  by 
another  good  run  and  a  kill  on  Haldon  in  the  after- 
noon. One  capital  hunt  was  brought  off  in  a  blinding 
snowstorm  on  the  17th  February  from  Powder  ham, 
but  the  snow  at  last  put  an  end  to  the  run. 

The  season  1888-9  was  marked  by  some  specially 
good  days.  On  Boxing  Day,  despite  bad  weather, 
there  was  a  rare  scent  all  day,  and,  not  content  with 
killing  one  fox  and  earthing  another,  both  after  good 
runs,  Mr.  Studd  found  a  third  late  in  the  day  and 
killed  him  by  starlight  near  Matford  after  a  good  hour 
and  a  quarter  in  the  open. 

The  14th  January  was  another  day  worth  record- 
ing, two  foxes  getting  to  ground  at  the  Round  O,  the 
first  going  straight  there  from  Luton  Bottom,  the 
pace  being  very  fast ;   and  the  second,  found  near  the 


MR.  EDWARD  FAIRFAX  STUDD         169 

Race  Stand,  after  going  first  to  Harcoinbe  and  then 
taking  a  big  ring  by  Whiteway,  Oxencombe,  Har- 
combe  and  Chudleigh.  It  should  be  mentioned  that 
Mr.  Short,  the  owner  of  the  Round  O,  did  not  hke  the 
earths  to  be  stopped,  being  more  intent  on  preserving 
than  on  kiUing  foxes. 

But  the  run  of  the  season,  and  indeed  of  many 
seasons,  was  that  on  the  28th  January,  when  the 
pack  met  at  Bellamarsh.  One  fox  from  the  Sands 
was  killed  after  a  short  ring.  The  pack  was  then  laid 
on  the  line  of  another  which  had  gone  towards  Well 
Covert,  where  they  fresh  found  him  and  settled 
down  to  run  like  mad.  The  line  was  through  Luton 
Bottom,  Tower  Plantation,  Ashcombe,  Mamhead, 
past  Mamhead  House,  then  left-handed  to  Thorns, 
on  to  Harcombe,  Oxencombe,  Whiteway,  Kiddens, 
Bramble,  Lakecombe,  Windy  Cross,  Culver  and 
Holcombe  Burnell,  and  the  fox  was  killed  in  Mr. 
Snow's  Covert  by  Traveller's  Rest.  The  point  was 
fifteen  or  sixteen  miles,  and  only  six  besides  the 
huntsman,  Smith,  got  to  the  end.  Among  these  was 
Mr.  C.  Young  of  the  80th  Regiment,  a  complete 
stranger  to  the  country.  I  have  no  record  of  the 
time,  but  remember  that  the  pace  was  very  severe  up 
to  Kiddens,  after  which  it  slackened.  Unluckily  Mr. 
Studd  was  not  out  that  day. 

More  foxes  were  found  in  the  following  season, 
1889-90,  than  had  ever  been  found  before,  the  total 
number  hunted,  including  cubhunting,  being  a 
hundred  and  fifty.  Nevertheless,  or  perhaps  for  that 
very  reason,  it  is  difficult  to  pick  out  any  particular 
run  as  shewing  special  pre-eminence,  though  there 
were  many  excellent  days  and  the  average  standard 
of  sport  was  distinctly  good.  Perhaps  the  St. 
Patrick's   Day's    run,  on   the    17th    March,    was    as 


170  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

typical  as  any.  Meeting  at  Haldon  Belvidere,  the 
pack  first  put  a  vixen  to  ground  and  then  raced  a 
dog-fox  for  three-quarters  of  an  hour,  when  he  too 
found  shelter  below.  Finding  again  at  Goosemoor, 
they  ran  their  third  fox  by  the  Belvidere  to  Kiddens, 
left-handed  to  Whiteway  and  round  to  the  Belvidere 
again,  and  then  on  by  the  Brick  Kilns  to  Doddis- 
combsleigh  and  Scannacleave,  killing  an  old  dog-fox 
in  the  open. 

The  pack  occasionally  clashed  with  Mr.  Tremlett's 
Hounds,  which  hunted  some  country  north  of  that 
covered  by  Mr.  Studd,  and  in  this  particular  season 
also  got  mixed  up  in  Bridford  Wood  with  Mr. 
Norton's  Hounds,  and  the  two  packs  together  hunted 
a  brace  of  foxes  around  that  big  woodland. 

Mr.  Studd  tried  once  the  experiment  that  has  been 
tried  by  other  masters,  namely,  afternoon  cub- 
hunting,  and  met  at  Oxton  at  3  p.m.  on  the  7th 
September,  getting  home  at  eight  in  the  evening. 
The  experiment,  however,  was  not  repeated. 

Several  causes  contributed  to  make  Mr.  Studd's 
last  season,  1890-1,  a  bad  one.  In  the  first  place, 
throughout  the  cubhunting  season  and  well  into  the 
regular  season,  the  weather  was  very  dry  and  hot, 
with  a  consequent  absence  of  scent.  It  was,  in  fact, 
a  very  bad  scenting  season  throughout.  After 
Christmas,  frost  and  snow  interfered  considerably 
with  the  sport.  Then  on  the  9th  March  came  the 
famous  blizzard  already  referred  to,  following  an 
abnormal  February  during  which  month  not  a  single 
drop  of  rain  fell  in  the  country.  The  practice  of 
letting  shootings,  too,  which  had  been  on  the  increase 
of  recent  years,  took  an  even  more  extended  form, 
with  the  result  that  not  only  did  the  number  of  foxes 
decrease  in  a  marked  degree,  but  many  coverts  were 


MR.   EDWARD  FAIRFAX  STUDD        171 

closed  to  hounds  until  after  Christmas.  In  fact,  the 
master  was  put  to  it  to  fit  in  two  days  a  week  and 
had  to  have  frequent  recourse  to  such  places  as 
Bridford  Wood  and  Dunsford  Bridge.  Mr.  Studd, 
too,  was  away  a  great  deal  this  season. 

Nevertheless,  as  happens  even  in  the  worst  of 
seasons,  there  were  some  days  when  scent  served  well, 
and  on  those  good  runs  were  scored. 

Thus,  on  a  bleak  and  misty  4th  December,  one  fox 
was  killed  after  a  fast  forty  minutes  round  Haldon 
and  Whiteway ;  this  success  was  followed  im- 
mediately by  a  run  from  the  Half  Moon  Piece  at 
Whiteway,  by  Bramble  and  Higher  Ashton  Brakes  to 
Loyal  Moor  and  to  ground,  dead  beat,  in  Whiteway 
drain  ;  and  this  fox  had  hardly  got  to  ground  when 
another  was  holloa'd  away,  taking  the  pack  through 
Oxencombe,  over  the  plain  of  Haldon  by  the  Race 
Stand  to  Goosemoor,  Freer's  Bottom,  by  Woodlands 
House  to  Bickham,  and  ultimately  to  ground  in  the 
stronghold  of  the  Round  O. 

Lord  Clifford,  though  not  a  hunting  man,  has 
always  been  a  staunch  fox-preserver,  and,  moreover, 
no  difficulty  has  ever  been  made  about  drawing  his 
coverts.  He  it  was  who  provided  the  fox  which  gave 
a  capital  chase  on  the  15th  December,  1890,  keeping 
well  to  the  open  country.  First  visiting  Chudleigh 
Rocks,  this  fox  went  on  to  what  used  to  be  called 
Perrott's  Plantation,  taking  its  name  from  the 
excellent  farmer  hard  by  ;  from  there,  over  One  Tree 
Hill  and  by  Ideford  to  Well  Covert,  which  he  threaded 
from  end  to  end,  and  thence  through  the  Sands  and 
Gappagh  Brakes  to  Sandslade,  where  he  went  in.  An 
hour  and  a  half's  good  hunting  run. 

Again,  nothing  could  be  better  than  the  doings  of 
the  pack  on  the  day  they  met  at  Canonteign,  12th 


172  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

February.  The  local  fox  refused  to  leave  the  rough 
country  around  the  cleave  and  eventually  went  to 
ground.  Kiddens  was  then  drawn  blank,  but  the 
Belvidere  sheltered  a  brace,  one  of  which  safely 
reached  the  Round  O  after  a  spin  via  Goosemoor. 
Fox  number  three,  disturbed  in  the  Round  O,  went 
back  over  the  same  line  of  country  to  the  Belvidere, 
thence  to  Dunchideock  Wood  and  Cotleigh,  where  he 
waited  for  the  pack.  The  pace  improved  as  hounds 
ran  on  over  Halscombe  to  Idestone  Farm  and  back 
by  Dunchideock,  and  after  a  ring  through  School 
Wood  and  Belvidere,  and  a  flourish  in  the  direction 
of  the  Round  O,  the  hounds  pulled  him  down  in  the 
open  on  Haldon  Lawn.  There  was  a  rare  scent  that 
day. 

At  the  end  of  the  season  1890-1,  the  fifth  season  of 
this  his  second  mastership,  Mr.  Studd,  to  the  regret 
of  his  supporters,  gave  up  the  country,  which  then 
for  a  time,  as  will  appear  hereafter,  ceased  to  be 
hunted  by  a  separate  pack.^ 

Mr.  Studd  was,  and  still  is,  an  enthusiastic  fisher- 
man both  for  salmon  and  trout.  A  celebrated  master 
of  hounds,  I  think  it  was  John  Chaworth  Musters  of 
the  Quorn,  on  being  asked  what  he  considered  to  be 
the  best  sport  in  the  world  is  reported  to  have 
answered  :  "  Why,  of  course,  foxhun —  no  !  damme, 
salmon  fishing  !  "  and  I  am  not  sure  that  Mr.  Studd's 
answer  would  not  have  been  the  same.  He  would 
argue  that,  given  the  weather  conditions  necessary  to 
either  sport,  success  in  fishing  depends  more  on  the 
individual  himself,  who  is  not  at  the  mercy  of  the 
many  outside  influences  that  so  often  occur  to  mar 
the  other  sport.  The  subject  is  an  interesting  one  to 
discuss  with  an  exponent  of  both. 

1  See  p.  208. 


2.     THE   NEWTON   SIDE 
CHAPTER   XV 

AUGUSTUS  F.  ROSS:    SECOND  MASTERSHIP,  1879-82 

Mr.  E.  Fearnley  Tanner  hunts  the  Newton  side  1878-9 — "  Dart  and  Teign 
Foxhounds  " — Inadequate  support — Afterwards  keeps  a  private  pack — 
Kennels  at  Hawson  Court — Has  a  bad  fall — Three  good  runs — Mr. 
Augustus  Kingston  hon.  sec. — Mr.  Ross  again  comes  forward — Appointed 
master — No  guarantee — Keruiels  at  Ambrook — Arthur  Mason  huntsman 
— Philip  Back  returns  as  whipper-in — His  subsequent  career — Some  runs 
— Hunt  breakfast  at  Cockington  Court — Some  of  the  field — The  pack 
visits  Sir  Henry  Scale's  old  country  :  a  good  nm  and  those  who  saw  it — 
Personal  recollections — Mr.  Ross  as  a  falconer — As  a  musician — Resigna- 
tion— Offer  of  hotmds — The  Newton  side  claimed  by  the  masters  of  the 
Haldon — Claim  suspended  and  Mr.  Hemming's  offer  accepted — Mr, 
Hemming's  disappearance — The  country  reverts  to  Mr.  Whidbome  and 
Mr.  Studd. 

"  Adhesive  by  nature  to  hounds  and  the  table 
He  neither  would  leave  while  to  stay  he  was  able." 

(A  Party  at  Stover.) 

FOR  the  first  season,  1878-9,  after  partition 
of  the  country,  the  Newton  side  was  hunted 
by  Mr.  E.  Fearnley  Tanner,  then  hving  at  Hawson 
Court,  Buckfastleigh.  At  the  meeting  at  which  Mr. 
Tanner's  offer  to  hunt  the  Newton  side  was  first 
made  it  was  proposed  to  call  the  pack  "  The  Dart 
and  Teign  Foxhounds,"  and  a  circular  inviting  sub- 
scriptions was  actually  sent  out  under  this  title. 
Perhaps  it  was  thought  that  the  new  pack  on  the 
Haldon  side  would  assume  the  name  "  South  Devon." 
At  any  rate,  the  "  Dart  and  Teign  "  idea  was  dropped, 
and  Mr.  Tanner  became  master  of  the  "  South 
Devon." 

^73 


174  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

In  his  modesty,  Mr.  Tanner  tells  me  that  his  tenure 
of  the  mastership  was  neither  long  nor  eventful 
enough  to  demand  recognition.  It  is  clear  that  it 
would  have  been  longer  had  he  received  anything 
like  adequate  support,  for  after  his  resignation  he 
continued  to  hunt  for  several  years  with  a  private 
pack  of  his  own  a  country  composed  of  loans  from 
the  Dartmoor  and  South  Devon  extending,  roughly 
speaking,  from  Buckfastleigh  to  Princetown  and  from 
Cator  to  the  river  Avon.  Mr.  Tanner  built  kennels 
at  Hawson  Court.  He  hunted  the  pack  himself  until 
he  broke  his  jaw  in  a  fall  on  the  last  day  of  the  year 
1886,  and  his  kennel-huntsman  and  whipper-in, 
Churchward,  then  took  command  until  the  end  of  the 
season.  Of  the  sport  shewn  while  the  pack  was  a 
private  one,  three  runs  call  for  mention,  viz.  Shear 
Wood  to  ground  at  Ivybridge  Viaduct ;  Langamarsh 
to  Tavy  Cleave  ;  and  Huntingdon  Warren  to  Fox 
Tor  and  Rippon  Tor.  Mr.  Augustus  Hingston  of 
Totnes  acted  as  honorary  secretary  during  Mr. 
Tanner's  brief  spell  of  office  as  master  of  the  South 
Devon. 

No  sign  of  any  successor  to  Mr.  Tanner  being  forth- 
coming by  the  month  of  June,  1879,  Mr.  Ross,  who 
was  still  living  in  the  country,  volunteered  to  hunt 
the  Newton  side.  After  some  negotiations,  he  was 
appointed  master  without  any  guarantee,  the  com- 
mittee undertaking  to  do  its  best  to  beat  up  sub- 
scriptions. These  terms  were  renewed  in  the  ensuing 
two  seasons. 

During  this,  his  second  term  of  office,  Mr.  Ross 
lived  and  kennelled  his  hounds  at  Ambrook,  near 
Ipplepen.  In  the  table  of  hunts  in  Baily's  Magazine, 
the  master  is  stated  to  be  huntsman,  but  whatever 
may  have  been  the  intention  before  the  season  began, 


AUGUSTUS  F.  ROSS  175 

it  is  clear  that  Arthur  Mason  hunted  the  pack  from 
the  opening  day.  PhiHp  Back,  who  after  his  early 
experience  with  Mr.  Ross  had  put  in  two  years  in 
private  service  and  two  more  as  kennel-huntsman 
and  whip  to  Mr.  Netherton's  Harriers,  returned  to 
Mr.  Ross  as  whipper-in.  He  remained  for  one  season 
and  then,  after  hunting  the  Modbury  Harriers  for 
three  seasons,  entered  Mr.  Calmady's  service  and 
developed  into  one  of  the  best  huntsmen  in  Devon- 
shire. 

The  season  opened  on  the  27th  October,  when  the 
hounds  met  at  Kingskerswell  Arch.  The  Down, 
usually  a  sure  find  thanks  to  Mr.  Hercules  Brown 
of  Barton  Hall,  was  drawn  blank,  but  a  fox  was 
found  in  Maddicott's  Plantation  which  took  the  pack 
over  Dainton  Hill  to  Stoneycombe,  where  he  turned 
to  Bulleigh  Barton  and  went  on  by  Wrigwell  to 
Brownston.  The  earths  here  being  stopped,  the  fox 
skirted  Coombe  Fishacre  and  went  to  Wickaborough. 
Crossing  the  Totnes  road  by  Red  Post,  the  pack  ran 
at  a  great  pace  to  Lillypitt,  thence  to  Waye  Barton, 
where  a  sheepdog  caused  a  check.  Time,  fifty 
minutes,  the  pace  at  times  being  terrific.  Arthur 
very  soon  hit  the  line  again,  and  they  rattled  him 
down  the  valley  to  Gatcombe  Plantation,  where  they 
rolled  him  over. 

On  the  12th  November  the  pack  met  at  Ambrook, 
the  Master's  new  residence,  and  the  field  numbered 
from  ninety  to  a  hundred.  A  cub  was  killed  after 
half  an  hour's  ringing  run,  and  an  old  fox  was  found 
on  Dainton  Common.  They  rattled  him  over  the 
hill  to  Bulleigh,  where  they  turned  to  Compton, 
racing  through  Mr.  Anthony's  big  fields,  skirting 
Brownscombe,  to  Coombe.  Ringing  here  a  bit,  and 
away  for  Ipplepen,  and  Ox  Hill,  they  crossed  the  line 


176  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

to  Bow  Grange,  pointing  for  Staverton,  where  the 
fox  ran  them  out  of  scent  after  an  hour's  good 
hunting  run. 

The  hunt  received  much  hospitahty  at  this  time, 
and  on  the  11th  December  Mr.  Richard  Mallock  gave 
a  hunt  breakfast  at  Cockington  Court,  where  a  large 
field  assembled.  The  coverts  were  unfortunately 
blank,  though  a  drag  was  touched  here  and  there  ; 
but  from  Berry  Woods  the  hounds  got  away  with  a 
fox.  The  frost,  however,  made  riding  so  dangerous 
that  the  master  stopped  the  pack. 

On  the  15th  from  Wolston  Green  they  had  a 
capital  fifty  minutes  with  a  fox  found  in  Crick  Brake 
which  got  to  ground  in  Percombe  Brake.  Another 
was  found  in  Gurrington  Wood  and  went  to  earth  in 
Hobbin. 

From  Kingskerswell,  on  February  7th,  the  hounds 
killed  a  fox  in  the  open  after  a  very  sharp  but  twisting 
forty-eight  minutes,  the  points  touched  being  Coombe 
Fishacre,  Wrigwell,  Ipplepen,  Berry,  Marldon,  Comp- 
ton  and  Whiddon,  the  fox  being  killed  between  that 
place  and  Haccombe.  The  going  was  very  heavy, 
and  there  was  a  great  deal  of  jumping.  Amongst 
those  mentioned  as  in  at  the  death  were  Colonel  and 
Miss  Ridley,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Luxmoore,  Messrs.  J. 
Kitson,  W.  Clack,  Casavetti,  Studdy,  Riley,  Codner, 
Gibbons,  Rendell  and  Dering. 

At  this  time,  that  part  of  the  country  formerly 
hunted  by  Sir  Henry  Scale  was  not  regularly  hunted, 
but  on  March  11th  Mr.  Ross  took  his  pack  to  Morley 
Toll  Bar,  and  was  met  by  a  field  of  over  a  hundred 
horsemen.  Finding  in  Storridge  Moor  and  running 
over  the  earths  at  Newhouse,  they  turned  to  the  left, 
and,  going  on  to  Highmarks,  described  a  circle,  and 
entered   Storridge   Wood.     Here   the   pack  divided, 


AUGUSTUS  F.  ROSS  177 

several  foxes  being  afoot,  and,  after  a  slow  cold- 
scenting  run  of  an  hour  and  twenty  minutes,  the 
hunted  fox  was  lost  near  Topsham  Bridge.  The 
hounds  were  then  trotted  off  to  some  coverts  on  the 
right  bank  of  the  Avon  above  Gara  Bridge,  permission 
to  draw  which  had  been  given  by  Admiral  Parker, 
the  master  of  the  Dartmoor  Hounds.  After  drawing 
two  or  three  coverts  blank  (the  Dartmoor  Hounds 
having  run  through  them,  and  killed  a  fox  on  the 
preceding  Friday  and  Tuesday),  the  hounds  were 
thrown  into  a  young  larch  plantation  at  Clunkamoor, 
when  almost  immediately  a  fox  was  seen  to  slip  out 
at  the  bottom.  After  being  headed,  he  turned  to  the 
right,  pointing  for  Blackball,  and  the  hounds  raced 
away  over  some  stiffly  fenced  grass  fields  on  Bickham 
Farm ;  then  leaving  Huish  village  on  the  left,  they  sank 
the  valley  by  the  Parsonage  and  checked  on  the  hill 
opposite  Langford.  On  recovering  the  line,  they  ran 
over  the  Langford  meadows,  and,  going  over  Butter- 
ford  and  Whetcombe  (where  the  stiff  fences  stopped 
not  a  few  of  the  field),  faced  the  rising  ground  to 
Corswell,  and,  after  entering  Leigh  Copse  and  running 
straight  through  Timber  Wood,  Hotall  and  Harts 
Wood,  got  on  to  some  heavy  plough-land  near  Black- 
down,  where  scent  failed.  Time,  one  hour  and  ten 
minutes,  with  only  two  checks.  Among  those  who 
stuck  to  the  hounds  and  rode  the  whole  run  were  the 
master,  Miss  Bidder,  Captain  Chichester  and  Messrs. 
Riley,  G.  Allen,  Codner  (Torquay),  Hare,  Arundel, 
J.  Trist  and  a  few  others.  Having  regard  to  the 
nature  of  the  country,  and  to  the  fact  that  it  was 
strange  to  the  huntsman,  the  day's  sport  seems  to 
have  been  very  satisfactory. 

At  the  time  I  remember  Mr.  Ross,  the  hunt  had 
come  to  rather  a  low  ebb.     One  brilliant  burst   I 


178  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

recall,  when  we  ran  a  fox  to  ground  on  the  railway 
embankment  somewhere  in  the  neighbourhood  of 
Staverton.  The  circumstance  of  a  very  fast  gallop 
over  dusty  fallows  under  a  scorching  March  sun  was 
one  to  make  an  impression  on  the  mind  of  a  youngster. 
At  that  time  Mr.  Ross  generally  rode  a  white-grey 
horse.  One  old  hound,  Chanticleer,  would  sit  by  his 
horse's  heels  while  the  pack  was  drawing,  and  when 
hounds  spoke  in  cover  he  was  a  pretty  safe  guide  as 
to  whether  it  was  right  or  not. 

Mr.  Ross  was  fond  of  the  old-fashioned  sport  of 
falconry,  which  he  followed  on  Haldon  and  other  open 
places.  He  was  also,  like  that  celebrated  sportsman 
Colonel  Peter  Hawker,  a  musician  of  no  mean  order, 
which  doubtless  accounted  for  his  blowing  an  excel- 
lent note  on  the  horn. 

The  hunt  is  indebted  to  Mr.  Ross  for  twice  stepping 
into  the  breach  and  keeping  the  sport  alive.  He  gave 
up  finally  at  the  end  of  the  season  1881-2  ;  and  when 
he  did  so,  he  offered  to  lend  his  pack  and  the  use  of 
his  kennels  to  the  country,  or  the  pack  alone,  for  a 
definite  period ;  or,  alternatively,  to  sell  his  hounds  to 
any  master  that  might  succeed  him,  or  to  the  com- 
mittee. But  as  no  successor  was  forthcoming,  the 
Newton  side,  or  southern  portion  of  the  South  Devon 
country,  was,  as  already  stated,^  claimed  by  Mr.  J. 
Whidborne  and  Mr.  E.  F.  Studd,  who  had  then  just 
agreed  to  take  over  jointly  the  Haldon  side  vacated 
by  the  first  Baron  Haldon  (formerly  Sir  Lawrence 
Palk)  and  Sir  John  Duntze,  but  the  claim  was 
suspended  when  a  new  master,  in  the  person  of  Mr. 
Hemming,  was  found  for  the  Newton  side. 

Mr.  Hemming  was  procured  through  an  advertise- 
ment in  the  sporting  papers,  and  his  offer  to  hunt  the 

1  See  p.  137. 


AUGUSTUS  F.  ROSS  179 

Newton  side  on  £300  a  year  was  accepted.*  He  had 
a  great  belief,  as  some  people  have,  in  the  beneficial 
effects  of  salt  water  on  hounds  and  used  constantly 
to  take  the  pack  down  to  Paignton  for  a  swim,  which, 
it  is  said,  cost  him  the  loss  of  a  couple  of  hounds  by 
drowning.  But  before  the  time  had  come  to  begin 
cubhunting,  the  new  master  vanished.  The  Newton 
side  accordingly  reverted  to  Mr.  Whidborne  and  Mr. 
Studd,  who  put  in  several  days'  cubhunting  on  that 
side. 

^  S.D.H.  Minutes  of  Meetings. 


CHAPTER    XVI 

JOHN  WHIDBORNE:   SECOND  MASTERSHIP,  1882-5 

Dissolution  of  partnership  between  Mr.  Whidbome  and  Mr.  Studd — Whid- 
borne  elects  to  hunt  the  Newton  side — Kennels  at  Lidwell — Jack  Whit- 
more  engaged  as  huntsman — "  Mr.  Whidbome's  Hounds  " — Kennel  and 
stable  arrangements — Establishment — Early  hours — No  subscription — 
Mr.  Hext  and  Mr.  Rendell  appointed  honorary  secretaries  :  their  qualifica- 
tions— A  bitch  pack — Individual  hounds — A  small  pack — Long  distances 
— A  narrow  shave — Whitmore  as  a  huntsman — Scarcity  of  foxes — A  case 
of  riot — A  good  run  in  his  first  season — An  improvement  in  the  second 
season — A  great  riin  :  change  foxes  with  Mr.  Bragg's — Other  good  nxns — 
Miss  Whidbome — Horses — Whips  :  Doyle  ;  Edwards  ;  Derges — William 
Paul  :  one  of  the  old  school — Pleasant  memories — How  the  name  "  South 
Devon  Hounds  "  was  resumed — Whidbome  resigns — Lord  Haldon  waives 
his  claim  to  the  country — Negotiations  with  Mr.  C.  Marshall — Dr.  Gaye 
comes  forward  and  is  accepted. 

"  All  that  we  love  or  long  for  or  regret 
We  may  resign,  but  never  can  forget." 

{On  looking  back  from  Haldon  for  the  last  time  on  Stover 

AS  stated  in  an  earlier  chapter, ^  the  partnership 
Jr\.  between  Mr.  Whidborne  and  Mr.  Studd  came 
to  a  sudden  and  dramatic  end  on  the  opening  day  of 
their  first  season.  Thereupon  Mr.  Whidborne  decided 
to  hunt  the  southern  portion  or  Newton  side  of  the 
country,  leaving  Mr.  Studd  to  continue  alone  on  the 
Haldon  side.  Accordingly,  kennels  were  hurriedly 
fitted  up  at  Lidwell,  a  farm  in  the  valley  under  Haldon 
between  Dawlish  and  Teignmouth  owned  by  Mr. 
Whidborne,  whither  such  of  the  hounds  as  belonged 
to  him  were  transferred.  Jack  Whitmore,  formerly 
with    Mr.    Froude    Bellew,    was    engaged    as    hunts- 

1  See  pp.  137,  139. 
i8o 


JOHN  WHIDBOBNE,   1882 


MR.    WHIDBORNE'S    HOUNDS 


To  face  page  ISO 


JOHN  W^IDBORNE  181 

man,  and  drafts  were  procured  from  the  Oakley 
and  other  packs.  All  this  took  time,  and  the  season 
was  fairly  well  advanced  before  a  beginning  could 
be  made.  The  pack  was  called  "  Mr.  Whidborne's 
Hounds  "  during  his  first  two  seasons,  as  the  title 
"  South  Devon  "  had  then  already  been  adopted  by 
the  pack  on  the  Haldon  side. 

Mr.  Whidborne,  with  his  daughter,  Miss  Whid- 
borne,  took  up  his  residence  for  the  season  at  his 
cottage,  "  Brookside,"  Kingsteignton,  which  he  had 
used  for  many  years  as  a  hunting-box,  renting  the 
farmyard  across  the  road  for  additional  stabling. 
Here  he  kept  his  own  and  some  of  the  hunt  horses, 
the  remainder  being  at  his  home,  Gorway,  at  Teign- 
mouth.  This  arrangement,  with  the  kennels  at 
Lidwell,  as  stated,  a  matter  of  five  miles  outside 
Whidborne's  country,  was  an  inconvenient  one,  and 
entailed  much  hard  work,  besides  requiring  more 
horses  than  would  have  been  necessary  if  kennels 
and  master's  residence  had  been  more  centrally 
situated.  At  one  time  Mr.  Whidborne  kept  seventeen 
horses,  but  these  included  a  pair  of  carriage  horses 
and  his  own  hunters,  besides  those  of  Miss  Whidborne 
and  her  groom.  As  the  stable  accommodation  at 
Gorway  and  Brookside  was  insufficient,  a  range  of 
wooden  boxes  was  erected  in  a  garden  opposite  the 
stable  entrance  to  Gorway.  I  have  known  Whitmore 
leave  his  home  on  Brook  Hill,  in  Teignmouth,  at  one 
o'clock  in  the  morning  to  reach  Spitchwick  at  five 
for  cubhunting.  He  had  first  to  walk  half  a  mile  to 
Gorway  for  his  hack,  ride  two  miles  to  Lidwell  for 
his  hounds,  thence  another  four  miles  to  Kings- 
teignton, where  he  changed  on  to  his  hunter,  ulti- 
mately reaching  Spitchwick  when,  as  he  used  to  put 
it,  it  was  "  just  light  enough  to  see  the  rabbit  holes." 


182  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

The  whip  had  a  better  time,  as  his  journey  usually 
began  and  finished  at  Kingsteignton,  another  man 
helping  hounds  to  and  from  the  kennels.  Those  days 
were  less  luxurious  than  these,  and  early  hours  were 
in  vogue  for  eubhunting,  which  most  people  (except 
at  the  moment  their  alarum  clocks  go  off)  will  agree  is 
the  better  time  of  day. 

During  his  first  season,  Whidborne  hunted  the 
country  at  his  own  expense  without  any  subscription. 
The  following  season  he  stipulated  for  a  subscription 
of  three  hundred  pounds,  but  the  sum  paid  him  did 
not  reach  that  figure,  and  he  then  decided  to  hunt  the 
country  another  season  (1884-5)  at  his  own  expense 
rather  than  put  himself  under  obligation  to  the  hunt. 

In  July,  1883,  Mr.  George  H.  Hext  and  Mr.  Arthur 
S.  Rendell,  both  of  Newton  Abbot,  were  appointed 
joint  honorary  secretaries.  The  hunt  organization  had 
practically  dwindled  to  nothing  since  the  Hemming 
fiasco,  and  the  setting  of  things  upon  a  proper  footing 
once  again  was,  as  it  always  is  in  such  cases,  very 
uphill  work.  No  better  men,  however,  could  have 
been  chosen  for  the  task  than  the  two  gentlemen 
named.  Their  personal  popularity  was  great,  and 
they  were  both  very  well  known.  Mr.  Hext  had  a 
most  pleasing  way  of  extorting  subscriptions,  and 
Mr.  Rendell's  intimate  acquaintance  with  the  farmers 
in  the  hunt  ensured  their  support  and  co-operation. 
Both  were  real  sportsmen  and  instigated  by  a  keen 
love  of  hunting,  but  time  was  necessarily  required  for 
their  labours  to  produce  fruit.  The  work  of  a  hunt 
secretary  is  not  done  in  the  limelight,  and  no  one 
will  ever  know  the  full  extent  of  the  advantage  that 
accrued  to  the  hunt  from  the  appointment  of  Mr. 
Hext  and  Mr.  Rendell  to  the  secretaryship.  The 
latter  retired   after   six  years'   good   work,   but  the 


JOHN  WHIDBORNE  183 

former  remained  in  office  for  a  period  of  over  twenty 
years,  and  on  retiring  received  a  presentation,  which 
will  be  mentioned  in  its  proper  place,  and  was 
elected  chairman  of  the  hunt  committee,  a  position 
that  he  still  occupies. 

IMr.  Whidborne  decided  to  keep  only  a  bitch  pack, 
and,  instead  of  breeding,  to  recruit  its  strength  each 
year  by  the  purchase  of  drafts.  The  pack  at  first 
consisted  of  hounds  bought  from  Lord  Portsmouth's, 
the  Oakley,  the  Rufford,  Mr.  Coryton's,  Mr.  Froude 
Bellew's,  the  Dartmoor,  the  Fitzwilliam  and  other 
packs,  and  included  a  first-season  hound  that  turned 
out  well,  called  Wonderful,  by  the  great  Belvoir 
Weathergage,  sire  of  the  famous  Gambler.  Witch- 
craft, from  Mr.  Coryton's,  was  another  young  hound 
that  turned  out  so  good  a  hunter  that  she  was  kept 
on  despite  her  riotous  proclivities.  Lavender,  a  good- 
looking  daughter  of  Lord  Portsmouth's  Albion  and 
a  great  favourite  of  Miss  Whidborne's,  Brunette  by 
Lord  Portsmouth's  Vagabond,  from  Mr.  Bellew's, 
and  the  red-pied  Relish  from  the  Tynedale  were  also 
good  hounds.  In  fact,  taking  into  consideration  the 
circumstances  attending  its  formation,  the  little  pack 
was  a  most  creditable  one  both  in  appearance  and  in 
the  field. 

Whitmore,  who  w^as  a  cousin  of  Tom  Whitmore,  the 
celebrated  Oakley  huntsman  through  whom  each  year 
some  capital  drafts  were  obtained,  came  of  a  first- 
rate  hunting  stock  and  thoroughly  understood  the 
art  of  getting  hounds  into  condition.  Every  rib  was 
visible,  yet  they  were  filled  out  over  the  loins,  and 
their  coats  always  looked  well. 

To  hunt  two  days  a  week  there  were  never  more 
and  often  less  than  twenty-two  couple  in  kennel, 
including  young  hounds,   and  the  distances  to  and 


184  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

from  the  various  fixtures  were  almost  always  con- 
siderable and  often  very  great.  Such  fixtures  as 
Berry,  Galmpton,  Welstor  Cross,  Shinner's  Bridge, 
Widdicombe,  Staverton,  Churston,  Furzeleigh  Mill 
and  Spitchwick  always  meant  tiring  days  and  long 
journeys  back  to  kennel.  In  many  a  ride  home  from 
such  distant,  and  even  more  distant,  places,  often  by 
moonlight,  I  have  noticed  that,  with  very  few 
exceptions,  the  hounds  came  home  with  their  sterns 
up,  a  great  number  keeping  in  front  of  their  hunts- 
man all  the  way.  We  were  nearly  run  down  one  dark 
night  by  a  brewer's  dray  coming  at  a  great  pace  down 
the  hill  we  were  ascending.  Whitmore,  who  heard 
the  din  of  the  approaching  vehicle,  saved  the  pack 
by  whipping  out  his  horn  and  blowing  such  a  blast 
as  terrified  the  driver  into  pulling  up.  Compliments 
were  exchanged  as  we  passed. 

Born  and  bred,  so  to  speak,  in  the  kennel,  Whit- 
more had  all  the  qualities  and  the  knowledge  of  an 
excellent  huntsman.  There  was  little  he  did  not 
know  about  hounds  and  their  various  ailments,  and 
in  the  field  he  was  quick,  observant  and  persevering. 
That  was  when  he  was  at  his  best,  but  at  times, 
despite  his  master's  efforts,  he  was  not  to  be  relied 
upon.  He  was  a  good  horseman,  but  lacked  the 
powerful  voice  necessary  in  the  deep  woodlands  of 
South  Devon,  and,  as  a  consequence,  he  used  his  horn 
too  much. 

The  sport,  during  the  first  year  of  Whidborne's 
mastership,  was  not  brilliant.  The  country  had  been 
going  down  for  two  or  three  years  ;  there  had  been 
no  cubhunting  ;  and,  with  no  apparent  prospect  of 
the  country  being  hunted,  it  is  not  to  be  wondered  at 
that  foxes  were  lamentably  scarce.  As  was  to  be 
expected,  there  were  many  blank  days,  very  harmful 


JOHN  WHIDBORNE  185 

to  a  newly-formed  pack.  On  one  occasion,  after 
drawing  well  into  the  afternoon  without  finding,  we 
were  sitting  on  our  horses,  the  half-dozen  of  us  left, 
watching  the  pack  draw  Bagtor  Mire.  Presently, 
the  hounds  appeared  to  be  running,  though  the  wind 
was  too  high  for  us  to  hear  if  they  were  speaking,  and 
Jack  Whitmore,  who  was  with  us,  did  not  stir  or 
speak. — "  What's  that  hound  leading  ?  "  asked  Mr. 
Whidborne.  "  That's  Bridget,  sir,"  was  the  answer. 
After  a  few  moments  the  master  again  broke  the 
silence  with  :  "  What  are  they  running,  Whitmore  ?  " 
"  /  think  they  are  running  that  pony,  sir,""  came  the 
reply.  And  the  pony  it  was.  With  few  foxes,  and 
little  "  legitimate  "  riot  on  the  moor,  there  was  some 
excuse  for  the  delinquents. 

Nevertheless,  the  season  was  not  entirely  devoid  of 
good  runs.  On  the  24th  February,  1883,  after 
meeting  at  Heathfield  Station,  the  pack  struck  a 
drag  on  Bovey  Heathfield  which  took  them  into  the 
Wilderness,  where  they  found.  They  went  away  at  a 
great  pace  over  a  heavy  country  with  many  banks, 
the  line  being  through  Coalsworth}'^  Farm  by  Whissel- 
well  and  Owlacombe  Plantations,  on  to  Heytor  Down, 
where  the  fox  ran  very  cunning,  past  Heytor  Rock 
and  on  through  Hoi  well  Farm.  Here  the  fog  was 
very  thick,  and  we  had  to  ride  hard  to  keep  the 
hounds  in  sight  as  they  broke  the  wall  by  White  Gate. 
From  there  our  fox  went  on  to  Bonehill,  just  above 
Widdicombe,  where  he  succeeded  in  finding  a  friendly 
crevice  from  which  he  could  not  be  dislodged.  The 
run  lasted  just  over  the  hour,  and  the  distance,  as 
hounds  ran,  was  stated  to  be  about  twelve  miles.  On 
the  map,  from  point  to  point,  it  is  just  over  six  miles. 
Only  five  of  the  field  in  addition  to  the  huntsman 
lived  to  see  the  finish,  and  the  writer  of  the  account 


186  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

calls  attention  to  the  fact  that  they  were  all  riding 
horses  between  fourteen  and  fifteen  hands  high. 

In  Whidborne's  second  season,  things  were  much 
better.  Foxes  were  more  plentiful,  the  pack  had 
been  improved,  the  country  well  "  summered  "  and 
the  affairs  of  the  hunt  were  in  better  working  order. 
In  those  days  the  shooting  difficulty  was  much  less 
acute  than  it  is  to-day,  and  rabbit -trapping  was  not 
carried  on  in  the  wholesale  way  with  which  we  have 
since  grown  familiar.  The  sport  in  the  season  1883-4 
was  very  good.  Probably  the  best  run  in  the  whole 
of  this  mastership  was  that  which  occurred  on  the 
14th  February,  1884. 

The  pack  met  at  New  Inn  and  found  in  Rora,  the 
fox  first  attempting  to  break  over  Ramshorn  Down, 
where  he  was  twice  headed  back  into  the  covert.  He 
then  crossed  the  bottom  and  went  away  to  Ilsington 
Town  Wood  and  on  by  Ilsington  Village  and  the 
Narracombe  Bottom  (where  he  was  viewed  some  four 
hundred  yards  in  front  of  the  pack)  to  the  Heytor 
Vale  at  a  great  pace.  Here,  in  the  small  coverts  and 
broken  ground,  he  made  a  lot  of  work,  but,  without  a 
word  from  their  huntsman,  the  hounds  carried  the 
line  on  to  the  open  moor  beyond,  bearing  at  first  to 
the  right  as  if  Yarner  was  the  fox's  point.  But  he 
was  a  moorman  and  a  traveller,  and,  turning  outward 
again  and  disdaining  the  Rubble  Heap,  he  crossed 
the  Leighon  Valley  to  Hound  Tor  Rocks  and 
Swannerton  Gate  at  a  clipping  pace,  only  a  few  of 
the  field  being  able  to  keep  the  pack  in  sight.  From 
here  the  line  lay  over  Heatree  Down  and  through 
Heathercombe  Brake  on  to  Hamildown,  where  Mr. 
Bragg's  hounds  were  seen  running  on  the  left,  and  so 
by  King  Tor  and  over  Shapeley  Common  to  Moor 
Gate.      Crossing    the    road,    hounds    ran    on    across 


JOHN  ^^'H^DBORXE  187 

Jesson  to  Femworthy  and  over  Middleton  Hill,  over- 
looking Chagford,  pointing  for  Gidleigh.  Here  the 
first  check  occurred,  the  fox  having  been  met  at  the 
entrance  to  a  farmyard  by  the  farmer's  wife,  who, 
exclaiming,  "  Here's  a  young  fox  !  "  set  the  sheep- 
dog at  him.  A  holloa  a  few  fields  ahead  set  matters 
right  for  the  moment,  but  the  sheepdog  had  done  the 
customary  mischief,  and  though  hounds  stuck  well 
to  the  line  as  far  as  the  hamlet  of  Thorn,  the  fox's 
life  was  saved  by  the  over-eagemess  of  the  coimtry 
people  there,  who  caused  confusion  by  holloaing  in 
different  places  at  the  same  time.  "Whitmore's  horse 
was  "  done,"  as  were  also  those  of  his  eight  or  ten 
companions,  and  in  addition  had  lost  a  shoe.  The 
point  was  said  to  be  about  fifteen  miles  and  the  time 
about  two  hours  and  a  half  up  to  the  moment  of 
giving  up.  Miss  ^Mlidborne,  on  Silvertail,  and  Mrs. 
Splatt  saw  this  gallant  run  from  find  to  finish. 

The  pack  undoubtedly  changed  foxes  on  Hamil- 
down,  and  it  was  the  opinion  of  many  that  Mr.  Bragg 
killed  Mr.  AMiidborne's  fox  and  that  Mr.  "\Miidborne's 
hounds  went  on  with  ]\Ir.  Bragg's  fox  which  was 
fresher. 

Shinner's  Bridge  fixtures  provided  two  or  three 
good  runs  in  this  season.  One  was  a  two-hours'  hunt 
from  Penny's  Grove  to  Berry,  the  first  hour  being 
very  good.  Another  fox  was  found  in  Berry  the  same 
day  and  killed  after  an  hour's  run.  Another  day, 
after  meeting  at  Shinner's  Bridge,  a  fine  run  resulted 
with  a  fox  from  North  Wood.  He  first  went  down  by 
the  river  Dart  to  within  about  a  mile  of  Totnes,  then 
turned  back  and  crossed  the  road  at  Shinner's  Bridge. 
He  then  made  for  Hood  Copse,  through  which  he 
passed,  and  ran  the  road  under  Velwell  House  and 
never  left  it  until  within  a  few  fields  of  Luscombe 


188  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Wood,  giving  us  a  gallop  of  about  a  mile  and  a  half 
on  the  road  as  hard  as  horses  could  go.  Here,  he 
turned  to  the  left,  and,  after  crossing  the  vale  at 
Willing,  made  straight  for  the  village  of  Dean,  where 
we  were  close  to  him.  From  there  he  made  over  the 
hill  to  within  a  field  of  Dean  Wood,  where,  as  bad 
luck  would  have  it,  he  got  to  ground  dead-beat  close 
before  the  hounds.    Time,  one  hour  and  a  half. 

During  her  father's  mastership  Miss  Whidborne, 
who  had  hunted  regularly  ever  since  Mr.  Westlake 
first  kept  the  hounds,  took  a  very  keen  interest  in  the 
hunt  and  in  the  pack,  and  was  of  great  assistance  to 
her  father,  who  was  not  always  able  to  be  out.  Not 
that  she  asserted  her  position  in  the  field,  except 
upon  occasion,  as,  for  instance,  w^hen  the  huntsman 
would  be  disposed  to  kill  a  fox  on  the  earth  which  she 
considered  should  be  given  a  chance.  But  she  was 
always  there  to  be  consulted  if  necessary  and  to 
exercise  a  moral  control  upon  hunt  servants  and  field 
alike  ;  and,  knowing  as  she  did  all  about  the  sport, 
the  country  and  the  people,  she  could  always  be 
relied  on  to  give  a  clear  and  accurate  accoiuit  of 
what  had  taken  place.  She  was  a  good  rider  and  had 
a  good  eye  herself  for  a  country,  besides  having  an 
excellent  attendant  in  the  person  of  her  groom,  John 
Croot,  whose  hawk-like  eye  has  been  known  to  view 
a  fox  as  it  crossed  the  narrow  space  of  an  open 
gateway  a  couple  of  fields  distant. 

Of  course.  Miss  \'\Tiidborne  was  well  mounted.  In 
the  likeness  of  her  given  here,  she  is  mounted  on 
Killeen,  an  Irish  hunter  of  good  stamp  and  quality, 
and  a  great  favourite  of  hers.  Then  there  was  the 
grey.  Shamrock,  also  Irish,  to  my  mind  one  of  the 
best  types  of  hunter  I  have  seen,  though  perhaps  a 
trifle  big  about  the  head  ;   but  full  of  knowledge  and 


II 


JOHN  WHIDBORNE  189 

a  first-rate  horse  over  banks  and  timber,  and  you 
could  not  tire  him  out.  I  had  him  after  he  turned 
roarer  from  a  bad  attack  of  influenza,  but  his  owner 
would  not  sell  him.  He  appears  on  the  left  in  the 
photograph  of  Mr.  Whidborne's  hounds.  Silvertail 
was  another  of  Miss  Whidborne's  good  horses,  and 
the  bay  Talisman  was  one  of  the  best  she  had. 
Paddy  was  an  extraordinarily  hard  little  horse.  He 
suffered  from  corns  and  had  a  quick  pottering  action 
on  the  road.  Then  there  was  Taffy,  somewhat  coarse, 
but  of  the  everlasting  kind.  I  am  treating  only  of  the 
hunters  Miss  Whidborne  had  at  this  time,  but 
cannot  refrain  from  just  mentioning  a  very  cele- 
brated grey  mare  she  rode  in  earlier  years  called 
Alice  Grey.  Some  of  the  horses  named  were  reserved 
for  Miss  Whidborne's  own  riding,  but  others  took 
their  turn  in  carrying  the  huntsman,  who  was  always 
well  mounted.  Among  other  horses  he  had  were  the 
chestnuts  Sunbeam  and  Ginger  ;  the  greys  Swallow, 
Rattler  and  Zouave  (the  latter  split  his  pastern 
trotting  down  a  lane) ;  the  brown  mare  Polly  ;  The 
Knight,  a  bay  ;  the  rat-tailed  Baron,  a  good  hunter 
of  uncertain  temper ;  and  a  horse  whose  proper 
name  I  forget,  but  which  the  stablemen  always 
called  Chany-eye  from  his  having  a  so-called  "  china  " 
or  "  wall  eye."  There  were  also  others  that  I  forget. 
The  whip  first  appointed  to  the  pack  was  one  Doyle, 
grandson  to  the  master's  old  coachman  and  stud- 
groom,  William  Paul.  His  heart,  however,  was  not 
in  the  work  and  he  was  relegated  to  the  position  of 
second  horseman  to  the  huntsman.  This  he  filled 
admirably,  having  a  good  eye  for  a  country.  Doyle 
was  succeeded  by  a  whip  who,  if  I  remember  rightly, 
was  called  Edwards  and  came  from  the  Llangibby 
and  Chepstow,  but  his  health  was  not  good  and  he 


190  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

could  not  stand  the  long  days.  Then  William  Derges, 
who,  as  mentioned,  had  whipped  in  to  Westlake, 
was  taken  on. 

The  William  Paul  mentioned  above  was  a  valuable 
servant  to  Mr.  Whidborne,  being  a  good  man  on  or 
about  a  horse  and  not  afraid  of  work.  He  had  some 
bad  falls  with  young  horses,  having  once  been  as  near 
breaking  his  neck  as  is  possible  without  being  killed. 
He  lay  in  bed  for  many  weeks  afterwards  and  his 
head  was  never  again  straight,  but  he  completely 
recovered  and  years  afterwards,  when  over  seventy, 
broke  his  thigh  through  a  horse  coming  back  on  him. 
He  was  also  one  of  the  old  breed  of  coachmen  who 
could  hit  a  horse  from  the  box  in  the  proper  place 
and  with  the  proper  effect.  These  hard-hitters  of  the 
old  school  did  not  indulge  in  the  perpetual  slashing- 
all-over  of  modern  drivers  ;  they  seldom  hit  a  horse, 
but  when  they  did  they  hit  him  once  and  to  some 
purpose. 

Mr.  Whidborne  was  over  sixty  years  of  age  when  he 
undertook  this,  his  second,  mastership.  He  applied 
himself  to  the  duties  of  the  position  with  all  the 
ability  and  all  the  thoroughness  that  had  character- 
ized him  in  his  business.  Besides  being  excellently 
mounted,  the  men  were  well  turned  out,  and  no 
necessary  expense  was  spared,  though  there  was  no 
ostentation  or  "  swagger  "  about  the  establishment. 
Mr.  Whidborne  was  very  generous  in  mounting  his 
friends,  as  my  eldest  brother  and  I  have  reason  to 
remember.  He  was  also  very  hospitable,  and  a 
"  mount "  usually  involved  breakfast  and  often 
dinner  at  Brookside.  His  breakfast  hour  was  eight 
o'clock  and,  as  he  had  strict  views  on  the  subject  of 
punctuality,  one  had  to  be  early  astir  to  hack  out  the 
five  miles  and  not  be  late.    Sometimes  he  would  tell 


JOHN  WHIDBORNE  191 

you  to  take  care  of  the  horse  he  mounted  you  on  ; 
at  others,  his  orders  were  to  "ride  that  horse's  tail 
off,"  which  was  only  his  pleasant  way  of  telling  you 
to  ride  as  hard  as  you  pleased.  If  one  was  riding  his 
own  horse  and  not  dining  at  Brookside,  there  was 
always  gruel  for  the  hunter  and  something,  usually 
sherry  and  biscuits,  for  the  rider  at  any  hour.  Whid- 
borne  belonged  to  the  sherry  age  and  had  some 
excellent  wine,  and  his  sherry-glasses  would  have 
satisfied  some  claret  drinkers.  Little  time  was  spent 
in  refreshment  on  those  occasions,  as  one  was  gener- 
ally riding  home  with  hounds.  The  scene  in  the  yard 
was  a  busy  one  :  men  with  lanterns  leading  off  tired 
hunters  or  bringing  out  fresh  horses  for  huntsman  and 
whip,  who  swallowed  saucers  of  hot  tea  where  they 
stood  ready  on  their  mounting-blocks,  with  the  pack 
around  them.  Perhaps  I  dwell  unduly  upon  these 
details  :  if  so,  my  excuse  must  be  that  it  is  difficult 
to  pass  over  in  silence  scenes  that  live  in  the  memory 
and  circumstances  small  in  themselves,  but  which  led 
to  the  establishment  of  a  custom,  persevered  in  for 
eight-and-twenty  years,  of  never  passing  Brookside 
after  hunting  on  that  side  of  the  country  without 
availing  oneself  of  the  welcome  that  was  ever  ready  ; 
a  custom  that  ceased  only  on  the  death  of  Miss 
Whidborne,  that  good  sportswoman  and  kindest  of 
friends,  who  had  taken  up  her  residence  permanently 
at  Brookside  after  the  death  of  her  father  in  1890. 

In  Whidborne's  last  season,  1884-5,  the  pack 
resumed  the  name  of  "  The  South  Devon  "  under  the 
following  circumstances  : — 

The  first  Lord  Haldon  having  died  in  1883,  his 
eldest  son,  on  succeeding  to  the  title,  expressed  a 
desire  to  take  on  the  pack  then  hunting  the  Haldon 
side.     Accordingly  Mr.  Studd  resigned  in  his  favour 


192  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

in  1884,  and,  as  the  pack  was  then  to  be  called  "  Lord 
Haldon's  Hounds,  "^  Mr.  Whidborne  was  at  liberty  to 
resume  the  title  of  "  South  Devon." 

Towards  the  end  of  Whidborne's  term  of  office,  he 
having  made  it  clear  that  he  would  not  continue  after 
the  close  of  the  season  1884-5,  the  committee  applied 
to  Lord  Haldon  to  know  whether  he  was  prepared, 
in  accordance  with  the  arrangement  referred  to  in 
an  earlier  chapter,^  to  take  over  the  southern  portion 
of  the  country.  On  his  stating  that  he  could  not  under- 
take more  than  a  part  of  it,  the  committee  decided 
to  advertise  for  a  master,  as  a  result  of  which 
advertisement  negotiations  were  entered  into  with 
Mr.  C.  Marshall  of  Swymbridge,  in  North  Devon. 
Before  these  negotiations  matured,  however.  Dr. 
H.  S.  Gaye  of  Newton  Abbot  came  forward  with  an 
offer  to  take  over  the  country,  which  was  immediately 
accepted. 

1  See  p.  152.  ^  See  p.  127. 


DR.    H.    S.    GAYB 


To  fa:c  page  193 


CHAPTER    XVII 

DR.  HENRY   SEARLE   GAYE :    1885-93 

Prosperous  state  of  the  cotmtry — A  successful  reign — Major-General  Gaye — 
Brigade-Surgeon  A.  C.  Gaye  :  well  known  as  a  gentleman  rider — Terms 
of  mastership — Mr.  Whidbome  presents  his  pack  to  the  committee — 
Kennels  at  North  End,  Ipplepen — New  kennels  built  at  Pulsford  Hills, 
Denbury — Part  of  the  moor  country  claimed  by  Bragg — Claim  renewed 
by  Mr,  Norton  and  Mr.  Thomas — Arbitrated  upon  in  1890 — New  regula- 
tions :  the  "  receipt  "  button  ;  capping — Hunt  uniform — Mr.  A.  S. 
Rendell  retires  from  the  secretaryship — Succeeded  by  Mr.  H.  S.  Wright, 
who  subsequently  resigns — Jack  Whitmore  leaves — Replaced  by  James 
Collings — Prejudice  against  a  harrier  huntsman  overcome — A  presentation 
to  Collings — His  personality  :  in  the  field  ;  in  the  kennel — Master  and 
man  combine  to  raise  the  fortunes  of  the  hunt — Dr.  Gaye  as  master — An 
tmfortunate  accident — Good  sport — Mr.  D.  Scratton  and  his  keeper. 
Bishop — Mr.  W.  Rendell  :  his  descriptive  account  of  three  notable  runs — 
Dr.  Gaye  resumes  possession  of  the  Haldon  side  vacated  by  Mr.  Studd — 
His  resignation — His  popularity  recognized  by  a  diimer  and  presentation 
—  A  gracefiil  act. 

"  Old  friends  long  gone  again  appear, 
Their  welcome  voice  we  seem  to  hear  ; 
And  shadows  from  the  wall  depart, 
As  early  sunshine  warms  the  heart." 

(Dartmoor  Days.) 

THE  fortunes  of  the  hunt  on  the  Newton  side, 
which  had  sunk  to  a  low  ebb  during  the  second 
mastership  of  Mr.  Ross,  received  a  fresh  impulse 
under  the  guidance  of  Mr.  Whidborne,  who  did  the 
thing  efficiently  and  well  and  pulled  the  hunt  together, 
so  that  when  Dr.  Gaye  succeeded,  he  had  the  advan- 
tage of  the  previous  three  seasons'  nursing  and 
careful  working  up  of  the  country.  The  Doctor  made 
the  most  of  this  advantage,  and  with  an  improved 
organization  the  hunt  was  put  upon  a  better  and 

o  193 


194  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

more  businesslike  footing  than  it  had  ever  occupied 
since  the  pack  became  a  subscription  one.  New 
kennels  were  built,  the  committee  was  strengthened, 
a  sub-committee  was  appointed  to  look  after  minor 
details,  and  a  proper  damage  fund  was  estab- 
lished. 

The  master  was  a  thorough  sportsman  and  very 
popular,  and  the  sport  he  shewed  was  consistently- 
good  and  often  brilliant.  As  a  result,  the  fields 
increased  in  number  and  the  subscription  list  in 
amount.  The  Doctor's  mastership  was  an  unqualified 
success. 

Dr.  Gaye  was  one  of  three  brothers,  all  of  whom 
distinguished  themselves  in  their  respective  careers. 
The  eldest  was  Major-General  Gaye,  who  lived  at 
Tor  Newton,  and  with  his  daughter.  Miss  Gaye, 
hunted  regularly  with  the  pack.  The  youngest  was 
Brigade- Surgeon  A.  C.  Gaye,  who,  under  the  racing 
name  of  "  Mr.  Herbert,"  was  for  more  than  twenty 
years  one  of  the  best  known  and  most  successful 
gentlemen-riders  in  India,  where  he  won  many  good 
races  both  on  the  flat  and  across  country  and  per- 
formed some  remarkable  feats  of  endurance  in  the 
saddle,  covering  great  distances  to  enable  him  to 
indulge  his  passion  for  race  riding.^ 

Dr.  Gaye  himself  had  for  many  years  been  in  active 
practice  as  a  medical  man  at  Newton  Abbot  and  was 
well  known  in  the  district.  He  was  one  of  the  oldest 
members  of  the  South  Devon  Hunt  and  was  well  past 
middle  age  when  he  took  on  the  hounds. 

The  terms  agreed  upon  between  the  new  master 
and  the  committee  were  :  a  guaranteed  subscription 
of  £450  and  the  committee  to  pay  all  gratuities  to 

^  An  interesting  account  of  his  racing  career  appeared  on  the  6th  August, 
1887,  in  the  Civil  and  Military  Gazette  published  at  Lahore. 


DR.  HENRY  SEARLE  GAYE  195 

keepers  and  earth-stoppers,  as  well  as  all  claims  for 
poultry  and  other  damage. 

Mr.  Whidborne,  in  addition  to  giving  a  handsome 
subscription,  lent  his  bitch  pack  to  the  committee, 
and  at  the  end  of  the  season  1887-8  the  loan  was 
converted  into  a  gift  upon  certain  conditions  which 
were  accepted.     The  pack  was  kennelled  at  North 
End,  Ipplepen,  for  the  first  three  seasons,  but  at  the 
end  of  his  second  season  Gaye  impressed  upon  the 
committee  the  desirability  of  having  kennels  of  its 
own  or,  at  any  rate,  held  for  a  substantial  length  of 
term.    Accordingly,  in  the  early  part  of  1888,  certain 
sites  were  inspected,  and  that  of  the  now  existing 
kennels  at  Pulsford  Hills,  Denbury,  was  selected.    A 
lease   for   twenty-one   years   was    secured,    and   the 
buildings  which  stood  on  the  land  were  altered  and 
converted   into  kennels,  stables   and  a   huntsman's 
cottage  at  an  original  estimated  cost  of  £190,  the 
figure  being  considerably  lower  than  it  would  other- 
wise have  been  through  the  sportsmanlike  action  of 
Messrs.  John  Wright  and  Son  of  Newton  Abbot,  who 
undertook  to  do  all  the  carting  of  materials  free  of 
cost.    There  was  considerable  delay  on  the  part  of  the 
contractor  ;    certain  work  had  to  be  done  over  again 
owing  to  bad  workmanship,  and,  in  addition,  there 
were  the  inevitable  extras.     The  cost  was  defrayed 
out  of  a  special  "  whip-up  "  among  the  subscribers. 
The  lease  of  these  kennels  has  been  renewed,  and  they 
are  still  occupied  by  the  hunt. 

At  the  very  outset  of  his  career  as  master,  Gaye 
was  troubled  by  a  claim  to  a  portion  of  the  moor 
country  set  up  by  Mr.  George  Bragg  of  Moreton- 
hampstead.  The  claim  was  maintained  by  Mr. 
Norton  of  Chagford,  who  succeeded  to  the  master- 
ship   of  Mr.    Bragg's    pack,    and    by    Mr.    Norton's 


196  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

successor,  Mr.  S.  V.  Thomas.  This  caused  a  good 
deal  of  trouble  at  the  time,  but  was  ultimately,  in 
1890,  settled  by  the  arbitrament  of  the  M.  F.  H. 
Association.  An  outline  of  the  controversy  is  given 
in  a  separate  chapter.  ^ 

In  the  year  1888  the  minimum  subscription  for 
members  was  fixed  at  £3  3s.  and  a  regulation  was 
introduced,  which  had  been  proposed  the  previous 
year  but  then  rejected,  that  every  member  of  the 
hunt  whose  subscription  was  paid  should  receive  a 
stud  or  button,  to  be  worn  in  the  hunting-field  to 
distinguish  him  there  as  a  member  of  the  hunt  and  to 
exempt  him  from  capping,  which  practice  the  com- 
mittee had  been  compelled  to  adopt.  A  galloping  fox 
was  first  proposed  for  the  design  of  this  button,  but 
ultimately  a  fox's  mask  was  adopted.  The  idea, 
however,  of  the  "  receipt "  button  never  found 
favour,  and  the  wearing  of  the  button  very  soon  fell 
into  disuse. 

About  this  time  a  new  coat  button  was  also  insti- 
tuted. It  consisted  of  a  convex  brass  button  with  a 
raised  monogram  formed  of  the  letters  S.D.F.H.  It 
was  also  decided  to  adopt  a  distinctive  collar  to  be 
worn  with  the  pink  coat,  and,  after  some  discussion, 
a  buff  collar  was  agreed  upon.  The  buff  collar  endures 
to  this  day,  though  it  has  not  been  adopted  by  all 
members.  An  evening-dress  uniform,  consisting  of  a 
scarlet  coat  and  white  waistcoat,  was  also  assumed. 

In  the  year  1888  Mr.  A.  S.  Rendell,  to  the  regret  of 
all,  withdrew  from  the  position  of  joint  honorary 
secretary  after  six  years'  service,  owing  to  pressure 
of  business,  but  he  has  never  ceased  to  take  an  active 
interest  in  the  affairs  of  the  hunt,  in  which  he  has 
been  most  helpful.    He  was  succeeded  by  Mr.  H.  S. 

1  See  chapter  XVIII. 


DR.  HENRY  SEARLE  GAYE  197 

Wright,  who  joined  Mr.  Hext,  the  continuing- 
honorary  secretary.  Mr.  Wright,  in  consequence 
of  other  calls  on  his  time,  only  held  the  office  until 
1889,  tendering  his  resignation  in  August  of  that 
year,  leaving  Mr.  Hext  to  carry  on  the  duties  single- 
handed. 

Mr.  Whidborne's  former  huntsman,  Jack  Whit- 
more,  was  taken  on  and  hunted  the  pack  for  the 
Doctor's  first  season.  At  the  end  of  it  the  master's 
patience  was  exhausted  and  he  left.  Gaye  was 
at  some  loss  to  replace  him,  but  ultimately 
his  eye  fell  upon  James  Collings,  then  in  his 
twelfth  season  as  huntsman  to  the  South  Pool 
Harriers,  of  which  Captain  Hallifax  was  master.  I 
believe  Mr.  Parnell  Tucker  of  Ashburton  was  chiefly 
instrumental  in  directing  the  master's  attention  to 
Collings.  Captain  Hallifax  readily  consented  to 
Dr.  Gaye's  approaching  Collings,  saying  that,  although 
he  could  not  replace  him,  he  would  not  stand  in  the 
way  of  any  man's  promotion  from  harriers  to  fox- 
hounds. 

The  Doctor,  like  most  foxhunters,  was  prejudiced 
against  a  harrier  huntsman  for  foxhounds,  ^  but  what 
he  saw  and  heard  of  Collings  convinced  him  that  the 
man  was  above  the  average  and  that  he  had  not  only 
the  necessary  qualifications  but  also  the  sense  and 
ability  to  adapt  himself  and  his  methods  to  hunting 
the  fox.  Collings  was  accordingly  engaged,  and  the 
result  amply  justified  his  selection. 

On  his  leaving  the  South  Pool  Harriers,  he  was 
presented,  in  June,  1886,  with  a  testimonial  consist- 
ing of  a  purse  of  £31  and  a  silver  horn.    The  presenta- 

*  It  is  perhaps  not  generally  known  that  Frank  Gillard,  the  celebrated 
Belvoir  huntsman  and  a  Devonshire  man,  began  his  career  as  huntsman  to  a 
pack  of  harriers  in  North  Devon. 


198  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

tion  was  made  on  behalf  of  the  South  Pool  by  Mr. 
Augustus  Kingston  of  Totnes,  a  well-known  member 
of  both  hunts. 

CoUings  was  then  about  thirty-five  years  of  age.  In 
the  hunting  field  he  was  reserved  in  manner,  short 
and  even  brusque  with  strangers  or  those  he  did  not 
know  well.  He  made  up  his  mind  what  to  do,  and 
did  it,  regardless  of  information  that  he  could  not 
trust  and  advice  that  he  did  not  want.  In  this  way 
he  gradually  ceased  to  be  troubled  with  the  well- 
intentioned  "  assistance  "  of  members  of  the  field. 
Often  have  I  heard  the  remark  from  farmers  and 
others  :  "  What  a  man  he  is,  to  be  sure  !  "  when 
Collings,  receiving  a  communication  in  silence,  pro- 
ceeded to  act  as  if  it  had  not  been  made.  But  these 
very  people  learnt  to  appreciate  the  determination 
that  characterized  the  man  and  his  reliance  upon  his 
hounds  and  upon  his  own  judgment.  His  whole 
heart  was  in  the  sport,  and  his  mind,  concentrated 
on  the  work  in  hand,  would  not  brook  distraction. 
A  few,  a  very  few,  whose  knowledge  of  hunting  and 
of  individual  hounds  he  could  rely  upon,  would  be 
listened  to  ;  even  then,  if  he  had  a  move  in  his  own 
mind,  he  would  often  make  it  before  acting  on  the 
information  received. 

But  when  off  duty,  or  when  once  well  away  with  his 
fox,  he  would  be  as  cheery  as  a  schoolboy.  He  had  a 
dry  humour  of  his  own  and  a  keen  appreciation  of 
humour  in  others.  Once,  he  took  us  off  to  a  holloa 
on  the  top  of  a  distant  hill,  where  we  found  a  small 
boy  in  a  newly-sown  field.  To  the  two  questions  : 
"  Did  you  holloa  ?  "  and  "  Have  you  seen  the  fox  ?  " 
came  in  succession  the  answers  :  "  Yes,"  and  "  No." 
Collings  said  not  another  word,  but  turned  back  in 
the    face    of   the    grinning   field,    and    his    sense    of 


DR.  HENRY  SEARLE  GAYE  199 

humour   certainly   came   to   his   assistance   on   that 
occasion. 

I  think  it  will  be  admitted  that  Collings  turned  out 
to  be  one  of  the  best  Devonshire  huntsmen  known  in 
modern  times.  He  was  never  at  a  loss,  and  you  never 
saw  him  hesitate.  Everything  was  done  with  system 
and  regularity  ;  he  never  went  over  the  same  ground 
twice,  either  in  drawing  or  in  casting ;  and  he  never 
deceived  his  hounds.  He  would  give  them  plenty  of 
time  before  making  his  cast.  I  have  seen  him  more 
than  once,  with  a  catchy  scent,  link  up,  as  it  were,  by 
a  series  of  good  casts,  a  succession  of  bursts  into  quite 
a  tolerable  run.  At  other  times,  he  would  sit  still  and 
never  touch  the  pack,  knowing  he  could  not  help 
them.  One  of  such  occasions  was  in  the  course  of  a 
run  which  took  us  through  the  small  enclosures  close 
to  Ashburton.  Collings  said  to  me  :  "  This  is  a  funny 
fox  :  you  never  know,  when  he  goes  into  a  field, 
where  he  is  going  to  leave  it.  I  daren't  touch  them." 
The  fox  was  dawdling  some  way  in  front  of  the  hounds, 
aware,  apparently,  that  scent  was  too  bad  for  them  to 
overhaul  him. 

Now  and  again,  but  very  seldom,  he  would  make 
a  back  cast  that  people  attributed  to  his  harrier 
novitiate.  I  think  it  was  oftener  due  to  other  causes, 
as  in  one  particular  instance  that  recurs  to  me  at  the 
moment.  The  hounds  had  just  reached  the  moor  and 
checked  there,  those  of  the  field  who  were  up  being  in 
an  adjoining  enclosure  immediately  below  the  pack 
and  separated  from  it  by  the  boundary  wall.  As 
Collings  came  up,  the  hounds,  in  casting,  swung 
themselves  down  the  hill  and  broke  the  wall  into  the 
field  where  we  were,  and  he  first  held  them  on  in  that 
direction,  which  was  "  back."  Everyone  thought 
that  the  fox,  as  was  the  fact,  had  gone  to  moor  ;   and 


200  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

so  did  CoUings,  as  I  learnt  afterwards.  He  then 
accounted  for  the  curious  turn  of  the  hounds  by  the 
fact  of  their  having  heard  us  on  the  other  side  of  the 
wall,  and  so  turned  towards  the  horses  ;  but  it 
deceived  him  for  the  moment  and  led  him  to  think 
the  fox  might  have  turned  short  back. 

There  are  moments,  too,  when  every  huntsman,  on 
the  principle  of  "  the  other  Tom  Smith's  "  celebrated 
all-round-my-hat  cast,  will  make  a  -eery  short  back- 
ward cast  first  with  the  sole  object  of  making  a  wider 
one  for'ard  than  he  would  otherwise  dare  to  do.  Some 
people  cannot  distinguish  between  such  cases  and  the 
instinctive  try-back  of  the  hare-hunter. 

CoUings's  patience  was  equalled  by  his  persever- 
ance, and  the  keynote  of  the  whole  was  his  innate  love 
of  hunting.  He  would  never  leave  off  as  long  as  there 
was  a  chance  of  hunting  up  to  his  fox;  he  was 
always  trying,  and  never  resorted  to  the  proceeding 
of  "  working  out  the  day." 

He  was  also  an  extraordinarily  hard  man.  ^Mien 
the  first  bad  outbreak  of  influenza  occurred — I  think 
it  was  in  or  about  the  year  1891,  when  so  many 
prominent  people,  including  the  Duke  of  Clarence, 
were  carried  off — several  hunts  which  had  no  under- 
study to  their  huntsman,  and  some  that  had,  were 
compelled  to  stop  hunting  tlu-ough  the  staff  being 
laid  low.  Collings  got  it,  and  a  pretty  bad  attack  ; 
but  he  did  not  miss  a  single  day's  hunting.  On 
another  occasion,  with  a  cold  so  bad  that  he  could  not 
speak  above  a  whisper,  he  insisted  on  coming  out,  and 
the  field  grumbled  because  "  Collings  was  so  beastly 
quiet  "  !  Yet  another  time,  he  hunted  hounds  with  a 
broken  collar-bone  and  his  arm  in  a  sling. 

His  hound  language  was  good,  and  he  had  a  capital 
voice  and  a  good    note    on   the  horn.     You  could 


COLLING  5 


a?.5:nger  and  stripling 

To  fact  fape  200 


DR.  HEXRY  SE.AHLE  GAYE  201 

always  tell  by  his  horn  exactly  what  hounds  were 
doing. 

A  lisht  weight,  he  was  a  fearless  rider  and  a  crood 
horseman.  But  he  never  rode  for  effect  :  his  only 
idea  bein^  to  cret  to  his  hounds.  K  he  could  not  ride 
over  a  place.,  he  would  dismount,  and,  as  we  term  it, 
turn  liis  horse  over  it,  a  feat  requiring  considerable 
agihty  when  a  man  is  alone,  as  a  huntsman  so  often 
is.  Fearsome.,  indeed,  were  some  of  the  places  he  got 
over  in  this  way,  and  one  or  two  of  the  horses  he  rode, 
Old  Port  and  Triangle  for  example,  were  extra- 
ordinarily clever  at  this  work.  He  was  veiy*  good  on 
bogg}'  ground,  going,  and  keeping  above  ground, 
where  no  one  else  cared  to  follow,  and  remarkably 
quick  in  getting  about.  In  this,  his  promptness  of 
decision  and  his  knowledge  of  the  country  helped 
him  enormously. 

That  he  was  as  good  in  the  kennel  as  in  the  field 
was  abundantly  proved  by  the  stamp  of  hounds 
composing  the  pack,  steady  hunters  with  plenty  of 
drive,  and  by  the  condition  which  enabled  them  to 
stand  such  long  days  as  they  had,  and  to  come  again 
as  frequently  as  they  did.  For,  even  when  hunting 
three  days  a  week  with  a  very  frequent  bye  day  in 
addition,  as  Gaye  did  later  on,  he  never  had  more 
than  thirty-seven  and  a  half  couple  in  kennel  includ- 
ing the  voun?  entrv. 

With  such  a  huntsman,  who  was  also  absolutely 
steady  and  trustworthy,  the  master's  lot  was  a  much 
happier  one  than  it  had  been  during  his  first  season  : 
and,  though  Dr.  Gaye  superintended  all  details  of 
the  kennel  establishment  and  of  the  hunt  in  general, 
and  by  his  abihty  and  popularity  prepared  the  way 
for  the  actual  operations  in  the  field,  yet  it  is  only 
fair  to  say  that  to  his  huntsman  was  due,  in  a  very 


202  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

large  measure,  the  high  standard  of  excellence  of  the 
sport  that  marked  his  reign.  Thus  the  credit  for 
raising  the  fortunes  of  the  hunt  may  be  said  to  have 
been  shared  by  master  and  man,  for  not  alone  could 
either  the  genial  personality  of  the  master  or  the 
sport  shewn  by  the  huntsman  have  effected  the  im- 
provement in  the  status  of  the  hunt  that  together 
they  brought  about. 

Although  master  in  the  field  in  fact  as  well  as  in 
name,  Gaye  had  a  happy  way  with  him  that  made 
everyone  anxious  to  do  as  he  wished.  Now  and  then 
he  would  have  occasion  to  administer  a  severe 
reprimand  to  his  field  or  to  some  individual,  but  he 
had  a  way  of  doing  even  that,  and  his  language  never 
exceeded  a  few  accepted  expletives.  Sometimes  the 
offender,  catching  the  unconcerned  expression  of  only 
one  of  the  Doctor's  eyes,  a  glass  one,  would  be  taken 
quite  by  surprise.  His  anger  was  not  easily  roused, 
and  was  quickly  appeased.  Yet  he  could  be  very 
angry,  and  he  once  emphasized  his  remarks  with  his 
hunting  crop  on  the  shoulders  of  the  culprit  he  was 
rebuking.  This  reminds  me  that  I  had  the  misfortune 
accidentally  to  knock  out  the  Doctor's  last  front 
tooth  with  my  hunting  crop,  a  heavy  cherry-wood 
thing.  The  pack  was  baying  at  an  earth  in  thick 
undergrowth  and  the  master  had  just  pulled  out  the 
terrier,  covered  with  red  earth,  which  the  hounds 
mistook  for  the  fox.  Rating  and  laying  about  me 
with  my  cherry-wood,  I  saw  the  Doctor  suddenly 
drop  the  terrier  and  turn  away  with  his  hand  to  his 
face,  and,  when  the  din  subsided,  he  told  me  what 
had  happened.  The  dear  old  man  was  not  at  all 
angry,  though  the  blow  evidently  gave  him  much 
pain.  He  only  asked  me  to  say  nothing  about  it 
and  then,  taking  off  his  hunting  cap,  gave  me  a  cigar 


DR.  HENRY  SEARLE  GAYE  203 

from  the  reserve  he  always  carried  in  its  lining.  He 
was  a  tremendous  smoker. 

The  following  extract  from  a  letter  that  Mr.  Arthur 
Rendell  wrote  to  me  in  February,  1887,  when  I  was 
away  in  London,  is  an  index  of  the  sport  at  this  time. 
He  ^vrites :  "  We  have  been  having  clipping  sport  of  late. 

"  On  the  29th  January  :  Raced  into  a  fox  in  eight 
minutes  in  the  Dartmoor  country,  earthed  another 
and  wound  up  with  a  run  of  an  hoiu*  and  a  half  and 
called  off  in  the  dark. 

"  On  the  1st  February  :  Found  a  fox  on  Hamildon 
Down  :  thirty-five  minutes,  earthed  and  killed. 
Finished  up  with  three-quarters  of  an  hour  in 
Buckland. 

"  On  Saturday  last  :  One  hour  and  ten  minutes 
without  a  check  and  killed.  Fifty-five  minutes  with 
another,  racing  pace  without  a  check,  when  we 
changed  foxes  just  as  we  were  running  into  our 
hunted  one.  This  was  the  best  thing  of  the  season. 
Washington  Singer,  on  Cora,  done  to  a  turn,  and 
many  others  pumped  ;  spills  by  the  dozen,  and  J.  J. 
Cross  on  Mr.  Whidborne's  Swallow  came  a  nice  turn 
over  a  fence  into  a  ditch  full  of  Ogwell  clay  and 
water.  Out  of  a  field  of  eighty,  only  about  fifteen  at 
the  finish.  I  mustn't  tell  you  any  more  of  the  good 
things  or  you'll  get  discontented  with  your  lot.  .  .  ." 

The  said  Swallow  was  a  grey  mare  that  could  jump 
well  enough.  Sometimes,  however,  like  Mrs.  Dombey, 
she  refused  to  make  an  eitoit. 

So  consistently  good  was  the  sport  under  this 
master  that  it  would  be  impossible  to  pick  out  the 
best  for  special  mention.  In  particular,  the  sport  in 
the  in-country  was  extraordinarily  good.  For  this 
thanks  were  due  in  a  large  measure  to  Mr.  Daniel 
Scratton  of  Ogwell,  some  time  master  of  one  of  the 


204  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Essex  packs,  but  who  had  long  since  given  up  hunting 
himself.  He  and  his  keeper,  Bishop,  proved  that  the 
fox  and  pheasant  problem  was  capable  of  solution,  for 
never  were  coverts  better  stocked  with  both  than  those 
at  Ogwell,  and  a  day  in  the  Denbury  country  in  those 
days  invariably  resulted  in  a  good  day's  sport. 

But  if  a  detailed  review  of  the  many  good  runs  that 
took  place  in  the  Doctor's  eight  years  of  mastership 
is  not  practicable,  there  are  three,  of  which  Mr. 
"  Willie "  Rendell  has  sent  me  particulars,  which 
deserve  a  place  here,  and  I  should  preface  his  account 
with  the  remark  that  Mr.  Rendell  was  officially 
connected  with  the  hunt  for  nineteen  seasons,  during 
thirteen  of  which  he  was  honorary  secretary  to  the 
Damage  Fund  and  during  the  other  six  of  which  he 
hunted  the  pack  under  Mr.  Singer's  mastership.  At 
the  time  of  which  he  writes,  he  was  living  near  the 
kennels,  and,  being  a  frequent  visitor,  knew  every 
hound.    He  was  also  one  of  Collings's  "  trusted  few." 

Hunting  men  are  rather  given  to  picking  and 
choosing  popular  fixtures  instead  of  taking  the  days 
as  they  come  when  able  to  do  so.  This  is  a  mistake, 
if  only  on  the  principle  that  decided  a  certain  old 
gentleman  of  my  acquaintance,  and  somewhat  of  a 
hon  vivanU  to  dine  in  the  middle  of  the  day  "  because, 
sir,  life  is  so  uncertain."  All  three  of  the  runs 
referred  to  were  from  the  huge  hanging  woodlands  of 
Buckland,  on  the  banks  of  the  Dart,  the  fixture  being 
in  every  case  Welstor  Cross.  All  three  runs  ended 
with  blood,  and  Mr.  Rendell  has  the  brush  of  one  of 
the  foxes,  the  mask  of  another  and  a  pad  of  the  third. 

"  I.  1888,  December  llth. — Collings  had  his  fox  afoot  under 
Ausewell  Rock  within  ten  minutes  of  throwing  off.  After 
taking  a  turn  over  the  rock  and  the  deep  heather  that  sur- 
rounds it,  the  fox  sank  the  Buckland  Woods  almost  to  the 


DR.  HENRY  SEARLE  GAYE  205 

road  at  Holne  Bridge,  where  he  was  headed  (or  changed  his 
mind)  and,  turning,  again  passed  Ausewell  Cottage  and  the 
lieather  where  he  was  found,  and  broke  across  the  Ash- 
burton — Chagford  road,  the  pack  chiming  merrily  through  the 
deep  woodland  of  Borough  Wood  and  up  the  Pensland  Valley 
almost  to  Cold  East  Cross,  just  short  of  which  he  crossed  the 
Woodland — Widdicombe  road  into  Halshanger  Mire.  Here, 
on  the  open  moor,  the  pace  improved,  and  the  pack  drove 
along  by  the  wall,  pointing  for  Rippon  Tor,  but  broke  left- 
handed  close  to  the  Logan  Rock,  crossed  the  Chagford  road, 
and  ran  through  Newhouse  Mire  to  Bonehill  Rocks  and 
Chinkwell  Tor.  Then,  dropping  down  the  Widdicombe 
Valley  to  Stone  Gorse,  the  hounds  regained  the  open  moor  on 
Hamildown,  the  horses  being  put  to  it  to  live  with  them,  and 
crossed  Wood  Pitt  and  the  deep  gullies  between  that  and 
Heathercombe  Brake.  Here  the  work  was  cut  out  by 
Platoff  (a  Haldon  Samson  dog)  and  little  Heroine  (the 
smallest  hound  in  the  pack)  from  the  Old  Berks.  Platoff  was 
a  coarse  dog  about  the  neck  and  shoulders,  and  old  Collings 
shouted  to  me  as  we  galloped  along  together  (there  was  no 
one  else  within  hail)  to  '  look  at  little  Heroine  and  that  great 
lumbering  brute  !  ' 

"  The  pack  raced  along  outside  Heathercombe  and  on  past 
Coombe  Farm  to  Lower  Hookner  Farm  and  Shapley  Farm, 
and  killed  in  the  garden  of  Puddavin  Cottage,  close  to 
Beetor  Cross  and  nearly  at  Moor  Gate.  The  hounds  made  a 
great  mess  of  the  cottager's  cabbages,  but  the  delighted 
master  compensated  him  so  handsomely  as  to  make  him 
wish  for  another  visit. 

"  From  Holne  Bridge  to  Beetor  Cross  is  8|  miles  by  a 
rule  on  the  map.  As  hounds  ran,  I  should  say  it  was  quite 
fourteen.  Time  one  hour  and  forty-five  minutes.  Hounds 
had  practically  no  assistance  from  find  to  finish. 

"  II.  The  second  of  these  runs  took  place  a  month  later, 
early  in  January,  1889.  Found  in  Buckland  Wood  and  took 
a  turn  in  cover  ;  then  away  over  the  open  moor  by  Buckland 
Beacon  to  Newhouse  Mire,  Rippon  Tor  and  through  Bagtor 
Mire.  Here  the  fog  is  very  bad  and  we  miss  the  pack.  I 
remark  :    '  I  think  I  hear  them  on  our  left.'     Collings  thinks 


206  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

they  have  turned  right,  down  the  bog  to  Bagtor  Wood,  and 
is  worried.  He  shouts  to  me  :  '  Damme  !  thinking  won't  do. 
Master  WilHe,  are  you  sure  ?  '  At  that  moment,  a  tail  hound, 
old  Raglan  (by  Belvoir  Dashwood — Their  Ruin),  comes  along 
and  confirms  my  statement  that  hounds  are  left-handed,  and 
away  we  sail  again  (only  the  two  of  us  there)  to  Heytor  Rock, 
past  '  No.  1  '  quarry,  and  along  the  whole  length  of  Heytor 
Down  to  Yarner.  We  go  through  Yarner  Wood  at  a  hand 
gallop,  then  on  to  Pullabrook,  over  the  Bovey  river  to  Ridge 
Wood,  across  the  Lustleigh  railway  and  kill  our  fox  on  the 
top  of  Knowle  Hill,  on  the  Chudleigh  side  of  Lustleigh  village. 
One  curious  feature  of  the  run  was  the  pace  at  which  hounds 
pushed  their  fox  through  Yarner  Wood,  and  another  was  that 
in  the  last  fence,  where  they  caught  the  fox,  the  poor  brute 
put  his  foot  in  a  trap,  and  I  was  nearly  kicked  in  the  head  by 
a  frightened  horse  in  consequence.  As  I  threw  the  gin  over  the 
hedge  and  jumped  quickly  after  it,  the  horse  smelt  the  fox 
and  let  fly,  and  I  saw  his  shoes  flash  in  front  of  my  face.  The 
point  was  said  at  the  time  to  be  nine  miles.  I  forgot  the  time, 
but  believe  it  was  very  little  over  the  hour. 

"  III.  The  thu-d  run  took  place  on  the  6th  March,  1889,  in 
the  afternoon.  The  pack  had  killed  a  fox  in  the  morning 
without  much  sport  and  with  no  scent. 

"  The  run  started  from  Lizwell  Wood,  which  forms  the 
extreme  northern  end  of  the  chain  of  woodlands  around 
Buckland  and  belonged  then  to  the  Misses  Carew  ;  it  is  now 
the  property  of  Colonel  W.  E.  T.  Bolitho.  The  fox — a  vixen 
— was  found  in  the  clitter  above  Webburn  Meet  '  under  the 
old  holly  bush,'  where  Bill  French,  the  Spitchwick  keeper, 
said  they  would  find.  The  pack  settled  to  the  line,  recrossed 
the  river  Webburn  to  Buckland  and  checked  just  under 
Buckland  Court.  Collings  persevered,  and  recovered  the 
line,  and  again  the  pack  recrossed  the  valley  and  river  to 
Lizwell  Wood.  Old  Dr.  Gaye  and  I  watched  them  from  the 
Buckland  side,  and  decided  not  to  follow,  as  scent  seemed 
still  very  poor.  But  when  I  saw  the  hounds  freshen  up  and 
cross  the  West  Webburn  to  Black  Tor  and  run  through 
Leusden  churchyard,  on  the  opposite  side  of  the  valley,  I 
wished  the  Doctor  good-bye  and  went  helter-skelter  down  to 


DR.  HENRY  SEARLE  GAYE  207 

and  across  the  river  and  up  the  other  side  to  Leusden  School. 
There  I  heard  that  hounds  had  gone  over  Corndon  Tor, 
pointing  for  Dartmeet,  with  Mr.  Fearnley  Tanner,  '  Sol ' 
Tozer  and  Collings  in  attendance.  They  turned  right- 
handed  on  Corndon  Tor  and  came  down  by  Corndonford 
Farm  and  on  past  Lower  Cator  to  Blackaton  Manor  (where 
I  caught  sight  of  them  after  bucketing  on  the  road  from 
Leusden  School  to  Pondsworthy  and  Corndon  Farm,  gallop- 
ing inside  the  circle),  through  Blackaton  Newtake  to  Hamil- 
down  Beacon,  across  Coal  Mires  and  along  the  side  of 
Hamildown  above  Bag  Park,  where  Sol  Tozer's  horse,  old 
Greybird,  rolled  over  with  him,  quite  pumped.  We  had  not 
hunted  for  a  fortnight  on  account  of  snow  on  the  ground. 
I  had  kept  my  horse,  Badger,  in  wind  by  a  gallop  twice  a 
week  in  a  foot  of  snow,  and  he  was  as  fit  as  a  fiddle.  When 
we  came  to  the  big  wall  on  the  top  of  Blackaton  Newtake,  we 
found  it  buried  in  snow  with  the  exception  of  about  a  foot  at 
the  top.  I  led  my  horse  over,  and  we  both  got  the  right  side 
at  the  expense  of  a  roll.  The  pack  ran  on  to  Wood  Pitts  and 
Natsworthy  Gate,  where  I  caught  Collings,  and  thence  across 
Heytree  Down  to  Hayne  Down  and  sank  the  valley  by  Hound 
Tor  Farm  to  Leighon  Gate,  and  the  fox  ran  the  road  to  old 
Tom  Winser's  at  Beckaford,  where  hounds  checked  for  the 
first  time  since  leaving  covert.  Collings  fumbled  with  his 
horn  as  if  about  to  handle  hounds,  and  then,  in  a  sort  of 
aside  partly  to  himself  and  partly  to  me,  muttered  :  '  Damme  ! 
Master  Willie.  I  don't  know  where  he  has  gone — ^I'll  leave 
'em  alone  !  '  As  he  said  the  words,  the  pack  hit  off  the  line 
out  of  the  road,  carried  it  over  the  fence  right-handed  above 
Leighon  House  and  along  over  Smallacombe  Rocks,  where 
they  were  at  fault  again.  Collings  asked  me  to  push  on  and 
keep  an  eye  for'ard,  and,  luckily,  I  was  in  time  to  see  Prior  (by 
the  Belvoir  Proctor — Their  Gossip)  pick  up  the  line  towards 
Holwell  Tor.  A  holloa  to  Collings,  and  the  pack  was  racing  on, 
hackles  up,  to  Holwell  Tor,  where  we  heard  the  hounds  baying 
round  a  corner  of  the  tor.  I  jumped  off  to  run  (the  ground, 
as  you  know,  is  not  choice  !).^  '  Damme  !  '  said  Collings, 
'  I  shall  ride  all  the  way,'  and  he  tried  to,  but  his  horse,  old 

^  The  ground  around  the  tor  is  thickly  strewn  with  granite  rocks. 


208  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

C.B.,  alias  Triangle,  came  down  and  stepped  on  Collings' 
foot.  Meanwhile,  I  had  slipped  in  to  the  hounds  and  found 
they  had  killed,  and  not  run  to  ground  as  we  thought.  We 
picked  up  the  mask,  brush  and  one  pad.  It  was  then  4.55, 
and  we  had  found  at  3.30.  Old  Derges  turned  up,  carry- 
ing Teaze  the  terrier  ;  and  later  on  Sol  Tozer  arrived  and 
had  the  mask.  I  still  have  the  brush,  a  wretched  mean 
looking  one.    It  was  a  little  vixen,  barren  of  course. 

"  I  always  say  that,  from  my  point  of  view,  considering 
the  bad  start  I  had,  etc.,  it  was  the  most  satisfactory  run  I 
ever  rode.  But  I  do  not  rank  it  as  quite  in  the  same  class  as 
my  Eastdon  Tor — Batworthy  run."^ 

Towards  the  end  of  the  season  1890-1  Dr.  Gaye 
formally  tendered  his  resignation,  but  eventually 
withdrew  it  on  the  understanding  the  subscription 
should  be  raised  from  £450  to  £600. 

In  the  month  of  May,  1891,  Mr.  Studd,  who  had 
been  hunting  the  Haldon  side  of  the  country — his 
pack  was  then  known  as  the  "  South  Devon  (Exeter 
Division)  " — definitely  retired. ^  Meetings  were  held 
in  Exeter,  at  one  of  which  the  chairman,  Mr.  J.  H. 
Ley  of  Trehill,  explained  that,  under  the  arrangements 
entered  into  when  the  country  was  first  divided,  it 
was  open  to  Dr.  Gaye,  if  he  chose  to  do  so,  to  claim 
the  Haldon  side  of  the  country  vacated  by  Mr.  Studd. 
Dr.  Gaye  then  formally  announced  his  intention  of 
hunting  the  reunited  country  five  days  a  fortnight, 
giving  one  day  a  week  at  least  to  the  Haldon  side, 
provided  a  subscription  from  that  side  of  £300 
a  year  was  forthcoming.  If  the  subscription  should 
not  reach  that  figure,  he  would  hunt  the  Haldon 
side  as  and  when  he  could,  according  to  the  amount 
actually  subscribed. 

As  a  matter  of  fact,  Gaye  proceeded  to  hunt  the 

1  In  Mr.  Singer's  mastership.     See  p.  256.  ^  See  p.  172. 


DR.  HENRY  SEARLE  GAYE  209 

whole  country  three  and  four  days  a  week  during 
the  next  two  seasons,  and  was  as  successful  on  the 
Haldon  side  as  on  the  Newton  side.  The  addition  of 
the  Haldon  side  was,  however,  from  its  character  as 
well  as  from  its  distance  from  kennel,  a  severe  tax 
upon  men,  hounds  and  horses,  and,  moreover,  it  was 
found  impossible  to  meet  even  the  modest  demands  of 
the  master  in  the  way  of  subscriptions.  Having  once 
reunited  the  country,  the  Doctor  was  not  disposed 
to  relinquish  a  part  of  it,  which  he  considered  would 
not  be  fair  or  to  the  interests  of  the  hunt.  Accord- 
ingly, at  the  end  of  the  season  1892-3,  he  definitely 
resigned,  and  the  hunt  set  about  finding  another 
master. 

So  great  was  the  popularity  of  the  retiring  master, 
and  such  had  been  the  sport  shewn,  that  the  members 
readily  came  forward  with  a  handsome  subscription 
towards  a  presentation  to  him,  which  took  the  form 
of  a  pair  of  guns  by  Holland  &  Holland  bearing  the 
inscription  :  "  Presented  to  H.  S.  Gaye,  Esqre.,  by  the 
members  of  the  Hunt  on  his  retirement  from  the 
Mastership  of  the  South  Devon  Hunt  in  1893." 

The  presentation  was  made  at  a  dinner  given  to  the 
retiring  master,  and  it  is  typical  of  the  man,  that, 
in  returning  thanks,  he  attributed  much  of  the  credit 
for  the  success  of  the  hunt  to  the  excellent  services  of 
its  honorary  secretary,  Mr.  G.  H.  Hext,  and  then, 
leaving  his  place,  went  round  the  table  and  handed 
"  on  his  own  "  to  Mr.  Hext  a  handsome  silver  cup 
as  a  mark  of  his  appreciation  of  the  assistance  he  had 
always  received  from  him. 


CHAPTER    XVIII 

TERRITORIAL   DIFFERENXES   AND   AN   ARBITRATION 

An  arbitration  by  the  M.  F.  H.  Association  :  the  South  Devon  and  Mr. 
Thomas's  (Mid-Devon) — Complaint  by  Mr.  Ross  of  Mr.  Bragg's  Harriers — 
'Mr.  Feamley  Tanner — Protests  from  successive  masters — An  intolerable 
situation — Ill-feeling  between  the  two  hunts — An  unacceptable  offer  from 
Mr.  Bragg — The  question  referred  to  the  M.  F.  H.  Association — Require- 
ments of  hunting  law  to  the  acquisition  of  new  country — Grounds  of  claim 
against  the  South  Devon — The  South  Devon  answer — Value  of  licence  from 
the  Duchy  of  Cornwall — Evidence  in  support  of  South  Devon  case — 
Text  of  the  Award  :  the  country  hunted  by  Mr.  Thomas  solely  South 
Devon  country — Grounds  of  decision — The  Award  accepted  in  a  sports- 
manlike spirit — Temporary  arrangements  for  loan  of  country  to  Mr. 
Thomas — The  arrangements  consolidated — Text  of  resolution  forming 
agreement — Cordial  relations  established  between  the  two  hunts — Credit 
due  to  Dr.  Gaye,  Mr.  Hext,  Mr.  A.  Rendell  and  Mr.  Lewis  Rendell — 
Mr.  Lewis  Rendell's  work — Made  an  honorary  life  member  of  the  hunt — 
A  presentation. 

"  And  evermore  they'll  tell  with  praise 
Of  forest  meets  and  Dartmoor  days." 

{Dartmoor  Days.) 

IN  the  summer  of  1890,  a  case  was  laid  before  the 
Masters  of  Foxhounds  Association  for  the  arbitra- 
tion of  that  body  in  reference  to  a  question  of  right 
to  country  that  had  arisen  bet'ween  the  South  Devon 
Hunt  and  its  neiglibour  on  the  north  now  known  as 
the  Mid-Devon  Hunt,  the  master  of  which  was  at 
that  time  Mr.  Salusbury  Thomas. 

Inasmuch  as  fully  a  quarter  of  a  century  has 
passed  since  the  decision  of  the  M.  F.  H.  Association 
— the  highest  Court  in  these  matters — was  pro- 
nounced, it  is  not  proposed  to  go  into  the  subject  in 
detail  or  at  any  length,  but,  as  a  matter  of  history, 


TERRITORIAL  DIFFERENCES  211 

it  is  proper  that  both  the  circumstances  that  led  up 
to  the  arbitration  and  the  facts  proved  at  the  time 
should  be  briefly  mentioned. 

As  far  back  as  the  time  of  the  first  mastership  of 
Mr.  Ross,  that  gentleman  had  occasion  to  complain 
of  his  foxes  being  hunted  in  the  moor  portion  of  the 
country  by  a  pack  of  harriers  kept  at  Moretonhamp- 
stead  by  Mr.  George  Bragg,  and  letters  from  both 
masters  appeared  at  the  time  in  the  sporting  papers. 

Mr.  Ross's  successor,  Mr.  Fearnley  Tanner,  took 
the  matter  up  vrith  some  energy*,  and  the  information 
which  he  obtained  at  the  time  from  previous  masters  of 
the  South  Devon  and  others  was  very  useful  at  the 
arbitration  that  eventually  followed. 

After  the  establishment  of  a  separate  pack  to  hunt 
the  Haldon  side,  the  South  Devon  found  itself  able 
to  make  more  use  of  its  moor  country.  Bragg,  how- 
ever, continued  to  hunt  over  a  considerable  part  of  it, 
with  the  result  that  protest  succeeded  protest  from 
successive  masters,  Ross,  ^^^lidborne  and  Gave  in 
turn  asserting  their  claim  to  the  country  which  was 
the  field  of  Bragg's  operations.  The  situation  at  last 
grew  intolerable  ;  the  South  Devon,  hunting  on  a 
Tuesday,  would  find  itself  dra^Ning  country  which  had 
been  disturbed  on  the  previous  day  by  Bragg,  whose 
hunting  day  was  Monday.  Newspaper  correspond- 
ence followed  and  feeling  became  acute  between  the 
supporters  of  the  rival  claimants. 

This  ill-feeling  in  Whidborne's  time  made  itself 
felt,  as  I  remember,  twice  in  the  same  day.  The 
South  Devon  hounds  had  come  to  slow  hunting  in 
Lustleigh  Cleave  with  a  beaten  fox  just  before  them. 
The  fox  crossed  in  front  of  ^liss  Whidborne,  Dr. 
CoUyns  (Mr.  Bragg's  honorary  secretary  who  was  out) 
and  myself,  and  Miss  AVhidborne  implored  of  me  to 


212  THE  SOLTH  DEVON  HUNT 

holloa.  It  happened  that  my  mouth  was  full  of  plum 
cake,  which  could  not  be  disposed  of  for  some 
moments  without  a  sacrifice  of  economy,  so  I  appealed 
to  Dr.  Collyns  who,  rightly  enough,  no  doubt,  from 
his  point  of  ^new,  resolutely  refused  to  help  in  the 
killing  of  what  he  considered  to  be  one  of  Mr.  Bragg's 
foxes.  We  did  kill  soon  after,  almost  at  the  feet  of 
Mrs.  Splatt  who  was  walking  alone  in  the  Cleave,  and 
who,  I  remember,  had  taken  advantage  of  the 
sohtiide  of  the  spot  to  let  down  her  hair,  which  was 
ver\'  beautiful  and  reached  almost  to  the  ground.  On 
^Mlitmo^e"s  expressing  a  pohte  wish  that  she  had  been 
on  horseback  vsith  us,  Mrs.  Splatt  drew  herself  up  with 
the  majestic  air  she  was  wont  to  assume  when  playing 
Lady  Macbeth  and  answered  with  crushing  emphasis : 
"  /  lumt  with  Mr.  Bragg's  hounds  in  this  country." 

Meanwhile  Bragg  was  deaf  to  all  remonstrance  and 
no  doubt  beheved  himself  to  be  the  aggrieved  party. 
He  did.  indeed,  during  Gaye's  mastership  offer  to 
draw  a  hne  of  definition  :  but  it  was  to  endure  only 
while  the  Doctor  remained  in  office,  and  the  boundarv' 
suggested  would  have  deprived  the  South  Devon  of 
much  of  the  best  of  the  moor  which  it  claimed  as  of 
right.  Anxious  as  were  the  members  of  the  com- 
mittee to  effect  an  amicable  settlement,  they  were 
therefore  unable  to  accept  the  terms  offered.  Eventu- 
ally, in  the  year  1890.  as  stated,  the  dispute  was 
referred  by  consent  to  the  M.  F.  H.  Association. 

It  may  here  not  be  out  of  place  to  point  out  the 
law  on  the  subject  of  acquiring  a  title  to  a  new 
country.  By  the  imwxitten  law  of  foxhunting,  a 
hunt  can  acquire  a  right  to  a  particular  country*  only 
by  hunting  it  for  twenty  seasons  consecutively 
without  interference  or  break,  and  without  making 
anv  admission  that  it  is  held  on  loan  from  some  other 


TERRITORIAL  DIFFERENXES  213 

hunt.  If  the  hunt  claiming  to  have  acquired  a 
particular  bit  of  countr\*  has  omitted  during  the 
period  of  acquisition  to  hunt  it  for  a  single  season,  or 
has  hunted  it  otherwise  than  with  foxhounds  pur  et 
simple  (by  which  is  meant  hounds  hunting  fox  and 
fox  only),  or  has  made  an  admission  that  it  is  hunted 
on  loan  from  another  hunt,  the  claimant  cannot  make 
a  good  title,  and  the  prescribed  period  of  twenty  years 
has  to  begin  again  from  the  date  of  such  omission, 
irregular  huntins.  or  admission. 

The  claim  set  up  on  behalf  of  the  pack  formerly 
hunted  by  Mr.  Bragg,  now  known  as  the  >Iid-Devon. 
appears  to  have  rested  on  the  following  allegations  : 
that  the  disputed  region  had  been  hunted  continu- 
ouslv  bv  Bragg  with  his  own  hounds  since  1865  ; 
that  previous  to  that  year  it  had  been  hunted  for  a 
great  number  of  years  by  packs  other  than  the  South 
Devon  ;  that  neither  Haworth,  Lane  nor  ^Vhidbome 
(in  his  first  mastership)  ever  made  a  fixture  further 
moorwards  than  Reddaford  Water  and  Yamer ; 
that  the  leave  of  the  landowners  had  been  obtained  : 
that  Bragg  in  the  past  had  held,  and  his  successor  at 
that  time  held,  a  Ucence  from  the  Duchy  of  Cornwall 
to  hunt  foxes  within  its  territory,  and  that  the 
country  in  dispute  never  was  South  Devon  country-. 

The  answer  of  the  South  Devon  was  to  the  effect 
that  at  the  time  Bragg  first  set  up  his  claim,  and  from 
then  right  down  to  the  year  ISSO,  his  hoiuids  were 
harriers,  and,  as  such,  had  no  status  and  were 
incapable  of  acquiring  a  countr\'  as  foxhounds  ;  that 
the  South  Devon  had  regularly  hunted  over  the 
disputed  area  since  1865  and  also  long  before  that 
date  :  that  any  other  packs  hunting  it  had  done  so 
with  the  permission  of  the  South  Devon  Hunt :  that  the 
leave  of  landowners  or  hcence  from  the  Duchv  could 


214  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

not  affect  the  question  of  title,  and  that  the  country 
was,  and  always  had  been.  South  Devon  country. 

It  is  rather  curious  that  Mr.  Thomas  and  his  com- 
mittee appear  to  have  placed  great  reliance  on  the 
Duchy  licence.  For,  in  truth,  such  a  licence  could 
have  no  bearing  whatever  on  the  case.  Undoubtedly 
a  licence  from  the  Duchy,  like  permission  from  a 
private  owner  of  property,  is  of  great  and  vital 
importance  to  a  hunt  in  the  exercise  of  its  rights 
according  to  hunting  law,  but  neither  licence  nor 
permission  can  affect  or  abridge  those  rights  in  them- 
selves. Well-known  instances  are  recorded  where  a 
master  of  hounds  has  had  to  ask  leave  of  another 
hiuit  to  draw  his  own  coverts  with  his  own  hounds, 
by  reason  of  such  coverts  forming  part  of  the  country 
belonging,  in  a  hunting  sense,  to  the  other  hunt.  This 
being  so,  it  is  rather  remarkable  that  any  importance 
should  have  been  attached  to  the  existence  of  the 
Duchy  licence  as  affecting  the  question  of  a  right  or 
title  to  country  according  to  hunting  law. 

A  mass  of  "  evidence  "  in  support  of  its  case  was 
put  in  by  the  South  Devon,  which  proved  con- 
clusively from  the  files  of  the  Field  and  otherwise 
that  Bragg's  harriers  were  first  changed  to  foxhounds 
at  the  beginning  of  the  season  1880-1,  and  that  the 
South  Devon  had  regularly  and  frequently  met 
during  Westlake's  mastership,  and  also  subsequently, 
at  the  following  places,  namely  :  Park,  Bovey ; 
Yarner ;  Reddaford  Water ;  Heatree  Gate  ;  Manaton ; 
Spitchwick ;  Ilsington  ;  Welstor  Cross ;  Manor  House, 
Widdicombe  ;  Furzeleigh ;  Halsanger ;  Bagtor ;  Cock- 
ingford  Mill ;  Swallaton  Gate ;  Widdicombe ;  Hedge 
Barton ;  New  Bridge ;  Heytor  Buildings,  etc. 

In  addition  to  this,  it  was  proved  that  the  country 
claimed  by  Mr.  Thomas  was  actually  and  always  had 


TERRITORIAL  DIFFERENCES  215 

been  South  Devon  country,  no  other  pack  hunting 
fox  alone  having  drawn  it  since  the  days  of  George 
Templer.  In  testimony  of  this,  besides  other  evidence, 
letters  were  put  in  from  the  following,  comprising  as 
will  be  seen  several  former  masters  of  the  South 
Devon  :  Sir  Henry  Scale,  Mr.  Lane,  Mr.  ^Vhidborne, 
Mr.  Westlake,  Mr.  Evan  Baillie,  Mr.  J.  Woodley  of 
Halsanger  (a  former  master  of  harriers  who  admitted 
hunting  foxes  by  permission  of  the  masters  of  the 
South  Devon),  Mr.  W.  Hole,  Mr.  Alexander  Moffat 
(for  many  years  secretary  of  the  South  Devon),  Mr. 
Henry  Michelmore  (another  former  secretary),  Mr. 
Edwin  Tucker,  Mr.  John  Wright,  Mr.  John  Kitson, 
Mr.  Robert  Vicary,  Messrs.  Tozer  &  Son  (Ashburton), 
Major  Robert  C.  Tucker,  The  Rev.  Fitzwilliam  Taylor, 
Mr.  J.  Pinsent,  ]\Ir.  Alexander  Monro,  William  Derges, 
Mr.  Ross  and  Mr.  Tanner. 

The  result  of  the  arbitration  was  promulgated  in  the 
following  memorandum  : — 

"in    re   the    south    DEVON    HUNT 

"  Decision  of  the  Committee  of  the  Masters  of  Foxhounds 
Association  acting  as  Arbitrators  between  the  South  Devon 
and  Mr.  Thomas's  (Chagford)  Hunts  in  reference  to  right  of 
Country.  ..  ^    p    jj  Association, 

Tattersalls, 

London,  S.W. 

July  5th,  1900. 

"  The   Members   of  the   Masters   of  Foxhounds  Associa- 
tion Committee,  appointed  as  Arbitrators,  having  carefully 
considered  the  statements  made  by  the  South  Devon  and  Mr. 
Thomas's  Hunts,  are  of  opinion  that  the  Country  hunted  by 
Mr.  Thomas's  hounds  belongs  solely  to  the  South  Devon  Hunt. 
(Signed)  E.  Park  Yates,  Chairman. 
,,         Tredegar. 
,,         H.  H.  Langham. 
,,        Chesham." 


216  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

In  the  face  of  the  evidence  that  Bragg's  pack  had 
only  been  converted  into  foxhounds  in  the  year  1880, 
a  fact  which  was  admitted  by  Mr.  Thomas's  secretary 
shortly  before  the  hearing  of  the  arbitration,  it  was 
impossible  for  Mr.  Thomas  to  succeed. 

It  will  be  noticed,  though,  that  the  decision  was 
not  based  on  this  fact  alone.  If  it  had  been,  it  would 
have  taken  the  negative  form  of  deciding  that  Mr. 
Thomas's  hunt  had  not  made  out  its  title  to  the 
disputed  area.  The  decision  goes  a  great  deal 
farther  than  that ;  it  shews  that  the  positive  evidence 
adduced  by  the  South  Devon  was  investigated  by  the 
arbitrators  and  was  such  as  to  satisfy  them  that  the 
South  Devon  had  proved  its  title,  not  only  to  the 
strip  of  moorland  immediately  in  question,  but  to 
the  whole  of  the  country  hunted  by  Mr.  Thomas. 

The  award  was  accepted  by  Mr.  Thomas's  hunt  in 
a  thoroughly  sportsmanlike  spirit,  and,  in  the  same 
spirit,  the  South  Devon,  being  thus  left  in  possession 
of  the  field,  promptly  set  about  making  an  arrange- 
ment for  the  loan  of  a  part  of  its  vast  territory  to  its 
neighbour.  A  meeting  took  place  at  Dr.  Gaye's 
house  on  the  30th  July,  1890,  between  representatives 
of  the  two  hunts,  when  it  was  arranged  that  Mr. 
Thomas's  hounds  might  hunt  the  country  north  of 
the  road  leading  from  Moretonhampstead  to  Prince- 
town,  during  Dr.  Gaye's  mastership  of  the  South 
Devon.  Later,  in  1894,  at  a  meeting  of  the  com- 
mittee of  the  South  Devon  Hunt  held  on  the  22nd 
August,  a  more  enduring  arrangement  was  proposed, 
as  expressed  in  the  following  resolution,  the  terms  of 
which  were  afterwards  accepted  by  the  committee 
of  the  Mid-Devon  Hunt  and  have  ever  since  been 
adhered  to  : — 


TERRITORIAL  DIFFERENXES  217 

"  That  the  committee  of  the  South  Devon  Hunt  hereby 
express  their  readiness  to  grant  or  let  to  the  Mid-Devon  Hunt, 
so  long  as  they  observe  the  strict  laws  of  hunting,  the  occupa- 
tion of  that  portion  of  their  country  which  lies  on  the  North 
and  West  of  the  road  leading  from  Moretonhampstead  to 
Princetown  (as  shewn  by  a  plan)  in  consideration  of  the  pay- 
ment to  them  of  £5  a  year  (being  a  subscription  to  the 
Warreners'  Fund)  such  country  to  be  held  by  the  Mid-Devon 
Hunt,  but  no  other,  so  long  only  as  it  exists,  it  being  expressly 
understood  that  if  the  Mid-Devon  Hunt  is  given  up,  the 
country  in  question  is  at  once  to  revert  to  the  South  Devon 
Hunt ;  and,  further,  that  in  case  of  a  question  of  any  kind 
arising  between  the  two  Hunts  the  same  is  to  be  referred  to 
the  M.  F.  H.  Association,  whose  decision  the  two  hunts  shall 
accept,  act  up  to,  and  be  bound  by." 

Harmony  was  thus  restored.  The  most  cordial 
relations  have  ever  since  obtained  between  the  two 
hunts,  and  many  a  pleasant  day  has  each  enjoyed,  by 
invitation,  in  its  neighbour's  country. 

Few  people  realize  the  amount  of  work  which  this 
arbitration  involved.  Its  success  was  due  to  the 
energy  of  the  master,  Dr.  Gaye,  to  the  tact  and  good 
temper  of  the  honorary  secretary,  Mr.  George  Hext, 
who  had  the  conduct  of  the  negotiations  with  the 
other  side,  to  the  generous  services  of  Mr.  Arthur 
Rendell,  whose  intimate  knowledge  of  the  country 
was  invaluable,  and,  above  all,  to  the  ability  and 
untiring  zeal  of  his  brother,  Mr.  Lewis  Rendell,  who, 
being  in  practice  in  London  as  a  solicitor,  undertook 
the  preparation  of  the  Case  to  be  laid  before  the 
Association  and  the  evidence  in  support  of  it. 

On  him  fell  the  labour  of  sorting,  dissecting  and 
arranging  the  mass  of  correspondence  and  other 
material  gathered  together  by  the  industry  of  the 
others,  of  digesting  its  contents,  sifting  the  evidence 
and  reducing  the  whole  into  order,  and  of  preparing 


218  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

the  "  brief  "  with  its  copious  appendices.  In  addition 
to  this,  there  were  the  files  of  the  Field  and  other 
sporting  papers  to  be  searched,  writers  of  articles  and 
others  to  be  hunted  out  and  consulted,  interviews 
with  many  people  to  be  held  and  a  voluminous 
correspondence  with  those  at  home  of  an  explanatory 
and  detailed  nature.  Well  did  Mr.  Lewis  Rendell 
deserve  the  cordial  vote  of  thanks  accorded  him  at  a 
general  meeting  of  the  hunt  on  the  29th  October, 
1890,  and  the  compliment  then  paid  him  by  electing 
him  an  honorary  member  of  the  hunt  for  life. 

His  assistance  was  soon  afterwards  recognized  in  a 
more  substantial  way  by  the  presentation  to  him  of 
a  marble  chiming  clock  bearing  the  inscription  : 

"Presented  to  Lewis  Rendell,  Esq.,  as  a  mark 
of  esteem  from  the  Members  of  the  South  Devon 
Hunt.     1891." 


Ill 

REUNION 


MAJOR    ST.  2iIAUR 


To  fact  page  221 


CHAPTER    XIX 

MR.    H-\ROLD    ST.    MAUE  :    1S93-7 

The   new   master's   conditions — Staff   and   kennels — St:-r:    ^.    -;.r     .n^ — 
Appuuilment    of   fiekl-masters — ^Hunting    *'.-    HiM:-     -.i^ —    / 
title:     "Mr.    St    Manr's    Hoonds    (The  :-     -      —I 

members  of  the  htmt — ^Ladies  in  the  fiei:: — 7.  -     ._-:.:.  —       r 

medical    profession — The    Torquay    azMl    Paizn::r,       ;r       .         — 
f (blowers — ^Xewcomeis  during  Mr.  St.  Maur  ;  r_i   =:  :  .   '  — 
the  master — Resignation  withdravrD — Xe—    :r    , :.  r  = —  1 

vote  of  thanks — Second  resignation — Oner     :   ^     r      :    '        — _       : 
of  a  sub-commitcee — Fund  to  purchase  i:    :r  -  .        -     i —      :,  :    ^ 

ofier  by  Mr.  St.  Maur — Loan  of  country  to  -.Jir  jiiA-L/^wcn  :    d-nji-:.   -    ;: 

"  And  why  should  the  mast^  alone  of  old  Stover 
Have  his  merits  and  fadhs  in  nUeinfiei  passed  over  ?  " 

{A  Parpf  at  Stumer.) 

THE  actual  reunion  of  the  Haldon  side  with  the 
Newton  side  was  effected,  as  has  been  seen, 
toward  the  close  of  Dr.  Gaye's  mastership. 

On  the  retirement  of  Dr.  Gave,  negotiations  were 
entered  into  with  Mr.  St.  Maur  of  Stover  which 
resulted  in  an  offer  from  that  gentleman  to  hunt  the 
country'  three  days  a  week,  one  of  which  was  to  be 
appropriated  to  the  Haldon  side.  He  was  to  be 
guaranteed  a  subscription  of  £600  a  year ;  the 
earth-stopping  and  damage  fund  to  be  paid  by 
the  hunt,  and  the  Pulsford  kennels  to  be  at  the 
disposal  of  the  master  rent-free  for  the  remaining 
two  years  of  the  lease.  On  these  terms,  Mr.  St.  Mam- 
was  elected  master  at  a  general  meeting  held  at 
Xewton  Abbot  on  the  1st  March,  IS 93. 

The  new  master  was  twenty-four  years  of  age.  For 
two  or  three  vears  he  had  held  a  commission  in  the 


222  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

14th  Hussars,  but  after  his  marriage  had  left  the 
service  and  settled  on  his  own  property  at  Stover. 
His  soldiering  days,  however,  were  not  over,  for  he 
was  destined  later  to  see  active  service  in  the  Boer 
War,  having  volunteered  for  service,  and  on  his 
return  he  joined  the  Royal  1st  Devon  Yeomanry 
in  which  he  is  now  a  Major.  He  is  also  a  considerable 
landowner  and  lord  of  three  manors. 

Collings  was  kept  on  as  huntsman.  His  son, 
Frank,  who  had  been  in  Dr.  Gaye's  service  for  five 
years,  first  as  second  horseman  and  then  as  whip, 
also  went  to  Stover  to  whip  in  to  his  father  and 
remained  there  throughout  Mr.  St.  Maur's  reign. 

Mr.  St.  Maur  built  new  kennels  at  Stover,  whither 
the  hounds  were  moved  as  soon  as  the  new  quarters 
were  ready  to  receive  them. 

The  sport  during  this  mastership  was  excellent, 
as  appears  from  the  resolution  passed  at  its  close 
to  be  noticed  presently.  Yet  details  are  not  avail- 
able, for  my  own  diary  fails  me,  and  that  of  the 
master  is  inaccessible  at  the  moment.  After  the 
outbreak  of  war,  Stover  was  converted  into  a  Red 
Cross  Hospital,  where  a  score  of  badly  wounded 
soldiers  were,  until  quite  recently,  treated  under  the 
very  able  personal  management  of  Mrs.  St.  Maur. 
Major  St.  Maur,  as  he  now  is,  at  present  is  on 
active  service  and  was  through  the  Gallipoli  Ex- 
pedition with  his  youngest  son.  His  eldest  son  is 
with  his  regiment,  the  14th  Hussars,  at  Kut-el- 
Amara,  and  his  second  son  is  in  the  Air  Department, 
Royal  Naval  Division.  Truly  a  good  record  for  one 
family. 

In  the  spring  of  1895,  at  the  master's  suggestion, 
the  following  gentlemen  were  appointed  to  act  in 
rotation  as  field-masters  in  the  event  of  his  absence  : 


MR.  HAROLD  ST.  MAUR  223 

Messrs.  G.  H.  Hext,  R.  Vicary,  W.  Engelhardt,  H.  P. 
Skidmore,  W.  Rendell  and  Captain  Templer.  It  was 
also  agreed  that  there  should  be  no  obligation  on  the 
master  to  hunt  the  Haldon  side  one  day  a  week  as 
originally  intended,  but  that  the  hunting  in  that 
district  should  be  left  to  the  discretion  of  the  master, 
who,  moreover,  was  not  to  be  bound  to  take  the  field 
on  any  stipulated  days  other  than  Tuesdays  and 
Saturdays.  It  was  further  decided,  at  the  master's 
request,  the  pack  being  his  own  property,  that  the 
hunting  appointments  should  in  future  be  advertised 
in  the  name  of  "  Mr.  St.  Maur's  Hounds  (the  South 
Devon)." 

It  is  difficult  to  classify  under  the  various  master- 
ships the  members  and  followers  of  the  hunt.  They 
form  an  ever-changing  body,  and  some  last  many 
years  longer  than  others.  The  composition  of  the 
field  in  Mr.  St.  Maur's  time  was,  on  the  whole,  very 
much  the  same  as  it  had  been  during  the  regime  of 
his  predecessor.  Dr.  Gaye,  and  the  following  were, 
for  the  most  part,  hunting  pretty  regularly  under 
both  masters. 

The  older  members  (in  the  sense  only  that  they  had 
followed  the  South  Devon  under  several  previous 
masters),  included  Messrs.  W.  R.  Hole,  G.  H.  Hext, 
A.  Rendell,  A.  Hingston,  J.  Kitson,  W.  C.  Clack, 
T.  Codner,  H.  W.  Steele,  P.  Symons,  R.  Vicary, 
C.  G.  Vicary,  E.  Tucker,  F.  C.  Simpson,  Captain 
J.  G.  E.  Templer,  Messrs.  E.  Fearnley  Tanner,  H.  S. 
Wright,  J.  Whidborne  (in  Dr.  Gaye's  time),  and 
Major  Keating. 

Ladies  were  not  nearly  so  numerous  in  the  field 
twenty  or  thirty  years  ago  as  they  are  to-day.  The 
most  prominent  of  them  were  Mrs.  Goodwyn,  Mrs. 
G.  H.  Hext,  Mrs.  Henley,  Miss  Norris,  daughter  of 


224  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

the  well-known  novelist,  W.  E.  Norris  ;  Mrs.  Ripley, 
who,  with  her  husband,  Mr.  H.  M.  B.  Ripley  of  Hob 
Green,  Yorkshire,  was  a  regular  visitor  to  Torquay 
for  a  series  of  winters  ;  Miss  Tempest,  now  Lady 
Beaumont,  also  wintering  at  Torquay  ;  Lady  Freake 
from  Dartmouth,  Miss  Simmons,  Mrs.  Splatt,  Lady 
Clifford  of  Chudleigh,  Miss  E.  Tayleur,  Miss  Whid- 
borne  and  Mrs.  Wale. 

Strangely  enough,  the  hunting  parson,  for  which 
Devon  has  always  been  noted,  was  not  conspicuous 
in  this  hunt  during  the  period  under  review,  and  the 
only  one  I  can  call  to  mind  was  the  "  Hunt  Chaplain," 
the  Rev.  W.  H.  Thornton,  an  accomplished  sports- 
man who  lived  at  North  Bovey.  He  died  in  the 
spring  of  the  present  year,  and  though  he  had  not 
hunted  latterly,  he  continued  to  the  last  to  take  an 
interest  in  the  sport.  But  we,  at  one  time,  had 
among  the  field  a  Methodist  minister,  the  Rev. 
J.  Cocking  from  Moretonhampstead,  who  wore  a  red 
coat  and  rode  very  hard. 

There  was,  indeed,  another  clergyman  who  hunted 
for  a  few  seasons  with  the  pack,  but  I  think  he  was 
hardly  out  when  Mr.  St.  Maur  was  master.  This  was 
the  Rev.  Joe  Pitt,  a  delightful  man  of  the  old  school, 
of  whom  Sir  Reginald  Graham  gives  an  amusing 
sketch  in  his  Foxhunting  Reminiscences.  He  was 
a  friend  of  the  eighth  Duke  of  Beaufort,  and  a 
great  admirer  of  the  Badminton  pack  and  country, 
though  I  believe  he  actually  lived  in  the  Cots- 
wold  country  before  he  came  to  end  his  days  at 
Torquay. 

The  medical  profession,  on  the  other  hand,  was 
well  represented  by  Dr.  Goodwyn  from  Bovey,  Dr. 
Haydon  and  Dr.  Scott  from  Newton,  Dr.  Little  from 
Teignmouth,  Dr.  Symons  and  afterwards  Dr.  Ross 


MR.  HAROLD  ST.  MAUR  225 

Macdonald  from  Kingskerswell,  Dr.  Raby  from 
Totnes  and  Dr.  Laurie,  a  frequent  visitor  from  the 
Mid-Devon. 

Torquay  has  always  put  a  contingent  in  the  field 
which  frequently  included  a  visitor  or  two  anxious 
to  see  a  little  of  Devonshire  hunting.  Among  the 
regular  followers  from  that  town  were  :  Mr.  Cassavetti 
(in  Dr.  Gaye's  time),  whose  flask  of  cold  beef-tea 
must  have  been  only  less  uninviting  than  Hugo 
Meynell's  famous  tincture  of  rhubarb  ;  Major  Har- 
greave,  always  in  front ;  Mr.  H.  M.  B.  Ripley,  already 
mentioned  ;  Mr.  C.  Tayleur  and  Mr.  Engelhardt,  the 
best-turned-out  man  in  the  hunt  and,  for  his  weight, 
one  of  the  best  to  go.  Mr.  Engelhardt  was  also  a 
first-rate  four-in-hand  coachman ;  I  should  say,  with- 
out exaggeration,  one  of  the  best  of  his  day,  and 
thoroughly  versed  in  all  the  details  of  coaching.  The 
road-coach  that  he  ran  daily  through  the  summer 
about  the  year  1892  from  Torquay  to  Exeter  and 
back,  with  changes  at  Newton,  Teignmouth  and 
Starcross,  was  perfection. 

From  Paignton  came  Messrs.  A.  M.  Singer  and 
W.  M.  G.  Singer  and  Mr.  H.  S.  Kruger,  no  relation, 
by  the  way,  to  Oom  Paul. 

There  were  also  Mr.  B.  D.  Webster,  for  ten  years 
master  of  the  Haldon  Harriers,  to  whom  is  due  the 
credit  of  putting  that  pack  on  a  firm  footing  ;  and 
Mr.  Mark  Ball,  its  present  master ;  Messrs.  J.  J. 
Cross,  one  of  the  keenest  and  best ;  S.  Hacker, 
C.  Henley,  G.  F.  Kellock,  now  joint-master  with  Mr. 
C.J.  Swears  of  the  Dart  Vale  Harriers  ;  Godfrey  Lee, 
T.  Maye,  W.  Rendell,  W.  J.  Phillips,  J.  Fletcher 
Robinson,  Rogers,  the  relieving-officer  at  Ashburton, 
and  Farmer  John  Hopkins,  both  strong  allies  of 
ColHngs'  ;    H.  S.  Steele,  who  on  his  chestnut  could 


226  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

pound  us  all ;  Parnell  Tucker,  Solomon  Tozer  of 
Ashburton,  on  his  famous  grey  ;  S.  P.  Adams ;  Cap- 
tain Sherrard  and,  lastly.  Colonel  Walsh,  Captain  A.  G. 
Tozer  and  Mr.  Basil  Tozer  of  Teignmouth. 

From  the  outskirts,  or  from  neighbouring  hunts, 
would  come  Mr.  Brunskill  and  Mr.  C.  H.  H.  Pitts 
from  the  south  ;  Messrs.  Hamlyn  from  Buckfastleigh, 
Mr.  Hayter-Hames,  sometime  master  of  the  Mid- 
Devon,  and  Mr.  G.  Spiller,  a  later  master  of  the  same 
pack,  from  Chagford  ;  Mr.  J.  D.  Prickman,  for  many 
years  its  honorary  secretary  ;  and  Mr.  Guy  Whipham. 
Others  who  lived  out  of  the  country  never  failed 
to  snatch  a  day  when  opportunity  offered.  Prominent 
among  these  was  Mr.  W.  F.  Phillpotts,  always  cheer- 
ful and  with  a  temper  that  nothing  seemed  to  ruffle, 
despite  his  deafness.  He  was  an  astonishing  man  to 
go,  and  kept  his  nerve  to  a  late  period.  In  his  sixty- 
sixth  year  he  won  the  Bar  point-to-point  steeple- 
chase, and  when  four  years  older  rode  in  the  East 
Devon  Hunt  heavy-weight  point-to-point  and  got 
placed.  This  was  surely  pretty  good  for  one  whose 
occupation  (he  was  a  conveyancing  barrister  in 
London)  kept  him  from  the  saddle  for  long  periods 
at  a  time  !  Mr.  Lewis  Rendell  was  another  who 
always  enjoyed  a  dart  when  he  could  get  out  of 
London  for  a  short  holiday. 

Those  of  the  younger  generation  who  have  since 
turned  out  well,  not  merely  as  performers  in  the  field 
but  as  taking  an  interest  in  the  affairs  of  the  hunt 
and  promoting  them  in  the  many  ways  possible, 
included  Mr.  Raleigh  Phillpotts,  Messrs.  W.  R. 
Vicary,  L.  G.  Vicary,  C.  L.  Vicary  and  Alfred 
Hingston. 

The  field  was  strengthened  and  the  gaps  filled  up 
in  Mr.  St.  Maur's  time  by  the  arrival  of  new-comers 


MR.  HAROLD  ST.  MAUR  227 

in  the  country  and  younger  folk  coming  on.  The 
reinforcements  to  the  ladies'  brigade  included  Mrs. 
St.  Maur,  who  has  probably  not  forgotten  how 
narrowly  she  once  escaped  annihilation  by  a  clumsy 
horseman  ;  Mrs.  Potts-Chatto,  Mrs.  W.  Rendell  (then 
Miss  Turner)  and  her  two  sisters,  Mrs.  Treeby,  Miss 
Frost,  Miss  Blundell,  Mrs.  Leicester,  Miss  Eardley- 
Wilmot,  Miss  Eve,  Miss  Tudor  and  Miss  ^^alite.  Of 
these,  the  last-named  and  Miss  Frost  are  the  only 
ones  that  join  the  glad  throng  to-day.  The  men 
comprised  Mr.  G.  E.  Allen,  Mr.  J.  Alsop,  Mr.  R.  H.  E. 
Burt,  who  remained  loyal  to  the  South  Devon  even 
after  he  had  quitted  its  boundaries ;  Messrs.  J.  Bickford, 
W.  H.  Eve,  J.  Fairweather,  W.  Ferrier-Kerr,  E.  Lewis, 
Major  Lyster,  Mr.  T.  S.  Scrimgeour,  who  contributed, 
and  still  contributes,  to  the  popularity  of  fixtures 
around  Natsworthy  Manor  by  his  staunch  preserva- 
tion of  foxes,  to  say  nothing  of  his  hospitality ; 
Messrs.  H.  P.  Skidmore,  Mountford  Spencer,  R. 
Halford-Thompson  and,  when  in  England,  Captain 
Tudor  and  Mr.  Arthur  Wright.  INIr.  Robert  Long, 
brother  to  Mr.  Walter  Long,  was  among  the  visitors 
at  this  period. 

At  the  beginning  of  the  season  1895-6,  Mr.  St.  Maur 
notified  the  committee  that  he  would  not  continue  to 
hunt  the  country  after  that  season,  and  though 
pressed  to  reconsider  his  decision  he  did  not  at  first 
see  his  way  to  do  so.  In  the  month  of  December, 
however,  he  was  induced  to  withdraw  his  resignation 
and  consented  to  hunt  the  country  the  following 
season  two  days  a  week  (he  had  been  putting  in  four 
days  up  to  that  time)  on  a  subscription  of  £500. 
At  a  general  meeting  of  the  hunt  held  on  the  18th 
December,  1895,  a  resolution  was  passed  recording 
a  vote  of  thanks  to  Mr.  St.  Maur  "  for  the  exceedingly 


228  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

liberal  and  efficient  way  in  which  he  had  hunted  the 
country  in  the  past,  and  for  consenting  to  hunt  it 
next  season." 

At  the  close  of  the  season  1896-7,  Mr.  St.  Maur 
finally  resigned.  An  attempt  to  procure  a  master  by 
advertisement  was  made  but  proved  abortive,  and  it 
appeared  that  the  only  thing  to  be  done  was  for  the 
committee  to  carry  on  for  the  time  being.  Mr. 
St.  Maur  offered  to  lend  the  committee  his  hounds, 
huntsman's  house,  kennels  and  stables  on  condition 
the  hunt  would  guarantee  a  thousand  pounds  a  year 
for  three  years  to  meet  the  expenses  of  hunting  the 
country.  A  canvas  was  accordingly  made,  but,  as  the 
required  guarantee  was  not  forthcoming,  it  was  im- 
possible to  accept  the  retiring  master's  offer,  which 
fact  was  put  on  record  at  a  general  meeting  held  on 
the  3rd  March,  1897,  at  which  the  appreciation  of  Mr. 
St.  Maur's  services  to  the  hunt  was  expressed  in  a 
vote  of  thanks  "  for  his  services  as  master  of  the 
South  Devon  Hunt  for  the  past  four  seasons,  in  which 
the  record  of  the  hunt  has  in  every  way  been  more 
than  maintained,  for  never  has  the  hunt  been  more 
efficiently  equipped  ;  never  have  the  hounds  been  of 
such  a  high  standard  of  merit ;  and  never,  taking  the 
average  of  four  years,  has  better  sport  been  obtained." 

A  fund  was  there  and  then  started  for  the  purpose 
of  purchasing  a  pack  of  hounds,  and  a  sum  of  £213 
was  raised  in  the  room  and  arrangements  were 
made  to  invite  further  contributions.  A  sub-com- 
mittee consisting  of  Messrs.  Robert  Vicary,  W.  M.  G. 
Singer,  E.  Lewis,  W.  Rendell  and  G.  H.  Hext  was 
formed  and  authorized  to  purchase  hounds,  horses 
and  equipment  and  to  take  all  necessary  steps  to 
carry  on  the  hunt  during  the  following  season. 

In  the  middle  of  the  month  of  March  a  proposal 


MR.  HAROLD  ST.  MAUR  229 

was  received  from  Mr.  St.  Maur,  accompanied  by 
certain  suggestions  for  the  good  management  of  the 
hunt. 

The  terms  of  Mr.  St.  Maur's  proposal  were  as 
follows  : — 

"  1.  I  will  provide  the  hunt  with  twenty -two  couple 
and  a  half  of  my  best  hounds.  (This  number  would 
enable  us  to  breed  our  own  entry  'next>  year.)  The 
hounds  would  of  course  remain  my  own  property,  but 
I  would  agree  to  give  twelve  months'  notice  before 
taking  them  back. 

"2.  I  will  pay  the  expenses  of  walking  puppies  and 
give  the  usual  prizes  ;  also  pay  for  the  journeys  and 
fees  of  such  bitches  as  would  have  to  be  sent  to  dogs  of 
another  pack. 

"3.  All  drafts  I  will  give  to  the  huntsman  as  his 
perquisite,  and  I  will  also  pay  the  licences  for  the 
pack. 

"  4.  I  offer  the  choice  of  any  of  the  hunt  horses  the 
committee  may  wish  to  buy  at  twenty  pounds  apiece. 

"  5.  Should  it  be  any  advantage  to  the  hunt,  I  will 
lend  the  huntsman  my  kennels,  field  and  half  the 
stable,  subject  to  twelve  months'  notice. 

"  6.  Should  the  committee  desire  a  master  and  not 
find  anyone  who  has  sufficient  time  to  devote  to  the 
business  of  the  hunt,  and  should  the  hunt  think  they 
can  repose  sufficient  confidence  in  me,  I  would  not 
object  to  undertake  the  duties  provided  someone  else 
was  appointed  to  do  the  work  in  my  absence.  I  must 
ask  the  committee  not  to  imagine  that  by  this  offer 
I  am  making  a  bid  for  the  mastership,  but  to  believe 
that  I  only  make  the  offer  because  it  may  be  difficult 
to  find  anyone  who  has  the  time  or  inclination  for  the 
job.    The  offers  I  have  just  made  are  not  conditional 


230  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

on  my  having  any  official  connection  with  the  hunt ; 
they  will  hold  good  whatever  committee  or  master 
may  be  appointed,  so  long  as  they  are  suitable." 

Mr.  St.  Maur's  offer  was  certainly  an  exceedingly 
generous  one  and  made  in  the  spirit  of  a  true  sports- 
man. I  do  not  know  the  reasons  that  precluded  the 
hunt  from  availing  itself  of  such  an  offer,  unhampered 
as  it  was  by  any  conditions  ;  but  the  fact  remains 
that  the  proposal  was  not  accepted,  and  the  sub- 
committee proceeded  to  the  consideration  of  the 
functions  deputed  to  it  of  making  arrangements  to 
hunt  the  country. 

Meanwhile,  an  application  was  received  from  Mr. 
Gilbert  Spiller  and  Mr.  G.  C.  Ralston,  the  newly 
appointed  joint-masters  of  the  Mid-Devon,  for  leave 
to  hunt  a  further  part  of  the  South  Devon  country, 
and  a  loan  for  one  season  was  assented  to  of  certain 
portions  of  the  South  Devon  country  as  coloured  on  a 
map  and  which  may  be  identified  by  the  following 
description  : — 

1.  A  tract  of  land  lying  on  the  west  of  the  Teign 
and  bounded  on  the  east  by  that  river,  on  the  north 
by  the  Exeter  and  Moretonhampstead  road  starting 
from  a  point  just  below  Dunsford,  on  the  west  by  the 
road  leading  from  Chagford  to  Lustleigh  and  on  the 
south  by  an  irregular  line  starting  from  the  last- 
named  village,  continuing  to  Kelly,  thence  to  Slade 
Cross  and  Poolmill  Cross,  and  so,  following  the  road 
from  there  to  Hennock,  rejoining  the  Teign  at 
Crocombe  Bridge. 

2.  A  tract  of  land  lying  on  the  east  of  the  Teign, 
its  western  boundary  marching  with  the  piece 
numbered  1  above  from  Dunsford  to  Bridford  Mill, 
bounded  on  the  south  and  east  by  the  road  from 


MR.  HAROLD  ST.  MAUR  231 

Bridford  Mill  by  Leigh  Cross  and  ^Yindy  Cross  to 
Idestone  and  Ide  and  somewhat  beyond  to  a  point 
where  that  road  joins  the  Exeter  and  Moretonhamp- 
stead  road,  which  latter  formed  the  northern  boundary 
as  far  as  Longdown.  From  Longdown  the  boundary 
diverged  to  the  north  and  took  in  a  slice  of  country 
embracing  Holcombe  Burnell  and  Culver. 


CHAPTER    XX 

MR.    ROBERT   VICARY   AND   MPw.   WWSHIN'GTON 
M.    G.    SINGER,    ISPT-IPOI 


viUi  the  oonntry — ^A  tiinely  oner — Appointed  joint-masters — 
WmrtfiniBWTB — OAer  fzooMes — Collings  still  huntsman — Frank  CoUings — 
A  new  mbapper-ia — Tfagie  deslh  of  Collings  :  killed  at  an  earth — 
Caiandty  far  the  Hiait — Mr.  E.  P.  Bovey  appointed  to  succeed  him — A 
good  zim — Beecsd  of  ^MSt — ^A  day  of  disasters — Bovey  joins  the  Imperial 
YeoBianiy — Killed  in  action  in  Hie  Boer  Wax — Choules  promoted  to 
faooiBnian — Sir  John  Amray's  Sta^ioands  in  South  Devon — Mr.  Vicary 
as  a  mwrifeman — ffis  1p*"»*J  of  fox-terriers  widely  known — World-wide 
npaftaticn  as  a  judge  of  dog  or  hound — List  of  places  at  which  he  has 
judged — His  eye  fat  hoond  or  hnse — Sets  about  improving  the  pack — 
His  fntperience  of  other  oountzies — The  pack — Some  favourite  hounds — 
TCgwnfJtt  most  t^ofii^ — His  horses — Scms  and  other  members  of  the 
faadfy — Bevives  Kewton  Abbot  Ste^lechases :  the  arrangements 
lemodeDed  aztd  improved — ^Resigns  and  leaves  Mr.  Singer  to  carry  on. 

"  The  brave  pack  meanwhile  rivalled  swallows  for  speed, 
Anl  dli  j-astice  to  him  who  had  managed  their  breed." 

(Thp.  C?.umleigh  Club.    By  Geo.  Templer,   1B14.) 

MR.  ROBERT  VICARY  has  been  a  staunch 
supporter  of  the  South  Devon  for  a  great 
number  of  yeai^  and  a  keen  follower  of  the  pack  from 
his  boyhood,  now  longer  ago  than  he  cares  to  brood 
upon,  and  Mr.  Singer,  who  will  be  treated  of  in  the 
next  chapter,  had,  for  some  years  prior  to  Mr. 
St.  3Iaur's  resignation,  identified  himself  with  the 
hunt  and  the  countn,'. 

It  v.as  a  fitting  thing  that  these  two  gentlemen,  in 
a  most  public-spirited  manner,  should  offer  their 
services  to  the  country*  at  a  moment  when  it  appeared 
that,  for  the  first  time  in  the  history  of  the  hunt,  the 


tUa-l  ■    --I- 


MR.  R.  VICARY  &  MR.  W.  M.  G.  SINGER    233 

management  would  have  to  be  undertaken  by  the 
committee. 

At  that  time,  Mr.  Vicary  was  the  mainspring  of  the 
large  tannery  business  at  Ne^\i:on  Abbot  of  Messrs. 
John  Vicary  &  Sons.  This,  with  other  calls  upon  his 
time  entailed  by  his  position  as  a  member  of  various 
public  bodies  and  a  Justice  of  the  Peace  for  the 
County,  left  him  little  leisure  to  devote  to  the  onerous 
duties  of  a  modern  master  of  hounds.  Mr.  Singer, 
too,  though  a  free  man,  had  many  other  interests, 
some  of  which  took  him  frequently  from  home.  When 
therefore  he  and  I\Ii'.  Vicary,  prompted  solely  by  the 
desire  to  promote  sport  and  to  help  the  hunt  out  of 
a  difficulty,  volunteered  to  become  its  joint-masters, 
their  offer  came  quite  unexpectedly  and  was  appreci- 
ated at  its  true  value.  They  were  formally  appointed 
masters  at  a  general  meeting  held  on  the  28th  July, 
1897,  on  the  terms  that  they  should  receive  a  sub- 
scription of  £600  a  year,  on  which  a  reduction 
of  £100  was  agreed  to  for  their  second  season  in 
consequence  of  the  low  state  of  the  exchequer.  At 
that  time,  the  hunt  accounts  shewed  an  adverse 
balance  of  £327  odd,  part  of  which  had  been  incurred 
in  respect  of  the  season  prior  to  the  new  mastership. 
Despite  a  special  effort,  generously  responded  to  by 
the  usual  dozen  or  score  of  members,  the  accounts  at 
the  end  of  the  season  1898-9  still  shewed  a  deficit, 
amounting  to  £282  12s.  2d.  Towards  this  Mi*.  Singer 
himself  contributed  the  generous,  if  quaint,  sum  of 
£153  15s.  7d.  conditionally  upon  the  balance  being 
raised,  as  was  done,  by  special  subscription.  Never- 
theless, when  the  agreed  term  of  the  joint-masters 
expired  at  the  end  of  the  season  1900-1,  there  was 
again  a  deficit,  this  time  of  some  £450.  It  apparently 
is  often  the  case,  though  it  should  not  be  so,  that  the 


234  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

difficulty  of  raising  money  in  a  hunt  is  greater  where 
the  master  is  a  man  of  means. 

Financial  troubles  were  not  the  only  ones  that 
befell  the  hunt  during  this  mastership.  On  the 
opening  day  of  the  season  1898-9  the  honorary 
secretary,  Mr.  G.  H.  Hext,  had  his  leg  broken  through 
being  kicked  in  the  field  and  was  laid  up  for  the  rest 
of  the  season.  In  the  same  winter,  Mr.  Vicary  caught 
such  a  severe  cold  on  the  moor  as  to  render  him 
temporarily  deaf  and  to  debar  him  from  taking  the 
field  for  a  considerable  time.    Worse  was  to  come. 

CoUings  had  been  kept  on  as  huntsman.  His 
reputation  was  at  its  height,  and  he  was  an  invalu- 
able servant,  especially  to  masters  who  had  not  at 
their  disposal  the  time  necessary  to  visit  the  distant 
parts  of  such  a  large  country.  Collings'  son,  Frank, 
left  at  the  end  of  the  first  season  to  go  into  business 
at  Marychurch,  whence  some  time  later  he  went  to 
Chagford  and  took  the  Three  Crowns  Hotel.  He 
is  still  there,  and  ever  since  settling  at  Chagford  has 
been  of  great  service  to  the  Mid-Devon  Hunt,  at  times 
hunting  the  pack,  and  at  other  times  undertaking 
its  sole  management  on  behalf  of  the  committee. 

The  vacancy  in  the  hunt  staff  was  filled,  after  a 
temporary  appointment,  by  the  engagement  of  Harry 
Choules  as  first  whip.  He  came  to  take  up  his  duties 
on  the  morning  of  the  20th  December,  1898 — an 
eventful  day  as  it  proved — just  as  Collings  was 
starting  with  the  hounds  for  Welstor  Cross,  but  he 
did  not  accompany  the  pack.  Neither  of  the  masters 
was  out  that  day. 

A  fox  was  found,  and,  after  running  through 
Lizwell  Wood,  went  to  earth  in  a  clitter  of  rocks  on 
the  steep  hillside  at  Avychurch  in  Buckland  Woods. 
Collings   set  the  terrier  to   work  and   took  up  his 


>m.  R.  VIC.\IIY  &:  ^m.  W.  M.  G.  SINGER    235 

position  beside  a  large  boulder  at  the  top  of  the  mass 
of  granite  stones  forming  the  chtter.  Mr.  J.  J.  Cross 
was  standing  within  a  yard  or  two  of  Collings,  under 
whose  directions  Doney.  the  second  whip,  and  a 
groom  from  Buckland  Court  were  engaged  below  in 
pulling  out  the  smaller  stones  to  facilitate  the 
terrier's  movements.  Suddenly,  on  the  removal  of 
one  particular  stone  which  proved  to  be  the  founda- 
tion-stone of  the  pile,  the  whole  mass  gave  way  and 
came  down  with  a  run,  bringing  Collings  with  it ;  the 
huge  top  boulder,  estimated  to  weigh  at  least  three 
tons,  pitched  on  the  poor  fellow  and  then  rolled  on 
for  a  short  distance.  CoUings  was  crushed  like  a  fly 
and  killed  instantaneously.  The  others  just  escaped 
by  throwing  themselves  out  of  the  way. 

The  few  people  who  composed  the  field  that  day 
were  waiting  in  the  upper  drive.  Among  them  was 
Dr.  F.  E.  Little,  who  kept  a  lonely  vigil  over  the  body 
by  the  banks  of  the  cr\ing  Dart  until  a  conveyance 
could  be  obtained,  and  then  took  the  dead  huntsman 
home.  On  Mr.  Cross  and  Doney  fell  the  duty  of 
taking  the  pack  back  to  the  kennels  and  breaking  the 
news  to  Mrs.  Collings. 

We  biu-ied  the  poor  fellow  at  Denbury  on  Christmas 
Eve  and  he  was  carried  to  liis  crrave  bv  some  of  his 
"  intimates."    A  great  number  of  people  attended. 

The  untimely  death  of  CoUings  was  indeed  a 
calamity  for  the  himt.  He  knew  the  country  inti- 
mately and  the  people  in  it,  among  whom  he  had 
become  ver\"  popular,  for  they  understood  him  and 
appreciated,  fully  as  well  as  did  the  members  of  the 
field,  his  success  as  huntsman.  He  was  always 
desperately  keen,  and  nothing  was  too  much  trouble 
if  it  tended  to  promote  sport. 

The  masters  had  a  difficult  task  in  finding  a  sue- 


236  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

cessor  in  the  middle  of  the  season.  It  was  essential  to 
have  someone  with  a  general  knowledge  of  the  country, 
and  after  due  deliberation  they  secured  the  services 
of  Mr.  E.  P.  Bovey,  who  at  the  time  was  master  and 
huntsman  of  the  Ashburton  Harriers.  It  was  trying 
a  man  rather  high  to  pitchfork  him  suddenly  into 
such  a  position,  but  the  selection  was  approved  as 
the  best  that  could  be  made  under  the  circumstances. 

It  was  only  in  the  nature  of  things  that  sport 
should  suffer.  Still,  we  had  some  good  runs  and  the 
new  huntsman  worked  hard  to  shew  sport.  One  day 
in  particular,  the  21st  of  February,  1899,  did  him 
great  credit.  It  was  on  the  Haldon  side,  a  country 
absolutely  unknown  to  Bovey.  A  fox  from  Oxton 
made  a  six-mile  point  to  beyond  the  Rectory  at 
Doddiscombsleigh,  going  first  over  the  open  plain  of 
Haldon  by  Harcombe,  the  Racecourse  and  Oxen- 
combe,  and  then  threading  the  great  woodlands  and 
deep  bottoms  of  A^Tiiteway  and  Kiddens.  A  country- 
man saw  the  fox  in  a  lane,  "  scat  all  over,"  but  he  got 
into  some  shippens  (as  was  discovered  later)  and  beat 
the  pack. 

Only  three  saw  this  run.  The  huntsman  was  one 
and  a  younger  son  of  Mr.  R.  Vicary  was  another  ; 
neither  knew  an  inch  of  the  line,  and  after  reaching 
White  way  they  had  no  pilot  but  the  pack. 

Other  good  days  there  were,  such  as  the  25th  of  the 
same  month,  when,  from  New  Buildings,  they  ran 
round  Pinchaford  Ball  to  Lower  Bagtor  and  Sigford 
and  by  Owl's  Rattle  to  Halsanger,  Bagtor  Wood  and 
the  Big  Rubble  Heap,  whence  a  fresh  fox  brought 
them  back  at  a  tremendous  pace  to  New  Buildings 
and  Lower  Bagtor,  then  more  slowly  to  Owlacombe 
tin  mine,  where  he  went  in.  He  was  bolted  and  killed 
after  another  sharp  burst. 


MR.  R.  VICARY  &  MR.  W.  M.  G.  SINGER    237 

Our  time  was  well  filled  in  on  the  6th  January, 
1900,  with  a  capital  day's  sport  from  Reddaford 
Water.  First,  a  run  through  Lustleigh  Cleave  to  the 
Rubble  Heap  ;  then  a  big  ring  with  another  fox, 
hounds  running  in  view  for  the  last  mile  and  killing 
him  on  the  Heap  before  he  could  get  in  ;  finishing 
with  a  run  from  Yarner  to  Stover  over  a  deligiitful 
line  with  plenty  of  big  sound  banks. 

Despite  a  cold  and  stormy  day  with  a  falling  glass, 
the  pack  gave  a  most  creditable  hunting  run  of  two 
hours  and  a  half  on  the  27th  January,  1900,  with  just 
a  holding  scent,  all  over  and  around  Lindridge  and 
Ugbrooke,  the  extreme  points  being  Bishopsteignton 
and  the  Thorns.  They  made  a  good  point  on  the 
24th  of  the  following  month,  finding  their  fox  at 
Granite  Lodge,  and  after  taking  him  bv  Langaller  and 
Brimley,  through  Yarner,  Houndtor  Ridge  and 
Lustleigh  Cleave,  and  on  beyond  Lustleigh  Rectory, 
brought  him  back  to  the  Cleave  and  earthed  him 
there.  The  17th  of  March  in  the  same  year  at  He}i:or 
Buildings  was  a  day  of  recurrent  snowstorms  with 
some  pretty  sport  in  between,  and  on  the  20th  the 
moor  was  imder  snow  and  hunting  impossible. 

A  very  sharp  biu-st  of  twenty-eight  minutes  after 
meeting  at  Leighon  on  the  24th  ^larch,  1900,  pro- 
duced an  unusual  amount  of  grief  amongst  the  field. 
One  of  the  joint-masters,  ^Ir.  W.  M.  G.  Singer,  broke 
his  arm,  Mr.  Hayter-Hames  and  four  others  were 
dovm.  together  and  Bovey  took  a  hea\y  fall  on 
Challacombe.  Snow  was  still  lying  on  the  moor  and 
was  the  cause  of  some  of  these  disasters. 

Probably  the  best  run  during  Bovey's  time  was 
one  that  came  off  from  AViddicombe  on  a  certain 
Saturday  ;  I  have  not  the  exact  date.  The  first  part 
was  all  over  Challacombe,  Hamildon  and  Birch  Tor 


238  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

very  fast ;  then  slower  hunting  in  the  same  region, 
and  then  away,  undoubtedly  with  a  fresh  fox,  at  a 
great  pace,  over  the  Moreton  road  by  Metherell  and 
to  ground  at  Hempson  Rocks.  The  whole  run 
occupied  one  hour  and  three-quarters. 

Another  first-class  day  was  the  1st  of  December, 
1900,  when  Choules  was  hunting  the  pack.  It  is  a 
long  way  out  to  Heatree,  and  the  late  Mr.  John 
Kitson,  knowing  that  the  field  would  be  ready  for  a 
second  breakfast  when  they  arrived,  acted  accord- 
ingly. From  Shapely  Bog,  hounds  raced  a  fox  over 
King  Tor  to  the  Moreton  road,  left-handed  to  Birch 
Tor,  Sousand  and  Challacombe  ;  then,  after  a  check, 
through  Blackaton  Newtake  to  the  Gorse  above 
Widdicombe  and  scent  failed  on  Bittleford  Down 
after  forty-five  minutes.  This  was  followed  by  a  fine 
run  of  sixty  minutes  from  Bag  Park  over  Hamildon 
by  Blackaton,  Challacombe,  Grendon  and  Cator  to 
Ponds  worthy. 

Bovey  continued  to  act  as  huntsman  until  the  end 
of  the  season  1899-1900.  He  then  joined  the  Imperial 
Yeomanry  and  went  out  to  South  Africa,  where  he 
fell  a  victim  to  his  patriotism,  being  killed  in  action. 
Choules,  the  first  whip,  was  then  promoted,  but  as 
often  happens  when  a  man  has  long  been  in  the 
subordinate  position,  he  was  not  an  unqualified 
success  as  huntsman. 

It  was  during  this  dual  mastership  that  the  late  Sir 
John  Amory's  Staghoui^ds  came  down  from  Tiverton 
to  try  for  certain  red  deer  stated  to  have  been 
frequenting  Buckland  Woods  for  some  three  or  four 
years  past.  Mr.  Ian  Amory,  who  hunted  his  father's 
pack,  stayed  at  Holne  Park  with  the  Hon.  Richard 
Dawson.  They  met  on  the  11th  October,  1898,  at 
Welstor  Cross,  but  the  large  field  was  doomed  to  a 


MR.  R.  VICARY  &  MR.  W.  M.  G.  SINGER    239 

blank  day.  I  believe  they  spent  another  fruitless  day 
in  the  locality,  no  deer  being  seen  or  even  slotted. 

Besides  being  a  good  horseman  and,  in  his  younger 
days,  a  distinctly  hard  rider,  Mr.  Vicary  took  a  great 
interest  in  hounds  and  their  work.  This  was  but 
natural  in  one  who  had  always  been  a  "  doggy  " 
man.  The  fox-terrier,  both  the  rough  and  the  smooth 
variety,  has  always  been  his  speciality,  and  his 
kennel  is  well  known  wherever  that  popular  dog 
flourishes.  His  reputation  as  a  judge,  not  only  of  the 
terrier  but  of  other  breeds  of  dogs,  hounds  included, 
is  world-wide,  as  will  be  seen  from  the  following  list 
of  places  at  which  he  has  acted  as  judge,  mostly  on 
several  occasions  : — 

Crystal  Palace,  K.C.  ;  Botanical  Gardens,  L.K.A.  ; 
Agricultural  Hall,  London  ;  Maddison  Gardens,  New 
York ;  Cork,  Clifton,  Dublin,  Limerick,  Belfast,  Berlin, 
Vienna,  Leipsic,  Paris,  Halberstadt,  Amsterdam, 
Edinburgh,  S.K.C. ;  Oxford,  F.T.C.  ;  Derby,  F.T.C.  ; 
Baden,  Bristol,  Plymouth,  Exeter,  Taunton,  Crediton, 
Barnstaple,  Manchester,  Birkenhead,  Nottingham, 
Leicester,  Brighton,  Chester,  Blackpool,  F.T.C.  ; 
Antwerp,  Brussels,  Falmouth,  Redruth,  Helston, 
Crickhowell  and  many  others.  On  two  occasions, 
Mr.  Vicary  had  an  engagement  to  go  to  Russia,  but 
each  time  it  fell  through.  Other  invitations  came 
from  San  Francisco,  from  Sydney  and  other  places 
in  Australia  and  from  South  Africa.  These,  however, 
had  to  be  declined  for  want  of  the  necessary  time. 

The  above  postulates  a  long  experience  previously 
acquired  ;  but  experience  alone,  without  the  natural 
gift  of  "  a  good  eye  "  for  the  animal,  is  of  no  use. 
This  "  good  eye  "  is  a  far  less  common  attribute  than 
some  of  our  friends  would  have  us  believe.  Mr. 
Vicary  has  it  in  a  marked  degree  both  for  hound  and 


240  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

horse.  The  late  Lord  Portsmouth  had  it,  and  of  him 
it  was  said  that,  given  a  fortnight's  practice,  he  would 
be  a  good  judge  of  a  giraffe  !  In  addition,  Mr.  Vicary's 
character  for  integrity  and  impartiality,  qualities  not 
always  associated  with  the  necessary  talent,  was  an 
additional  factor  that  accounted  for  his  being  so 
much  sought  after  as  a  judge. 

It  will  be  understood,  then,  with  what  alacrity  he 
set  about  improving  the  personnel  of  the  pack,  paying 
due  regard  to  symmetry  and  parentage  but  not 
losing  sight  of  hunting  qualities.  He  was  observant 
of  hounds  in  their  work,  a  much  easier  thing,  by  the 
way,  for  a  man  who  has  a  good  memory  for  a  hound 
than  for  another,  and  had  begun  his  hunting  career  in 
South  Devon  in  the  days  of  Westlake  and  had  also  seen 
sport  in  Cheshire,  in  Warwickshire,  with  the  Duke  of 
Beaufort  and  with  Lord  Fitzhardinge's  and  other  good 
packs.  I  sometimes  think  one  is  more  observant  and 
learns  more  in  a  single  day  in  a  strange  country  than 
in  half  a  season  amid  familiar  surroundings  at  home. 

The  joint-masters  began  with  a  pack  of  thirty-one 
couple.  Casualties  and  other  causes  reduced  this 
number  by  four  couple,  but  in  the  meanwhile  the 
additional  purchase  of  eleven  -  and  -  a  -  half  couple 
brought  up  the  strength  of  the  pack  to  thirty-eight 
couple  and  a  half.  In  their  second  season,  the  pack 
numbered  forty  couple  and  a  half;  in  their  third, 
forty-four  and  a  half,  and  in  their  last  season,  forty- 
three  couple.  From  five  days  a  fortnight  the  hunting 
days  increased  to  three  days  a  week,  none  too  many 
considering  the  Haldon  side  was  included  in  the  area 
to  be  covered. 

From  the  following  list  of  Mr.  Vicary's  favourites 
it  will  be  seen  that  the  best  kennels  in  England  were 
represented  in  the  pack. 


MR.  R.  VICARY  &  MR.  W.  M.  G.  SINGER    241 

DOGS 

Craftsman,    by    Lord    Macclesfield's    Rally  wood — His 

Countess. 
Douglas,     by    Four    Burrow    Darter — Blackmore    Vale 

Rosalind. 
Sampson,  by  N.  Staffordshire  Ganymede — ^Their  Surety. 
Discount,  by  Belvoir  Dexter — Cambridgeshire  Necklace. 
Hotspur,  by  Belvoir  Hamlet — Atherstone  Remedy. 

BITCHES 

Giddy,  by  Lord  Portsmouth's  Goblin — Duke  of  Beaufort's 

Relish. 
Harmony,    by    Warwickshire    Fullerton — South    Cheshire 

Heroine. 
Careful,  by  N.  Staffordshire  Capital — ^Their  Neatness. 
Brilliant,  by  Lord  Macclesfield's  Craftsman — South  Devon 

Bashful. 
Necklace,  by  Belvoir  Nominal — V.W.H.  Letty. 

Craftsman,  if  I  remember  rightly,  was  a  yellow- 
pied  dog  that  came  to  the  South  Devon  from  the 
Four  Burrow  and  was  used  a  good  deal  in  both 
kennels.  He  was  a  rare  hunter.  Discount  was  a  good 
hound,  and  one  easy  to  remember  from  a  large  white 
spot  on  one  side  of  his  quarter.  It  used  to  give  some 
of  us  considerable  satisfaction  to  point  him  out  to  a 
stranger  :  "  Discount,  by  the  Belvoir  Dexter " 
sounded  well  and  gave  tone  to  the  pack.  The 
information,  however,  sometimes  led  to  disconcerting 
questions  about  other  hounds  ! 

Harmony  was  a  rare  bitch,  full  of  quality  and 
excellent  in  her  work  ;  but  in  later  years  she  belied 
her  name  and  took  to  running  mute,  a  fault  more 
fatal,  probably,  in  a  country  like  the  South  Devon 
than  elsewhere. 

The  kennels  most  fancied  and  patronized  by  Mr. 


242  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Vicary  for  breeding  purposes  were  Lord  Portman's 
and  the  North  Staffordshire  (Duke  of  Sutherland's). 

Mr.  Vicary  was  always  well  mounted  and  his  liking 
for  quality  extended  to  his  horses.  Among  his  best, 
at  one  time  or  another  were  Blondin,  by  the  Arab 
Mazagan  ;  Bondsman,  by  Hungerford  ;  Cyclone,  by 
Snowstorm ;  Orator,  by  Ranter ;  Blackthorn,  by 
Alpenstock ;  Marquis,  by  Marquis  of  Townsend ; 
Gingerbread,  by  Dry  Toast. 

Four  of  Mr.  Vicary's  sons  were  early  entered  to  the 
sport.  At  the  time  he  and  Mr.  Singer  were  masters, 
the  most  prominent,  because  the  elder,  of  these  were 
Mr.  W.  R.  Vicary  and  Mr.  L.  G.  Vicary,  both  of 
whom  helped  their  father  considerably  with  the 
internal  details  of  management  and  have  been  of 
immense  service  to  the  hunt  in  later  times.  His  two 
younger  sons,  Norman  and  Cecil,  were  also  coming  on 
at  that  time. 

One  of  Mr.  Vicary's  brothers,  the  late  Mr.  Charles 
G.  Vicary,  was  also  a  keen  follower  of  the  pack  for 
many  years,  and  two  at  least  of  his  sons  had  at  this 
time  already  begun  to  hunt.  One,  Mr.  Charles 
Vicary,  whose  merit  as  an  artist  is  well  known,  is  at 
home  and  in  the  family  business  and  is  consequently 
able  to  do  a  good  deal  for  the  hunt.  Another,  Captain 
Alec  Vicary,  in  the  Gloucester  Regiment,  is  always  to 
be  found  in  the  South  Devon  field  when  on  leave.  He 
and  a  younger  brother  are  now  fighting  for  their 
country  ;  both  have  been  twice  mentioned  in  de- 
spatches, and  both  have  earned  the  Military  Cross. 

It  will  be  seen  that  the  Vicary  element  was  strong 
in  the  hunt,  and  it  remains  so  to  this  day,  to  the 
material  advantage  of  the  South  Devon. 

To  Mr.  Vicary  mainly  belongs  the  credit  of  re- 
vivifying the  moribund  Newton  Abbot  Steeplechases. 


MR.  R.  VICARY  &  MR.  W.  M.  G.  SINGER    243 

His  enterprise  and  sporting  spirit  breathed  new  life 
into  the  concern  and  put  it  upon  a  new  and  sound 
footing.  The  course  was  improved  and  a  permanent 
stand  erected,  the  whole  arrangements  being 
modelled  upon  those  at  Sandown  Park,  though, 
necessarily,  on  a  smaller  scale.  As  a  result,  a  better 
class  of  horses  was  attracted.  Some  of  the  best 
riders  in  the  kingdom  were  to  be  seen  on  the  Marshes, 
and  the  company  he  formed  was  just  beginning  to 
reap  its  reward  when  the  war  broke  out. 

At  the  end  of  the  season  1900-1,  the  many  calls 
upon  his  time  compelled  Mr.  Vicary  to  retire,  and  he 
left  Mr.  Singer  to  carry  on  the  mastership  single- 
handed. 


CHAPTER    XXI 

MR.    WASHINGTON   M.    G.    SINGER:    1901-7 

Becomes  a  naturalized  British  subject — Early  days — Disinterested  motives 
in  first  taking  the  covmtry — Volunteers  to  continue  alone  on  INIr.  Vicary's 
retirement — Hunts  the  country  at  his  own  expense — Field  expenses 
provided  by  the  hunt — Appoints  Mr.  W.  Rendell  huntsman — A  successful 
move — Mr.  RendeU's  qualifications — An  appreciation — Mrs.  Rendell — 
Mr.  Singer  buys  the  Leighon  Estate  :  advantages  to  the  country — Owner 
of  Blagdon  Barton — Shooting  tenant  of  Berry — Hunt  staff  :  W.  Cole ; 
H.  Thompson — Hunt  horses — Mr.  Ferris  of  Capton — The  pack — Purchase 
of  the  Four  Burrow  dog  pack — The  Haldon  side  loaned  to  the  Tremlett — 
Possession  res\maed — Fallow  deer  on  Haldon — A  record  of  good  sport : 
some  great  runs — A  dramatic  finish — Red  deer  in  Buckland  Woods  :  visit 
of  the  Quantock  Staghounds — The  South  Devon  Hunt  week — "  Sir 
Henry  Seale"s  country  "  :  Pourparlers  with  the  Dartmoor — Important 
letters — Mr.  L.  Vicary  succeeds  Mr.  Hest  as  hon.  secretary — A  presenta- 
tion to  Mr.  Hext — The  master's  popularity — Some  followers  of  the  pack — 
The  master's  enforced  absence  and  unexpected  resignation — General 
regret — A  resolution  of  thanks — Complimentary  dinner  and  presentation 
to  Mr.  Singer. 

"  Swift  as  arrows  of  Ught  they  skim  over  the  plain. 
Like  the  torrent  then  sweep  the  deep  valleys  again." 

(The  Chase.    By  Geo.  Templet.) 

MR.  W.  M.  G.  SINGER  is  a  son  of  the  late  Mr. 
I.  M.  Singer,  the  founder  of  the  American 
business  which  has  long  since  attained  a  world-wide 
reputation,  but  he  ceased  to  be  an  American  citizen 
and  became  a  naturalized  British  subject  soon  after 
attaining  his  majority.  His  father  had  settled  at 
Paignton  some  years  before  his  death,  and  so  it  came 
about,  that,  after  completing  his  education  in  England 
and  on  the  Continent  and  spending  some  time  in 
travel,  Mr.  Singer  made  South  Devon  his  home.  From 
football  and  athletics  he  graduated  in  the  sports  of 

244 


1C2    ■Tv-A.sHixcc-rcy 


.  I  .m's  Oiopt  zAi 


MR.  WASHINGTON  M.  G.  SINGER      245 

the  field,  and,  in  addition  to  hunting  and  shooting, 
soon  took  an  interest  in  racing  and  chasing.  As  a 
young  man  he  was  useful  at  polo,  but  that  excellent 
game,  like  cricket,  has  never  prospered  in  South 
Devon  owing  to  the  difficulty  of  finding  suitable 
levels  for  play  or  practice. 

Fond  of  hunting  as  Mr.  Singer  always  was,  there  is 
no  doubt  that  he  did  not  seek  the  honours,  such  as 
they  are,  or  the  troubles,  which  are  many,  that 
brighten  or  beset  the  life  of  an  M.F.H.  His  coming 
forward  as  he  did,  in  conjunction  with  Mr.  R.  Vicary, 
was  dictated  by  feelings  of  public  spirit  and  solely 
with  the  object  of  saving  the  country  from  the 
unquestionable  disadvantage  of  committee  rule. 

The  joint-masters  had  had  much  misfortune  to 
contend  with,  but  when  Mr.  Vicary  retired  Mr. 
Singer  had  grown  so  keen  that  he  volunteered  to 
continue  in  sole  command  and  to  hunt  the  country 
at  his  own  expense,  stipulating  only,  and  very  wisely, 
that  the  members  should  themselves  provide  a 
damage  fund  of  £250  a  year  and  pay  the  rent  of  the 
kennels  and  the  expenses  of  keepers  and  earth- 
stoppers  and  their  annual  dinner. 

Mr.  Singer  then  succeeded  in  persuading  Mr.  Willie 
Rendell  to  hunt  the  hounds.  The  pack  had  not  been 
hunted  by  an  amateur  huntsman  since  the  days  of 
Ross,  and  the  appointment  of  a  man  of  some  thirty- 
eight  years  of  age  who  had  never  actually  hunted 
hounds  was  looked  upon  in  some  quarters  as  rather  a 
bold  stroke.  So  it  may  have  been,  but  events  proved 
it  a  successful  one  and  amply  justified  the  master's 
judgment. 

Mr.  Rendell  had  hunted  from  boyhood,  was  a  light 
weight  and  a  good  horseman,  and  with  his  active 
habits  could  almost  be  said  to  have  that  desirable 


246  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

possession — an  old  head  upon  young  shoulders.  In 
addition,  he  had  been  a  strong  ally  of  poor  Collings, 
and  from  him  had  learned  much  both  of  the  routine 
of  the  kennel  and  of  those  intricacies  of  the  chase 
which  are  patent  only  to  those  who  know  where  to 
look  for  them  and  who  have  a  personal  acquaintance 
with  the  individuals  composing  the  pack.  Above  all, 
he  was,  in  the  words  of  Beckford,  "  fond  of  the 
diversion  and  indefatigable  in  the  pursuit  of  it."  He 
also  had  a  good  knowledge  of  the  country  and  was 
well  known  and  well  liked  by  the  natives.  With 
these  advantages,  it  was  not  surprising  to  those  who 
knew  Mr.  Rendell  to  find  him  settling  down  quietly 
and  naturally  in  his  new  vocation.  He  shewed  a 
natural  aptitude  for  the  work  and  turned  out  a 
capital  huntsman,  quick,  yet  steady,  always  with  his 
hounds  and  very  observant  of  their  movements,  and 
shewing  also  considerable  knowledge  of  the  habits  of 
the  fox.  He  could  use  his  voice  in  the  woodlands, 
but,  like  all  huntsmen  of  experience,  was  chary  of  its 
use  on  the  moor  where  the  chatter  of  the  field  alone 
will  disturb  a  fox  a  mile  away  down- wind.  I  have 
heard  one  of  the  oldest  sportsmen  in  the  country, 
and  a  good  judge  to  boot,  declare  that  he  never  saw 
anything  better  than  Mr.  Rendell's  style  in  drawing 
the  open  moor  :  his  hounds  not  spreading  too  far, 
and  one  whipper-in  wide  on  each  side  of  him.  The 
whole  pack  then  had  a  chance  of  getting  away  in  a 
body,  often  "  right  on  the  back  "  of  a  fox,  and  fast 
and  furious  was  the  burst  that  would  follow.  Mr. 
Rendell  took  up  his  residence  at  Tor  Newton  House, 
a  central  position  about  a  mile  distant  from  the 
kennels  at  Pulsford  Hills.  He  was  so  fortunate  as  to 
have  a  wife  in  thorough  sympathy  with  his  tastes. 
Mrs.  Rendell  was  herself  keenly  interested  in  the  sport 


MR.  WASHINGTON  M.  G.  SINGER      247 

and  in  the  well-being  of  the  South  Devon  country, 
and  was  a  regular  follower  of  the  pack. 

Steartfield,  Mr.  Singer's  house  at  Paignton,  was 
inconveniently  situated  as  regards  a  great  deal  of 
the  country.  About  this  time  the  Leighon  Estate, 
in  the  parish  of  Ilsington,  came  into  the  market.  It 
was  situated  on  the  edge  of  the  moor  and  comprised 
some  fifteen  hundred  acres,  including  the  Heytor 
valley,  beloved  of  foxes,  and  a  pleasant  residence  at 
its  northern  extremity.  With  the  twofold  object  of 
the  interests  of  the  hunt  and  his  convenience  as 
master,  Mr.  Singer  bought  the  estate  ;  and,  though 
his  own  convenience  was  better  served  by  the  develop- 
ment of  motor-cars  that  soon  followed,  the  advan- 
tages to  the  hunt  from  his  ownership  of  this  property 
has  ever  since  been  very  great.  He  was  also  the 
owner  of  Blagdon  Barton,  near  Paignton,  a  favourite 
fixture  for  the  pack  in  his  time  and  one  where  a  quick 
find  was  usually  a  certainty,  as  it  still  is,  thanks  in  no 
small  measure  to  the  present  excellent  tenant,  Mr. 
Coaker.  The  shooting,  too,  of  the  great  woodlands 
of  Berry  was  at  this  time  in  the  hands  of  the  M.F.H., 
a  fact  which  contributed  in  no  small  measure  to  the 
sport  in  that  part  of  the  country. 

Mr.  Rendell  had  two  excellent  assistants  in  William 
Cole,  from  the  Dartmoor,  as  kennel-huntsman  and 
first  whip,  and  Harry  Thompson,  from  the  Black- 
more  Vale,  as  second  whip,  and  the  three  worked 
together  with  a  harmony  not  always  found  where 
professionals  have  to  minister  to  an  amateur.  Hunts- 
man and  whips  were  well  mounted,  and  the  turn-out 
was  workmanlike  and  smart  without  any  ostentation 
or  useless  extravagance. 

Among  the  best  of  the  hunt  horses,  or  those  owned 
by  Mr.  Rendell,  were  Peter,  an  Irish  horse  bought 


248  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

from  the  late  Mr.  "  Jemmy  "  Deacon,  a  wonder  both 
over  the  moor  and  in-country  and  never  known  to 
tire  ;  Speedwell,  from  the  Eggesford  hunt  stables  ; 
Goldfinch,  bred  by  Mrs.  Rendell,  and  Miss  May, 
bought  from  Mr.  Richard  Ferris  of  Capton  who  bred 
her.  Of  the  last  mentioned,  Mr.  Rendell  says  she 
could  be  trusted  always  to  get  to  or  live  with  hounds 
and  she  never  tired.  Mr.  Ferris,  though  eighty- 
eight  years  of  age,  is  still  riding  clean-bred  ones  ! 
This  is  evidently  the  fruit  of  early  habit,  for  he  won 
a  race  over  three  miles  of  country  when  only  twelve 
years  old. 

The  pack,  at  the  outset,  numbered  forty-one 
couple.  It  was  strengthened  during  the  first  season 
by  the  addition  of  the  Four  Burrow  dog-pack, 
numbering  twenty-five  couple  and  a  half,  purchased 
from  that  well-known  judge  of  what  a  foxhound 
should  be,  Mr.  John  Williams  of  Scorrier.  The 
master  thus  had  plenty  of  material  to  work  upon,  and 
by  the  beginning  of  the  second  season  the  pack  had 
been  drafted  down  to  forty-five  couple,  comprising 
an  equal  number  of  each  sex  and  hunted  as  two 
packs  ;   amply  sufficient  for  three  days  a  week. 

Of  the  Four  Burrow  lot.  Vagrant,  by  the  Grafton 
Woodman  out  of  the  Four  Burrow  Vanity,  was 
perhaps  the  most  fancied,  and  was  very  freely  used 
in  the  kennel.  Mr.  Singer  also  had  a  lot  of  very  good 
hounds  from  the  North  Staffordshire  and  found  the 
Grove  and  the  Badminton  very  good  kennels  to  visit. 

Having  suffered  during  his  partnership  with  Mr. 
Vicary  from  lack  of  support  from  the  Haldon  side 
and  from  difficulty  in  getting  access  to  coverts  there, 
in  consequence  of  many  of  the  shootings  being  let, 
Mr.  Singer  decided  not  to  hunt  the  Haldon  side 
during  his  first  season  as  sole  master.    That  country, 


MR.  WASHINGTON  M.  G.  SINGER      249 

or,  rather,  so  much  of  it  as  was  not  included  in  the 
loan  made  to  the  joint-masters  of  the  Mid-Devon  in 
1897,^  was  accordingly  loaned  for  one  season  to  Mr. 
Morris,  the  then  master  of  the  Tremlett,  a  hunt  now 
extinct.  But  the  arrangement  was  completed  too 
late  in  the  year  to  be  of  much  service  to  Mr.  Morris, 
and,  when  he  retired  at  the  end  of  that  season,  the 
Haldon  side  reverted  to  Mr.  Singer,  who  visited  it 
occasionally  in  his  second  season.  In  his  third 
season,  an  attempt  was  made  to  improve  on  this 
arrangement,  but  the  effort  did  not  meet  with 
sufficient  encouragement,  and,  consequently,  during 
the  season  1904-5  the  Haldon  side  was  not  hunted. 
In  the  following  year,  Mr.  Singer  revived  the  attempt 
and  continued  to  put  in  a  few  days  on  that  side  in 
each  successive  season.  One  great  drawback  was  the 
increasing  number  of  wild  fallow  deer  on  and  around 
Great  Haldon.  They  originated  from  deer  escaped 
from  a  park,  whether  Ugbrooke,  Powderham  or 
Oxton  is  uncertain.  They  have  now  become  so 
numerous  that  last  year  (1915)  I  counted  twenty- 
three  deer  in  one  herd  alone.  Hounds  that  are  quiet 
enough  in  a  park  will  oftentimes  break  away  after 
deer  in  the  open,  or  in  woodlands,  and,  in  such  a  steep 
and  heavily  wooded  country  as  the  Haldon  side,  it  is 
rarely  possible  for  the  hunt  staff  to  get  to  their  heads 
to  stop  them. 

Nevertheless,  some  useful  days  were  put  in  on 
Haldon,  as,  for  example,  when  the  pack  met  at  Ware 
Cross,  Kingsteignton,  on  the  21st  December,  1905. 
The  morning  fox  from  Kingswood  provided  a  capital 
thirty  minutes  before  he  went  to  ground  in  Tower 

1  See  p.  230.  The  loan  of  this  part  of  the  Haldon  aide  terminated  on  Mr. 
Spiller's  retirement  from  the  mastership  of  the  Mid-Devon  Hounds  in  the 
spring  of  1902. 


250  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Plantation,  after  visiting  all  Captain  Templer's 
coverts  and  then  crossing  Little  Haldon.  The  second 
fox  kept  the  pack  hard  at  it  for  an  hour  and  twelve 
minutes,  and  then  he  too  went  to  earth  in  Lidwell 
drain  and  paid  the  penalty.  The  day  was  fast  closing 
in  when  the  first  fox  was  taken  out  and  put  down  on 
Little  Haldon.  He  made  the  most  of  his  oppor- 
tunities and  the  hounds  were  stopped  in  Luscombe 
after  twenty  minutes,  it  being  then  five  o'clock  and 
quite  dark. 

If  circumstances  militated  against  continued  suc- 
cess on  the  Haldon  side,  a  great  deal  of  excellent 
sport  was  obtained  on  the  other  side  of  the  Teign. 
Here  are  some  samples  : 

1902,  March  10th.  Granite  Lodge,  Stover.  A  good 
run  from  Staplehill  over  the  enclosed  country  by 
Hobbin,  Chercombe  Bridge,  Whiterock,  Westwoods 
and  Two  Mile  Oak,  changing  there  to  a  vixen. 

April  15th.  Natsworthy.  A  first-class  gallop  from 
Hamildon  Beacon  to  Coal  Mire,  over  Blackaton 
Newtake  by  Coombe  Farm,  Bag  Park  Plantation  and 
Pitton  Farm,  across  the  Widdicombe  Valley,  over 
Honey  Bag  Tor  by  Hedge  Barton  to  Houndtor  Rocks 
and  on  to  Hayne  Down  and  Bowerman's  Nose,  where 
they  killed  in  the  open  after  the  fox  had  gone  into  the 
rocks  and  come  out  again.  Thirty  minutes  at  a 
racing  pace.  Mr.  Rendell,  riding  Peter,  and  Cole 
were  the  only  two  who  could  live  with  the  pack. 

A  very  good  in-country  day  and  one  to  test  the 
hunting  powers  of  the  pack  was  that  of  the  14th 
March,  1903,  the  fixture  being  Granite  Lodge,  Stover. 
The  first  fox  kept  the  pack  busy  for  an  hour  and 
fifteen  minutes  and  ran  through  all  the  Stover  coverts 
and  those  of  Miss  Divett,  before  he  was  killed  near 
the    Heathfield    Potteries.      Another    from    Custreet 


MR.  WASHINGTON  M.  G.  SINGER      251 

went  away  by  Staplehill  to  Stover  and  over  the 
railway  to  Indio,  being  ultimately  earthed  near  where 
he  was  found  after  one  hour  and  fifty  minutes'  solid 
hunting. 

From  Natsworthy,  we  had  a  grand  run  on  the  21st 
November,  1903,  with  a  fox  that  stole  away  unseen 
from  the  top  of  Hamildon.  The  pack  crossed  the 
road  and  valley  and  ran  over  Challacombe  hill  to 
Birch  Tor.  Then  left-handed  through  the  old  mine 
workings  and  the  whole  length  of  Sousand  Warren 
to  Runnage,  over  Merripit  Hill  to  Stannon  Tor,  and 
on  to  Ladehill,  where  a  short  check  occurred.  Being 
soon  righted,  hounds  ran  over  the  boggy  country  as 
if  for  Stat's  Hill,  where  the  fox  turned  down  wind 
over  Hartland  Tor  to  Post  Bridge  and  Dury  and  w^as 
pulled  down  in  the  open  within  a  field  of  Belliver 
Bridge  after  one  hour  and  twenty-five  minutes.  The 
greater  part  of  this  run  was  in  the  teeth  of  a  north- 
westerly gale.    There  was  a  rare  scent. 

The  12th  March,  1904,  provided  a  magnificent 
day's  sport,  finishing  up  with  the  run  of  the  season, 
perhaps  of  many  seasons.  The  place  of  meeting  was 
Manaton  Green,  and  a  fox  from  Hayne  Down  was 
first  hunted  unsuccessfully  for  thirty  minutes. 
Another,  that  was  raked  up  on  the  Heatree  side  of 
King  Tor,  out  of  a  patch  of  heather  through  which 
four  or  five  of  the  field  had  just  ridden,  popped  into 
the  earths  at  Heathercombe.  The  great  run  began 
from  Grim  Tor  in  the  afternoon,  and  the  pack  led  us 
over  the  hill  of  Challacombe,  past  the  Golden  Dagger 
Mine  and  Sousand  Warren,  crossed  the  Princetown 
road  and  entered  the  Mid-Devon  country.  Caroline 
Bog  was  passed  on  our  left.  Fern  worthy  Newtake 
and  Assycombe  hill  crossed  at  great  speed,  and 
Teignhead  Farm  reached.     From  here,  the  line  led 


252  THE  SOLTH  DEVON  HI'NT 

over  Manga  straight  to  the  ver>-  top  of  Steeperton, 
on  to  Xack  Mine  and  Oke  Tor.  and  across  Scad- 
bottom  to  East  Mill  Tor  :  then,  leaving  Hartor  Farm 
to  the  right,  up  the  stream  to  West  Mill  Tor  and 
Rou^  Tor,  where  the  fox  got  to  ground  within  a 
quarter  of  a  mile  of  the  Okehampton  Artillery  Camp. 
Time,  one  hour  and  three-quarters.  A  twelve-mile 
point,  measured  on  the  map,  and  quite  fifteen  as 
hounds  ran  :  all  of  it  on  the  moor  and,  for  the  most 
part,  over  excellent  going.  But  though  we  never  got 
on  to  the  bogs  proper,  there  were  two  or  tiiree  miles 
of  very  nerve-racking  ground  in  the  latter  half  of  the 
run,  and  the  number  that  persevered  after  Teignhead 
and  reached  the  end  was  but  ei^ht  all  told,  amoncrst 
them,  in  addition  to  the  staff,  being  Mr.  W.  R.  Vicaiy% 
Mr.  L.  G.  Vicaiy,  Mr.  Frank  Thomas,  riding  'Sirs. 
Rendell's  Old  Lol,  and  Mr.  Spiller,  who  piloted  the 
field  after  the  Mid-Devon  countiy  had  been  fairly 
invaded.  Mr.  Rendell  and  the  pack  had  thirty  miles 
back  to  kennel,  which  they  reached  at  10.35,  having 
left  home  in  the  morning  at  8.30. 

A  red-letter  day  was  the  29th  of  the  same  month. 
There  was  a  tremendous  scent,  and  hounds  raced  a 
fox  from  Warren  Inn  to  Riddon  Mire,  Belliver,  Arch 
Tor,  Rough  Tor  and  the  bogs  beyond,  where  they 
killed :  ten  miles  in  an  hour  and  twenty  minutes. 
When  crossing  Riddon  Mire,  the  pack  di^-ided  and 
one  half  went  away  with  a  fresh  fox  to  Cator  and 
Comdon  Tor  and  killed  him  at  Comdon  Ford  Farm 
in  a  stable.  Dalesman  roared  at  him  in  the  manger 
like  a  lion.  Ttiis  was  a  race  from  start  to  finish  and 
occupied  thirty-five  minutes. 

Given  weather,  one  is  generally  sm*e  of  sport  from 
Widdicombe-in-the-Moor,  but  rarely  has  that  fixture 
provided  a  better  day  than  on  the  6th  April,  1904, 


MR.  WASHINGTON  M.  G.  SINGER       253 

begiiminff  with  thirty  minutes  to  ground  from  Coal 
Mire  to  Bunhill  Rocks  and  finkhing  with  a  great  hunt 
of  an  hour  and  forty-five  minutes,  first,  all  over  Hamil- 
don  and  then  away  to  Hemstone  Rocks,  Sittaford 
Tor,  Whitehorse  Hill  and  Dart  Head,  where  hounds 
earthed  their  fox  within  half  a  mile  of  Cranmere  Pool. 
This  was  a  very  hard  day  for  horses,  the  moor  being 
very  wet,  and  some  of  the  ground  was  very  bad  indeed. 

In  the  following  season,  Widdicombe  was  again 
the  trysting  place  on  the  occasion  of  another  really 
great  day,  the  14th  of  January,  1905. 

The  morning  kept  us  fully  occupied  with  a  run  of 
fortv-five  minutes  from  Bag  Park  over  Ham il don  bv 
Blackaton,  Comdon  Tor,  Yar  Tor  and  Cupboard 
Holt,  to  earth  in  the  Dartmoor  country  under 
Cumpston  Tor,  followed  by  a  quick  circular  fifteen 
minutes  around  Challacombe  to  ground.  This  alone 
would  have  sent  us  home  satisfied,  but  more  was  in 
store. 

The  run  of  the  day  may  be  said  to  have  begun  at 
Warren  Inn.  where  a  moved  fox  had  crossed  the  road 
with  something  like  a  ten-minutes"  start,  a  big 
handicap  with  a  Dartmoor  afternoon  fox.  Leaving 
King's  Oven  on  the  right,  they  ran  over  Fern  worthy 
Little  Newtake,  Assycombe  Hill,  Hemstone  Bog  and 
Hill,  into  Teignhead  Newtake  and  on  to  Sittaford 
Tor.  From  here  the  fox  took  a  big  ring  by  Varra- 
combe  bottom,  Whitehorse  TTill,  Dart  Head  and 
Stat's  Hill.  He  was  viewed  scarcely  a  hundred  yards 
before  the  pack,  but  was  headed  at  Sittaford  Tor, 
which  caused  a  check  that  saved  his  life,  though  he 
was  not  given  up  until  Femworthy  was  reached. 
The  nm  was  very  fast  until  the  fatal  check.  I  know 
one  of  the  field  who  got  as  far  as  the  RA.  signalling 
post  on  Whitehorse  Hill  and  there  climbed  to  the  top 


254  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

of  the  flagstaff  in  the  hope  of  again  seeing  the  vanished 
pack.  In  the  faihng  Hght  of  a  winter's  afternoon  the 
scene  from  that  elevation  was  one  of  utter  desolation. 
There  was  neither  sign  nor  sound  of  any  living  thing, 
and  nothing  was  left  but  to  get  the  tired  horse  off  the 
moor  while  the  light  served,  and  then  to  Chagford  to 
claim  a  night's  hospitality  for  the  beast  from  Mr. 
Spiller. 

Two  brilliant  gallops  fell  to  the  lot  of  the  pack 
during  the  Hunt  Week  that  season. 

The  first,  on  the  6th  April,  1905,  ended,  after  fifty- 
five  minutes  with  barely  a  check,  with  a  kill  in  the 
open  at  Scobitor.  The  fox  was  found  in  the  old 
mine  workings  under  Birch  Tor  and  took  us  over 
Headland  and  Challacombe  Warrens,  up  to  the  top 
of  Hamildon  and  down  the  other  side  by  Wood  Pitts 
and  Stone  Farm  ;  across  the  Widdicombe  valley  by 
Honeybag  Tor  and  Holwell  Tor  to  WTiite  Gate, 
thence  through  Newhouse  Mire  to  Scobitor. 

The  second  took  place  on  the  8th  of  the  same 
month,  the  fixture  being  Warren  Inn,  to  draw  by 
invitation  the  country  hunted  by  the  Mid-Devon,  of 
which  Mr.  Spiller  was  at  that  time  master.  This  run 
was  very  fast  throughout,  and  lasted  forty-seven 
minutes,  at  the  end  of  which  the  fox  went  to  ground 
in  Fernworthy  Newtake  near  the  spot  where  he  had 
been  found.  The  run  was  in  a  ring,  and  the  points 
touched  were  Hemstone  Rocks,  Metherell  Bog,  Lake- 
land, Birch  Tor,  Caroline  Mine,  \Miite  Ridge  and 
Assycombe  Hill. 

A  hard  day,  and  one  of  interest  in  many  respects, 
was  the  12th  September,  1905.  The  pack  met  at 
7  a.m.  at  Challacombe,  the  place  after  which  Mr. 
Singer  had  christened  the  horse  that  won  the 
St.  Leger  for  him   the   day  after  that   of  which  I 


]VIR.  WASHINGTON  M.  G.  SINGER       255 

write.  That  the  master  was  fairly  confident  of 
victory  may  be  inferred  from  his  answer  to  Mr. 
Rendell's  question  as  to  when  they  would  meet 
again  :    "  Not  until  after  I  have  won  the  Leger  !  " 

A  litter  of  cubs  was  rattled  about  Birch  Tor  and  a 
mangy  one  disposed  of.  Then  another,  similarly 
afflicted,  took  a  ring  from  Sousand  by  Warren  Inn 
and  back,  and  then  by  Grendon,  Cator  and  Riddon 
Mire  to  Snailshouse  and  Laughter  Tor  and  back  to 
Belliver  Bridge  and  Pizwell  Bog,  where  the  pack 
unluckily  changed  on  to  a  fresh  one,  crossed  the 
Moreton  road  and  ran  to  Stannon  and  Hartland  Tor, 
where,  as  he  was  pointing  for  the  bogs,  hounds  were 
stopped.  ]\Ir.  Rendell  had  left  home  that  morning 
at  4.20  and  got  back  at  four  o'clock  in  the  after- 
noon. This  was  a  hard  day  so  early  in  the  season, 
especially  for  the  eight  couple  of  young  hounds 
out.  Only  one  of  these  was  missing  at  the  end, 
and  she  turned  up  three  hours  later.  In  the  course 
of  the  run,  the  Dart  was  crossed  three  times,  and  the 
hounds  ran  into  four  countries — the  South  Devon, 
Dartmoor,  Mid-Devon  and  Lamerton. 

Another  red-letter  day,  and  one  that  shews  that 
hounds  could  give  a  good  account  of  themselves  in 
the  in-country  as  well  as  on  the  moor,  was  the  14th 
December,  1905,  when  they  met  at  Huxhams  Cross. 
The  pack  literally  raced  from  North  Wood  across  the 
Huxhams  Cross — Staverton  Bridge  road,  up  by  the 
river  to  Hood  Bridge  and  Hood  Ball,  to  Velwell  and 
Higher  Velwell,  to  Long  Lane  below  Three  Gates, 
past  Allerton  House,  to  the  left  over  Whiteley  and 
back  over  the  brook  to  Yarner  Beacon  nearly  to 
Lownard  ;  then  to  Bellamy  and  up  the  valley  to 
Westcombe,  on  to  Cames  Do^\ti  Barn,  into  the 
Dartmoor  country  and  by  Rattery  Lane  and  Bulka- 


256  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

more  Farm  to  Luscombe  Wood.  From  there  the 
pack  flew  down  the  valley  below  Brounston  to  Velwell 
House  and  Wood  Copse  to  ground.  The  time  was 
sixty  minutes,  and  the  pace  terrific  throughout.  Mr. 
Rendell,  who  rode  two  horses,  Ladybird  and  Peter, 
almost  to  a  standstill,  considers  it  the  fastest  in- 
country  run  for  the  time  occupied  that  he  ever  saw. 
Hounds  were  several  times  in  the  same  field  with 
their  fox.  It  is  uncertain  whether  they  changed,  but 
one  may  at  least  doubt  whether  the  stoutest  fox 
could  have  stood  before  them  so  long  at  the  pace. 
The  field  were  "  spread-eagled,"  though  some  of 
them  nicked  in  from  time  to  time  at  the  turns. 

Here  is  a  note  of  a  run  that  Mr.  Rendell  considers 
to  have  been  the  best  he  ever  saw — and  that  is  no 
faint  praise. 

Saturday,  10th  March,  1906.  Manaton.  Find  in 
Luckern  Valley.  After  being  headed  and  getting  a 
start,  the  fox  makes  his  point  for  Eastdon  Down, 
passes  Gratnar  and  dips  down  the  valley  under 
Shapeley  Farm  and  over  the  enclosures  to  Moor 
Gate  ;  there  he  turns  first  left-handed  over  Shapeley 
Common  and  then  to  the  right  and  crosses  the 
Moreton  road.  Up  to  this  point,  hounds  have  had  to 
hunt  the  line  over  burnt  commons  and  ploughed 
fields,  flinging  themselves  for'ard  all  the  time.  Now 
they  are  on  virgin  soil  and  able  to  run  in  earnest. 
They  fly  over  Bush  Down  to  the  Lakeland  valley, 
climb  Hurston  Ridge,  leave  Fernworthy  Newtake  to 
their  right  and  scream  over  Stannon  and  White 
Ridge,  breaking  the  wall  into  Teignhead  Newtake 
and  running  by  Grey  Wethers  to  Sittaford  Tor  and 
the  bogs  beyond,  as  if  for  Broadmarsh  and  Fur  Tor. 
But  the  pace  is  too  good  up-wind,  and  the  fox  turns 
down  the  Varracombe  bottom  to  Teignhead  Cottage, 


MR.  WASHINGTON  M.  G.  SINGER       257 

crosses  the  North  Teign  to  Stonetor  and  Shovel 
Down,  and  is  rolled  over  in  the  open  at  Batworthy 
close  under  Kestor  Rock.  Time,  one  hour  and  fifty- 
seven  minutes.  The  point,  as  the  crow  flies,  from 
Luckern  holts  to  Stat's  Hill  is  eight  miles  ;  from 
Stat's  Hill  to  Batworthy  four  miles  ;  as  hounds  ran, 
rather  over  fourteen. 

The  finish  of  this  run  was  just  spoilt  for  most  of 
the  field  through  the  fog  that  hung  in  patches  and 
caused  us  to  miss  the  hounds  when  they  turned  before 
the  end,  with  the  result  that  only  Messrs.  W.  R. 
Vicary  and  L.  G.  Vicary  with  the  huntsman  and 
second  whip  were  there  to  see  the  fox  broken  up. 
Mrs.  W.  Rendell,  riding  Old  Lol,  went  well  through 
this  run.  Only  one  hound,  little  Bertha,  was  left  out, 
and  she  returned  to  kennels  next  day. 

The  most  terrific  burst  that  I  remember  was  one  of 
twenty-two  minutes,  on  the  7th  April,  1906,  killing 
in  the  open.  Those  who  know  the  stamina  of  a 
Dartmoor  fox  will  appreciate  what  that  means.  This 
fox  was  lying  on  a  naked  patch  of  newly-swaled 
ground  on  Assycombe  Hill.  Our  being  over  the  border 
is  accounted  for  by  its  being  the  Hunt  Week.  The 
pack  got  away  close  to  his  brush,  raced  over  White 
Ridge  to  Sittaford  Tor,  turned  left-handed,  and 
killed  in  Ladle  Bottom.  Every  one,  with  the  excep- 
tion of  Mr.  W.  Rendell,  was  outpaced ;  but  Mr. 
G.  H.  Hext,  riding  the  chord  of  the  arc,  was  the  first 
there  to  pick  up  the  fox. 

The  dog  pack  had  a  first-rate  hunt  of  an  hour  and 
five  minutes,  the  greater  part  of  which  was  in  the 
in-country,  on  the  11th  December,  1906,  with  one  of 
a  brace  found  in  Whiddon  Brake  after  meeting  at 
Goodstone  Gate.  Rushlade  and  Pensland  Valley, 
Welstor  Farm  and  Buckland  Beacon  came  in  the 


258  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

line,  which  then  lay  past  Newhouse  Mire  and  Bagtor 
Mire  to  Mill  Wood  and  Burchanger ;  the  pack 
then  crossed  the  Bickington  road  to  the  Heytor 
Hotel,  leaving  Ilsington  Vicarage  on  the  left,  and 
ran  into  the  fox  close  to  Narrowcombe  House. 

The  runs  noted  above  do  not  by  any  means  exhaust 
those  of  exceptional  excellence,  but  they  suffice  as 
examples  of  such  as  rank  as  first-class.  Many  were 
the  good  days,  and  many  the  fair  days,  which,  after 
all,  go  to  make  up  the  sum  of  a  season's  enjoyment. 

A  unique  and  somewhat  dramatic  finish  to  a  fast, 
but  twisting,  run  of  forty  minutes  around  Heytor, 
Rippon  Tor,  Bagtor  and  Pinchaford,  occurred  on  the 
12th  February,  1907.  The  fox  eventually  climbed  to 
the  top  of  the  southernmost  of  the  two  big  rocks  at 
Heytor  and  was  killed  on  its  very  summit. 

The  presence  of  wild  red  deer  in  Buckland  Woods 
having  again  been  reported  in  the  year  1903,  Mr. 
Singer  invited  Mr.  E.  A.  V.  Stanley  to  bring  the 
Quantock  Staghounds  down  to  hunt  them  early  in 
April.  Mr.  Stanley  stayed  at  Leighon  with  the 
master,  and  the  pack  met  on  the  7th  April  at  the 
Heytor  Hotel,  Ilsington.  One  stag  was  roused  in 
Buckland  but  quickly  vanished,  and  the  rest  of  the 
day  was  spent  in  the  vain  endeavour  to  find  another. 

At  this  time  the  Moor  Week,  or  South  Devon  Hunt 
Week,  which  had  come  into  vogue  during  Dr.  Gaye's 
mastership,  was  a  flourishing  institution  at  the  end  of 
each  season.  It  has  fallen  somewhat  into  desuetude 
of  recent  years,  but  in  Mr.  Singer's  time  it  was  a  very 
enjoyable  affair.  Neighbouring  packs,  usually  the 
Dartmoor  or  the  Mid-Devon,  came  by  invitation  to 
make  up,  with  the  South  Devon,  a  full  week's  hunting 
on  the  moor.  Sometimes  a  pack  would  come  from 
further  afield.     The  Cattistock,  under  Mr.  Chandos- 


MR.  WASHINGTON  M.  G.  SINGER      259 

Pole  ;  the  Tremlett,  under  Sir  John  Shelley ;  the 
Exmoor,  under  Mr.  Brunskill,  and  the  Silverton, 
under  Mr.  Pape,  and  I  think  also  the  Lamerton,  have 
at  one  time  or  another  added  variety  to  the  Week. 
These  gatherings  drew  together  the  keenest  men  from 
the  several  hunts,  and  there  was  just  sufficient 
friendly  rivalry  between  them  to  bring  out  the  best 
qualities  of  all.    It  was  a  case  of  : 

"  Eager  and  emulous  only  ;  not  spiteful, 
Grudging  no  friend  tho'  ourselves  he  may  beat, 
Just  enough  danger  to  make  sport  delightful, 
Toil  just  sufficient  to  make  slumber  sweet." 

At  the  beginning  of  the  season  1902-3  certain 
correspondence  took  place  between  the  South  Devon 
Hunt  and  the  Dartmoor  Hunt  with  reference  to  the 
Curtisknowle  coverts  and  Woodleigh  Woods,  forming 
part  of  the  country  formerly  hunted  by  Sir  Henry 
Scale.  Both  hunts  claimed  these  particular  coverts 
as  within  their  borders.  In  the  month  of  May 
following,  a  meeting  took  place  at  Plymouth  at 
which  were  present,  on  behalf  of  the  Dartmoor  Hunt, 
Mr.  Martin  and  Mr.  Mackworth  Parker  and  Mr. 
Crake  the  honorary  secretary,  and,  as  representing  the 
South  Devon,  Mr.  Hext  and  Mr.  W.  Rendell.  At 
this  meeting,  Sir  Henry  Scale's  letter  of  the  12th 
August,  1846,  referred  to  in  an  earlier  chapter,  ^  was 
produced  and  also  a  letter  of  the  16th  June,  1877, 
from  Mr.  Hare  of  Curtisknowle  to  Admiral  Parker. 
The  members  of  the  Dartmoor  Hunt  relied  on  these 
two  letters  as  proving  the  claim  of  that  hunt  to  the 
country  in  question.  An  arrangement  was  arrived  at, 
and  Mr.  Singer  hunted  the  country  in  question  from 
1902  to  1907. 

1  See  p.  81. 


260  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

One  of  the  hardest  and  best  days  in  this  particular 
country  was  the  13th  December,  1906,  from  Curtis- 
knowle.  The  bitch  pack  found  at  12.35  and  ran 
till  3.15,  running  twice  through  the  Woodleigh  and 
Titcombe  Woods.    All  the  horses  were  done  up. 

In  October,  1903,  Mr.  Lucius  Vicary  was  elected 
honorary  secretary  in  succession  to  Mr.  G.  H.  Hext, 
who  resigned  after  having  served  the  hunt  for  over 
twenty  years  in  that  capacity.  At  a  dinner  given  to 
Mr.  Hext  by  members  of  the  hunt  on  the  9th 
December,  he  was  presented  with  a  very  handsome 
silver  tea-tray  bearing  his  crest  and  the  legend  : 
"  Presented  to  George  Hawkins  Hext  by  Members  of 
the  South  Devon  Hunt  as  a  memento  of  his  valuable 
services  as  Honorary  Secretary  from  1883-1903." 

Mr.  Singer  made  himself  much  liked  by  everyone 
connected  with  the  hunt.  His  manner  with  his  field 
was  ever  quiet  and  courteous,  though  he  could  be 
firm  when  occasion  arose.  On  the  only  occasion  on 
which  I  ever  heard  him  "  blow  up  "  anybody,  he 
happened  to  pitch  upon  the  wrong  man,  who,  how- 
ever, readily  adopted  the  master's  suggestion  of 
setting  off  the  reprimand  against  some  other  occasion 
when  it  had  doubtless  been  well  earned. 

Some  followers  of  the  pack  have  already  been 
named  in'  these  pages.  The  following  additions  to 
the  field  occurred  during  the  decade  1897-1907. 
Major  S.  Belfield,  who  rented  Ogwell  for  two  or  three 
years ;  Miss  Brereton,  Mr.  C.  M.  Barran,  Miss  Barran, 
Mr.  A.  Densham,  Mr.  Leigh  Densham,  for  many  years 
master  of  the  Dart  Vale  Harriers,  and  Mrs.  L. 
Densham,  Mr.  J.  F.  G.  Froes,  Mr.  G.  M.  Fleming, 
Major  Jephson,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Hodgkinson,  and  Mr.  W. 
Barnes  (on  the  Haldon  side)  ;  Mr.  F.  Hemstead, 
Captain  Alers  Hankey  and  Mrs.  Hankey,  Mr.  H.  E. 


MR.  WASHINGTON  M.  G.  SINGER      261 

Alers  Hankey,  Miss  Hankey,  Captain  J.  G.  B.  Leth- 
bridge,  always  in  front  despite  the  loss  of  the  whole 
of  his  right  arm  ;  Mr.  F.  S.  B.  Lethbridge,  Messrs. 
J.  A.  MacLellan,  Mann,  R.  W.  Matthew,  R.  Menneer, 
H.  B.  Peacock,  the  Hon.  Mrs.  Jervoise-Smith,  Mrs. 
Cave-Penny,  Mrs.  Froude,  Colonel  Patch  and  his  son 
Mr.  J.  Patch,  Captain  Phillpotts,  r.n.,  Messrs.  C.  J. 
Swears,  F.  Wilkins  and  E.  W.  Scratton.  The  last- 
named  became  later  master  of  the  Haldon  Harriers. 

All  was  going  merrily  and  well,  when  the  news  of 
Mr.  Singer's  resignation  came  upon  the  hunt  with  the 
suddenness  of  a  thunderclap.  It  was  known  that  his 
doctor  had  insisted  upon  his  wintering  abroad  instead 
of  hunting  during  the  season  1906-7  ;  but  the  master 
had  expressed  the  hope  and  belief,  which  was  shared 
by  all,  that  he  would  be  able  to  take  the  field  again 
the  following  year.  His  decision  to  give  up  at  the 
end  of  the  season  was  received  in  the  latter  part  of 
February,  1907,  and  the  committee  at  once  cabled  in 
reply  begging  him  to  reconsider  it.  This,  to  the  great 
regret  of  all,  he  was  unable  to  do,  and  at  a  well- 
attended  meeting  of  the  members  held  on  the  13th 
March,  1907,  a  resolution  was  unanimously  passed 
accepting  with  the  greatest  regret  Mr.  Singer's 
resignation  of  the  mastership  and  thanking  him  most 
earnestly  for  the  very  efficient  manner  in  which  he 
had  carried  out  his  duties  as  master.  The  resolution 
went  on  to  say  that  the  members  present  desired,  on 
behalf  of  the  whole  hunt,  to  express  their  gratitude 
for  his  most  generous  and  sportsmanlike  conduct  in 
hunting  the  country  as  he  had  done,  and  the  sincere 
wish  of  one  and  all  for  his  speedy  and  permanent 
recovery  of  good  health.  It  was  also  then  and  there 
decided  to  make  him  a  presentation  in  recognition  of 
his  able  and  generous  services  as  master.     Accord- 


262  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

ingly,  in  due  course,  on  the  8th  October,  1907,  the 
presentation  was  made  by  Lord  CHfford  at  a  dinner 
given  to  Mr.  Singer  by  the  members  at  the  Globe 
Hotel  at  Ne\\i:on  Abbot,  at  which  Mr.  Robert  Vicary, 
Mr.  Singer's  former  colleague  and  at  that  time  chair- 
man of  the  hunt  committee,  presided. 

The  gift  consisted  of  a  very  beautiful  silver  Augs- 
burg cup  with  the  inscription :  "  Presented  to 
Washington  M.  G.  Singer,  Esquire,  on  his  retirement 
from  the  Mastership  of  the  South  Devon  Foxhounds, 
by  the  Members  of  the  Hunt  as  a  token  of  their 
regard  and  esteem.    July,  1907. "^ 

Many  complimentary  things  were  said  about  the 
retiring  master  and  the  speeches  were  obviously 
sincere,  for  there  was  no  mistaking  the  genuine  and 
universal  regret  at  parting  with  one  who  had  served 
the  hunt  so  well. 

^  The  presentation  was  originaUy  fixed  for  July. 


MR.   AND    MRS.    H.   F.   BRUNSKILL    AND   THE    PACK 

riiutj  by  Elliot  ami   Fry 

To  face  page  -263 


CHAPTER    XXII 

MR.'*HUBERT   F.   BRUNSKILL :   1907-13 

Terms  of  agreement  to  hvmt  the  country — Brings  his  own  pack — Mr.  Singer's 
Hounds  sold  at  Rugby — Mr.  Brunskill  :  a  Devonshire  man — Early  days — 
Successively  master  of  the  Exmoor  and  the  Silverton — As  a  huntsman — 
His  hounds — Interest  in  the  Kennel — Success  at  shows — Favourite  blood 
— A  large  young  entry — Viceroy — Develops  Sir  Henry  Scale's  old  country 
— Permission  to  the  Haldon  Harriers  to  hunt  foxes  on  Haldon — Loans  of 
country  :  Haldon  to  the  Silverton  ;  Canonteign  to  the  Mid-Devon — 
Hunt  ball  inaugurated — Agrees  to  hunt  the  country  for  a  fvu*ther  five 
years — Mrs.  Brunskill  :  her  knowledge  of  the  sport ;  leads  the  field — 
Mr.  L.  G.  Vicary  succeeded  by  Major  Cobham  as  hon.  sec. — An  admirable 
secretary — Roger  Hannaford — Notes  of  sport — Good  runs — Disaffection 
in  the  hunt — Harmony  restored — Change  in  the  constitution  of  the  hunt 
— New  rules  adopted — The  master  resigns — Presentation  to  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Brunskill — Sale  of  hounds. 

"  '  Pray,  gentlemen,  restrain  your  pace. 
Do  give  my  hounds  a  little  space. 
Just  room  to  turn  ;   pray  check  your  rein. 
Then  catch  them  if  you  can  again.' 
'V^ain  is  the  prayer  :   'twere  easier  far 
To  stem  the  rolling  tide  of  war." 

(Dartmoor  Days.) 

IT  SO  happened  that  Mr.  Singer's  resignation  co- 
incided with  that  of  Mr.  Brunskill,  who  had  just 
completed  one  season  as  master  of  the  Silverton. 

Mr.  Brunskill  then  offered  to  hunt  the  South  Devon 
country  two  days  a  week  on  a  guarantee  of  £500 
per  annum  (which  sum  was  to  include  all  field 
expenses)  and  kennels  rent-free,  with  a  stipulation 
that  a  five-shilling  "  cap  "  for  non  -  subscribers 
should  be  established.  On  those  terms  he  was 
elected  master  at  a  general  meeting  held  on  the  13th 
March,    1907.      The    hunt    was    thus    fortunate    in 


264  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

avoiding  an  interregnum.  As  Mr.  Brunskill  brought 
his  own  pack  of  hounds,  Mr.  Singer  disposed  of  his 
at  Rugby  in  the  spring. 

The  new  master  was  a  Devonshire  man  and  no 
stranger  to  the  country.  His  own  property,  Buckland- 
Tout-Saints,  is  situated  within  its  Hmits,  and,  though 
hunting  mostly  with  the  Dartmoor  when  at  home,  he 
had  often  been  one  of  a  South  Devon  field.  He  was 
also  well  known  throughout  the  county  as  a  good 
cricketer,  having  taken  up  the  game  with  enthusiasm 
first  at  Clifton  College  and  afterwards  at  Exeter 
College,  Oxford.  Hunting  came  as  a  natural  instinct 
to  him,  for  he  first  began  to  follow  hounds  at  the  age 
of  seven  years,  and  never  afterwards  lost  an  oppor- 
tunity of  getting  out  with  any  pack  that  happened  to 
be  within  his  reach.  His  earliest  experience  of  carry- 
ing the  horn  was  acquired  with  a  pack  of  beagles 
when  a  boy  ;  later,  he  kept  and  hunted  the  South 
Pool  Harriers.  In  1905  he  became  master  of  the 
Exmoor  Foxhounds  and  in  the  following  season 
transferred  his  pack  to  the  Silverton  country.  Being 
young  and  keen,  he  naturally  hunted  the  hounds 
himself  and  continued  to  do  so  when  he  came  to  the 
South  Devon. 

It  is  not  given  to  every  young  huntsman,  who  is  a 
light-weight  and  a  good  rider,  to  restrain  his  impetu- 
osity and  a  natural  ambition  to  right  his  hounds 
quickly  when  at  fault ;  but  Mr.  Brunskill  was  more 
partial  to  letting  his  hounds  hunt  the  line  than  to 
casting  them,  being,  perhaps,  of  the  same  opinion  as 
the  old  Irish  huntsman  who  rebuked  his  young 
master  with  the  remark  :  "  My  lord,  the  most 
ignorant  young  hound  in  the  pack  knows  a  great 
deal  more  about  hunting  than  you  or  I."  As  a 
consequence,  Mr.  Brunskill's  hounds  were  expert  at 


1 


MR.  HUBERT  F.  BRUNSKILL  265 

extricating  themselves  from  difficulties  without  assist- 
ance, which,  in  a  country  like  ours,  is  of  great  import- 
ance. This  does  not  mean  that  Mr.  Brunskill  did  not 
always  lead  his  field — and  not  infrequently  outpaced 
them  altogether  on  the  moor — but  there  are  times 
in  most  countries  (and  they  occur  often  in  Devon- 
shire) when,  from  the  nature  of  the  country,  the 
pack  gets  out  of  reach  of  its  huntsman,  however 
resolute  a  rider  he  may  be. 

Another  essential  quality,  one  that  Mr.  Milne  puts 
as  the  first  requisite  in  a  hound,  is  tongue,  and  this 
the  pack  had  in  a  marked  degree.  When  at  fault,  the 
master  let  his  hounds  cast  themselves  in  silence,  so 
that,  when  out  of  his  reach,  they  did  not  miss  the 
words  of  encouragement  indulged  in  by  some  prac- 
titioners. He  had  a  good  voice  and  his  note  on  the 
horn  was  remarkable  for  tone  and  power  and  variety 
of  expression.  I  do  not  think  I  ever  heard  a  better 
performer,  not  even  excepting  the  late  Charles  Little- 
worth. 

The  master  took  tremendous  interest  in  his  kennel 
and  had  that  enviable  quality  "  a  good  eye  "  for  a 
hound.  He  was  a  regular  visitor  to  Peterborough  and 
always  sought  for  the  best  blood  obtainable  with  a 
view  to  building  up  a  really  good  pack  of  hounds.  In 
this  he  certainly  succeeded,  and  the  proof  may  be 
found  in  the  prices  realized  when  the  pack  came  to 
be  sold.  To  accomplish  this,  however,  a  strong  body 
of  young  hounds  is  necessary,  and  there  is  always 
the  risk  of  their  number  being  kept  up  to  the  detri- 
ment of  that  of  the  third  and  fourth  season  hunters. 

Mr.  Brunskill  did  well  at  the  West  of  England 
Hound  Show  held  at  Exeter  in  1912.  The  entries 
were  open  to  the  counties  of  Dorset,  Somerset,  Devon, 
Cornwall,  Hampshire,  Gloucester  and  Wiltshire,  and 


266  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

the  competition  was  keen,  the  following  kennels 
being  represented  :  Blackmore  Vale,  Mr.  Scott 
Brown's,  East  Devon,  South  Devon,  South  Dorset, 
Eggesford,  West  Somerset  and  V.W.H.  (Cricklade). 
The  South  Devon  won  a  first  with  Trophy,  two 
seconds  with  Viceroy,  a  second  with  Viceroy  and 
Benedict,  a  second  with  Speedy  and  Sunflower,  and 
a  second  with  Gaylass  and  Gaily.  Always,  as  Mr. 
Brunskill  says,  not  quite  good  enough  to  win,  but 
always  quite  good  enough  in  their  work. 

The  pack  averaged  in  number  from  forty-three 
couple  and  a  half  to  forty-six  couple  and  a  half.  The 
master  kept  up  its  strength  by  breeding  extensively, 
having  recourse  chiefly  to  the  blood  of  the  Brocklesby, 
Badminton  and  Atherstone  kennels  and,  later,  that 
of  the  Cattistock. 

At  his  first  puppy- judging  in  February,  1908, 
thirty-two  couple  and  a  half  out  of  forty -two  couple 
put  out  to  walk  came  under  the  eye  of  the  judges, 
Mr.  Unwin  (Tiverton)  and  Captain  Kinglake  (Taunton 
Vale).  Of  these,  nine  couple  were  by  the  Brocklesby 
dogs  Dealer  (1904)  or  Vanguard  (1904).  A  good- 
looking  son  of  the  latter,  named  Pirate,  from  Passion, 
a  charming  bitch  from  the  South  Cheshire  kennels, 
took  first  prize  for  dogs.  Lavender,  by  the  Tiverton 
Sportsman  out  of  Likely  from  the  Wentworth,  was 
considered  the  best  of  the  bitches. 

Probably  the  best  hound  Mr.  Brunskill  bred  while 
he  had  the  South  Devon,  was  Viceroy  (1911),  by 
Vagabond  (1909).  The  last-named  was  by  the 
notorious  Atherstone  Villager  (1902).  Viceroy  was 
an  excellent  dog  to  hunt  and,  as  has  already  been 
seen,  was  no  discredit  to  the  kennel  at  a  hound  show. 
Besides  winning  many  prizes,  he  got  a  lot  of  good 
whelps.      Lord    Furness    of   the    York    and    Anisby 


MR.  HUBERT  F.  BRUNSKILL  267 

bought  Viceroy  at  the  Rugby  sale  and  has  had  great 
success  with  him. 

Although  only  pledged  to  two  days  a  week,  the 
new  master,  like  his  predecessor,  hunted  three  days 
regularly.  Mr.  Singer  had  renewed  the  cultivation 
of  the  lower  side  of  the  country,  "  Sir  Henry  Scale's 
old  country  "  as  it  is  sometimes  called.  That  being 
Mr.  Brunskill's  home  country,  he  very  naturally  set 
himself  to  develop  it,  and  the  extra  day,  the  Thursday, 
generally  found  hounds  in  that  part.  With  such  a 
wide  territory  at  his  disposal,  Mr.  Brunskill  had  no 
use  for  the  Haldon  side,  and,  accordingly,  the  com- 
mittee, subject  to  certain  safeguards,  acceded  to  the 
request  of  the  then  master  of  the  Haldon  Harriers, 
Mr.  Ernest  Studd,  a  son  of  Mr.  E.  F.  Studd  of  Oxton, 
to  be  allowed  to  keep  the  foxes  moving  on  Haldon. 
From  one  cause  and  another,  the  harriers  did  not 
make  much  use  of  the  permission,  and  in  January, 
1909,  the  Haldon  side  was  formally  loaned  by  the 
year  to  the  Silverton  Hunt,  then  under  the  joint- 
mastership  of  Messrs.  C.  L.  Wilcocks  and  H.  G.  Rew 
and  hunted  by  Mr.  A.  G.  Pape,  who,  a  few  years 
later,  succeeded  those  gentlemen  in  the  mastership. 
This  arrangement  has  been  renewed  annually  from 
that  time  to  the  present,  a  reservation  of  a  right  for 
the  South  Devon  to  draw  the  Lindridge,  Luscombe 
and  Ugbrooke  coverts  being  occasionally  inserted,  but 
never  yet  acted  upon.  As  the  Silverton  did  not  want 
that  part  of  the  Haldon  country  that  lies  west  of  the 
River  Teign,  this  portion,  which  comprised  the 
Hennock  and  Canonteign  country,  was  in  1910 
loaned  for  a  year  to  the  Mid-Devon,  of  which  Colonel 
Carter  was  at  that  time  master,  and  the  loan  has  from 
time  to  time  been  renewed.  Colonel  Carter  was  also 
to  be  allowed  what  some  would  consider  the  rather 


268  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

questionable  privilege  of  drawing  Lustleigh  Cleave 
from  time  to  time  by  arrangement  with  Mr.  Brunskill. 

A  new  departure,  originating  with  the  new  master, 
was  the  inauguration  of  a  Hunt  Ball,  which  has  since 
become  a  regular  annual  institution  and  is  held 
sometimes  at  Newton  Abbot  and  sometimes  at 
Torquay. 

At  the  end  of  Mr.  Brunskill's  first  season,  the  hunt 
found  itself  in  the  unwonted  position  of  having  a 
sum  of  £100  to  the  good.  With  a  prodigality  that 
the  committee  had  cause  to  repent  at  the  end  of 
the  following  season,  when  the  normal  condition 
of  affairs,  shewing  a  considerable  deficit,  was  restored, 
this  sum  was  handed  to  the  master  on  the  understand- 
ing that  he  would  continue  to  hunt  the  country  for 
another  five  seasons. 

Mrs.  Brunskill  was  a  valuable  ally  of  her  husband 
and  of  great  assistance  to  him  both  in  and  out  of  the 
field.  She  was  a  dashing  rider  and  a  good  horse- 
woman, qualities  not  necessarily  inseparable,  and, 
in  addition,  she  knew  every  point  in  the  game,  and 
was  far  quicker  than  most  of  the  field  at  seeing  what 
should  be  done  and  doing  it.  All  this,  without  ever 
detracting  from  that  womanliness  that,  say  what 
they  will,  in  their  hearts  men  love.  A  soft  word  and 
a  gentle  smile  from  her  smoothed  many  a  ruffled 
feather.  Although  handicapped  by  having  to  wear 
glasses,  she  always  managed  to  keep  in  the  first 
flight.  This  was  particularly  noticeable  on  a  certain 
occasion  when  the  pack  raced  a  fox  to  death  in 
twenty-three  minutes  from  Bag  Park  to  Beetor, 
under  the  bewildering  conditions  of  a  thick  fog  and  a 
blinding  snowstorm  in  our  faces  all  the  way.  The 
pack  and  the  master  were  soon  out  of  sight,  and  the 
rest  of  the  field  were  glad  to  follow  Mrs.  Brunskill's 


MR.  HUBERT  F.  BRUNSKILL  269 

lead,  wondering  the  while  how  she  managed  to  keep 
it.  Mr.  Brunskill's  son  and  daughter  have  inherited 
their  parents'  love  of  the  chase  and  receive  every 
encouragement  in  its  indulgence. 

In  the  year  1910,  owing  to  increasing  business 
demands  on  the  time  of  the  honorary  secretary,  Mr. 
L.  G.  Vicary,  who  had  done  excellent  service  since  his 
appointment  to  the  post,  Mrs.  Brunskill  was  ap- 
pointed to  act  as  his  assistant.  Two  years  later  this 
arrangement  was  superseded,  on  the  retirement  of 
Mr.  L.  G.  Vicary,  by  the  appointment  of  Major  H.  W. 
Cobham  to  the  office.  Major  Cobham  had  only  been 
a  comparatively  short  time  in  the  country  and  had 
settled  at  Ashburton.  He  hunted  regularly  himself 
and  soon  got  into  touch  with  all  classes  in  the  hunt. 
There  is  generally  a  difficulty  in  getting  a  man  of 
leisure  to  find  time  for  anything,  but  the  new 
honorary  secretary  was  an  exception.  Besides  being 
businesslike,  he  was  thorough  and  tactful  and  made 
an  admirable  secretary. 

One  of  the  familiars  of  the  hunt  for  many  years  was 
old  Roger  Hannaford,  a  labourer  on  the  Buckland 
Estate,  who  looked  after  the  earthstopping  on  that 
side  of  the  moor.  He  wore  an  old  pink  coat  and  a 
velvet  hunting-cap,  and  when  long  past  seventy  years 
of  age  would  walk  many  miles  to  meet  hounds,  and 
many  more  in  charge  of  the  terriers  during  the  day, 
returning  home  on  foot  after  the  sport  was  over.  It 
was  wonderful  how  he  would  turn  up  when  the 
terriers  were  wanted  and  when  one  thought  he  had 
been  left  miles  away.  He  always  attended  the 
keeper's  dinner,  and  ate  everything  with  his  knife, 
which  he  handled  with  the  dexterity  of  a  juggler. 
There  was  an  awful  fascination  in  watching  the 
performance.    Once  I  thought  he  was  stumped  when 


270  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

a  plateful  of  very  juicy  rhubarb  tart  was  set  before 
him,  but  the  knife  only  flashed  the  faster  in  and  out 
of  his  lips.  It  was  rather  a  relief  that  soup  was  not 
included  in  the  menu.  Poor  old  Roger  died  in 
February,  1911,  aged  eighty,  and  over  his  grave  in 
the  little  country  churchyard  at  Leusdon  the  members 
of  the  South  Devon  erected  a  tombstone  "  To  com- 
memorate many  years  of  faithful  service  in  pursuit 
of  sport." 

There  was  abundance  of  good  sport  during  Mr. 
Brunskill's  mastership  ;  the  best  of  it,  as  always  in 
modern  times,  was  on  the  moor,  but  there  were  also 
some  good  in-country  runs  when  a  fox  was  forth- 
coming on  a  tolerable  scenting  day,  a  combination 
never  too  frequent.  The  following  brief  notes  will 
give  an  idea  of  some  of  the  good  days,  of  which 
there  were  many  more  than  it  is  possible  to  notice 
here. 

1907,  November  5th.  Grendon.  After  putting  one 
to  ground,  found  an  old  dog-fox  on  Grendon  Common ; 
took  a  big  turn  round  Grendon  Lodge  and  went  away 
over  Riddon  Mire,  Riddon  Ridge,  Belliver  Tor, 
Smith's  Hill,  Prince  Hall,  Tor  Royal  Newtake  and 
the  Turf-ties  and  killed  in  Tor  Royal  Plantation  after 
one  hour  and  thirty  minutes.    An  eight-mile  point. 

Sir  Henry  Scale's  old  country  was  the  scene  of  an 
excellent  in-country  hunt  on  the  19th  December  in 
the  same  year,  when  the  pack  met  at  Capton.  A 
quick  find  below  Dreyton  resulted  in  a  short  run  to 
Capton  Water,  where  complications  put  an  end  to 
the  pursuit.  Then  followed  a  run  from  Capton  into 
Coombe,  Kingston  Brakes  by  Capton  Village  to 
Dreyton  and  Oldstone  ;  from  there  to  Dinnicombe 
and  on  to  Blackawton  Forces  and  Allaleigh,  and  the 
fox,  an  old  vixen,  went  to  ground  in  a  rabbit  hole  on 


DRAWING  ON  DARTMOOR 


1^ 

St.' 

i 

^^p. 

UNDER  BIRCH  TOR 


To  face  page  271 


MR.  HUBERT  F.  BRUNSKILL  271 

Mr.  Baker's  farm,  whence  she  was  soon  taken  out. 
The  run  occupied  an  hour  and  twenty-five  minutes. 

On  Christmas  Eve,  1907,  a  slow  but  pretty  hunt 
of  one  hour  and  forty  minutes  in  the  locahty  of 
Storridge  and  Curtisknowle,  with  a  very  poor  scent, 
resulted  in  a  kill  near  Gara  Bridge.  This  was  by  no 
means  a  great  or  good  run,  but  one  to  rejoice  the 
heart  of  the  master  and  test  the  patience  and  per- 
severance of  the  lady  pack. 

Many  a  good  run  fails  only  of  being  great  for  want 
of  being  straightened  out.  Of  such  was  the  run  of  an 
hour  and  twenty-five  minutes  from  Challacombe  on 
the  20th  March,  1909,  the  points  touched  being 
Blackaton,  King's  Head,  Coal  Mires,  Hamildon 
Beacon  and  John  Hannaford's  at  Headland  ;  Challa- 
combe and  Blackaton  again,  and  then  Biddlecombe 
Down  and  Avychurch,  where  the  master  had  the 
satisfaction  of  handling  his  fox. 

As  a  contrast  to  the  above,  a  nine-mile  point  was 
scored  ten  days  later  when  the  pack  opened  the 
South  Devon  Hunt  Week  at  New  Bridge.  Hounds 
got  away  on  the  back  of  a  fox  from  Yar  Tor,  ran  over 
Corndon  Tor  to  Corndonford,  over  Jordan  and  back 
to  Yar  Tor,  then  away  to  Baveney  and  Snails  House, 
past  Belliver  Bridge,  and  by  Runnage  Common  to 
Caroline  Bog  in  the  Mid-Devon  country,  on  over 
Merripit  Hill  and  Water  Hill  to  Chagford  Common, 
and  marked  him  to  ground  in  a  rabbit-hole  at 
Hurston  Farm.    Time,  one  hour  and  fifteen  minutes. 

Widdicombe-in-the-Moor  kept  up  its  reputation  for 
good  sport  on  the  3rd  April  following.  A  "  tough  old 
campaigner  "  from  the  side  of  Hamildon  opposite 
Challacombe  piloted  the  pack,  by  way  of  Hookner 
Tor,  Birch  Tor,  Shapeley  Common  and  Durston  to 
Beetor  Brake  and  thence  into  Chagford.    He  left  this 


272  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

by  way  of  Mr.  Hayter  Hames's,  Chagford  House, 
returned  over  the  golf  links  to  Beetor,  and  was  run 
into  at  the  lower  end  of  Chagford  Common.  The  run 
lasted  two  and  three-quarter  hours,  but  the  first  part 
was  very  fast. 

The  Roister  Bridge  fixture  supplied  an  old- 
fashioned  in-country  hunt  of  three  hours  and  a  half 
on  the  25th  November,  1909.  Found  at  Windeatt's 
Brake,  ran  hard  round  Crabbaton  Gate,  Horner 
Down  and  Plantations,  back  to  Ashwell  and  round 
to  where  they  found,  and  then  on  to  Wagland  and 
put  him  to  ground  in  a  drain  opposite  Mr.  Simpson's 
Brake. 

Another  first-rate  day  in  the  lower  part  of  the 
country  was  the  14th  December  in  the  same  year, 
when  the  field  mustered  at  Cornworthy.  The  first 
fox  was  disturbed  in  Capton  Brake,  took  the  pack  at 
a  good  pace  all  round  the  brakes,  across  the  bottom 
in  the  valley  and  through  Broadridge  Wood  to  the 
Farm  and  was  run  into  in  the  valley  below.  Another 
fox,  from  AUaleigh,  went  away  by  the  village  nearly 
to  Blackawton  Forces  and  on  to  Blackdown  and 
Boston  Farm,  and  from  there  to  Horner  and  Curtis- 
knowle,  and  hounds  were  whipped  off  at  Weeldon  to 
avoid  disturbing  the  Thursday's  draw.  A  point  of 
seven  miles  and  a  half,  and  the  whole  nineteen 
couple  up. 

Something  like  a  five-mile  point  in  twenty-eight 
minutes,  as  straight  as  possible  from  Shapeley  Tor  to 
Kestor  Rock,  was  a  brilliant  finish  to  a  good  day's 
sport  on  the  5th  March,  1910.  The  morning  had 
been  spent  among  the  rabbit-holes  of  Headland  and 
Challacombe  Warrens  and  the  rocks  of  Grimspound 
and  Birch  Tor,  resulting  in  a  kill  at  Vitafer.  It  was  a 
long  ride  home  for  all  of  us  from  Kestor. 


MR.  HUBERT  F.  BRUNSKILL  273 

By  way  of  a  holiday  treat  for  the  Newton  folk,  the 
pack  met  in  the  market-place  of  that  town  on  the  3rd 
January,  1911.  A  capital  in-country  hunt  of  two 
hours  and  fifty  minutes  resulted.  The  country 
covered  was  from  Custreet  over  Ingsdon  and  round 
to  New  Inn  again,  then  by  Bickington  and  Half  Way 
House  and  Gale  to  Down  Copse,  on  to  Rising  Sun  and 
Woodland,  then  by  Knowle  and  Beacon  Hill  to  Cappa 
Dollar,  Rock  Park,  Clennons,  Dornafield  and  Rydon, 
where  the  fox  beat  the  pack. 

Despite  the  proximity  of  Lustleigh  Cleave,  Manaton 
often  produces  a  good  run,  and  this  was  the  case  on 
the  11th  March,  1911,  the  fox  being  found  on  Hayne 
Down.  He  first  went  to  ground  in  Blissamore  Rocks, 
but  bolted  at  once  of  his  own  accord,  and  then  ran 
over  Hayne  Down  to  Heatree,  through  the  planta- 
tions to  Jay's  Grave,  over  the  enclosures  past  Hedge 
Barton  to  Honey  Bag  Tor,  being  killed  in  the  open  at 
Bunhill — one  hour  and  five  minutes  with  no  check. 
The  master  had  a  nasty  fall  on  Heatree  Down,  his 
horse  stepping  on  his  face,  but  he  was  soon  going  and 
in  his  accustomed  place  again. 

A  good  in-country  hunt,  from  the  point  of  view  of 
the  field,  who  are  not  much  concerned  with  the 
absence  of  blood  at  the  end,  was  that  of  the  30th 
December,  1911.  Found  in  Custreet  and  ran  by 
Staplehill,  Moor  Farm,  Hobbin  Wood,  Bearah,  and 
Parsonage  Farm  to  Metley  Moors,  Nordon  and 
Denbury  Down ;  thence  to  Wrenwell,  Clennons, 
Stollage  Common,  Dornafield  and  Ogwell  Rectory, 
where  the  fox  ran  them  out  of  scent.  This  was  a  slow 
hunt  of  two-and-a-half  hours,  and  everyone  was  able 
to  see  it  and  to  be  with  the  pack  all  through. 

The  run  of  the  6th  April,  1912,  was  a  particularly 
brilliant  one,  notwithstanding  the  wind,  which  was 


274  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

blowing  hard.  The  pack  raced  a  fox  from  Runnage 
Common  across  the  lower  end  of  Caroline  Bog  to  Tom 
Hext's  gullies,  up  the  Sousand  wall,  turned  left  to 
the  mines  and  Birch  Tor,  down  to  Headland  and  over 
Hookner  Tor,  through  Coombe  enclosures  to  Coombe 
Farm,  running  under  King  Tor  to  Heathercombe, 
and  killed  him  in  the  pond  at  Heatree  after  fifty-eight 
minutes. 

Many  other  days  there  were,  as  good  as,  and  better 
than,  the  above,  but  my  aim  has  been  to  pick  out 
runs  typical  of  the  sport  in-country  and  "  out  over." 
One  that  must  not  be  overlooked  took  place  on  the 
15th  February,  1913.  Taking  Hookner  Tor  and  Birch 
Tor  on  his  way,  a  fox  from  Hamildon,  opposite 
Challacombe,  crossed  the  Moreton  road,  and,  after 
leading  the  field  over  the  good  ground  of  Stannon 
and  Hartland,  went  on  to  Broadamarsh  and  the  bogs 
beyond,  making  a  point  of  seven  miles  and  a  distance 
of  nine  as  hounds  ran.  The  master  stopped  hounds 
at  Broadamarsh  at  4.40. 

A  small  cloud  is  sometimes  the  forerunner  of  a 
severe  storm.  In  the  beginning  of  the  year  1912,  the 
foundations  of  the  hunt  were  rudely  shaken  by  a 
quarrel  which  owed  its  origin  to  a  comparatively 
trivial  matter,  and  which,  but  for  misunderstandings, 
would  never  have  occurred. 

Some  dissatisfaction  had  arisen  from  the  lack  of 
sport  in  the  in-country  during  the  previous  season  or 
two.  The  fact  was  admitted  by  the  master  as  well  as 
the  members  ;  but  while  he  attributed  the  cause  to 
the  lack  of  foxes,  there  were  those  among  the  field 
who  ascribed  it  to  the  fact  that  hounds  seldom  visited 
the  region  in  question.  Undoubtedly  there  was  some 
reason  on  both  sides,  for  the  alleged  causes  were  such 
as  to  react  upon  each  other.     If  a  master  naturally 


MR.  HUBERT  F.  BRUNSKILL  275 

fights  shy  of  a  region  which  he  thinks  to  be  devoid  of 
foxes,  so  owners  of  coverts  will  not  preserve  foxes  in 
a  country  rarely  visited  by  hounds.  Had  the  matter 
stopped  there,  it  would  have  been  capable  of  adjust- 
ment. Unfortunately,  it  is  to  be  feared  that  a  few 
individuals,  for  reasons  of  their  own,  were  ready  to 
seize  the  opportunity  of  trying  to  oust  the  master, 
who,  on  his  side,  failed  to  locate  the  masked  battery, 
and  conceived  the  idea  that  the  attack  came  from  the 
committee.  In  this  he  was  quite  mistaken.  From 
the  first,  the  committee  refused  to  be  a  party  to  any 
unhandsome  treatment  of  him  and  acted  throughout 
with  all  fairness,  though  some  of  the  master's 
supporters  displayed  more  loyalty  than  tact.  Letters 
and  reports  of  meetings  appeared  in  the  local  papers 
under  such  headings  as  "  Friction  in  the  Hunt  "  and 
"  Hunting  men  at  loggerheads."  The  farmers  of  the 
hunt,  good  and  honest  fellows  averse  from  any 
intrigue,  stood  by  Mr.  Brunskill  to  a  man.  Ultimately, 
owing  in  a  great  measure  to  the  judicious  action  and 
conciliatory  attitude  of  the  committee,  harmony  was 
once  more  restored  ;  Mr.  Brunskill's  resignation  was 
withdrawn,  and  he  consented  to  continue  in  office. 

Much  of  the  difficulty  experienced  in  settling  these 
unfortunate  differences  arose  from  the  lack  of  proper 
constitutions  defining  the  membership  of  the  hunt 
and  determining  the  respective  powers  of  members 
and  committee.  Certain  isolated  rules  had  been 
passed  from  time  to  time,  but  they  had  no  relation  to 
one  another,  were  sometimes  inconsistent  and  had 
become  practically  a  dead  letter.  An  attempt  at  a 
remedy  was  made  by  Mr.  F.  C.  Simpson  of  Maypool, 
Churston  Ferrers,  one  of  the  most  enthusiastic 
members  of  the  hunt,  as  is  also  his  daughter 
Miss  Simpson.    He  proposed  a  resolution,  designed  to 


276  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

define  the  membership  and  to  alter  the  mode  of 
election  of  the  committee,  and  this  was  passed  at  a 
general  meeting.  The  attempt  was  well-intentioned, 
but  the  resolution  did  not  go  far  enough  to  make  the 
scheme  workable.  The  committee  then  set  to  work 
to  draw  up  a  comprehensive  code  of  rules.  These 
were  thoroughly  threshed  out,  first  in  committee  and 
afterwards  by  the  members  in  general  meeting.  The 
result  was  the  code  of  rules  that,  as  slightly  amended 
during  the  following  year,  will  be  found  in  one  of  the 
appendices.^  These  rules  are  by  no  means  perfect ; 
in  particular,  the  constitution  of  the  hunt  is  not 
framed  upon  the  best  lines  possible.  It  was,  in  fact, 
felt  to  be  inexpedient,  in  view  of  the  existing  trouble, 
to  depart  more  than  was  absolutely  necessary  from 
the  lines  of  Mr.  Simpson's  scheme,  so  far  as  concerned 
the  qualifications  for  membership  and  election  of 
committee,  and  the  hunt  contented  itself  with  placing 
its  affairs  and  management  upon  a  workable  footing. 
The  soreness  that  had  been  engendered  soon  passed 
off,  for  the  master  was  the  last  man  in  the  world  to 
nurture  ill-will,  even  where  he  had  reason  to  consider 
that  in  some  quarters  his  treatment  had  been  un- 
generous ;  while,  on  the  other  hand,  all  recognized 
that  he  was  a  thorough  sportsman  and  good  fellow, 
and  that  his  very  outspokenness,  at  which  some  took 
umbrage,  was  the  surest  proof  of  his  honesty  of 
purpose.  It  was  with  this  feeling,  and  with  the 
sense  of  the  indebtedness  of  the  hunt  to  Mr.  Brun- 
skill  for  six  seasons'  good  sport  and  to  Mrs.  Brun- 
skill  for  her  help  in  the  good  cause,  that  the  members 
presented  them  with  a  very  handsome  silver  cup, 
when  at  the  end  of  the  season  1912-13,  the  master 
definitely  decided  to  retire.     The  presentation  was 

*  See  appendix  B. 


MR.  HUBERT  F.  BRUNSKILL  277 

made  in  a  neat  speech  by  the  honorary  secretary. 
Major  Cobham,  on  behalf  of  the  members. 

Mr.  Brunskill  sold  his  hounds  at  Rugby  with  the 
exception  of  the  bitches  and  whelps,  which  were 
disposed  of  privately.  The  total  figure  realized  was 
one  thousand  and  nine  guineas.  Lord  Furness,  at 
Rugby,  bought  three  lots  of  two  couple  each  for 
seventy,  fifty-five  and  fifty-five  guineas  respectively, 
and  two  lots  of  two  couple  and  a  half  each  for  sixty- 
five  and  fifty-three  guineas  respectively;  and  Mr. 
Morel  gave  fifty  guineas  for  another  lot  of  two  couple 
and  a  half  to  go  to  France. 

Mr.  Brunskill's  passion  for  hounds,  however,  was 
only  to  be  kept  in  check  for  a  short  time,  as  will 
appear  in  the  next  chapter. 


CHAPTER    XXIII 

MAJOR   J.    A.    COOKE   HURLE:    1913-15 

Strangers  in  the  land — A  Westcountryman — Ex-master  of  the  Lamerton 
and  New  Forest  Hounds — Returns  to  Devonshire  with  his  own  pack — 
Settles  at  Holne  Cross,  Ashburton — Hiintsman  as  well  as  naaster — 
Activity,  judgment  and  tact — Mrs.  H\irle — Unpleasant  adventure — 
Success  at  Exeter  Hound  Show — Agreement  to  waive  guarantee — Renews 
loan  of  Haldon  side  to  the  Silverton — Sport  during  first  season — Bad 
weather — Best  in-country  run  of  the  season — Loan  of  Kingsbridge 
country  to  Mr.  Brunskill — Second  season — Guarantee — Resignation  of 
the  hon.  sec. — Outbreak  of  the  war — Gloomy  outlook — Determination 
to  keep  the  hunt  going — Master's  entire  stud  taken  for  the  Army — 
Rejoins  his  regiment — Generous  act  of  Messrs.  W.  and  H.  Whitley — Polo 
ponies  for  the  hunt  stables — Mr.  Simpson  appointed  deputy-master — 
Reeves  as  huntsman — Creditable  performance  of  his  duties — Accident  to 
Mr.  W.  R.  Vicary — Resignation  of  the  master — Resolution  passed  by 
the  hunt. 

"  Of  manly  form  and  courteovie  mden, 
Scarce  fifty  summers  has  he  seen  ; 

He  scans  the  field  with  rapid  view. 
And  notes  an  absent  friend  or  two  ; 
Though  strict  to  time,  he  loves  to  yield 
A  margin  to  his  tardy  field." 

(Dartmoor  Days.) 

ALTHOUGH  Devonshire  folk  are  notoriously 
-  clannish  and  profess  a  poor  opinion  of  "  foreign- 
ers "  from  other  counties,  a  stranger,  once  settled  in 
Devon,  is  soon  forgiven  his  nationality  and  received, 
so  to  speak,  into  the  family,  provided  he  attunes  his 
mind  and  manners  to  those  of  the  inhabitants. 

It  is  a  noticeable  fact  that  of  all  the  masters  of  the 
South  Devon  since  its  foundation,  only  two,  Mr.  Ross 
and  Major  Cooke  Hurle,  have  come  from  outside  the 

278 


MAJOR    COOKE    HURLE 


To  face  page  278 


MAJOR  J.  A.  COOKE  HURLE  279 

county,  all  the  others  being  Devonians  by  either 
birth  or  adoption.  Yet  the  two  masters  named  are 
not  to  be  classed  together,  for  was  not  Major  Cooke 
Hurle,  who  hailed  from  Somerset,  a  Westcountryman 
born,  and  had  he  not  for  four  seasons  been  master  of 
a  Devonshire  pack,  the  Lamerton,  which  he  left  in 
1910  ?  So  that,  when,  after  some  brief  negotiations, 
he  came  back  to  the  county  as  the  newly  elected 
master  of  the  South  Devon,  in  succession  to  Mr. 
Brunskill,  it  never  occurred  to  anyone  to  look  upon 
him  as  a  stranger. 

After  leaving  the  Lamerton  and  taking  a  year's 
rest  from  the  labours  of  office  as  M.F.H.,  Major  Cooke 
Hurle,  in  conjunction  with  his  brother,  now  Lieut. - 
Colonel  E.  F.  Cooke  Hurle,  took  the  mastership  of 
the  New  Forest  Hounds.  When,  in  1913,  he  came 
back  to  Devonshire  from  the  New  Forest,  he  brought 
with  him  a  pack  of  thirty-five  couple,  composed 
partly  of  drafts  from  his  two  former  packs,  and  en- 
gaged F.  Reeves  as  kennel-huntsman  and  first  whip. 

For  want  of  a  house  nearer  the  kennels,  the  new 
master  settled  at  Holne  Cross,  Ashburton.  He  was 
not  long  in  making  his  presence  felt  in  the  country 
and  in  getting  to  know  and  to  be  known  by  the 
people,  who  were  won  over  at  once  by  his  frank 
manner  and  kindly  consideration. 

It  was  soon  found  that  the  hunt  had  a  huntsman 
as  well  as  a  master  in  Major  Cooke  Hurle.  With  his 
previous  experience  of  hunting  hounds  and  a  ready 
eye  and  memory  for  picking  up  a  new  and  intricate 
country,  he  began  at  once  to  shew  good  sport. 
Although  about  fifty  years  of  age,  the  new  master 
had  the  appearance  and  the  activity  of  a  much 
younger  man.  He  had  a  workmanlike  pack  full  of 
hunting  qualities  and  he  placed  great  reliance  on  his 


280  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

hounds  ;  but  when  he  helped  them  he  was  quick 
about  it,  and  made  his  cast  with  judgment  and 
decision.  He  was  a  good  rider  and  had  a  surprising 
way  of  getting  to  his  hounds  in  a  country  where  that 
is  never  very  easy.  Ever  courteous  with  his  field,  he 
was  never  ruffled,  even  by  the  disappointments  and 
aggravations  that  beset  a  huntsman's  path. 

Mrs.  Hurle  shared  her  husband's  love  of  the  sport 
and  was  a  frequent  member  of  the  field.  She  had 
had  her  share  of  hunting  in  other  countries,  and  her 
experiences  included  the  unpleasant  one  of  being 
pinned  down  under  water  by  her  horse  with  a  broken 
collar-bone  ! 

The  master's  desire  to  have  a  working  pack  did  not 
lead  him  to  neglect  appearances,  as  is  shewn  by  his 
taking  several  prizes  at  Exeter  Hound  Show  in  July, 
1914,  including  a  first  with  Madcap  in  the  restricted 
class  for  dogs  and  a  first  with  Gaiety  and  Gracious, 
both  by  Viceroy,  in  the  class  for  unentered  bitches. 

Major  Cooke  Hurle  agreed  to  hunt  the  country  two 
days  a  week  ;  as  a  matter  of  fact,  he  put  in  a  third 
day  regularly  throughout  his  first  season,  and  would 
have  continued  to  do  so  in  his  second  season  had 
circumstances  permitted.  Nevertheless,  he  very 
generously  waived  any  guarantee  for  the  first  year 
on  the  understanding  that  the  hunt  would  pay 
kennel  rent  and  all  field  expenses  and  hand  over  any 
balance  of  the  year's  subscriptions  to  him.  Having 
country  enough  for  his  three  days  without  the 
Haldon  side,  the  loan  of  that  side  to  the  Silverton 
was  renewed. 

Of  the  sport  during  Major  Cooke  Hurle's  first 
season  the  following  will  give  an  idea. 

Before  the  regular  season  began,  the  pack  gave  an 
example  of  its  hunting  powers  by  killing  an  old  dog- 


MAJOR  J.  A.  COOKE  HURLE  281 

fox,  with  only  a  moderate  scent  to  help,  after  a 
twisting  run  of  two  hours.  The  starting-point  was 
Blackaton  Xewtake  and  the  hunt  took  place  on  and 
around  Hamildon  and  ended  close  to  North  Bovey 
Church.    This  was  on  the  16th  October. 

The  season  was  characterized  by  very  bad  weather, 
including  much  fog  and  almost  continuous  rain  and 
wild  winds  which  interfered  considerably  with  hunt- 
ing. Nevertheless,  there  were  days  when  good 
average  sport  was  obtained.  Thus,  on  the  opening 
day,  1st  November,  at  Shinners  Bridge,  a  field  of  a 
hundred  and  thirty  had  a  thirty-seven  minutes'  run 
from  Peakes  Copse  with  a  kill  in  the  open  near  Sand- 
well  House  ;  on  the  24th  of  the  same  month,  a  two- 
hours'  run  resulted  from  Hamildon  Beacon ;  at 
^yiddicombe  on  the  29th  a  good  run  from  Coal 
Mire  by  Bag  Park,  Dunstone  Do^^ti  and  Shallow- 
ford  Farm,  under  Corndon  Tor  and  over  Sherberton 
Common  to  Mel  Tor  to  ground  ;  a  day  of  many  short 
scurries  from  He\i:or  \Miite  Gate  on  the  2nd 
December  ;  a  busy  day  on  the  6th  at  Alston  Cross  ; 
a  quick  and  straight  gallop  from  Bag  Park  with  a 
kill  on  Holwell  Tor  on  the  13th  and  a  long  hunting 
run  from  near  Kincrstone  on  the  17th  finishing  near 
East  Down  Cross,  ten  miles  below  Totnes.  On  the 
20th  December,  a  quick  thing  from  Yarner  to  Lust- 
leigh  Cleave  was  followed  by  an  excellent  run  of 
something  like  twelve  miles  with  a  point  of  seven 
miles,  from  Leighon  to  Buckland  Beacon,  Holne 
Chase  and  Gallantry  Bower.  The  fox  went  below, 
but  was  bolted  and  killed.  Boxing  Day,  when  the 
pack  met  at  the  Moorland  Hotel,  was  a  very  hard 
day  for  hounds  and  horses.  One  fox  was  put  to 
ground,  another  killed  and  a  third  lost. 

Among  other  enjoyable  days  were  the  follo^^^ing  : 


282  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

January  26th.  A  very  fast  twenty  minutes  from 
Sharpham  into  the  Dartmoor  country  to  ground. 
January  27th.  Alston  Cross  :  from  Halsanger  Mire 
by  Horridge,  Bagtor  Wood,  Rippon  Tor  and  Venton 
Mire  to  ground  in  Pixie  Pits  in  the  morning.  Then  a 
twisting  run,  covering  some  ten  miles,  in  the  locality 
of  Bagtor  Wood,  Heytor,  Yarner,  Pinchaford  and 
Halsanger,  a  change  of  foxes  spoiling  the  finish. 
January  31st.  A  first-rate  day  from  Sherril  over  and 
around  Hamildon  and  the  surrounding  country,  with 
more  than  one  fox  and  ending  with  a  kill. 

Probably  the  best  in-country  run  of  this  season, 
though  it  lacked  the  desired  finish,  was  one  that  took 
place  on  the  5th  February  w^hen  the  pack  met  at 
Blagdon  Barton  and  found  in  the  little  covert  below 
the  Totnes  road.  The  line  taken  was  over  Higher 
Blagdon,  through  Mr.  Mudge's  coverts  and  those  of 
Mr.  Winser,  left-handed  to  Wildwoods  and  Wester- 
land  and  thence  to  Aptor,  over  the  road  above 
Marldon  Church  to  Brownscombe  and  Compton  and 
on  to  WrigwTll.  Difficulties  arose  here  through  the 
fox  being  headed  and  subsequently  climbing  the  face 
of  the  quarry,  and  the  pace  slackened  to  Bulley 
Barton  and  Dainton  Hill  and  Kerswell  Down.  Up 
to  this  point  the  run  had  lasted  one  hour  and  twenty 
minutes  and  the  distance  w^as  seven  miles  between  the 
extreme  points  and  probably  ten  as  hounds  ran. 
Slow  hunting  followed,  and  the  run  finished  at  the 
earth  by  Paignton  Reservoir. 

On  the  7th  February  the  pack  killed  a  brace  in  the 
Yarner  district  after  putting  in  some  useful  work, 
and,  on  the  19th,  had  a  good  in-country  hunt  in  the 
Dundridge  and  Sharpham  country. 

The  perseverance  of  the  pack  was  well  tested  on 
the  24th  when  hounds  ran  for  three-and-a-half  hours 


MAJOR  J.  A.  COOKE  HURLE  283 

round  and  round  on  the  rocky  ground  between  Mel 
Tor,  Dartmeet  and  Sherril,  "  And  I  think,"  says  the 
master,  "  at  last  drowned  our  fox  in  the  Dart." 

The  in-country  hunting  finished  on  the  7th  March 
with  a  good  hunting  run  from  Shinners  Bridge. 
During  this  montli  hunting  on  the  moor  was  twice 
interrupted  by  heavy  falls  of  snow.  In  the  intervals 
some  good  sport  fell  to  the  lot  of  the  pack,  notably,  a 
good  hunt  from  Halsanger  on  the  17th  ;  a  fast  twenty 
minutes  from  Cator  Gate  to  ground  opposite  Brimpts 
on  the  26th,  followed  on  the  same  day  by  a  five-and-a- 
quarter  mile  point  in  thirty  minutes  after  working  up 
to  a  fox  at  Headland  Warren  that  had  obtained  a 
start  from  liang^'orthy  Mire  ;  and  minor  successes 
on  other  days. 

With  better  weather  towards  the  end  of  the  season 
(rough  weather  is  more  hurtful  to  sport  on  Dartmoor 
than  elsewhere)  matters  improved.  Two  capital 
runs  were  recorded  on  the  11th  and  13th  April,  the 
first  of  an  hour  and  twenty-five  minutes  in  the 
Widdicombe  country,  including  an  incursion  into 
Mid-Devon  territory  ;  the  other,  a  hunting  run  of 
three  hours,  from  Reddaford  Water  with  a  Yarner 
fox  whose  itinerary  included  Heytor,  Leighon,  Becky, 
Bowerman's  Xose,  Manaton  Rocks,  the  whole  length 
of  Xeadon  Cleave  and  Lustleigh  Cleave,  Houndtor 
Wood,  Trendlebere  Down,  Smallacombe  Rocks  and 
Pinchaford.  Here  a  fresh  fox  took  up  the  running 
by  Halsanger  Mire  and  Bagtor  Mire,  where  the  pack 
was  stopped. 

The  Widdicombe  fixture  was  responsible  for  the 
run  of  the  season  on  the  25th  April.  Hounds  get 
away  on  the  back  of  a  good  Dartmoor  fox  on  the  top 
of  King  Tor,  race  by  Coombe  through  Liapa  to 
Shapeley  Tor,  then  over  the  Moreton  road  to  Lake- 


284  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

land  and  Metherall  Mire,  break  the  Fern  worthy  WalU 
rattle  over  the  good  going  of  Assycombe  to  Tom's 
Hill,  and  scream  over  the  sound  grass  of  Whiteridge, 
through  Grey  Wethers  Mires  to  the  gate  into  Teign- 
head  Newtake.  From  here  they  press  on  to  Sittaford 
Tor  and  Verracombe,  and  ever  onward  to  Quintius 
Man  and  Whitehorse  Hill,  where  they  catch  a  view, 
and,  after  a  turn  down  the  hill,  roll  their  fox  over  in 
the  open  hard  by  Teignhead  Farmhouse.  Time,  just 
one  hour,  and  every  hound  up.  Owing  to  burnt 
ground  and  other  difficulties,  the  pack  had  to  be 
helped  in  the  early  stages  of  the  run,  but,  thanks  to 
the  master's  handling,  no  time  was  lost.  Mr.  Hayter- 
Hames  and  Mr.  Raleigh  Phillpotts,  both  unquestion- 
ably qualified  judges,  speak  of  this  run  as  the  best 
they  ever  saw  on  the  moor. 

A  cheery  gallop  brought  the  season  to  a  close  on 
the  2nd  of  May.  The  pack  met  at  Widdicombe  and 
the  run  began  at  Sousand  Warren.  To  Runnage 
Farm  first,  then  over  the  Moreton  road,  by  Caroline 
Bog  to  Hartland  Tor,  over  the  East  Dart  and  away 
nearly  to  Cut  Hill,  where  we  were  all  pounded  by  the 
bogs. 

At  the  end  of  the  season  1913-14,  Mr.  Brunskill, 
to  whose  well-being  a  pack  of  hounds  is  apparently 
a  necessity,  applied  for  a  loan  of  the  lower  part  of  the 
country,  and  although  Major  Cooke  Hurle  had  not 
neglected  that  district  and  did  not  want  to  lose  it, 
he  felt  that  a  separate  pack  would  be  better  able  to 
do  it  justice,  and  therefore,  in  the  spirit  of  a  true 
sportsman,  consented  to  the  loan  being  made  by  the 
committee.  Some  particulars  concerning  this  pack, 
and  telling  how  Mrs.  Brunskill  took  command  when 
her  husband  joined  the  Army,  will  be  found  at  the 
end  of  the  last  chapter  in  this  book. 


MAJOR  J.  A.  COOKE  HURLE  285 

Such  was  the  success  of  Major  Cooke  Hurle's  first 
season,  that  the  committee  had  no  hesitation  in 
acceding  to  his  reasonable  demand  for  a  guarantee 
of  £350,  in  addition  to  kennel  rent  and  usual  field 
expenses  amounting  to  some  £250  more,  as  a 
term  of  his  continuance  in  office.  It  is  true  that 
the  master  had,  perhaps,  less  reason  to  be  satisfied 
with  the  country  than  the  hunt  had  cause  to  be 
pleased  with  him.  For  he  was  naturally  inclined  to 
measure  things  by  the  standard  he  was  used  to  in  the 
New  Forest,  where  funds  and  foxes  are  plentiful, 
whereas  the  South  Devon  Hunt  is  content  to  make 
the  most  it  can  of  a  small  supply  of  either  commodity, 
and  to  remain  undismayed  by  a  record  of  eleven 
blank  days  in  a  season.  One  cause  of  regret  there 
was,  common  both  to  master  and  hunt,  in  the  loss, 
at  the  end  of  the  season  1913-14,  of  the  company  and 
the  services  of  the  honorary  secretary.  Major  Cobham, 
whose  appointment  under  Government  in  connection 
with  the  supply  of  Army  horses,  coupled  with  the 
educational  needs  of  his  family,  necessitated  his 
moving  to  a  larger  centre.  He  was  an  admirable 
secretary,  and  it  was  impossible  to  find  anyone  at  the 
moment  to  take  his  place.  With  this  exception,  all 
looked  promising  and  well  for  the  coming  season,  and 
none  dreamt  of  the  appalling  catastrophe  that  was 
about  to  fall  upon  the  world. 

So  often  in  years  past  have  we  watched  the  near 
approach  of  war-clouds  upon  the  political  horizon 
only  to  see  them  dissipated  by  the  sunshine  of 
arbitration  and  diplomacy,  that  no  very  especial 
interest  attached  to  the  reappearance  of  the  familiar 
phenomenon  in  the  summer  of  1914.  But,  as  the 
weeks  passed,  this  particular  cloud  became  bigger 
and  blacker,  and,  almost  before  we  could  realize  the 


286  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

fact,  we  learned  in  the  first  days  of  August  that  war 
had  been  declared,  and  we  found  ourselves  up  against 
the  might  and  the  power  and,  though  we  knew  it  not 
then,  the  brutal  barbarity  of  the  German  Empire. 

With  the  hideous  nightmare  still  upon  us  of 
eighteen  months  of  struggle  with  a  monster  so  hard 
to  strangle,  with  an  ever-lengthening  roll  of  honour 
which  includes  so  many  young  and  gallant  sportsmen 
among  its  bravest,  and  with  the  ever-present  thought 
of  what  would  happen  to  our  own  fair  country  and 
our  dear  ones  at  home  should  the  fortunes  of  war, 
proverbially  uncertain,  prevail  against  us,  it  is 
difficult  to  attune  one's  mind  to  write  of  peaceful 
pursuits  or  to  think  that  any  can  be  found  to  take 
interest  in  what  may  be  written.  And  yet,  on  the 
blackest  of  these  dark  days  there  is  ever  the  fragrance 
of  the  breath  of  hope  and  a  sense  of  a  spirit  of  promise 
that  tells  of  days  yet  to  be,  when  we  shall  welcome 
home  as  conquerors  some,  at  least,  of  those  who  are 
doing  for  us  what  we,  alas  !  ourselves  cannot  do,  and 
when  the  sportsman  will  be  able  once  again  to  ride 
forth  without  the  company  of  that  atra  cura  of  whose 
presence  behind  the  saddle  he  is  so  conscious  to-day. 

It  was  some  such  undefined  feelings  as  these, 
coupled  with  the  knowledge  of  the  difficulty,  and 
often  impossibility,  of  resuscitating  a  hunt  once 
abandoned,  and  the  thought  of  what  was  due  to 
those  who  should  return  after  fighting  our  battles, 
that  determined  the  hunts  of  the  kingdom,  and 
among  them  the  South  Devon,  to  make  every  effort 
to  keep  alive  the  sport,  even  though  for  the  time  there 
should  be  no  hunters  left  to  ride  and  but  a  handful 
of  followers  remaining  behind  to  snatch  an  occasional 
day  with  hounds.  The  order  therefore  went  forth 
to  carry  on  as  best  might  be,  with  the  paradoxical 


MAJOR  J.  A.  COOKE  HURLE  287 

object  of  maintaining  the  supply  of  foxes  by  killing 
as  many  as  possible,  sport  being  quite  a  secondary 
consideration. 

This  is  not  the  place  to  treat  of  the  sacrifices  so 
readily  made  by  the  hunting  community  in  general, 
but  it  is  within  the  scope  of  this  work  to  record  that 
the  master  of  the  South  Devon  was  one  of  the  first  to 
act  without  waiting  for  a  lead.  He  at  once  placed  his 
stud,  which  he  had  been  at  pains  and  expense  to 
replenish  during  the  summer,  at  the  disposal  of  the 
Army  buyers.  They  took  the  whole  of  his  ten  hunters. 
Then  the  master  himself  was  taken  ;  for  his  regiment, 
the  North  Somerset  Yeomanry,  was  called  up  for 
active  service.  It  was  not  to  be  his  first  experience  of 
warfare ;  in  the  Boer  War  his  squadron  had  gone  with 
one  each  from  the  West  Somerset,  the  Devon  and  the 
Dorset,  to  form  the  7th  Battalion  Imperial  Yeomanry. 

Help,  however,  was  at  hand.  The  brothers,  Messrs. 
W^illiam  and  Herbert  Whitley  of  Paignton,  with 
admirable  good  feeling,  sent  their  polo  ponies  to  the 
hunt  stables,  and  Mr.  F.  C.  Simpson  agreed  to  act  as 
deputy-master  during  Major  Cooke  Hurle's  absence. 
The  number  of  hunting  days  a  week  was  cut  down  to 
two,  and  Reeves  carried  the  horn  in  place  of  his 
master. 

For  a  whipper-in,  even  though  he  be  also  kennel- 
huntsman,  to  hunt  the  pack  he  has  been  turning  to 
another  is  always  something  of  a  disadvantage. 
Notwithstanding  this,  and  an  assistant  new  to  the 
game,  with  only  polo  ponies  to  ride,  Reeves  came 
through  the  ordeal  with  great  credit  and  shewed 
some  very  good  sport.  The  absence  of  a  professional 
whip  was  compensated  for  in  a  considerable  degree  by 
the  assistance  rendered  by  Mr.  Simpson's  stud-groom, 
Truscott,  some  time  whipper-in  to  the  Calpe  Hounds. 


288  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

The  master  had  a  day  or  two  with  his  pack  this 
season  (1914-15)  when  on  leave.  The  last  occasion 
was  on  the  10th  April  at  Widdicombe,  but  the 
pleasure  of  seeing  him  amongst  us  again  was  counter- 
balanced by  a  serious  accident  to  Mr.  W.  R.  Vicary, 
whose  horse  put  his  foot  in  a  rabbit-hole.  Mr.  Vicary 
sustained  severe  concussion  and  lay  at  Natsworthy 
Manor  for  ten  days  before  recovering  full  conscious- 
ness. Mr.  Scrimgeour  and  his  daughter,  Mrs.  Duguid, 
did  everything  in  their  power  for  his  care  and 
comfort,  and  their  neighbour.  Miss  Radcliffe  from 
Bag  Park,  was  of  the  greatest  help  in  nursing.  It  was 
a  very  bad  fall,  and,  hard  as  he  is,  Mr.  Vicary  was 
fortunate  in  getting  over  it  as  he  did. 

Much  regret,  though  little  surprise,  was  felt  when, 
towards  the  end  of  the  season  1914-15,  Major  Cooke 
Hurle  announced  his  intention  to  resign.  The  reason 
of  course  was  that  he  felt  his  duty  to  his  country 
came  first.  To  that  there  was  nothing  to  be  said,  but 
the  following  resolution  passed  at  a  general  meeting 
held  on  the  17th  March,  1915,  testifies  to  the  regret 
of  the  hunt  at  losing  so  good  a  master  : — 

"  That  this  General  Meeting  of  the  South  Devon 
Hunt  receives  with  the  very  deepest  regret  the 
announcement  of  the  resignation  of  the  Master, 
whose  tact,  courtesy  and  ability  have  won  the  good- 
will of  the  whole  country-side,  and  who  it  had  been 
hoped  would  remain  in  office  for  many  years  ;  and 
that  the  Chairman  be  asked  to  convey  to  Major  Cooke 
Hurle  the  grateful  thanks  of  the  Members  for  all  he 
has  done  for  the  Hunt  during  the  past  two  seasons, 
and  to  express  their  appreciation  of  the  excellent 
sport  shewn  and  of  the  thoroughly  efficient  manner  in 
which  the  Country  has  been  hunted  during  his 
mastership." 


CHAPTER    XXIV 

MR.   WILLIAM   WHITLEY   AND    MR.    HERBERT 
WHITLEY:   1915- 

Varied  activities  of  the  new  joint-masters — Rearrangement  of  hunt  duties — 
Generous  attitude  of  the  Messrs.  ^\Tiitley — Chief  object  of  mamtaining 
packs  in  war-time — New  recruits  to  the  field — Some  personal  notes — Hire 
of  hunters  in  the  country — Other  packs  within  the  South  Devon  borders — 
The  Mid-Devon — The  Silverton  :  assistance  from  Lord  Devon  and  other 
landowners  :  Mr.  Pape  on  active  service — Mr.  Bninskill's  :  Mrs.  Brunskill 
hunts  the  pack  in  the  msister's  absence  on  service — Lady  masters — 
Hunting  a  school  for  waw — Conclusion. 

"  Pode  and  Hamljm  and  Kelly  are  all  of  them  good, 
But  old  Beaufort's  your  mairk  if  you  want  the  best  blood." 

{The  Chase.    Geo.  Templer.) 

THE  anxiety  as  to  the  future  of  the  hunt,  subse- 
quent on  the  loss  of  its  master  during  war-time, 
was  of  short  duration.  Negotiations  were  opened 
with  the  Messrs.  WiUiam  and  Herbert  Whitley  of 
Barton  Pines  and  Primley,  whose  generous  action  in 
placing  their  polo  ponies  at  the  disposal  of  Major 
Cooke  Hurle  when  he  was  stripped  of  his  whole  stud, 
has  already  been  mentioned.  That  action  in  itself 
was  sufficient  to  stamp  the  brothers  as  sportsmen  in 
the  best  sense  of  the  word. 

For  some  years  Messrs.  Whitley  had  identified 
themselves  very  closely  with  the  farming  interest  in 
South  Devon,  and  their  views  and  influence  had  won 
respect  among  the  agricultural  community.  In 
particular,  they  had  devoted  themselves,  with  marked 
success,  to  the  breeding  of  pedigree  stock  of  every 
sort. 

u  289 


290  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Their  successes  at  the  last  show  of  the  Shire 
Horse  Society,  held  at  the  Agricultural  Hall,  Isling- 
ton, in  the  month  of  February,  1916,  are  typical  of 
what  they  have  achieved  with  different  lines  else- 
where. After  taking  a  seventh,  an  eighth  and  a  fifth 
prize  with  three  different  exhibits,  they  were  awarded 
second  prize  for  Fascination  in  the  class  for  fillies 
foaled  in  1913,  and  that  animal  was  also  reserved 
in  the  competition  in  the  Championship  Class  for 
the  Cup  for  the  best  filly.  At  the  same  show  their 
Lorna  Doone  carried  off  the  first  prize  for  mares 
over  16.2,  five  years  old  and  upwards,  the  Champion- 
ship Cup  for  the  best  mare  and  the  Society's  Gold 
Challenge  Cup  valued  at  fifty  guineas  and  Champion 
Cup  valued  at  twenty-five  guineas  for  the  best  filly 
or  mare. 

The  one  fear  entertained  by  the  hunt  committee 
was  lest,  with  affairs  of  such  magnitude  already 
occupying  their  time,  the  Messrs.  Whitley  might  feel 
unable  to  cope  with  the  management  of  a  pack  hunt- 
ing so  large  a  country  as  the  South  Devon.  But  it  is 
generally  true  that  the  busy  man  is  the  man  who  finds 
most  time,  not  indeed  for  leisure,  but  for  fitting  in 
more  work.  The  solution  probably  is  that  his  life  is 
well  ordered  and  his  time  well  parcelled  out,  none  of  it 
being  wasted.  The  Messrs.  Whitley  made  no  secret 
of  the  fact  that  it  would  be  difficult  for  them  to 
devote  to  the  sport  and  its  ancillary  duties  the 
personal  attention  usually  expected  of  a  master,  and 
they  accordingly  stipulated  that  more  of  the  work 
should  be  undertaken  by  the  committee.  Further- 
more, they  organized  a  system  of  local  sub-committees 
to  deal  on  the  spot  with  matters  arising  in  different 
parts  of  the  hunt.  The  idea  is  excellent  and  promises 
to  be  a  complete  success,  the  only  drawback,  due  to 


MR.  W.  WHITLEY  &  MR.  H.  WHITLEY    291 

the    exigencies    of  the    war,    being   of   a   temporary 
nature. 

These  matters  being  settled,  the  other  terms  pre- 
sented no  difficulty.  Messrs.  ^^^litley  dealt  gener- 
ously with  the  committee  in  the  matter  of  a  guarantee, 
their  only  anxiety  being  to  provide  sport  and  to 
preserve  the  hunt  from  the  disaster  that  threatened 
it  owing  to  the  impossibility  of  finding  a  master 
elsewhere  at  such  a  time.  By  their  public-spirited 
action  the  brothers  have  earned  not  only  the  grati- 
tude of  the  present  members  of  the  hunt,  but  also  that 
of  succeeding  generations,  in  that  the  new  masters, 
in  tiding  over  this  time  of  stress  and  difficulty, 
assured  the  future  of  the  sport.  The  hunt  is  also 
indebted  to  Mr.  W.  R.  Vicary  for  undertaking,  despite 
great  pressure  of  business,  the  work  of  honorary 
secretary. 

The  new  masters  bought  Major  Cooke  Hurle's  pack, 
which  remains  kennelled,  as  heretofore,  at  Pulsford 
Hills.  Reeves  has  been  kept  on  as  huntsman,  and, 
though  sport  for  the  moment  is  of  secondary  import- 
ance as  compared  with  the  necessity  of  killing  foxes 
(for  which  reason  I  refrain  from  going  into  particulars 
of  runs  during  this  mastership),  he  has  been  very 
successful  in  attaining  both  objects. 

There  have  been  some  additions  to  the  field  of  late 
years.  Among  the  younger  members,  Miss  Ainger 
sets  a  good  example  in  keenness  to  the  girls  of  the 
present  day,  an  example  that  was  followed  by  Miss 
Tinline  as  long  as  she  was  in  the  country.  Mr.  Arden, 
from  Sladnor,  is  now  serving  in  France,  and  Mr. 
G.  Knight-Bruce  is  also,  I  believe,  in  khaki.  Lord 
Hambleden,  also  on  service  abroad,  does  not  hunt  with 
the  pack,  but  all  the  weight  of  his  influence  is  applied 
in  favour  of  the  sport.     Mrs.  Blake  way  was  at  one 


292  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

time  a  regular  follower,  as  was  Mr.  Bosworthick,  and 
Mr.  C.  L.  Pennell,  a  visitor ;  Mr.  R.  M.  Bourne,  who  has 
now  joined  the  army,  and  his  brother,  Mr.  G.  Bourne, 
are  fond  of  the  sport  and  helpful  to  the  hunt.  Miss 
Lewis  goes  well  and  is  a  valued  member  of  one  of 
the  sub-committees.  It  is  sad  to  have  to  record  that 
Miss  Dundee  Hooper,  a  promising  young  follower  from 
Torquay,  has  lately  been  taken  from  us. 

Lieut. -Colonel  W.  E.  T.  Bolitho,  d.s.o.,  is  mostly 
occupied  in  hunting  his  own  pack,  the  Western,  in 
Cornwall — that  is,  in  peace  time,  for  he  is  now  on 
active  service — but  he  also  has  a  house  in  the  South 
Devon  country  and,  when  there,  never  fails  to  join 
the  glad  throng. 

Mr.  J.  C.  Chapman  of  Cadeleigh  now  rarely  comes 
out  mounted ;  nevertheless,  he  takes  an  active 
interest  in  the  sport  which  is  doubly  welcome  by 
reason  of  the  large  extent  of  shooting  which  he  rents. 
He  is  also  honorary  treasurer  to  the  Haldon  Harriers. 
Mr.  W.  S.  Curtis  of  Denbury  Manor  and  his  daughter 
rarely  miss  a  day.  Mr.  F.  F.  Card  comes  from  Newton 
Abbot ;  and  Miss  Collins,  Waye,  Ashburton,  is  ever 
ready  to  help  the  hunt. 

The  field  do  not  see  as  much  as  they  would  wish  of 
Mr.  R.  H.  Lee  of  Yarner  and  his  daughter.  Miss  Lee  ; 
but  if  the  master  of  that  delightful  preserve  is  not 
always  at  home,  foxes  are  always  there  as  proof  of  his 
sympathy  and  interest.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Fetch,  riding 
very  big  horses,  and  Dr.  and  Mrs.  Steele,  riding  very 
little  ones,  come  from  Totnes  and  St.  Marychurch 
respectively  ;  that  is  to  say,  they  did  so  until  the  call 
of  the  country  took  both  husbands  from  their  homes. 
Mr.  O.  Durant-Parker  and  Mr.  H.  S.  Seymour  not  only 
join  the  field,  but  are  also  most  helpful  in  preserving 
foxes  at  opposite  ends  of  the  country.    Miss  Robertson 


IVIR.  W.  WHITLEY  &  MR.  H.  WHITLEY     293 

from  Westerlands  and  Miss  Frost  from  Torquay  are 
both  very  keen.  Mr.  J.  S.  Trelawny  really  "  belongs  '* 
to  the  Dartmoor,  but  is  also  a  member  of  the  South 
Devon  and  joins  that  pack  when  it  meets  within 
reach  of  him  at  Buckfastleigh  ;  and  Mr.  G.  L.  Bailey 
from  Bovey  and  Mr.  S.  Simpson  are  helpful  new- 
comers to  the  hunt. 

There  are  several  reliable  men  in  the  hunt  who  let 
out  hunters.  As  they  all  hunt  themselves,  they  know 
the  sort  of  horse  required  and  how  to  get  him  into 
condition.  W.  Holman  of  Torquay  is  probably  the 
veteran,  yet  his  nerve  is  as  good  as  that  of  his  son, 
Frank,  while  his  weight  and  figure  seem  to  remain 
as  they  were  thirty  and  more  years  ago.  The  Grist 
family  have  also  been  settled  at  Torquay  for  a  great 
number  of  years.  The  brothers  R.  J.  and  J.  C. 
Collings  are  the  present  partners  in  a  very  old- 
established  business  at  Exeter.  F.  Bulley  and  J. 
Fairweather  and  F.  Davies  of  Newi:on  Abbot,  W.  E. 
Cawdle  of  Torquay  and  E.  W.  Pomeroy  of  Teign- 
mouth  complete  the  list. 


We  have  now  traced  the  history  of  the  South  Devon 
Hunt  through  its  varying  fortunes  down  to  the 
present  day.  The  history,  however,  would  be  in- 
complete without  a  brief  word  as  to  neighbouring 
hunts  operating  within  the  borders  of  the  South 
Devon. 

This  country  at  present  is  far  too  extensive  to  be 
capable  of  being  adequately  hunted  by  one  pack,  and 
the  shrinkage  that  is  taking  place  in  all  hunts,  due  to 
the  growth  of  towns  and  other  causes,  works  but 
slowly  in  South  Devon.     Meanwhile,  the  advantage 


294  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

of  the  outlying  portions  of  the  country  being  properly 
hunted  is  considerable  and  deserves  recognition. 

To  take  the  Mid-Devon  first.  This  pack  under  the 
successive  management  of  several  masters,  among 
whom  Mr.  S.  V.  Thomas,  Mr.  Lowndes  Norton,  Mr. 
Hayter-Hames  and  Mr.  G.  Spiller  have  been  the  most 
noteworthy,  has  rendered  great  service  by  relieving 
the  older  hunt  from  the  duty  of  visiting  such  a 
remote  part  of  its  domains,  and  also  by  keeping  the 
moorland  foxes  on  the  move.  Any  relaxation  of 
pressure  on  the  Mid-Devon  side  would  undoubtedly 
result  in  foxes  from  further  south  seeking  the  quiet 
seclusion  in  the  Vein  country,  to  the  detriment  of  sport 
on  the  more  accessible  portion  of  the  moor.  With  the 
exception  of  the  Fern  worthy  district,  where  the  going 
is  of  the  best,  the  Mid-Devon  country  is  rough  and 
wild.  Nevertheless  sport  is  often  excellent.  As  has 
previously  been  explained,  ^  the  position  of  the  Mid- 
Devon  Hunt  is  that  of  a  leaseholder  for  its  own  life 
of  that  portion  of  the  South  Devon  country  that  it 
now  occupies.  The  Mid-Devon  Hunt  being  thus 
autonomous,  its  doings  have  no  place  in  this  history. 
It  is  to  be  hoped  that  its  own  will  one  day  be  written. 

Since  January,  1909,  the  Haldon  side  of  the 
country,  or  the  greater  portion  of  it,  has  been  en- 
trusted to  the  Silverton.  This  arrangement  has  been 
most  successful.  When  it  was  first  started,  the 
country  was  in  a  bad  way.  It  had  not  been  hunted 
at  all  during  1904-5  ;  in  the  next  season  the  South 
Devon  were  there  only  four  times  ;  and  in  1906-7, 
six  days  only.  From  the  end  of  that  season  until 
January,  1909,  the  country  was  not  visited  by  fox- 
hounds. In  fact,  the  hunting  interest  had  been  almost 
completely   squeezed   out   by  the   shooting  interest. 

1  See  chapter  XVIII. 


MR.  W.  WHITLEY  &  MR.  H.  WHITLEY     295 

Great  credit  is  due  to  Mr.  Wilcocks  and  Mr.  Rewe  of 
Exeter,  the  then  masters  of  the  Silverton,  who,  with 
Mr.  A.  Pape  as  huntsman,  worked  indefatigably  to 
resuscitate  hunting  in  the  neglected  area.  In  this 
effort  they  were  greatly  helped  by  the  landowners. 
Lord  Devon  in  particular,  though  himself  a  shooting 
and  not  a  hunting  man,  set  a  magnificent  example 
and  was  at  great  pains  to  restore  a  head  of  foxes  at 
and  around  Powderham.  Lord  Devon  was  backed 
up  by  Lord  Clifford,  Sir  Robert  Newman,  Mr.  Studd, 
Miss  Short,  Mr.  Bannatyne,  Lord  Morley,  Mr.  J.  H. 
Ley  and  others.  The  success  of  the  pack  in  the 
field  did  the  rest,  and  when  the  joint-masters,  in 
1911,  handed  over  the  entire  management  to  Mr. 
Pape,  the  Haldon  side  had  quite  recovered  its 
position,  and,  indeed,  things  were  in  a  more  satis- 
factory condition  than  they  had  been  for  many  a 
year.  It  is  only  to  be  regretted  that  the  number  of 
shootings  let  to  tenants  keeps  the  coverts  mostly 
closed  to  hounds  until  Christmas. 

The  Silverton  is  a  pack  of  "  irregulars."  Its  hound- 
list  usually  contains  the  names  of  some  ten  couple  of 
foxhounds,  a  similar  number  of  hounds  with  a  harrier 
cross  and  some  five  or  six  couple  of  pure  harriers. 
Some  of  the  hounds  are  kept  strictly  to  their  own 
game  ;  others  play  a  dual  part,  for  the  Silverton  hunt 
hare  one  day  a  week  besides  their  two  days  with  fox. 
It  is  no  disparagement  to  regular  foxhound  kennels 
to  say  that  this  blended  pack  admirably  suits  the 
rather  special  requirements  of  the  Haldon  country. 
It  is  my  belief  that  a  foxhound  can  hunt  as  low  or  as 
cold  a  scent  as  a  harrier,  but  it  is  not  always  that  he 
will  take  the  trouble  to  do  it.  Especially  is  this  the 
case  where  he  is  brought  occasionally  into  a  bad- 
scenting  country  like  the  Haldon  from  one  carrying 


296  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

a  better  scent  to  which  he  is  accustomed.  Everyone 
knows  what  a  treasure  a  good  road-hunter  is  in  a 
pack,  and  on  Haldon  foxes  frequently  run  the  roads 
for  very  considerable  distances.  A  harrier's  patience 
gives  him  an  advantage  in  such  circumstances.  Then, 
again,  a  foxhound  draws  best  on  a  good-scenting  day, 
when  there  is  a  scent  to  draw  him  into  thick  covert — 
I  speak  of  countries  where  foxes  are  scarce  and  where 
hounds  are  not  continually  drawing  coverts  where 
they  always  find.  A  harrier,  on  the  other  hand,  is  a 
busy,  inquisitive  individual  and  pokes  his  nose  every- 
where. Tongue,  too,  and  plenty  of  it,  is  of  the  first 
importance  in  the  big  woodlands.  It  is  safe  to  say 
that,  once  fairly  settled  to  a  fox,  the  Silverton  rarely 
leave  him  ;  and  though,  in  such  a  hollow  country 
as  Haldon,  a  certain  number  naturally  get  to  ground, 
the  average  of  kills  is  very  high.  With  such  a  pack, 
and  with  a  huntsman  like  Mr.  Pape,  quiet,  observant, 
relying  greatly  upon  his  hounds,  and  with  a  persever- 
ance that  never  tires,  the  sport  on  and  around  Haldon 
during  the  past  few  years  has  been  excellent.  Refer- 
ence has  been  made  earlier  to  the  number  of  wild 
fallow  deer  that  infest  the  country.  It  is  sufficient  to 
say  that  the  master  has  overcome  this  difficulty  like 
the  rest,  and  with  the  aid  of  his  whipper-in.  Jack 
Davie,  has  got  the  pack  absolutely  steady.  Mr.  J. 
Shelley,  son  of  Sir  John  Shelley,  acted  as  an  additional 
whip  for  the  two  seasons  immediately  before  the 
war.  Like  so  many  others,  he  is  now  serving  his 
country  abroad.  May  his  return  to  his  more  peaceful 
occupation  be  safe  and  speedy  !  Mr.  Pape  himself 
has  recently  joined  up,  having  accepted  a  commission 
in  the  Devon  Regiment.  In  his  absence,  Mrs.  Pape 
attends  to  the  business  of  the  hunt,  and  the  pack  is 
hunted  by  the  whipper-in. 


at  Sl-tsjCE. 


MR.  W.  WHITLEY  &  MR.  H.  WHITLEY    297 

The  following  were,  until  war  broke  out,  among 
the  regular  followers  of  the  Silverton  on  Haldon  : 
Miss  Annesley,  Miss  Bannatyne,  Misses  Hay,  Mrs. 
Palairet,  Miss  E.  Studd,  Miss  Wilkinson,  Major 
Bannatyne,  1  Captain  Naper,  Captain  W^oolcombe- 
Adams,  Dr.  Waddeton-Smith,  Rev.  L.  Harris  Arun- 
dell,  Messrs.  Acland  Troyte,  W.  H.  Allen,  the  late 
H.  F.  Carr  (hon.  sec.),  C.  S.  Carr,  R.  J.  and  J.  C.  Colhngs, 
W.  F.  Coombe,  Dr.  Cutcliffe,  F.  Cottrell,  N.  T.  Dray, 
W.  H.  Gould,  J.  D.  P.  Goodwin,  R.  E.  Hancock, 
H.  B.  Lowndes,  L.  C.  H.  Palairet,  J.  Paul,  H.  G.  Rew, 
J.  Rowell,  J.  F.  Shelley,  H.  G.  Shrubb,  J.  Symes, 
J.  M.  Wilcocks,  W.  H.  Worrall  and  M.  Wyatt  Edgell. 

Yet  another  portion  of  the  South  Devon  country, 
sufficient  in  extent,  with  the  addition  of  a  small  loan 
from  the  Dartmoor,  to  support  a  pack  two  days  a 
week,  is  separately  hunted.  This  is  the  portion 
loaned  to  Mr.  Brunskill,  which  he  hunts  with  a 
private  pack.  It  coincides  very  nearly  with  the 
country  Sir  Henry  Scale  formerly  hunted  with  his 
private  pack.  It  is  bounded  on  the  west  from 
Diptford  by  the  river  Avon  and  the  sea.  The 
northern  boundary  follows  the  roads  from  Diptford 
to  Morleigh  and  Morleigh  to  Halwell  and  Harberton- 
ford,  and  the  river  Harbourne  from  there  to  the 
Dart.  The  latter  river,  with  the  sea,  forms  the 
eastern  boundary.  These  boundaries  include  the 
loan  from  the  Dartmoor. 

This  pack  was  formed,  as  previously  mentioned,  in 
1914.  Having  carried  out  his  engagement  to  hunt  the 
country  during  that  season,  in  which,  by  the  way,  he 
shewed  some  excellent  sport,  Mr.  Brunskill  felt  himself 
free  to  put  his  services  at  the  disposal  of  his  country. 

^  This  gallant  soldier  and  good  sportsman  has  since  died  of  wounds 
received  in  action  in  France. 


298  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

He  joined  the  Wilts  Yeomanry  and  is  now  expecting 
very  shortly  to  be  sent  abroad  on  active  service. 

The  question  then  arose  as  to  the  fate  of  the  pack 
and  the  future  of  the  nevrly  formed  hunt.  After 
careful  deliberation,  it  was  decided  to  keep  on  the 
hounds,  and  Mrs.  Brimskill  undertook,  not  only  to 
perform  the  duties  of  master,  but  also  to  hunt  the 
pack  herself.  Those  who  know  Mrs.  Brunskill  and 
who  have  noted  her  knowledge  of  the  sport  will  not 
be  surprised  to  learn  that  she  is  acquitting  herself 
remarkably  well.  Such  an  undertaking  is  a  serious 
one.  The  work  of  a  huntsman,  in  the  field  alone,  is 
very  hard.  The  many  moments  of  relaxation  enjoyed 
by  the  irresponsible  members  of  the  field  are  denied 
to  a  huntsman.  His  body  is  at  work  most  of  the  day 
and  his  mind  all  of  it,  and  few  things  are  more 
fatiguing  than  the  combined  exhaustion  of  body  and 
brain.  One  or  two  lady-masters  hunt  their  own 
harriers,  but  I  know  of  none  other  who  has  tried 
her  hand  with  foxhounds.  Mrs.  Brunskill  is  admir- 
ably supported  by  the  farmers  and  by  the  field,  and 
all  are  anxious  to  help  her  in  every  way  possible.  It 
is  to  be  hoped  that  her  spirited  action  will  result  in 
keeping  the  hunt  together  until  such  time  as  her 
husband  is  free  to  return  home. 

Such  is  the  story  of  the  South  Devon  Hunt.  To 
some,  the  story  and,  indeed,  the  very  thought  of 
hunting  will  seem  a  mockery  amid  the  appalling 
happenings  of  these  times.  Others,  more  thoughtful, 
will  see  in  those  very  happenings  the  realization  of 
the  claims  long  put  forward  in  defence  of  the  sport 
and  the  greatest  justification  for  its  continuance. 
They  recognize  that  there  is  no  school  like  the 
hunting-field  for  training  up  a  vigorous  manhood.    In 


MH.  W.  \A'HITLEY  ^'  ME.  H.  \\'HITLEY     299 

the  hunting-field  a  man  leams  discipline  and  self- 
restraint,  his  perceptions  are  quickened,  his  physical 
powers  developed,  his  endurance  hardened  and  his 
courage  put  to  the  test.  Habits  of  observation  and 
self-rehance,  resource  in  difficulties  and  determina- 
tion in  surmounting  obstacles  are  acquired  there  as 
they  are  nowhere  else.  Valuable  attributes,  these, 
for  the  soldier,  more  especially  for  him  who,  but  for 
field  sports,  would  be  a  stranger  to  toil  or  hardship 
of  any  sort.  Not  only  so,  but  in  these  days  when 
roads  are  made  too  dangerous  to  ride  upon,  it  is  fair 
to  say  that  outside  the  hunting  community  the  art 
of  riding  and  the  knowledge  of  horsekeeping  has  died 
out  among  the  people.  The  South  Devon  has  trained 
its  share  of  those  who  are  now  defending  the  Empire 
in  the  greatest  war  of  all  time.  It  is  up  to  the  ladies 
of  the  hunt  and  those  men  who  are  past  the  fighting 
age  to  keep  ahve  an  institution  that  has  survived 
many  wars,  great  and  small,  and  many  other  difficulties 
that  have  threatened  it  from  time  to  time  during  an 
existence  of  over  a  hundred  vears. 


NOTE  ON  THE   MAP 

FOR  reasons  which  appear  earlier  in  these  pages, 
the  red  boundary  of  the  South  Devon  country 
includes  what,  under  existing  conditions,  is  the  Mid- 
Devon  country.  The  division  between  the  two  hunts 
is  shewn  by  a  broken  red  line.  The  boundaries  of  the 
Mid-Devon  were  defined  for  me  by  Mr.  Hayter-Hames 
and  Mr.  Gilbert  Spiller.  It  is  only  fair  to  say  that 
Mr.  A.  W.  Luxton,  the  master,  and  Mr.  J.  A.  Tatters- 
hall,  the  honorary  secretary  of  the  Eggesford,  after 
consultation  with  members  of  their  committee,  do 
not  agree  the  exact  line  given  as  the  northern 
boundary  of  the  Mid-Devon.  They  place  it  some- 
what further  to  the  south  from  the  neighbourhood 
of  Belstone  to  Spreyton  and  a  mile  or  two  beyond. 
I  have,  however,  adopted  the  line  which  Mr.  Hayter- 
Hames  and  Mr.  Spiller  were  good  enough  to  lay 
down  with  great  nicety,  for  the  reason  that  both 
those  gentlemen  have  been  intimately  acquainted 
with  the  hunt  and  the  country  all  their  lives,  and 
have  been  masters  of  the  Mid-Devon,  at  one  time  or 
another,  for  an  aggregate  period  of  eleven  seasons. 

The  line  of  division  shewn  between  the  Eggesford 
and  the  South  Devon  proper  in  the  neighbourhood 
of  Crediton  is  that  which  I  understand  the  Eggesford 
claims  as  its  south-eastern  boundary. 

The  extreme  north-eastern  corner  of  the  South 
Devon  calls  for  explanation.  For  reasons  stated 
presently,  I  have  adopted  as  the  boundary  that  given 


302  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

by  Sheet  No.  19  of  Stanford's  Map  of  England  and 
Wales  coloured  to  shew  the  Fox-Hunts^  published  on 
the  1st  of  January,  1877,  as  far  as  the  point  where 
the  Tiverton  now  come  in.  Stanford's  map  carries 
the  South  Devon  even  further  to  the  north.  Sir  Ian 
Amory,  however,  has  kindly  marked  what  he  claims 
to  be  the  present  Tiverton  boundary,  and  there  can 
be  no  question  as  to  the  accuracy  of  his  claim. 

I  am  aware  that  Hobson^s  Foxhunting  Atlas,  which 
is  before  me,  does  not  extend  the  north-eastern 
corner  of  the  South  Devon  as  far  as  does  Stanford's 
map.  Hobson  carries  it  no  further  than  the  London 
and  South-Western  Railway,  which  he  calls  the  "  Taw 
Valley  Railway."  It  will  be  noted  that  this  gives  the 
Tiverton  considerably  more  country  than  is  claimed 
by  its  present  master.  It  is  possible — though  this  is 
only  conjecture — that  Mr.  Tom  Carew  came  down 
with  the  Tiverton  as  far  as  the  railway  by  permission 
at  the  time  his  cousin,  Sir  Walter  Carew,  hunted  the 
South  Devon  country  from  Haccombe.  It  looks, 
indeed,  as  if  the  colouring  of  Hobson's  map  of  Devon- 
shire hunts  had  been  made  to  fit  such  areas  as  were 
actually  hunted  by  a  particular  pack  at  that  moment, 
ignoring  loans  of  country  and  hunting  rights  which 
were  not  then  exercised.  The  northern  half  of 
Dartmoor,  for  instance,  is  not  coloured  at  all ; 
neither  is  a  large  tract  that  encircles  it  on  the  west, 
north  and  east ;  and  Sir  Henry  Scale's  country, 
which  is  known  to  have  been  made  up  of  loans  from 
the  South  Devon  and  Dartmoor,  is  shewn  as  a 
separate  country. ^     Hobson^ s  Atlas  is  not  dated,  but 

^  So  is  Mr.  Roe's.  This  appears  to  have  been  included  by  mistake.  Both 
the  Netv  Sporting  Magazine  and  Oilerfs  Ouide  class  it  among  harrier  packs, 
and  the  latter  work  contains  this  remark  : — 

"  Mr.  Roe's  harriers  are  not  foxhounds  as  would  appear  by  advertisements 
in  the  London  papers  ;  they  are  well-bred  harriers,  and,  oj  course,  confine 
themselves  to  their  own  game." 


NOTE  ON  THE  MAP  303 

it  seems  pretty  clear,  from  the  railways  and  hunts 
that  it  gives,  that  it  was  published  between  1845  and 
1849.  This  was  Tom  Lane's  period,  and  we  have 
his  own  statement  in  a  letter,  dated  in  1878,  that  he 
had  more  country  than  he  could  manage  to  hunt. 

Even  so,  the  London  and  South- Western  Railway, 
as  boundary,  gives  a  more  ample  margin  in  the  north- 
east than  the  South  Devon  is  ever  likely  to  want  to 
avail  itself  of.  The  point  is  one  of  academic  interest 
rather  than  of  practical  importance,  but,  all  things 
considered,  Stanford's  map  seems  to  be  the  one  on 
which  most  reliance  can  be  placed.^ 

A  considerable  part  of  the  country  on  the  South 
Devon  side  of  the  present  Tiverton  boundary  was  for 
many  years  hunted  by  an  old-established  pack  called 
the  Tremlett.  Like  many  others  in  Devon,  this  pack 
was  originally  a  harrier  pack  ;  it  then  took  to  hunting 
foxes  as  well  as  hares,  and,  in  course  of  time,  developed 
into  a  foxhound  pack.  It  first  figures  as  such  in  the 
Field  annual  table  of  hunts  for  the  year  1893. 

Sir  John  Shelley  was  a  staunch  supporter  of  the 
Tremlett  and  for  some  years  its  master,  at  first 
jointly  with  Mr.  John  Tremlett,  and  afterwards  alone. 
In  the  year  1893,  in  answer  to  an  enquiry  which,  as 
honorary  secretary  for  the  Haldon  side,  I  made 
respecting  an  announcement  that  the  Tremlett  were 
to  meet  at  Dunsford  (w^hich  should  have  been  Duns- 
ford  Wood),  Sir  John  Shelley  wrote  as  follows  : — 

"  We  have,  by  permission  of  the  authorities  of  the 
South  Devon,  Lord  Haldon  and  Mr.  Studd,  and  at  the 

^  The  reputation  of  Messrs.  Stanford  is  a  guarantee  that  every  care  would 
have  been  taken  to  ensure  the  accuracy  of  this  map.  In  corroboration,  I  may 
mention  that  the  late  Mr.  Alec  Munro,  who  was  master  of  the  Dartmoor  at 
the  time  it  was  in  course  of  preparation,  since  told  me  that  he  was  consulted 
about  that  hvmt  and  that  great  pains  were  taken.  It  is  fair  to  assume  that 
similar  care  was  exercised  with  regard  to  other  hunts. 


804  THE   SOUTH  DEVON  HE^N'T 

request  and  desire  of  Mr.  Fulford  of  Great  Fulford, 
drawn  the  coiinti^*  from  Steps  Bridge  to  Clifford 
Bridge  and  including  Fulford.  Camalls.  Hackworthy 
Brake  and  many  other  small  coverts  up  to  the  Exeter 
and  Okehampton  road.  I  am  quite  ready  to  acknow- 
ledge that  permission  was  given  by  the  South  Devon 
Exeter  Division.   .  .  ." 

Nothing  was  said  as  to  the  rest  of  the  Tremlett 
ooantiy,  either  because  it  was  not  germane  to  my 
question,  or  because  Sir  John  did  not  look  upon  it  as 
South  Devon  country. 

The  Tremlett  Hunt,  however,  ceased  to  exist  about 
the  year  1902. 

A  few  years  later,  the  SUverton  Harriers  turned 
their  attention  to  hunting  foxes  and  extended  their 
country  to  include,  in  addition  to  a  loan  from  the 
Tiverton,  a  certain  part  of  the  old  Tremlett  countn,-. 
No  objectiom  was  taken  by  the  South  Devon  ;  neither 
was  any  permission  considered  necessary  until  the 
SilvertcHL  in  the  season  190S-9,  desiring  to  come 
south  of  the  Exeter  and  Okehampton  road,  apphed 
for  and  obtained  leave  to  hunt  the  Haldon  side  of  the 
So^itli  Devon,  or  so  much  of  it  as  was  not  then  loaned 
to  the  master  of  the  Mid-Devon.  The  SUverton  had 
a  sbort  separate  existence  as  a  foxhound  pack  for 
about  three  after  which  it  reverted  to  the 

dual  arrangr         :     :    /JT.ting  both  fox  and  hare. 

We  have  s  t:  :  ::  iiitestone  Wood,  Pynes  and 
Kill£]ix)n  — eir  fixtures  in  the  early  days — the  days  of 
Kln^   Caie~  Haworth.     How  far  since  those 

days  ^he  :^  1  tvon  has  exercised  or  claimed  any 

li^bts  ::.  -  .  _.  n  in  question,  I  am  unable  to  say. 
Mr.  St  ii  Ttes  from  the  Front  that  he  cannot 
:  i:  :.t  drew  north  of  the  Okehampton 

i:;^  ;_   ; 7 :t i.r.  :' verts  belonging  to  Mr.  Drew, 


NOTE  OX  THE  M.\P 

bat  that  be  is  sure  be  n- .   .         —  Whitertcne  or 
Newton  Woods  ;    and  those    :  hare  cgiainly 

not  been  drawn  by  the  Sooth  Devon  since  his  time. 

In  the  face  at  the  abore  facts,  it  seeaas  to  me  that 
tbCTe  is  no  pack  in  a  positiaii  to  dbim  agimt  tbe 
South  Devon  in  the  legioii  in  gnratki  mftfl  the 
Tiverton  country  is  readied.  I  tbexdiQve  feel  caent- 
pelled  to  leave  the  boondaiy  (with  the  imiilifkiliiBi 
referred  to)  soch.  as  I  find  it  in  ISTT.  always  asBHBBig 
the  accuracy  of  Stanford's  map  of  that  date.  To 
others  must  be  left  the  qoestioii,  if  it  siioald  ever 
azise,  whether  the  moe  nash^mntiiig  <^  a  parti'~-:l2: 
district  is  snfiBcient  to  operate  as  an  ahandonTne::: 
it  and  how  far  such  circmDstanees  apply  to  the  liT 
under  consadesation. 

The  westexn  boundary  {Kesents  no  difi&culty.  From 
Post  Bridge,  wbere  tiic  IBd-Devon  gives  place  to  ihe 
South  Devon,  I  am  indebted  to  >Irs.  Bnm^dD.  in  the 
absence  on  service  of  her  husband,  for  the  d^nitioii 
of  the  frontier  line  between  the  South  Devwi  and  the 
Dartmoor.  Mrs.  Brunskfll  is  well  qualified  to  speak 
with  authOTty.  >Ir.  Coryton,  the  mastci  oi  ihe 
Dartmoor,  has  been  kind  enough  to  check  and 
confirm  this  boundary,  with  the  one  exceptkm  that 
he  differs  from  Mrs.  Brunskill  by  placing  Hood  BaB, 
Velwell  and  Brownstcme  cm  the  DartmocHr  side  of  the 
line.    I  have  adopted  his  correction. 

As  will  be  seen  from  the  map,  the  ooontry  on  the 
south  and  east  nms  to  the  sea  and  the  river  Ese. 


PRINCIPAL   PLACES  OF  MEETING 


Naine                                  No.  on  Map   \ 

Name 

No.  on  Map 

Afton  Brook,  Berry  . 

68 

New  Buildings 

.     29 

Alston  Cross     .... 

50 

New  Inn 

.     42 

Aptor  Farm,  Berry   . 

71 

Ogwell    .          .          .          . 

.      55 

Berry  Castle     .... 

69 

Penn  Inn 

.      57 

Blagdon  Barton 

70 

Poundsgate 

.      45 

Challacombe    .... 

16 

Primley  .          .          .          . 

.      73 

Chercombe  Bridge    . 

56 

Reddaford  Water      . 

.      21 

Cockingford  Mill 

35 

Red  Post 

.      67 

Cockington       .... 

74 

Rising  Sun,  Woodland 

.      53 

Denbury  Green 

62 

Rock  Hotel 

.      29 

Forches  Cross  .... 

43 

Roister  Bridge 

.      76 

Furzeleigh  Mill 

59 

Round  House,  Haccombe 

.      58 

Goodstone  Gate 

51 

Rowden  Gate  . 

.      33 

Granite  Lodge,  Stover 

38 

Sharpham 

.      78 

Grendon            .... 

28 

Shinners  Bridge 

.     66 

Half-way  House,  Aahburton  Rd. 

52 

Sigford    .          .          .          . 

.      41 

Heatree  ..... 

18 

Smoky  House 

.      72 

Heytor  Buildings 

29 

Spitchwick 

.      46 

Holne  Bridge  .... 

48 

Star  Inn,  Stover 

.      37 

Ilsington           .... 

36 

Travellers'  Rest 

.     54 

Jay's  (or  Jane's)  Grave 

19 

Two  Mile  Oak 

.     63 

Kennels             .... 

61 

Waddeton  Court 

.      80 

Kingskerswell 

65 

Warren  Inn 

.      15 

Lupton   ..... 

81 

Welstor  Cross  . 

.      49 

Manaton  Green 

20 

Whiddon  Arch 

.      64 

Maypool            .... 

86 

Widdecombe-in-the-Moor 

.      34 

Natsworthy      .... 

17 

Wolston  Green 

.     60 

New  Bridge      .... 

47 

Yarner    .          .          .          . 

.     30 

H^ 

LLDO 

N    SIDE 

(On  Lot 

m  to  t 

he  Silverton) 

Beggar's  Bush 

23 

Lindridge         .          . 

.      40 

Bellamarsh       .... 

21 

Peamore  Arch 

6 

Black  Forest  Lodge 

26 

Pocomb  Bridge 

.       3 

Bridford           .... 

7 

Powderham  Arch 

.      10 

Canonteign 

11 

Round  0 

.      14 

Castle  Dyke     . 

32 

Sandy  Gate 

.     39 

Cofton  Cross    . 

27 

Sixth    Milestone,     Okeha 

mpton 

Crocombe  Bridge 

22 

Road  . 

1 

Dunsford 

4 

Teign  House  Inn 

8 

Haldon  Belvedere     . 

9 

Thorns    . 

.      24 

Haldon  Race  Stand 

13 

Whiteway 

.      12 

Jackdaw  Inn,  Oxton 

25 

Windy  Cross    . 

5 

Lamb  Inn,  Longdown 

2 

Wood      . 

.      44 

"SIR   HENRY 

SEAL 

E'S  OLD   COUNTRY" 

{On  Loc 

m  to  J 

Mr.  Brunskill) 

Blackawton  Forces  . 

.     84 

Dittisham 

.      79 

Bow  Bridge 

.      77 

Fallapit  . 

.      87 

Buckland-Tout-Saints 

.      88 

Halwell  . 

,      83 

Capton    .... 

.      85 

Slapton  . 

.      89 

Crabbaton  Gate 

.      75 

Stanborough  Gate     . 

.      82 

Note  :  The  numbers  on  the  Map  run  consecutively  from  left  to  right  in 
lines  of  greater  or  less  width,  beginning  at  the  top. 

306 


APPENDICES 


s 


APPENDIX  A 

Reprinted  from  The  Western  Morning  News 
A  Devon  Hunt  in  1823 

THE  CHASE  OF  THE  BAGGED  FOX 

[To  the  Editor  of  The  Western  Morning  News] 

IR, — ^I  have  just  come  across  an  account  of  a  run  which 
took  place  on  January  9th,  1823,  with  hounds  then  kept 
by  Mr.  George  Templer,  of  Stover,  near  Newton  (the  present 
residence  of  Mr.  Harold  St.  Maur),  which  may  interest 
some  of  your  readers.  The  pack  were  called  the  "  Catch  'em 
Alives,"  as  they  were  never  allowed — if  it  could  be  prevented 
— ^to  kill  their  fox.  The  Mr.  Taylor  mentioned  was  the  Rev. 
Harry  Taylor,  of  Ogwell,  who  for  many  years  was  the  much- 
respected  rector  of  South  Pool,  near  Kingsbridge,  and  who 
was  a  noted  horseman  of  his  day  and  owned  a  wonderful  little 
horse  called  "  Nunkey,"  which  was  given  him  by  an  uncle. 

Old  Sportsman. 

devon  fox-hunting 

An  extraordinary  pack  of  dwarf  foxhounds  are  kept  by 
George  Templer,  Esq.,  of  Stover  House,  about  14  miles 
below  Exeter,  not  far  from  the  great  turnpike-road  leading 
from  that  place  to  Plymouth.  They  are  never  allowed  to 
have  blood,  if  it  can  be  prevented,  and,  what  is  singular,  they 
very  seldom  miss  a  fox.  They  are  followed  by  such  deter- 
mined sportsmen  and  good  riders,  with  the  best  of  horses, 
that  it  seldom  happens  but  that  some  are  up  when  the  fox 
is  taken,  to  rescue  him  from  the  hounds  before  they  have  the 
power  to  kill  him,  and  he  is  taken  alive  and  kept  for  another 

309 


310  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

day's  sport.  Mr.  Templer  has  at  this  time  nearly  twenty 
brace  of  foxes  in  reserve,  which  he  keeps  in  courts  fitted  up 
for  their  accommodation. 

On  Thursday,  the  9th  January,  1823,  these  hounds  had  one 
of  the  best  days  for  the  season.  At  12  o'clock  precisely 
a  very  fine  vixen  fox,  which  was  dug  two  days  before  by  the 
huntsman  to  Sir  Henry  Carew's  harriers,  was  unbagged 
before  a  large  field  of  sportsmen  at  the  Old  Decoy,  belonging 
to  Lord  Courtenay,  near  Newton  Abbot.  After  going  off  in  a 
most  gallant  style  he  made  a  short  round  to  Wolborough 
Church,  and  crossing  the  Totnes  turnpike  road  he  ran  the 
country  in  a  circle  for  about  four  miles  to  the  place  where  he 
was  first  turned  out,  when,  making  another  turn,  catching 
the  wind,  and  having  lost  his  country,  he  made  away  for 
Ipplepen,  Denbury,  and  Ingsdon,  where,  turning  to  the  right, 
he  gained  the  coverts  of  Bradley,  which  re-echoed  with  the 
delightful  music  of  this  steady  pack,  and  the  cheers  of  the 
sportsmen.  He  then  crossed  a  branch  of  the  river  Teign 
under  Bradley  House,  from  whence  he  ascended  the  steep 
hills  to  Highweek  Village,  where  a  check  of  some  minutes 
occurred,  owing  to  the  fox  having  got  into  some  gardens  and 
about  the  outhouses  of  the  village,  but  being  halloed  away 
again  by  some  people  at  work,  and  bending  again  to  the  right, 
he  faced  the  open  country  of  Bovey  Heathfield,  where  he 
swam  the  canal  belonging  to  Mr.  Templer  twice,  and,  thread- 
ing his  large  plantations  on  the  border  of  the  heath,  he 
ultimately  gained  a  small  one  belonging  to  Lord  Clifford,  near 
Chudleigh,  where  he  was  run  into  and  safely  secured  by  some 
of  the  gentlemen,  who  were  up  before  the  hounds  had  done 
him  any  injury.  Thus  ended  a  chase  of  upwards  of  two  hours, 
having  gone  over  a  country  of  nearly  25  miles — a  chase 
that  gave  the  greatest  satisfaction  to  a  most  numerous 
field  of  the  best  sportsmen  of  the  country.  The  extra- 
ordinary height  of  perfection  to  which  the  discipline  of  a  pack 
of  hounds  of  the  highest  blood  is  brought  is  worthy  the 
attention  of  every  sportsman.  Mr.  Harry  Taylor,  of  Ogwell 
House,  so  manages  this  pack  that  he  turns  down  the  fox 
immediately  before  their  noses,  and  although  not  a  word  is 
spoken  nor  a  whip  moved  not  a  dog  stirs  until  the  law  given 


APPENDIX   A  311 

the  fox  is  up,  when  Mr.  Templer  by  the  single  ■word  **  Now  " 
bids  them  to  the  chase,  when  they  immediately  rush  like  a 
cloud  to  the  scent,  and  go  away  in  the  most  gallant  style  ;  and 
the  sportsmen  have  then  nothing  to  do  but  to  make  their 
nags  put  the  best  leg  foremost,  or  they  have  no  chance  of 
seeing  a  hound  again  for  that  chase.  We  believe  no  pack  in 
the  kingdom  throughout  a  season  shows  better  sport,  have 
longer  or  severer  chases,  or  draw  together  better  fields  of 
sportsmen  than  these  hounds.  On  the  occasion  of  this  grand 
nm  there  were  about  50  or  60  of  the  first  characters  in  the 
country  as  sportsmen  in  the  field,  among  which  were  Sir 
Lawrence  Palk.  of  Haldon  (who  keeps  a  stud  of  seven  or 
eight  horses  at  Melton,  in  Leicestershire,  and  is  a  liberal 
subscriber  to  the  Melton  Hounds),  Sir  Henry  Carew.  Sir  John 
Louis,  Miss  Templer.  Harry  Taylor,  Walter  Carew,  Cresswell, 
Digby  Fowell,  of  Fowlescombe,  Carey,  Burlton,  G arrow, 
Kitsons  (4),  Hole,  Pollard,  Charles  Scale,  Piuson.  In  the 
course  of  this  long  chase  there  was  a  great  deal  of  good, 
straightforward  riding  displayed,  and  many  strong  leaps 
taken  and  some  four  or  five  swam  their  horses  through  the 
canal  twice  after  the  hounds.  Amongst  the  desperate  leaps 
taken  we  cannot  help  noticing  one  taken  by  Mr.  H.  Taylor  on 
his  bay  horse  Xunkey,  in  which  he  was  followed  by  one  other 
only,  Mr.  Digby  Fowell,  on  his  chestnut  mare,  by  Revel. 
It  was  a  stone  wall,  above  five  feet,  built  across  a  lane  that 
was  ordered  to  be  stopped  up,  except  for  foot  passengers,  and 
there  were  steps  on  each  side  for  their  accommodation.  Not 
another  man,  although  the  greater  part  of  the  field  were  well 
up,  dared  to  trust  himself  or  his  horse  at  this  leap  :  and  had 
not  the  fox  made  a  lucky  turn  just  after  to  the  right,  very 
few  would  have  seen  a  hound  again  until  the  check  in  High- 
week  village,  which  let  in  most  of  the  slow  and  easy  gentlemen, 
though,  indeed,  the  whole  run  gave  general  satisfaction,  as 
there  was  plenty  of  steady  hunting,  as  well  as  a  continuance 
of  chase  at  their  best  pace. 


APPENDIX  B 

RULES  AND   REGULATIONS 
OF   THE   SOUTH   DEVON   HUNT 

Passed  at  a  General  Meeting  of  the  Hunt,  convened  by  public 
advertisement,  held  at  Newton  Abbot  on  the  2Mh  April,  1912, 
and  an  adjournment  thereof  on  the  22nd  May,  1912. 

Revised  at  the  Annual  General  Meeting  held  on  the  SOth  April, 
1913. 

1.  The  business  and  affairs  of  the  South  Devon  Hunt  shall 
be  managed  by  the  Members  of  the  Hunt  for  the  time  being 
as  hereinafter  defined,  with  the  exception  of  such  matters  as 
are  hereinafter  authorized  to  be  dealt  with  by  the  Committee. 

2.  Members  of  the  South  Devon  Hunt  shall  consist  of :  — 

(a)  Owners  of  land  within  the  Hunt  limits  of  200  acres  in 
extent  and  upwards  : 

(6)  Lessees  of  shooting  rights  within  the  Hunt  limits  of 
500  acres  in  extent  and  upwards  : 

(In  the  case  of  a  shooting  being  rented  by  several  persons 
jointly,  only  one  of  such  persons  shall  be  entitled  to  member- 
ship.) 

(c)  Tenant  farmers  and  farmers  farming  their  own  land 
within  the  Hunt  limits  of  50  acres  in  extent  and  upwards  : 

{d)  Annual  subscribers  to  the  Hunt  of  £5  or  upwards 
(exclusive  of  subscriptions  to  any  existing  separate  damage 
fund). 

3.  The  Committee  of  the  Hunt  shall  be  elected  at  the 
Annual  General  Meeting  and  shall  consist  of  15  members,  5  of 

312 


APPENDIX  B  313 

whom  shall  be  elected  from  class  (c),  and  the  remainder  from 
the  other  members  of  the  Hunt. 

The  Committee  shall  have  power  from  time  to  time  if  they 
think  fit,  to  co-opt,  as  additional  members  of  the  Committee, 
such  further  persons  not  exceeding  two  in  number,  as  from 
their  position  or  influence  in  the  Countn.'  the  Committee  shall 
think  it  desirable  in  the  interest  of  the  Hunt  to  add  to  the 
Committee. 

The  Committee  shall  remain  in  office  for  one  year  and  be 
eligible  for  re-election.  A  casual  vacancy  on  the  Committee 
may  be  filled  by  the  Committee. 

4.  A  Chairman  and  a  Vice-Chairman  shall  be  elected  at  the 
Annual  General  Meeting  from  the  members  of  the  Committee, 
and  shall  hold  office  for  one  year,  and  shall  be  eligible  for 
re-election.  A  casual  vacancy  in  the  Chairmanship  or  Vice- 
chairmanship  may  be  filled  by  the  Committee.  The  Chair- 
man, when  present,  or,  failing  him,  the  Vice-Chairman,  shall 
preside  at  all  General  and  Committee  Meetings,  and  in  his 
absence  a  temporary  Chairman  shall  be  elected  by  those 
present. 

5.  An  Honorary  Secretary  and  an  Honorary  Treasurer 
shall  be  elected  at  every  Annual  General  Meeting  and  shall 
be  eligible  for  re-election.  A  casual  vacancy  in  the  Secretan,'- 
ship  or  Treasurership  may  be  filled  at  any  General  Meeting. 
The  Honorary  Secretary  shall  be  entitled  to  take  part  in 
discussions  and  to  vote  at  General  or  Committee  Meetings 
whether  otherwise  qualified  or  not. 

6.  Any  person  elected  to  fill  a  casual  vacancy  under  the 
three  preceding  rules  shall  hold  office  only  until  the  next 
succeeding  Annual  General  Meeting  unless  then  re-elected. 

7.  The  Conmiittee  shall  be  elected  by  Ballot,  and  only 
those  who  are  proposed  and  seconded  by  members  of  the 
Hunt,  and  whose  nominations  are  sent  to  the  Honorary 
Secretary  three  weeks  prior  to  the  Annual  General  Meeting 
in  May,  shall  be  qualified  for  election. 

8.  An  Annual  General  Meeting  of  Members  shall  be  held 
at  the  Globe  Hotel,  Newton  Abbot,  or  at  such  other  con- 


314  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

venient  place  as  the  Chairman  (or  faihng  him  the  Honorary 
Secretary)  may  decide,  during  the  month  of  May  in  every 
year. 

9.  A  General  Meeting  may  be  convened  at  any  time  by  the 
Chairman  or  by  a  resolution  of  the  Committee,  and  shall  be 
convened  by  the  Honorary  Secretary  on  a  written  requisition 
signed  by  any  ten  Members.  Twelve  shall  form  a  quorum. 
All  General  Meetings  shall  be  convened  by  public  advertise- 
ment in  at  least  two  newspapers,  giving  at  least  ten  clear 
days'  notice  thereof. 

10.  A  Special  Meeting  shall  be  convened  for  the  3rd 
Wednesday  in  January  in  every  year  for  the  purpose  of 
making  or  considering  arrangements  for  hunting  the  Country 
during  the  following  season,  unless  that  matter  is  already 
provided  for  by  the  arrangements  then  in  existence. 

11.  A  Committee  Meeting  may  be  convened  at  any  time 
by  the  Chairman,  and  shall  be  convened  by  the  Honorary 
Secretary  on  a  written  requisition  signed  by  three  members 
of  the  Committee.    Five  shall  form  a  quorum. 

12.  No  business,  except  general  business  or  urgent  busi- 
ness, shall  be  transacted  at  any  Meeting  other  than  the 
business  appearing  on  the  Notice  convening  the  Meeting,  or 
business  arising  thereout. 

13.  All  matters,  other  than  the  election  of  Committee,  shall 
be  decided  by  the  votes  of  the  majority  of  those  present  and 
voting  at  any  Meeting.  The  Chairman  shall  have  a  casting 
vote. 

14.  The  Committee  shall  have  the  control  and  management 
of  all  matters  affecting  the  internal  economy  of  the  Hunt : 
such  as  Tenancy  and  repair  of  Kennels,  administration  of 
funds,  establishment  and  administration  of  separate  damage 
or  poultry  or  wire  funds,  questions  of  capping,  payment  of 
Keepers  and  earth  stoppers  and  their  annual  Dinner,  &c., 
and  also,  in  the  event  of  the  country  being  hunted  by  the 
Committee,  the  engagement  and  dismissal  of  Hunt  servants 
and  purchase  and  sale  of  horses  and  hounds,  &c. 


APPENDIX  B  315 

15.  The  Committee  shall  have  power  to  deal  with  and 
dispose  of  all  questions  arising  between  the  Hunt  and  any 
other  Hunt,  including  questions  of  boundaries  and  temporary 
loans  of  country,  and  all  questions  arising  between  any  indi- 
vidual and  the  Hunt,  and  any  questions  between  any  indi- 
vidual and  the  Master  or  between  individual  members  that 
may  be  submitted  to  the  Committee,  and  all  questions  of 
hunting  law  or  other  like  questions. 

16.  A  record  of  all  proceedings  at  Meetings  shall  be  entered 
in  Minute  books. 

17.  All  Hunt  funds  from  whatever  source  (including 
proceeds  of  "  caps  ")  shall  be  paid  to  the  Honorary  Treasurer 
or  to  such  Banking  Account  or  Accounts  as  he  or  the  Com- 
mittee shall  determine. 

18.  The  Hunt  accounts  shall  be  audited  every  year  and  the 
balance  sheet  and  list  of  subscribers  shall  be  submitted  and 
produced  at  the  Annual  General  Meeting. 

19.  The  hunting  season  shall  be  deemed  to  begin  on  the 
1st  November  and  end  on  the  1st  May. 

20.  Subscriptions  to  the  Hunt  shall  be  on  the  following 
scale  and  shall  become  due  on  the  1st  November.  No  sub- 
scriber shall  be  entitled  to  vote  at  any  General  or  Committee 
Meeting,  though  otherwise  qualified,  until  his  subscription 
due  on  the  preceding  1st  November  shall  be  paid. 

The  minimum  subscription  for  all  persons  resident  in  the 
South  Devon  Hunt  and  hunting  with  the  pack  (except 
farmers  and  puppy  walkers  who  shall  be  exempt)  shall  be 
£5  5s.  Od.  A  "  cap  "  of  5s.  per  day  shall  be  payable  by  non- 
subscribers  limited  to  four  days  in  the  season.  The  Honorary 
Secretary  shall  have  power  to  accept  a  smaller  subscription  in 
special  circumstances. 

21.  The  Master  for  the  time  being  shall  be  entitled,  without 
consulting  the  Committee,  to  give  permission  in  writing  to 
any  other  pack  to  draw  any  part  of  the  South  Devon  country 
a  reasonable  number  of  days  in  any  one  season  ;  but  no 
general  permission  shall  be  given,  or  loan  made  of  any  part 


316  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

of  the  country,  without  the  express  sanction  of  the  Com- 
mittee. What  is  a  reasonable  number  for  the  purposes  of 
this  rule  shall  be  determined  by  the  Committee. 

22.  No  rule  shall  be  altered  or  rescinded  and  no  new  rule 
shall  be  made  except  at  an  Annual  General  Meeting,  or  until 
the  Committee  have  had  an  opportunity  of  considering  and 
discussing  the  same.  Notice  of  any  proposed  alteration  or 
rescission  of  any  rule  or  of  any  new  rule  shall  be  given  in 
writing  to  the  Honorary  Secretary  three  weeks  prior  to  such 
Annual  General  Meeting,  and  the  notice  convening  such 
Meeting  shall  state  the  number  of  the  rule  proposed  to  be 
altered  or  rescinded,  or  that  a  new  rule  is  to  be  proposed. 


APPENDIX  C 

GLOSSARY   OF   DEVONSHIRE   TERMS 

Bottom :  See  Goyal. 

cutter  (or  Clatter) :  An  irregular  heap  of  granite  boulders. 
Glitters  are  found  mostly  on  hillsides  and  are  said  to  be  the 
result  of  decay  of  the  Tors  (q.v.). 

Coombe :  A  valley  between  two  steep  hills. 

Cry  of  the  river :  A  striking  effect  produced  by  the  sound 
of  rushing  water  peculiar  to  the  Dart.  The  Rev.  S.  Baring- 
Gould  quotes  the  following  couplet : 

"  The  Dart,  the  Dart— the  cruel  Dart 
Every  year  demands  a  heart." 

And  the  river  is  represented  as  crying  for  its  prey. 

Forest :  Dartmoor  was  once,  like  Exmoor,  a  Royal  Forest, 
i.e.  a  place  where  beasts  of  forest  were  preserved  for  the  King. 
The  term  does  not  imply  the  existence  of  trees  (e.g.  Scotch 
deer  forest).  Dartmoor  is  still  spoken  of  as  a  forest,  though 
no  longer  such  legally,  it  having  passed  into  private  hands. 

Flying-fence :  A  term  used  to  distinguish  a  hedge  or 
other  fence  that  a  horse  clears  in  his  stride,  from  a  bank  on 
which  he  alights  before  jumping  off  it. 

Goyal  (or  Goyle) :  The  washed-out  bed  of  an  old  stream  or 
torrent  at  the  bottom  of  a  valley  or  coombe. 

In-country  :  All  country  other  than  moorland. 

Linhay :  A  shed. 

Newtake  :  A  piece  of  land  taken  in  from  the  moor  or  open 
commons  and  enclosed  with  a  wall  or  other  fence. 

317 


318  THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 

Pocket :  An  opening  in  the  face  of  the  moor,  made  by 
miners. 

Scat :   Plastered,  e.g.  with  mud. 

Shippens :  Houses  or  yards  for  cattle  or  sheep  (i.e. 
probably  a  corruption  of  sheep-pens). 

Stickle :  The  broken  water  running  over  shallows  of  a 
river. 

Swale  (v.)  :  The  act  of  burning  heather,  &c.,  on  moors  or 
commons,  to  improve  the  pasturage. 

Tor:  "The  tors — Nature's  towers — are  huge  masses  of 
granite  on  the  tops  of  the  hills  .  .  .  piled  one  upon  another 
in  Nature's  own  fantastic  way  "  (Rev.  S.  Baring-Gould). 

Turf -ties  :  The  name  given  to  the  pits  where  the  turf  is 
cut  for  fuel. 

Unlight  (v.) :   To  dismount. 

Up-country  :  A  term  used  in  referring  to  any  country  other 
than  Devon  or  Cornwall. 

Vein  :  The  Vein,  or  Vein-Country,  is  the  name  given  to  a 
vast  tract  of  bog-land  in  the  northern  part  of  Dartmoor. 
Hence,  "  veiny  ground  "  means  any  boggy  ground.  The 
word  is  probably  merely  the  local  pronunciation  of  "  fen." 


INDEX 


Accidents  in  the  Hunting  Field, 
194,  162,  164,  174,  234,  235, 
288 

Acland-Troyte,  Mr,,  297 

Adams,  Mr.,  107 

—  Mr.  S.  P.,  226 
Ainger,  Miss,  291 
Alexander,  James,  112 
Allen,  Mr.  G.  E.,  227 

—  W.  H.,  297 
Alsop,  ilr.  J.,  227 

Amory,  Mr.  (now  Sir)  Ian,  238, 

Annesley,  Miss,  297 

Arden,  Mr.,  291 

Arundell,  Rev.  L.  Harris,  297 

Ashburton  Harriers,  The,  236 

Atherstone,  The,  266 


Babbage,  87 

Back,  PhiHp,  112,  113,  175 

Badminton,  22,  70 

—  Library,  70 

—  The,  83,  130,  224,  248,  266 
Bag-foxes,  25,  26,  27,  38,  49-52, 

64,  309-11 
BaUey,  Mr.  G.  L.,  293 
Baillie,  Mr.  AJec,  134 

—  ilr.  Evan,  107,  119,  134,  215 
Baily's   Hunting   Directory,    39 

68  f.n. 

—  Magazine,  24,  110,  129,  174 
Baker,  Dr.,  134 

—  Dr.  de  W.,  163 

—  Mr.  Robert,  100 
BaU,  Mr.  Mark,  225 
Bannatyne,  Major,  297 

—  Miss,  297 

—  Mr.  295 


39, 
237. 


302 


54, 


f.n. 


Barclay,  ilr.,  110 
Barnes,  Mr.  W.,  260 
Barran,  Miss,  260 

—  Mr.  C.  M.,  260 
Barratt,  Mr.  J.,  107 
Bartlett,  Mr.  S.,  107 
Beachey,  Mr.  H.  G.,  107 
Beagles,  26,  264 

Beal,  44,  47,  48,  57 

"  Beasts  of  Venery,"  140 

Beaufort,  Duke  of,  23,  65,  70,   140, 

156,  224,  240 
Beckford,  31 
Belfield,  Major  S.,  260 
BeUew,  Mr.  Froude,  137,  143,  180 
Belvoir,  The,  21,  22,  152,  197  f.o. 
Bentinck,  Lord  Henry,  40 
Bicester,  The,  83,  95 
Bickford,  Mr.  J.,  227 
Birdwood,  General,  95 
"  Bishop  of  Dartmoor,"  7 
Bitch  Pack,  55,  79,  183.  195,  260 
Blackaller,  Mr.  J.,  107 
Blackmore   Vale,   The,   27,   95,    123, 

247,  266 
Blaine,  31 

Blakeway,  Mrs.,  291 
"  Blizzard  in  the  West,"  The,  165 
BlundeU,  Miss,  226 
Bogs,  7 

"  Bold  Dragoon,"  The,  26 
BoUiho,  Lieut.-Col.  W.  E.  T.,  292 
Bosworthick,  Mr.,  292 
Boundaries,     see     Map     (Note    on), 

Countrj-  Hunted,  Lo£uis  of  Country, 

etc. 
Bourne,  Mr.  G.,  292 

—  ilr.  R.  M..  292 
Bovey,  Mr.  E.  P.,  236 


319 


320 


THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 


Bowers,  Ben,  113 
Bradshaw,  Miss,  163 

—  Mr.  O.,  134,  153 
Bragg,  Mr.,  87,  195,  211 
Brereton,  Miss,  260 
Brocklesby,  The,  266 
Brown,  Mr.  Hercules,  175 
BrunskiU,     Mr.     H.     F.,     226,     259, 

263-77 

—  Mrs.,  268,  284,  298,  305 

—  Mr.  W.  F.,  95 
Bryden,  Mr.  H.  A.,  31  f.n. 
Bugle,  31 

Bulley,  F.,  293 

Bulteel,  Mr.  John,  5,  27,  38,  43,  44, 

95 
Burlton,  Mr.,  39 
Burt,  Mr.  R.  H.  E.,  227 
Buttons,  Hunt,  196 
Byrom,  Mrs.,  134 

Calpe  Hounds,  The,  287 
Cann,  Miss,  163 
Capping,  13-14,  263 
Card,  Mr.  F.  F.,  292 
Carew,  Mr.  Tom,  58,  302 

—  Sir  Henry,  30,  46 

—  Sir  Walter,  34,  38,  41-59,  61,  95, 
105 

—  The  Misses,  44,  45 
Carr,  Mr.  C.  S.,  297 

—  Mr.  H.  F.,  134,  297 
Carter,  Colonel,  267 
Casavetti,  Mr.,  176,  225 
Cave-Penny,  Mrs.,  261 
Cawdle,  293 

"  Cecil,"  81 

Champemowne,    Wager   between 

Carew  and,  59 
Chandos-Pole,  Mr.,  258 
Chichester,  Capt.  A.,  134 

—  Mr.  and  Mrs.  C,  134 
Choules,  Harry,  234,  238 
Chronological  Table,  sxvii 
Chvunleigh  AYeek,  The,  26,  39 
Churchward,  87,  88 

Civil  and  Military  Gazette  (Lahore), 

194 
Clack,  Mr.  J.  C,  99 


Clack,  Mr.  W.  Courtenay,  99,  102, 
110,  223 

—  W.  E.  S.,  68 
Clarke,  Tom,  61,  65,  70 
CUfford  of  Chudleigh,  Lady,  224 
Lord,  171,  262,  295 

Chfis,  Foxes  in  the,  51-53,  121,  158 
Chmate   and   Weather,    14,    66,    67, 

165-8,  170,  237,  281,  283 
Clothes,  152,  165 
Coaching,    59,     70,     129,    131,    190, 

225 
Cobham,    Major    H.    W.,    269,    277, 

285 
Cocking,  The  Rev.  J.,  224 
Codner,  Mr.,  119,  176,  223 
Cole,  Mr.,  107 

—  WiUiam,  247 
Coleridge,  Mr.  W.  R.,  160 
Colhngs,  Frank,  222 

—  James,  197-201,  222,  234 

—  R.  J.,  293,  297 

—  J.  C,  293,  297 
CoUins,  Miss,  292 
Collipriest,  58 
CoUyns,  Dr.,  211,  212 
Coombe,  Mr.  W.  F.,  297 
Coplestone,  The  Rev.  J.  H.,  160 
Corbett,  Mr.  W.  R.,  156 
Coryton,  Mr.  W.,  119,  305 
Cottesmore,  The,  2 

CottreU,  Mr.  F.,  297 
Country  Gentlemen,  6 

—  Hunted,  3,  36,  44,  52,  73,  82,  86, 
91,  127,  137,  158,  160,  174,  180, 
208,  210-17,  221,  240,  267,  and  see 
Loans  of  Country 

Coventry,  The  Earl  of,  143 

Crake,  Mr.,  259 

Cranstoun,  Lord,  68 

Craven,  The,  70 

Crocker,  Dick,  94 

Croot,  John,  188 

Cross,  Mr.  J.  J.,  225,  235 

Crossing,  Mr.,  107  f.n. 

Cubhunting,  63,  96,  113,  155,  182 

—  Afternoon,  170 
Cubitt,  Mr.  WiUiam,  95 
Cunard,  Sir  Bache,  156 
Curtis,  Mr.  W.  S.,  292 


INDEX 


321 


Safe,  Mr.  T.  F.,  21,  70 

Dniel,  31  f  Ji.,  107  Ln. 

Dniell,  Mr.,  163 

Damage  Fund,  12,  243 

"  Dart  and  THgn  Foxbounds,"  173 

Dart,  The,  81 

—  Vale  Hameis,  Tbe,  10,  12,  225 
Dartmoor,  3  Ln.,  4,  5-6,  30,  40 

—  TIk,  45,  58,  81,  1-56,  177,  183, 
247,  253,  258,  259.  268^  293,  297, 
302,305 

DartzDoath,  79,  80,  94 
Davie,  Jade,  296 
Davies,  F.,  293 

—  Iieat--CoL  F.  G.  H^  166 

—  The  Rev.  E.  W.  L.,  20,  28,  27,  41, 
48,  130 

Dawson,  The  Hon.  Bkfaard,  238 
Deaeoi,  Mr.  J.,  150,  348 
DeadiB  in  the  Fidd,  40,  56,  164,  235 
Deer,  see  Red  Deer ;  FaOow  Deer 
Deukam,  Mr.  A^  260 

—  Mr.  L.,  260 

—  Mrs.  L.,  i60 

Doges,  Ynmam,  104,  105  f  ju,  190, 

215 
Dering,  Mr^  76 
Devon  and  SomeiBet,  The,  31 

—  The  Eari  <^  43,  61,  295 

—  Fazfamtting  Club,  The,  30 

—  HarriCTH.  The,  61,  69 

—  The,  45,  61,  72 

Devonian  <A  1828,  The,  103,  104 
Diazies,  Hunting,  36,  46,  47,  63,  103, 

105,  106,  131,  147 
Dog  Shows,  Jixiging  at,  239 
Doneraile,  Lord,  39 
Doney,  235 
Doyle,  189 

Drafts,  21,  22.  95,  100,  152,  183,  279 
Drake,  Mr.  Hammett,  30 

—  Mr.  John,  107 
Drav,  Mr.  X.  T.,  297 
Dxayum,  William,  113,  120 
Drew,  Mr.  Gooki,  61 

—  Mr.  H.,  145 
Dreve,  Geoenl,  160 
Dadiy  Lieenee.  214 
Dognid,  Mi&,  288 

Duke  of  Satbafand  a.  The,  242 
T 


Dunboyne,  Lord,  160 

Dndee-Hooper,  Mias,  292 

Dootee,    Sr   John,    110,    119,    123. 

127-35,  138,  143,  178 
Dnrant-Parker,  Mr.  O.,  292 
Dwaif  FoadKMgBMfa.  26 


Eales,  Mr^  39,  134 
Eaidley-Wiknot,  Miaa.  227 
BagOt^tappmg,  55,  107,  269 
Basfc  Devon,  The,  160,  226,  266 
Edwafu^  189 
S^eeeiard,  The,  73,  266,  301 


Mighlg  Yeanf  Bemimaoemoa,  48  Ln., 

62 
Effieombe,  C^.  G.,  134 


—  Mr.  H.,  134 

EOb.  Mr^  119 

.Kmydopodia  oj Bitrai  Sporia,  31  ^" 

Bi^eDiavdt,  Mr.  W.,  223,  225 


Eve,]GaB,227 

—  Mr.  W.  H^  227 

Evered,  Mr.,  6 

ExOer  md  Pb/mumtk  Gazette,  Wool- 

met'*,  74,  75 
EaBebr     Fk^mg     Poet,     T\  i  aBiii'a, 

35  In^  88 
Exe,  The,  3.  69 
Exmoor,  5-C,  139 
£saMwr.-     or   At    Foatattpe    of  8L 

Hwbert  M  tke  Weal,  73 
Exmoor,  The,  259,  264 
KinawUi,  Lwly,  134 
Eye  for  a  HoBBe  and  Homtd.  239^  265 
Evie,  Govonor,  113 


ar  A^  163 
FainreaSfaer,  J.,  227.  293 
FaDow  Deer,  140,  249.  296 
FmemeB  to  My  OU  Hom,  30.  34 
Famas,  12.  132.  152.  275 
FeOowea,  The  Hon.  Newton.  24,  28. 

30,  57 
Fences,  4.  162 
Fenier-KetT.  Mr.  W.,  227 
Fenv.  Mr.  Riefaard.  248 
FieU,  The  (qooted),  31  Ln^  65  f  ju 

91,  93,  113,  114,  115,  117,  119,  214 


322 


THE  SOLTH  DEVON  HUXT 


Fmch,  Mr.  George,  1S5 

fishing  and  Hunting  Compared,  171 

Rtxwiffiam.  The,  1S3 

Fxxt^r?.  56.  37,  52.  63,  &4,  74,  81, 


■-i^-i.  Mr.  Albert,  9S 

::r.  H.  W..  160.  297 

-      ~.  Sir  Reginald,  224 


G.  M..  260 

Hounds    of 
'  .4?.  73,  74.  79, 


F:s.  Si-VTer.  147  fji. 

—  White.  147 

—  Drc^TQed.  145 
Foxes,  A  Pack  cf.  24 

—  Bag,  see  B^-foxes 
TozTi'urtier  g  G^jid-:,  Ttk.  SI  fji. 
FoxMiTtii'^.g  B^m'ir.i-i^^rr^c-e.s,  224 
Franklin.  Mr..  107 

Freake.  Lady,  224 

FreHnai-.  Eany.  113 

Frc^es,  Mr.  J.  F.  G.,  260 

Frcnt.  Meir.bers  of  the  Hani  at  the, 

162.  222.  23S.  242.  2S4.  287,  297 
Fr:et.  Miss.  227.  293 
Frcuie,  Mrs..  261 
Furz-sss,  D:ri.  277 


Gahraj,  Ijard,  1-56 
GambiCT-Pany,  Tne  Hon.  Mrs.,  129 
GkxsU,  CoL  J.  A.  T.,  160 

—  Major  L.  C,  160 
GnOi,  Mr^  156 

Gsye,  Edgade-SmgeoQ  A.  C^  194 

—  Dr.  H.  S..   15,  5.3,  &4,   119,  144, 
192,  193-209,  211 

—  Major-GeneTal,  194 

''  Gekn,-  27.  7.3,  74,  3i)2  f.n. 
Gery,  161,  166 
GibbcHis,  Mr.,  176 
Gilbert,  Mr.  J.  P.,  27 
Gillard,  Frank,  197  f  jl 
Glosary,  317-18 
Goodwin,  ilr.  J.  D.  P.,  297 
Goodwyn,  Dr.,  224 

—  Ms^  223 


Kaccombe.  34.  oS,  42,  46,  48,  56,  58, 

76.  SO.  107,  114 
Ha:krr.  'Ir.  S..  225 
:     -.  E. C.  134 

}L- -.    -r.   i3,  55.  6-5,   S7,   102, 

105.  115,  116,  120,  122,  135,  137, 

144,  267 

—  Harriers,  The,  10,  103,  105,  225, 
267,  292 

—  Hounds,  The,  53,  130,  131.  152 

—  Hoose,  128 

—  Lord,  139,  143,  151-1.  192 

—  Side,  The,   15.  127-72,  218,  248, 
267 

Half  :rd-Thompson,  Mr.  R.,  227 

Ha"-:.  H.  Byn-'.  73 

H  _,  Ii'7 

~:^  2^1 

Hi  Kounds,  The,  39,  40 

E.      ;  ::..  226 

Ear:ir:5bire  Hocmds,  The,  63 
Ha::c::k,  Mr.  R.  E.,  297 
Hinkrv.  Capt.  Alers,  260 

—  Ik-.  K.  E.  A.,  260 

E  -r,  269,  270 

Hare,  ^±^.,  'jo.  ::o9 

Harereave,  Major,  225 

Harriers,  10,  46,  55.  56.  78,  87,  107, 

lis,   149,   197,   225,   264  (see  also 

Haldon,  etc.) 
Harris,   Mr.   C.   A-,   20,   21,   22,   23, 

24,  42 

—  T.ra.  114 

>:       :z-!d.  The  Hon.  Mrs..  163 
E:.~.::h,  Capt.  Martin,  60-70,  213, 
304 

—  Lady  Mary,  60 
Ha'srorth-Leslie,  60 
Hay,  T?     '■        -    297 
Haydor  -  -  i 
Hayne.  -  - 

Hayte:  Ir.,  7,  226,  237,  284, 

294,  aoi 


INDEX 


323 


Haazd,  Chptein,  95 

**  HeeftoKB  oi  Ihe  Mocr/^  5 
TfMii|Wiiiii1,  Mr.  F.,  260 
Bcnley.  Mr.  C,  22o 

—  Mis.,  223 
Heim-Gamys,  Mr.,  130 
Hobot.  Mr.  it«r«»M,  14 

Hext,  Mr.  Geoiiee,  9S,  101,  1S2,  197, 
217,  2^  257 

—  Mis-,  223 
Heythrop,  The,  95 

HeyttK,  5,  29,  36,  55,  247.  25^ 
Kingston,  Itr.  Alfred,  226 

—  Mr.  AngnsttE,  164,  US,  223 
HmU  to  Hunisrmen,  62 
Hiatorg  nf  ike  Beimir  Hiatt,  21 
Hoaie,  Mr.  Ijermax,  163 

—  Mr.  P.M.,  163 

—  Sr  H.,  75 

Hahmm's  ForHmmtmg  AUae,  3Q2 
Hi  Nlgk  iiM  M  ■!,  Mr.,  260 

—  MiB.,2G0 
OiUswtvtii,  Mr.,  95 

Hole,  Mr.  W.,  30,  3S,  48,  110,  134, 

215,223 
Hohniin,  Frank,  293 
Hooper,  Mr.  R,  134,  163 
HoBK.  TTrniting.  31,  69,  111,  131 
Hooes,  PiMntingg  of,  6S-9 

—  Types   <rf,    9,    10,    71,    72,    162, 
18»-9,24S 

Hoond  Lists,  76-7,  S4-5 

—  Wofk,  2,  239 

Hoonds,  8.  22,  26,  27,  35,  43,  104. 
143,  241,  265,  266,  295-6 

—  AeeidentB  to,  53,  67 

—  FBEQtingB  oi,  76 
Hont  B^  268 

—  BottoDB,  196 
"  224 

56,  98,  107,  110 
of  (see  XazDe  ci  Hont) 

—  Bales,  Berised,  275,  276,  312-16 
HmtiBg  Diaries,  see  Diaries 
Humii»g  Tcwrr,  25,  26,  27 
HnntsBOOi,  47,  S7,  94.  105,  112,  113. 

131,    151.    152.    160,    161,    183-4. 
197,  199-201,  245 
Hurle.  Cokinel  £.  F.  Cooke,  279 


A.  Cooke,  278-88 


"  In -country,     3 

Ivyfaridse  W^k.  Tze,  Si.  4«,  52,  95, 
108 


i  Jai^^  A  Tazre,  24 
I  Jemngp.  B^  104 

JcphBon,  Major.  260 
•  Jex  vuise-Snatli.  Tlie  Hon.  Mis.,  261 
I  Jam  mil    tf   Oe    OpewmHams    e^   <ke 
Bebeir  Hmmt,  21 


Kpanng,  Major,  107,  134,  223    -"-^ 

KeOoek,  Mr.  G.  F.,  225 

—  Mr.  T.  C  93 
•gimwBj    Sr  Jolm,  31 
Kamch.  19,  32,  42,  62,  74,  79,  87, 

103,  113,  12*,  136,  152,  174,  186^ 
181,  195,  221,  222 
King  (of  PoitlHaeombe)^  Joke,  33-iO, 
47 

—  ThnmaB,  40 

—  Mr.  Walker.  102 

KimfBtfOe  HmmUm^  Fidi,  XI 
Sitson.  Mr.,  38,  68, 176,  215.  223;  238 
Kjught-B^oee,  Mr.  G.,  291 
Kn«er.  Mr.  H.  S.,  225 


LnnbeO.  Tom.  163,  IM 

LnKTtoo,  Tbe,  74,  255,  259,  279 

Lmmd  mmd  Wtter,  58 

LapoowMiH,  10 

Lane.  Mr.  T.  V.,  68,  71-7,  81,  213 

Laurie,  Dr.,  225 

Lav  of  Fuxk—Hine.  212-13 

Lee,  Mr.  Godfrey.  68,  134,  ±25 

—  Mr.  B.  H.,  298 

Leieestar.  Mis..  227 

Leriie.  Lady  Mary,  68,  69 

"  Let-e»«knB.''  Tlie.  26.  30 

Leddndge.  Ckp^  J.  a  B^  261 


324 


THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 


Lethbridge,  Mr.  F.  S.  B.,  261 
Letters  on  the  Past  and  Present  Fox- 
hounds of  Devonshire,  21,   22,   23, 
24,  32,  35,  39,  42 
Lewis,  Miss,  293 

—  Mr.  E.,  227 
Ley,  Mr.  H.,  39,  134 

—  Mr.  J.  H.,  38,  153,  208,  295 

—  Mr.  W.,  39 

Life  of  the  Rev.  J.  Russell,  20,  25,  26, 

30,  40,  57,  130 
'  Lilliputians,"  27 
Limits     of     Country,     see     Country 

Hunted,  Loans  of  Country,  Map 

(Note  on) 
Lindridge,  19,  27,  50,  65,  86,  107,  113, 

116,  123,  146,  267 
Lindsell,  Mr.,  156 

Line  taken  by  Foxes,  52,  53,  54,  55 
Little,  Dr.  F.  E.,  224,  235 
Llangibby  and  Chepstow,  The,  189 
Loans  of  Country,  15,  230,  249,  280, 

284,  294,  297,  304 
Long,  Mr.,  40 

Lonsdale,  Mr.  Hey  wood,  156 
Loram,  George,  98,  132,  161 
Lord,  Mr.,  134 
Lord  Coventry's,  95 

—  Fitzhardinge's,  240 

—  Haldon's,  152 

—  Poltimore's,  95 

—  Portman's,  242 

—  Portsmouth's,  183 
Lowe,  Capt.  Stanley,  95 
Lowndes,  Mr.  H.  B.,  297 
Luscombe,  106,   107,   116,  130,  138, 

147,  148,  157,  267 
Luxmoore,  Mr.,  68,  117,  176 

—  Mrs.,  176 
Luxton,  Mr.  A.  W.,  301 
Lyster,  Major,  227 


McCasland,  Mr.  A.,  163 
—  Mr.  J.,  163 
Macclesfield,  Lord,  144 
Macdonald,  Dr.  Ross,  225 
Maclellan,  Mr.  J.  A.,  26 
McLeod,  Major,  134 
Makepeace,  Mr.,  39 


Mallard  seized  by  a  hunted  fox,  40 
Mallock,  Mr.  Richard,  176 
Mamhead,  68,  88,  120,  122,  138,  144, 

146,  147,  148 
Mann,  Mr.,  261 
Manners,  Lord  Robert,  21 
Manwood's  Forest  Laws,  140  f.n. 
Map,  Note  on  the,  301-5 
Marley,  42,  44 
Marshall,  Mr.  C,  192 
Martin,  Mr.,  259 
Mason,  Arthur,  113,  175 
Masters   of   Foxhounds   Association, 

Arbitration  by  the,  196,  210,  215 
Masters  of  the  South  Devon,  xxvii 
Matthew,  Mr.  R.  W.,  261 
Maye,  Mr.  T.,  225 
Meeting,  Principal  places  of,  306 
Menneer,  Mr.  R.,  261 
Michelmore,  Mr.  H.,  100,   109,   119, 

215 
Mid-Devon,  The,   7,   210,   216,   225, 

226,  230,  234,  249,  255,  258,  267, 

294,  301 
Mid-Devon  Advertiser,  119 
Modbury  Harriers,  The,  175 
Moffatt,  Mr.  A.,  118,  215 
Mohun-Harris,  23 
Monkey  following  hovmds.  A,  24 
Monmouthshire,  The,  14 
Monro,  Mr.  Alec,  110,  215 
Moor  Week,  see  South  Devon  Hunt 

Week 
Moorland,  3 
Morel,  Mr.,  277 
Morley,  Lord,  295 
Morris,  Mr.,  249 
Mortimer,  Mr.  W.  R.,  107 
Mortimore,  Mr.,  119 
Mr.  Bolitho's  Hounds,  160 

—  Coryton's  Hounds,  183 

—  Froude  Bellew's  Hounds,  183 

—  King's  Hounds,  35 

—  Lobb's  Hounds,  161 

—  Morgan's  Hounds,  74 

—  Netherton's  Hounds,  175 

—  Norton's  Hounds,  170 

—  St.  Maur's  Hounds,  223 

—  Scott  Brown's  Hounds,  266 

—  Snow's  Hounds,  131 


INDEX 


325 


Mr.  Townsend's  Harriers,  149 

—  Trelawny's  Hounds,  40 

—  Tremlett's  Harriers,  149,  170 
Hovinds,  170 

—  Whidbome's  Hounds,  87,  181 


Name  of  the  Hunt,  xxvii,  35,  45,  61, 
72-4,  81,  87,  92,  128,  137,  152,  167, 
173,  181,  191-2 
Naper,  Captain,  297 
Nevard,  Will,  131 
New  Forest  Hounds,  279 

Wild  Red  Deer  in  the,  139 

New  Sporting  Magazine,  The,  39,  45 
Newman,  Sir  Lydston,  115,  132 

—  Sir  Robert,  295 

Newton  Abbot  Steeplechases,  242-3 

Newton  Side,  The,  173-209 

"  Nimrod,"  1,  23,  24,  25,  26,  27,  129 

Norris,  Miss,  223 

North,  Dan,  53,  131,  133,  137,  138, 

150,  152,  160 
North  Devon,  The,  74 

—  Staffordshire,  The,  242,  248 

—  Warwickshire,  The,  83 
Norton,  Mr.  Lowndes,  195,  294 


Oakley,  The,  183 

Old  Berkshire,  The,  60,  83 

On  Looking  Back  from  Haldon,  29,  30, 

136 
One    Hundred    Years    on   Dartmoor, 

107  f.n. 
Original  Country,  The,  15,  19-123 
Owen,  Mr.  Arthur,  54 
Oxton,  61,  68,  88,  107,  121,  136,  137, 

144,  146,  148,  154,  249 


Paignton,  51 

Palairet,  Mr.  L.  C.  H.,  297 

—  Mrs.,  297 

Palk,  Mr.  E.  A.,  129,  130 

—  Sir  Lawrence,  117,  119,  120,  123, 
127-35 

—  Sir  Lawrence  Vaughan,  129 
Pape,  Mr.  A.  G.,  259,  267,  295 
Parker,  Mr.  Mackworth,  259 


Parson,  Mr.  H.,  163 

Partition  of  the  Country,  123,1127- 

218 
Patch,  Colonel,  261 

—  Mr.  J.,  261 
Paul,  Mr.  J.,  297 

—  William,  190 
Peacock,  Mr.  H.  B.,  261 
Pennell,  Mr.  C.  L.,  292 
Petch,  Mr.,  292 

—  Mrs.,  292 
PhiUips,  Tom,  28,  42 

—  Mr.  W.  J.,  225 
Phillpotts,  R.N.,  Capt.,  261 

—  Mr.  Raleigh,  226,  284 

—  Mr.  W.  F.,  226 

"  Pidgon  "  (quoted),  8 
Pike,  Charley,  61 
Pinsent,  Mr.  J.,  107,  119,  215 
Pitt,  The  Rev.  Joe,  224 
Pitts,  Mr.,  95 

—  Mr.  C.  H.  H.,  226 
Pleasure  House,  The,  54 
Pode,  Mr.,  39 
Pollard,  Mr.  R.  W.,  119 
Poltimore,  Lord,  160 
Pomeroy,  E.  W.,  293 
Portman,  Lord,  156 
Portsmouth,  Lord,  24,  57,  100,  240 
Potts-Chatto,  Mrs.,  227 
Poultry,  12 

Powderham,  37,  43,  58,  60,  61,|107, 

120,  130,  249,  295 
Presentations,  12,  90,  103,  110,  209, 

218,  260,  262,  276 
Prickman,  Mr.  J.  D.,  226 
Puppy-judging,  143,  167,  266 
Pycroft,  Dr.,  134 

—  Miss,  134 
Pytchley,  The,  83 


Quantock  Staghounds,  The,  258 
Quenton,  Mr.,  39 
Quom,  The,  58 


Rabbit-coursing  with  foxes,  28 
Raby,  Dr.,  225 
Radcli£Ee,  Miss,  288 


326 


THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 


Railways,  54,  127,  145 

Ralston,  Mr.  G.  C,  230 

Red  Deer,  107  f.n.,  137-40,  149,  164 

Reed,  ]VIr.  W.,  107 

Reeves,  F.,  279,  287,  291 

Remfry,  Mr.  G.,  119 

Reminiscences  oj  an  Old  West- 
country  Clergyman,  101 

RendeU,  Mr.  Arthur  S.,  182,  196,  203, 
287,  223 

—  Mr.  Lewis,  217,  218,  226 

—  Mr.  Robert  Francis,  92,  107,  119 

—  Mr.  WilHe,  204,  223,  225,  245-6, 
259 

—  Mrs.  W.,  227,  248,  257 
Rew,  Mr.,  134,  267,  295 
Ridley,  Colonel,  176 

—  Miss,  176 
Riley,  Mr.,  176 
Riot,  107,  139,  185 

Ripley,  Mr.  H.  M.  B.,  224,  225 

—  Mrs.,  224 
Road  Scrapings,  69 
Robertson,  Miss,  292 
Robinson,  Mr.  J.  Fletcher,  225 
Rodd's  Harriers,  Mr.,  56 
RoUe,  Lady,  157 

—  The  Hon.  Mark,  128,  159,  160 
Ross,     Mr.     Augustus    F.,     112-23, 

173-9,  211,  278 
RoweU,  Mr.  J.,  297 
Rufiord,  The,  183 
Rules,     Revised     Hunt,     275,     276, 

312-16 
Runs,  Notable,  89,  109,  204-8,  251-7, 

270-4,  282-4 
Rural  Sports,  31  f.n.,  107  f.n. 
RusseU,  The  Rev.  J.,  23,  27,  28,  40, 

58,  87,  130 
Rutland,  Duke  of,  21 


St.  Aubyn,  Mr.,  95 

St.  Hubert's  Hall,  22,  42 

St.  Leger,  Mr.,  39 

—  The,  254,  255 

St.  Maur,  Mr.  Harold,  221-31 

—  Mrs.,  222 

Sandford  Orleigh,  30,  31 
Sara,  Will,  104 


Scent,  4,  5,  66,  67,  149,  168,  170 
Scott,  Dr.,  224 
Scratton,  Mr.  D.  R.,  119 

—  Mr.  E.  W.,  261 
Scrimgeour,  Mr.  T.  S.,  227,  288 
Seale,  Sir  Henry  P.,  42,  43,  45,  55,  61, 

78-85,  91-6,  102,  215 
Secretaries,  Hunt,  107,  109,  118,  131, 

141,  160,  163,  174,  182,  196,  260, 

269,  285,  291 
Servington-Savery,  Mr.,  27 
Seymour,  Mr.  H.  S.,  292 
Shannon,  Lord,  95,  120 
Shaw,  21 
SheUey,  Mr.  J.  F.,  296,  297 

—  Sir  John,  259,  296,  303 
Sherrard,  Captain,  226 
Shires,  Himting  in  the,  1,  42 
Shooting  Tenants,  11,  141,  170,  247 
Short,  Miss,  295 

—  Mr.  Frank,  39,  68,  88,  131,  141 
Shows,  Prizes  at,  265,  266,  280,  290 
Shrubb,  Mr.  H.  G.,  297 

Silver  Fox,  A,  147  f.n. 

Silverton,   The,   259,   263,   267,   294, 

304 
Simmons,  Miss,  224 
Simpson,  Miss,  275 

—  Mr.  F.  C,  223,  275,  276,  287 

—  Mr.  S.,  293 
Singer,  Mr.  A.  M.,  225 

—  Mr.  W.  M.  G.,  225,  232-43,  244, 
262 

Sir  John  Amory's  Staghounds,  238 
Skidmore,  Mr.  H.  P.,  223,  227 
Smith,  Nat,  113 

—  160 

Somerset,  Duke  of,  29 

Soper,  Mr.,  101 

South  Devon,  see  Name  of  the  Hunt 

Himt  Week,  258 

South  Dorset,  The,  266 

—  Pool  Harriers,  The,  197,  264 
Southwood,  Mr.,  163 
Spencer,  Mr.  Moimtford,  227 
Spiller,  Mr.   G.,  226,   230,  252,   254, 

294,  301 
Splatt,  Mrs.,  187,  212,  224 
Square,  Mr.  J.  H.,  95 
Staghounds,  Sir  John  Amory's,  238 


INDEX 


327 


StaghurUing    with     the     Devon     and 

Somerset,  6 
Stanford's  Hunting  Map,  302,  303  f.n. 
Stanley,  Mr.  E.  A.  V.,  258 
Steele,  Dr.,  292 

—  Mrs.,  292 

—  ?*Ir.  H.  S.,  225 

—  Mr.  H.  W.,  119,  223 
Stephens,  Charles,  104 

Stover,  14,  19-32  passim,  29,  32,  33, 

53,  105,  107 
Strutt,  167 
Studd,  aiiss  E.,  297 

—  Mr.  E.  F.,  134.  136-50,  151,  153, 
155-72,  17S,  179,  267,  295,  304 

—  Mr.  Ernest,  267 
Studdy,  ilr.  Henry,  61,  176 
Subscriptions,  13,  117-19,  141,  233, 

263,  280,  285 
Swears,  Mr.  C.  J.,  225,  261 
Swete,  Mr.  H.,  67,  68 
Symes,  Mr.  J.,  297 
Symons,  Dr.,  224 
-Mr.  P.,  119,  223 


Talbot,  Colonel,  160 

Tanner,    I\Ir.    Feamley,    123,    173-4, 

211,  215,  223 
Tattershall,  Mr.  J.  A.,  301 
Tayleur,  Miss  E.,  224 

—  Mr.  C,  225 

Taylor,  Mr.  Henrj%  23,  25,  26 

—  The  Rev.  Fitzwilliam,  215 
Teign,  The,  30,  42,  52,  53,  54,   65, 

127,  156 
Teignmouth,  3,  52,  87,  106,  116,  127, 
136,  146 

—  and  Shaldon  Bridge,  23,  54 
Tempest,  Miss,  224 

Templer,    Capt.    J.    G.    E.,    19,    31, 
134,  223 

—  Colonel,  20 

—  George,  5,  19-32,  34,  46,  65,  86 

—  James,  20 

—  The  Late  Reginald,  24,  31,  34 

—  The  Rev.  John,  19 
Terriers,  69 

Territorial  Differences,  210-18 
The  Attorney,  29 


The  Eighth  Duke  of  Beaufort  and  the 

Badminton  Hunt,  70 
The  Silver  Greyhound,  69 
Thomas,  Capteiin  Ne\-iUe,  163 

—  Mr.  Salusbury,  196,  210,  214,  216, 
294 

Thompson,  Harry,  247 

Thomson,  Colonel  Anstruther,  47,  62, 

98 
"  Thormanby,"  21 
Thornton,  The  Rev.  W,  H.,  7,  101, 

224 
Thoughts  on  Hunting,  31 
Tinline,  iHss,  291 
Tiverton,  The,  48,  302-5 
Torquay,  53,  117,  121 
Totnes,  12,  73,  83,  91 
Tozer,  Captain  A.  G.,  226 

—  ^Ir.  Basil,  226 

—  Mr.  Solomon,  207,  208,  226 
Treby,  Mr.  Paul  Ourry,  28 
Treeby,  Sirs.,  163,  226 
Trelawny,   ilr.   Charles,   57,   81,   94, 

128 

—  Mr.  Salusbur>-,  28,  42 
Trelawny's  Hounds,  Mr.,  40,  128 
Tremlett,  The,  249,  259,  303 
Trood,  Mrs.,  134 

Tucker,  Dick,  93 

—  Major  R.  C,   103,  105,   106,  107, 
119,  215 

—  Mr.  Pamell,  197,  226 
Tudor,  Captain,  223 

—  Miss,  227 
Turfties,  8 

Turner,  Miss,  39,  227 
Twj-sden,  Captain,  95 


Ugbrooke,  50,  53,  65,  107,  115,  123, 

147,  148.  149,  249,  267 
Uniacke,  Captain,  95 
Unwin,  Mr.,  266 


Vicary,  Captain  Alec,  242 

—  Mr.  Cecil,  242 

—  Mr.  C.  G.,  223,  242 

—  Mr.  C.  L.,  242 

—  Mr.  L.  G.,  226,  242,  252,  257,  269 


328 


THE  SOUTH  DEVON  HUNT 


Vicary,  ^Ir.  Norman,  242 

—  Air.  Robert,  99,  100,  119,  215,  223, 
232-43,  262 

—  Mr.   W.   R.,   226,   242,    252,    257, 
288,  291 

Voice  in  the  Hunting  Field,  79,  83, 

94,  114,  131,  184,  200,  246,  265 
V.W.H.,  The,  83,  266 


Waddeton-Smith,  Dr.,  297 

Wakeham,  George,  93 

Wale,  Mrs.,  224 

Walker,  Mr.  C.  E.  R.,  99 

WaU,  Mr.,  68 

Walsh,  Colonel,  226 

War,  Outbreak  of  the,  286 

Ward,  Mr.  Henry,  59 

Ward-Wreford,  Mr.  D„  12 

Warwickshire,  The,  143 

Waterford,  Lord,  71 

Watson,  ilr.  R.  H.,  48,  81,  83 

Watts,  Mr.  W.  J.,  116 

Weather,  see  Climate 

Webber,  Mr.  W.,  107 

Webster,  Mr.  B.  D.,  225 

West  Somerset,  The,  156,  266 

Western  Morning  News,  The  (quoted), 

8,  78,  79 
Western,  The,  160 
Westlake,  Mr.  T.,  91,  05,  97-111 

—  Mr.  R.,  Ill 
Wheatland,  The,  112 
Whidbome,  Miss,  89,  106,  113,  134, 

181,  186,  188-9,  211,  213,  224 

—  Mr.,  10,  .5.3,  8.3,  86-90,  06,  105, 
1.34,  136,  137,  138,  139,  142,  178, 
179,  180-92,  211,  223 

"  Whip,"  Colloquial  Use  of,  65  f.n. 
Whipham,  Mr.  Guy,  226 


Whippers-in,  23,  61,  70,  87,  93,  99 
103,  104,  112,  113,  189,  222,  234^ 
247,  287,  296 

Whistle,  130 

White  Fox,  A,  147 

White,  James,  120 

—  mss,  227 

WTiiteway,    37,    65,    107,    120,    147, 

157 
Whitley,  Mr.  Herbert,  287,  289-99 

—  Mr.  WiUiam,  287,  289-99 
Widdicombe-in-the-Moor,     36,     252, 

283 
Whitmore,  Jack,  180,  181,  183-5,  197 
Wilcocks,  Mr.  C.  L.,  267,  295 

—  Mr.  J.  M.,  297 
Wilkins,  Mr.  F.,  261 
Wilkinson,  Miss,  297 

Williams  (of  Scorrier),  Mr.  John,  248 
Wills,  Mr.  C.  C,  107,  108,  119 

—  Mr.  J.,  107,  132 
Winter-Wood,  Mr.,  112 
Wire,  6,  67 

Wolf -hunting,  140 
Woodley,  Mr.  J.,  215 
Woolcombe,  Mr.,  95 
Woolcombe- Adams,  Captain,  297 
Worcestershire,  The,  95 
Worrall,  Mr.  W.  H.,  297 
Worth  of  Worth,  Mr.,  30 
Wright,  Mr.  Arthur,  227 

—  Mr.  H.  S.,  99,  197,  223 

—  Mr.  John,  99,  215 
Wyatt-Edgell,  Mr.  M.,  297 

Yeatman,  The  Rev.  H.  Farr,  27,  29 
Yoimg,  Mr.  C,  169 

Zetland,  Lord,  156 


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